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Book Review An Introduction to the Chemistry of Carbohydrates. By R. D. Guthrie and J. Honeyman

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concerned and in pointing out the principles. The book can
therefore be recommended to anyone who wants to familiarize himself with this field or to have a ready source of information on it. However, the attention of the reader is called in
the foreword to the fact that the book is not a comprehensive
survey; nonetheless, the chapter on zirconium phosphates
covers more than 100 literature references.
Armin Weiss
[NB 3961254 IE]
Progress in Boron Chemistry. Edited by H. Steinberg and
A . L. McCloskey. Vol. 1 . Pergamon Press, Oxford-London-Edinburgh-New York-Paris-Frankfurt 1964. 1st edit.,
VII + 487 pp., numerous figs. and tables, linen €7.0.0
(about $ 19.50).
This volume initiates a new series of progress reports dedicated to research o n the element boron and its compounds.
In the first of the ten chapters in this first volume, R. J.
Brotherton gives a detailed report on “The Chemistry of Compoundswith Boron-Boron Bonds”.T. D.CoyIe and F.G.A.Stone
then give a critical assay of “Some Aspects of the Coordination
Chemistry ofBoron”, G. W.CumpbelZdescribes“The Structures
of Boron Hydrides”, and H. A . Soloway the applications
of “Boron Compounds in Cancer Therapy”. The following
contribution by M. J. S. Dewar on “Heteroaromatic Boron
Compounds” is very short. The evolution of the chemistry of
“Organoperoxyboranes” is described by A. G. Davies. The
interesting and variegated research in the chemistry of “Organoboron Heterocycles” is reviewed authoritatively by R.
Koster. In their chapter on the“Reactions of Diazoalkanes with
Boron Compounds”, C. E. Bawn and A. Ledwith report o n the
catalyticactivity ofLewisacidic boroncompounds.The“Chemistry of Boronic and Borinic Acids” is dealt with cursorily by
K. Torsell, and in conclusion, R. Schaeffer gives a convincing
demonstration of the value of “Nuclear Magnetic Resonance
Spectroscopy of Boron Compounds” in clarifying structural
The quality of the contributions is variable, and it is to be
hoped that the editors will be less lenient in the selection of
topics and in the coordination of the essays in future volumes.
The reports in this first volume will undoubtedly be attractive
to all boron chemists, but the book will probably not appeal
to a broader readership, e.g. advanced students, as suggested
o n the dustcover. This circumstance is aggravated by the
high cost of the volume, which is of de luxe quality. In effect,
most of the chapters offer too little information for specialists
but too much for others, and thus the question arises whether
it is sensible to publish progress reports on individual elements
in the form of a series.
H. NGth
[NB 3591217 IE1
The Solvent Extraction of Metal Chelates. By Jir‘i Star.$.
English edition edited by H. Irving. Pergamon Press, Oxford-London-Edinburgh-New York-ParkFrankfurt 1964.
1st edit. XIV + 240 pp., 46 figs., 31 tables, linen €3.0.0
(about $8.30).
The author of this book works in the Department of Nuclear
Chemistry of the University of Prague (Czechoslovakia). His
book, which is introduced by a foreword by H. Irving, Leeds
(England), differs in many aspects from other monographs on
the analytical applications of extraction of chelates and even
supplements them; it is therefore most useful.
The work opens from a very general standpoint, the first few
chapters dealing with the theory of metal chelates and their
partition between water and a n organic solvent (50 pp.); the
properties and possible applications of numerous chelating
agents are then described (128 pp.), and in conclusion, methods for the selective extraction of about 50 metals are given in
highly condensed form (16 pp.).
A long list of publications (25 pp.) contains numerous
references which are not easily accessible in the western
world. Despite its length, the list is not exhaustive; for instance, no mention is made of the dialkyl phosphates, although the corresponding dithio compounds are discussed.
The theoretical section is difficult to read and is not well
written from a didactic point of view, for often important
premises for deiivations, tables, and figures are not menttioned. Apart from these flaws, the worker in this field will
find a great many incentives in this book.
Werner Fischer
[NB 401/262 IE]
New Biochemical Separations. Edited by A.T. James and
L. J. Morris. van Nostrand, London-Toronto-New YorkPrinceton, N. J., 1964. 1st edit., IX + 424 pp., numerous
illustrs. and tables, linen E4.4.0 (about $ 11.75).
The two editors, who are members of the Unilever research
team at Sharnbrook (England), here wish to give a survey of
the methods of separating some natural products that have
been newly developed or decisively improved in the past
decade. The authors generally have participated actively in
these advances. The result is a vivid, up-to-date presentation
by competent authorities. Obviously the topics dealt with
have been stringently limited, and hence a readily surveyable,
well organized presentation of the material has resulted.
The work begins with a review of the methods that can be
used to detect radioactively labelled substances emerging
from gas chromatographic separations. Each of the remaining
16 chapters - of varying length - deals mainly with the
application of a method of separation to a single class of
substances. The main emphasis is placed on applications of
gas chromatography (A), thin-layer chromatography (B),
and gel filtration (C) to the separation of steroids (methods
A and B), alkaloids (A and B), carbohydrates (A and C),
fatty acids (A), gall acids (A and B), amino acids (A, B, and
C), proteins and peptides (B and C ) , triterpenes (B), and
lipids (B). New separatory methods have led to great advances in the chemistry of fats and allied compounds, and
hence a separate chapter on paper and partition chromatography is devoted to each of these classes of substances. In
keeping with the interests of the editors, fats and allied
materials receive the closest attention of all the compounds
in the book.
The book has 148 figures, including numerous reproductions
of original thin-layer chromatograms, and 76 tables and is
therefore of exquisite appearance. It contains a wealth of
information on the behavior of biologically interesting substances during the separatory operations mentioned above,
well expressed in numerical or graphic form. Perhaps only
the title of the book is somewhat inaccurate; perhaps it
ought to have been called “A Selection of Modern Methods
for Separating Natural Products”.
H. Determann
[NB 3711229 IEJ
An Introduction to the Chemistry of Carbohydrates. By R. D.
Cuthrie and J. Honeyman. Claredon Press, Oxford 1964.
144 pp., linen E1.l.O (about $ 3.-).
2nd edit., VI
This little textbook maintains the aim of its first edition,
which appeared 16 years ago, namely to give a n introduction
to the chemistry of carbohydrates in a highly compact form.
The original organization of the material has been preserved,
but every chapter has been brought fully up to date.
New sections are included on the conformations of monosaccharides and the application of physical methods.
The didactically skillful development of the subject matter
and the clear and concise style have resulted in a presentation which is easy to read, despite the vast amount of
factual information it contains, particularly because the
graphic representation of the formulae given are in accordance with the latest developments in this field. An
especially valuable feature of the book is that it deals with
the principles of conformation, not as usual in a separate
chapter, but by introducing them in the ordinary text whenever they become of importance for the stereochemical interpretation of the course of a reaction.
The book can be recommended not only to students as an
introductory text, but also to those who wish to inform themselves rapidly on the latest developments in carbohydrate
[NB 3761234 IE]
F. W. Lichtenthakr
Angew. Chem. internut. Edit.
Vol. 4 (i965) I No. I 1
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