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Book Review Angular Momentum Understanding Spatial Aspects in Chemistry and Physics. By R. N. Zare

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of the recent work of S a g a and of K i n d that has indicated
there may be three stages in the induction of these tumors,
each mediated by a separate chemical. Such deficiencies in
information limit the value of the book mainly to those who
already have a working knowledge of the chemical induction
of cancer. It greatly reduces the value of the book all not so
well versed in the background of carcinogenesis.
The individual topics in this volume are very well presented, with an abundance of charts and figures to convey the
basic data. The interactions described are of major importance in the practical sense, and impinge on many areas of
importance to the general human environment. For example, experimental studies on combination effects in inhalation carcinogenesis, the effects of ethanol, interactions between low levels of potent carcinogens that affect the same
tissue, combinations of carcinogens and non-carcinogens,
interactions between the various components of cancer chemotherapeutic agents used to treat human cancer, interactions between the different components of cigarette smoke,
and the all-important subject of the influence of diet, stressing the possibly greater importance of total calories consumed than of fat, are each carefully considered.
Overall, this volume will prove to be of value to those
experienced in carcinogenesis, especially in relation to its
bearing on the human environment. It will achieve its full
potential if it persuades a dedicated group of scientists to
attempt to organize the entire literature of interactions in a
rational and comprehensive manner.
David B. Clayson [NB 940 IE]
Toxicology Research Division, Bureau of Chemical Safety
Food Directorate, Health Protection Branch
Health and Welfare Canada
Ottawa (Canada)
Chemical Carcinogens. Activation Mechanisms, Structural
and Electronic Factors, and Reactivity. Bioactive Molecules Series, Vol. 5. Edited by €’. Politzer and E J. Martin,
Jr., Elsevier, Amsterdam 1988. xiv, 366 pp., hard cover,
HFI 280.00. -ISBN 0-444-43008-3
Since 1978 an “Interdisciplinary Cancer Research Workshop” has been held annually at the University of New Orleans. Following the tenth meeting it was decided to publish
a detailed report to mark the first decade of this conference.
This book is the result. It consists of 15 chapters dealing with
the most important aspects of research on chemical carcinogenesis: 1. Metabolic and chemical activation of carcinogens: an overview; 2. Reactive metabolites of carcinogens
and their interactions with DNA; 3. DNA adducts in vitro
and in vivo; 4. Carcinogenic halogenated aliphatic compounds; 5. Chemistry, reactivity and carcinogenicity of chloroethers; 6. Carcinogenicity of ethylene and its derivatives:
structural considerations; 7. Reactions of vinyl chloride and
its metabolites with bases in nucleic acids and the potential
biological consequences; 8. Computational studies of olefin
and epoxide carcinogenicity; 9. Irregularities of DNA structure and their effects on DNA replication; 10. Nucleic acid
alkylation by N-nitroso compounds related to organ-specific
carcinogenesis; 11. Nitro-polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons:
structural features, genotoxicity, and risk evaluation;
12. Methyl bay region diol epoxides: key intermediates in the
metabolic activation of carcinogenic methylated polynuclear
aromatic hydrocarbons; 13. Estrogen carcinogenicity: hormonal, morphologic and chemical interactions; 14. Theoretical implications of the k, carcinogen-screening test; 15. A
Q VCH Verlugsgesetischafi mbH, 0-6940 Weinheim, 1989
microspectrofluorimetric study of the cell’s multiorganelle
detoxification complex and intracellular carcinogen interactions.
The book reports the latest state of knowledge, since all
the chapters have been prepared by acknowledged experts in
their respective fields. Direct reproduction of the original
typescripts has ensured rapid publication. This technique is
known to reduce the likelihood of having a good key-word
index, a Pact which is also confirmed here: the index is less
than four pages in length. Thus, “Aflatoxin” is missing, as is
“2-Aminofluorene”, to give only two examples. Careful
scanning of the detailed contents list is therefore needed in
order to find a given subject of interest, and it should have
been possible to do better than this! Despite this failing the
editors have put together a collection of articles which every
chemist who is interested in chemical carcinogenesis should
have-and their number should increase. The price of the
book, however, is rather high.
Gernot Boche [NB 977 IE]
Fachbereich Chemie
der Universitat Marburg (FRG)
Angular Momentum: Understanding Spatial Aspects in
Chemistry and Physics. By R. N . Zare. Wiley, New York
1988. xi, 349 pp., hard cover, $39.95. -ISBN 0-47185892-7
This book by Richard Zare is based on the Baker Lectures
which he gave in 1980 at Cornell University, and on lectures
given to post-graduate students at Stanford University in the
following years. It is a gem amongst the excellent books that
have emerged over a period of many years from the celebrated Baker Lectures; many chemists will be familiar with C. K.
Zngold’s “Structure and Mechanism in Organic Chemistry”
(1953), and with Linus Pauling’s “The Nature of the Chemical Bond”, which were products of the early years of this
lecture series.
The aim of the book is to give the reader a sound and
detailed understanding of angular momentum in atomic and
molecular physics. It begins by introducing angular momentum operators and wave functions. Chapter 2 treats the case
of coupling between two angular momentum vectors, and
Clebsch-Gordan coefficients. Chapter 3 contains a very detailed treatment of rotational transformations. Chapter 4
deals briefly with couplings involving more than two angular
momentum vectors (with 6 and 9 j symbols), and Chapter 5
describes tensor operators. Finally Chapter 6 treats the energy levels and wave functions of a rigid rotor. The appendix
gives some short Fortran programs for numerically evaluating 3, 6 and 9 j symbols.
The book is a masterpiece of didactic clarity. By means of
numerous carefully set out exercises and examples from
atomic and molecular physics, it enables the reader to work
systematically through the material, and to gain an effective
“practical” understanding of the subject. In this respect the
book differs markedly from the many which adopt a more
rigidly formal approach to angular momentum theory.
Richard Zare’s approach is aimed not at theoretical physicists but at experimentalists, spectroscopists and chemists.
Nevertheless, theoreticians too would benefit from the many
examples of applications. Zare develops all the important
basic theory needed, and the book is therefore eminently
suitable for individual study or for reading in conjunction
with a course of lectures. However, nuclear spin is treated
very scantily from a chemist’s point of view.
Angew. Chem. Inl. Ed. Engl. 28 (1989) No. 7
To sum up it is appropriate to quote from the preface of
“Angular Momentum”: “This is not the first book on angular momentum theory, but it differs from others in the emphasis placed on making it a learning text for those with a
minimum background in quantum mechanics. It also differs
in the choice of examples that are drawn almost entirely from
atomic and molecular phenomena. I believe that it is not
possible to present this material too simply to anyone learning angular momentum theory for the first time. Consequently, many intermediate steps are left in the text, which,
to the initiated, may appear inelegant, if not annoying. At
the same time this text serves a secondary purpose of being
a reference work; the vast majority of formulas needed to
solve any problem in angular momentum theory are contained in this book”. It only remains for me to add that the
book is strongly recommended as a textbook for students
and prospective researchers (and is very sensibly priced!). I
hope that it will run into many printings.
Martin Quack [NB 972 IE]
Laboratorium fur Physikalische Chemie
der Eidgenossischen Technischen Hochschule
Zurich (Switzerland)
Publishers, New
DM 280.00.ISSN 0930-3367.
By A . K. Campbell. Ellis Horwood,
Verlagsgesellschaft, Weinheim/VCH
York 1988. 608pp., hard cover,
ISBN 3-527-26342-X/0-89573-501-6;
In separate chapters, the author covers the history of
chemiluminescence, detection and quantification, bioluminescence, the need for chemiluminescence analysis,
measurement of enzymes and metabolites, ultraweak chemiluminescence, indicators for inorganic ions, an alternative to
radioactive labels, energy transfer, and “hills and horizons.”
Five appendices follow: a glossary, names of luminescent
organisms, instructions for finding luminescent organisms,
chemiluminescence demonstrations, and commercial sources
of equipment.
The book contains a very large amount of information,
but concentrated on the biological aspects. The subtitle on
the cover “Principles and Applications in Biology and Medicine” is a better description. The historical aspects of the
subject are developed in considerable depth, and the tabulation of the numerous units for light in Chapter 2 is particularly helpful. The text and figures are free from typographical errors.
The book unfortunately has a number of faults. In spite of
the fact that chemiluminescence is my own specialty, I found
the book rather tedious to read. On page 233 we are told that
Mexican women use bioluminescent adornments in headwear. The same fact appears in a table on page240, and
again in the text on page 241. Lucigenin appears in a table on
page 247 as an indicator of “reactive oxygen metabolites”,
again on page 302 in a table on limits of detection of oxygen
metabolite measurement, with no data entry, and in a third
table (page 364) as an indicator of reactive oxygen metabolites 0; and ‘0,. In most of the tables there is only one bit
of information per entry. Aside from redundancies, Campbell seems unwilling to allow the reader to use his intelligence
and imagination to figure out anything for himself. Half of
page 242 is a photographed control experiment that shows
absolutely nothing. In the appendix on collecting specimens
at night, he gives a useful tip that a squirt of KCI solution will
stimulate organisms to emit light, but then spoils it by dutiAngew. Chem. Int. Ed. Engl. 28 (1989) No. 7
fully itemizing a shovel, a bucket, and a flashlight as necessary equipment for any nocturnal expedition.
The author’senthusiasm for thesubject isquiteevident, and
one is inclined to blame the editors for not showing a more
businesslike hand in dealing with numerous artistic literary
digressions into topics ranging from children’s nursery
rhymes to Welsh nationalism. Since footnotes do not appear
in the text, it is at times difficult to separate fact from entertaining speculation. The encyclopedic scope of the book is
probably best suited for biochemists and medical people with
limited background who are interested in entering the field.
David Mendenhall [NB 953 IE]
Department of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering
Michigan Technological University
Houghton, MI (USA)
The Chemistry of the Quinonoid Compounds. Vol. 2. Parts 1
and 2. Edited by S. Patai and 2. Rappoport. Wiley,
Chichester 1987. Part 1: xiv, pp. 1-878, hardcover,
E 175.00.--ISBN 0-471-91285-9; Part 2: xiv, pp. 8791711, hardcover, E 175.00.--ISBN 0-471-91914-4 (2-volume set E 325.00.-ISBN 0-471-91916-0)
The first “Patai” on quinones appeared in 1974. Since
then the preparative chemistry of quinones has been described in “Houben-Weyl” in 1977 and in 1979, whereas a
recent account of naturally occurring quinones is available in
Volume 3 of Thomson’s series. Thus, after nearly 15 years,
the new “Patai” presents a much needed survey that covers
the broad spectrum of quinone chemistry. These books are
timely and most useful for everyone who is concerned with
quinonoids in research and teaching.
Chapter 1 is a general introduction into the theoretical
chemistry, such as orbital calculations, spectroscopy and reactivity of simple quinones, quinonemethides, quinoneimines and thioquinones. Three chapters on analytical aspects
follow: the first one contains numerous references on NMR,
IR, and UVjVIS spectroscopy, as well as on chromatographic and electrochemical methods. Unfortunately actual results
are mentioned in only a few instances, and the reader will
find it necessary to consult the library in order to uncover the
essential information hidden in Chapter 2. Some fundamental publications by Sealy et al. on ESRiENDOR spectroscopy
appear to have been ignored. Chapter 3 contains numerous
data on electron impact ionization mass spectroscopy of anthraquinones, and Chapter 4 deals with the chiro-optical
properties (ORD and CD) of chiral quinones that are of
interest primarily to the natural products chemist.
The physical chemistry of quinones is described in five
chapters. The impressive development in the field of photoelectron spectroscopy is reflected in Chapter 5, which contains a thorough discussion of quantum chemical calculations and many results in tabular form. This chapter also
includes three-, four-, and five-membered ring systems as
well as heteroquinonoids. Chapter 6 is a more specialized
account of the photo-, thermo-, and piezochromism of bianthrones and bianthrylidenes. Chemiluminescence follows
in Chapter 7. A comprehensive account of the electrochemistry is given in Chapter 12. An informative review on
the reactions and spectroscopic properties of free radicals is
found in Chapter 14, which also contains some examples of
biochemically important quinonoids.
The remarkable progress in the synthesis of quinonoid
compounds is summarized in Chapter% More than 500
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