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Book Review Advances in Inorganic Chemistry and Radiochemistry. Vol. 6. Edited by H. J. Emelus and A. G. Sharpe

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metals (a second volume “Kinetics and Mechanisms” has
been announced).
A didactically elegant and very readable theoretical introduction is followed by chapters on reactions between carbon
and oxygen in steel and o n solutions of gases in metals and
in alloys.
The author’s particular interest lies in the technological
aspect of the subjects treated ; much space is thus devoted
to the metallurgy of iron, while other systems are treated
more cursorily. The wealth of empirical material is carefully
related to a theoretical background, and numerical examples,
presented in detail, help the student to find his way into this
important field. In sum, this is a book that can be very
warmly recommended to a wide circle of metallurgists and
students of metallurgy.
H . Brodowsky [NB 4771331 IE]
Advances in Inorganic Chemistry and Radiochemistry. Vol. 6.
Edited by H . J . Emeldus and A . G . Sharpe. Academic Press,
New York 1964. 1st edit., 530 pp., numerous figs. and
tables, bound, $ 16.-.
The latest volume of these “Advances” really needs n o
commendation since earlier issues of the series have long been
accepted as required reading for all concerned with research
or teaching. Once again the editors have obtained authors
who are recognized masters of their material, some of them
by virtue of their own contributions. The subjects of chapters
1, 2, 5, 7, and 8 are by no means at the end of their development, so that supplements will soon be necessary, yet the
reader can rely on completeness of the presentation to date
and o n the critical judgement of the authors, which is a great
advantage at a time rich in scattered publications. The individual subjects treated are:
1. G. Booth: Complexes of the Transition Metals with Phosphines, Arsines, and Stibines; 2. C . C. Addison and N. Logan:
Anhydrous Metal Nitrates; 3 . A. S Xana’an and J. L . Margrave: Chemical Reactions in Electric Discharges; 4. A . H .
W. Aten: The Chemistry of Astatine; 5. U. Wannagat: The
Chemistry of Silicon-Nitrogen Compounds; 6. J. A . Connor
and E. A . V . Ebsworth: Peroxy Compounds of Transition
Metals; 7 . J. J. Zuckerman: The Direct Synthesis of Organosilicon Compounds; 8. E. Fluck‘ The Mossbauer Effect and
its Application in Chemistry.
Chapters 5 and 7, in particular, treat areas where a review was
urgently required. Unfortunately, because of the space that
would otherwise have been required, the treatment in chapter
5 is in part only that of a summary, and detailed results are
not given (e.g.for the use of catalysts). Chapter 3 shows most
impressively the possibilities of reactions under extreme conditions - a field with a large future; and in chapter 8 a still
very young type of spectroscopy comes into focus which,
while certainly not expected to attain the importance of N M R
and ESR spectroscopy, nevertheless is a most valuable extension of those methods. The particular value of this book
lies in its stimulation to further work.
W. Sundermeyer
[NB 4311338 IE]
Bridged Aromatic Compounds. By B. H. Smith. Vol. 2 of the
Series: Organic Chemistry. A Series of Monographs.
Edited by A . T. Blomquist. Academic Press, New YorkLondon 1964. 1st edit., x i + 553 pp., numerous tables,
bound, 8 14.-.
There has hitherto been no modern complete review of the
field of macrocycles, although it has been intensively studied
particularly in recent years. It is, therefore, extremely welcome
that the author has undertaken the laborious task of reporting
o n the special topic of bridged aromatic compounds, including furans, thiophens, and ferrocenes. The various sections
are concerned with methods for the preparation of these
compounds, the chemistry of the aromatic nucleus and the
530
bridge, and atropisomerism, as well as ultraviolet, infrared,
and N M R spectroscopy, electron resonance, and X-ray
structure investigations.
The older work, in which structures are often falsely interpreted, is generally discussed in detail and critically, great
stress being laid on a historically accurate presentation of the
developments. A new proposal is made for a consistent
nomenclature of this class of compounds on the basis of the
cyclophane nomenclature introduced by Cram and Steinberg.
Since the author is a n expert in the field of compounds with
multi-membered rings, his numerous critical remarks have
particular importance. Only in his evaluation of the methods
of ring-closure will one occasionally not agree entirely with
him. For instance, very recently it has been shown that the
Thorpe-Ziegler dinitrile ring closure is superior to the
acyloin ring-closure procedure in its range of application.
Numerous hitherto unpublished results and notes of eminent
authors make the work particularly valuable. All the relevant
substances prepared up to 1963 are collected in a final table.
This excellent book is essential for every chemist who works
with macrocycles, for it provides rapid iilformation concerning the work so far carried out.
G. Schill [NB 432133918]
Organometallic Synthesis. Vol. I : Transition-Metal Compounds. Edited by J . J . Eisch and R . B. King. Academic
PresskNew York 1965. 1st Edit., viii 186 pp., 6.50.
In view of the increasing importance that attaches to organometallic compounds in all branches of modern chemical research, there has been a general wish for a collection of recipes for the synthesis of these sometimes difficultly accessible
substances. In this volume the authors, who are true experts,
treat the laboratory preparation of complexes of transition
metals with carbon monoxide, aromatic compounds, and olefins, and some of their halogen, nitrosyl, and substituted derivatives. The general methods and techniques for their isolation, identification, and handling are clearly set out in an
introductory chapter. The specialized section contains recipes, carefully chosen and worked out down to the smallest
detail, of synthesis of more than 60 key compounds, together
with their most important properties and their spectroscopic
characterization. Other methods of preparation, and syntheses of analogous complexe are outlined and provided
with references to the original literature, which is taken into
account up to 1964.
The book can be placed alongside the well-known and popular volumes of the series “Inorganic Syntheses” and “Organic
Syntheses” and is most warmly recommended to all who are
interested in this field.
Th. Kruck
[NB 457/310 IE]
+
Advances in Heterocyclic Chemistry, Vol. 3. Edited by A . R .
Katritzky, A. J. Boulton, and J. M . Lagowski. Academic
Press, New York-London 1964. 1st Edit., xiii + 434 pp.,
numerous tables and figs.,$ 15.-.
Like the two previous volumes “1, volume 3 contains reviews
of current heterocyclic chemistry, in particular of some types
of substance and reaction that have been closely studied only
in recent years, and of new methods.
In the chapters about substances there are sections on carbolines ( R . A . Abrarnovitch and I . D . Spenser), thiatriazoles ( K .
A . Jensen and C . Pedersen), and pentazoles ( I . Ugi). These
classes have not yet received up-to-date treatment in the systematic series of heterocyclic chemistry ( R . C . Elderfield; A .
Weissberger).
The carboline chapter summarizes about 500 original papers
(up to the end of 1962) in 130 pages, with a wealth of easily
[l] Angew. Chem. 77, 466 (1965); Angew. Chem. internat.
Edit. 4, 451 (1965).
Angew. Chem. internat. Edit. 1 Vol. 5 (1966) / No. 5
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