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Book Review Anorganisches Grundpraktikum (Basic Practical Course in Inorganic Chemistry). By C. Mahr and E. Fluck

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BOOK REVIEWS
Propellanes. Structure and Reactions. By D. Ginsburg. Monographs in Modern Chemistry, Vol. 7. Edited by H. F. Ebel.
Verlag Chemie, GmbH, Weinheim 1975. 1st Edit., viii, 272
pp., ca. 600 formulas,bound DM 138.-.
Ten years of propellane chemistry-is that a reason for
writing a book about it? The author himself gives the best
reply: the monograph is written so well that the question
never even occurs to the reader.
A pioneer in this field of research, Ginsburg reports on
the worthwhile results of 365 publications that appeared up
to 1974. In this hecovers a wide field and makes it convincingly
clear why propellanes are the ideal molecules for studying
many types of problems (bond fluctuation, aromaticity, homoconjugation, stereoelectronics, ring strain, dualism of photoinduction and thermal excitation, conservation of orbital symmetry, etc.). The reader finds all that is worth knowing about
the synthesis, structure, and reactions of this fascinating class
of substances. The book offers at the same time a glimpse
into the preparative organic laboratory, for experimental
details are discussed in detail when they are necessary for
an understanding of the problem.
The particular attraction that endows this book with exceptional status is the courage repeatedly to leave pure chemistry
aside. The marginal comments scattered here and there display
a personal style and provide intellectual satisfaction.
The book contains an unusually large number of structural
formulas; reading at a glance is thus made much easier. (That
a few printing errors have crept in can be forgiven in a
first printing.)
The book has given the reviewer valuable pointers for his
own research. For those interested in alicyclic chemistry it is
a true mine of information. Anyone new to the subject itself
but finding pleasure in an elegantly formulated and highly
stimulating text will also find his money well spent.
Giinther Maier [NB 376 IE]
Isoelectric Focusing. Edited by N . Catsimpoolas. Academic
Press, New York-London
1976. 1st Edit., xii, 265 pp.,
bound, $ 23.50.
The intention behind this work has been to validate the
vigorous development of the isoelectric focusing(1F) method
and to report new variants and the present state of knowledge.
The book is aimed at users of the method who require an
introduction and/or more information about it.
A defined individual theme is treated in each of the nine
chapters. The authors are experts in their field who can provide
valuable indications for the uses of IF from their own experience.
After a highly interesting review of the history and the
future prospects of IF, with a brief description of the physical
principles ( A . Kolin), detailed theoretical-mathematical considerations of the method are given in Chapter 2 (37 pp., If.
Rilbe). There follows a section on carrier ampholytes (0.
Vesterberg), which outlines inter alia their synthesis and physicochemical properties and contains indications of the biological and biochemical aspects (e.g . interaction with proteins).
In three further chapters the application of I F to gel-stabilized
carrier systems is described. There is a general presentation
of the technique ( A . Chrambach and G . Baumann), and special
mention must be made of the description of two-dimensional
working (combination of gel electrophoresis with IF) in
Chapter 5 (C. W Wigley) and of the comprehensive treatment
ofthe preparative application of I F in granulated gels (Chapter
420
6,48 pp., B. J . Radola). In these last two contributions precise
experimental details are given together with numerous
examples of separations. A section on its own ( J . Bows)
is devoted to I F in free solution, and there critical indications
can be found about evaluating separation results (artefacts).
Specialized applications are continuous working (Chapter 7,
J . S. Fawcett) and “Trans-IF’’ (Chapter 9, N . Catsimpoolas);
both these make great demands on apparatus.
The book makes no claim to comprehensive treatment of
its theme and the numerous techniques, yet it provides much
useful information.
Kurt Hannig [NB 374 IE]
Mikrobiologie (Microbiology). Vol. 13 of the further education
series “Medizin und Werbung”. By H . Nolte. Karl Demzter
Verlag, Grafeling 1976. 1st Edit., 78 pp., D M 1 1 .SO.
According to the publishers, this further education series
is intended to provide essential basic information. This must
be taken with a pinch of salt, for one cannot expect miracles
in a booklet of 41 pages of text. O n delving into the work,
however, one cannot fail to wonder at the way in which
the “basic information’’ has been presented. In the clumsily
and unscientifically written and arbitrarily assembled sections
on general and medical microbiology factual errors and unnecessary verbiage just about balance each other. A section
“Metabolism of Bacteria” that is devoted exclusively to an
extremely vague description of alcoholic fermentation in
yeasts (!) and the statement that metabolites are the substances
(enzymes, hormones, vitamins!) responsible for trouble-free
occurrence and control of metabolism speak for themselves.
Technical terms, if used at all, are not explained. In four pages
of suspect hand-drawings the bacterial cell enjoys a representation in which an enzyme is sketched in (!)-it is presumably
a mesosome, for m the indicating arrow for “nuclear substance”
points to an empty space. Five pages of terminology include,
inter alia, DNA =complex, high-molecular protein, RNA =
ribose = pentavalent sugar, cytoplasm = living substance
of the cell = semifluid fine-grained mass. Finally in 26 pages
of “programmed learning” one is invited to check what beauties
one has retained from the text. For example, one must fill
in that plants form carbohydrates from COz by photosynthesis
(=formation of chlorophyll with the aid of light energy).
The reviewer cannot recommend this pamphlet (indeed,
must advise against reading it), and must contradict the author
in at least the one point where he states that everything
in nature has its sense.
Hans Bender [NB 373 IE]
Anorganisches Grundpraktikum (Basic Practical Course in
Inorganic Chemistry). By C. Mahr and E . Fluck. Verlag
Chemie, GmbH, weinheim 1976. 5th completely new,
revised edition, XI, 460 pp., 84 figs., 6 tables, paperback,
D M 39.80.
This book is divided into three parts. The first of these
introduces experimental methods and apparatus by means
of experiments and explanations, and the fundamental laws
of chemistry in aqueous solutions are treated: 1. Conductivity
of electrolyte solutions, indicators, neutralization, etc.; 2.
Chemistry of complexes; 3. Solubility product; 4. Redox potentials, galvanic cells, electrolysis, etc.;5. Reaction rate, catalysis.
In the second part the authors turn to the preparation,
reactions, and detection of nonmetals and their compounds
and ions, and then to the properties and reactions of the
Angew. Chem. l n t . Ed. Engl. 16 (1977) No. 6
most important oxidation states of metal cations. The nonmetals are arranged according to their position in the periodic
system and the metals according to the methods of separation
used in classical qualitative analysis. The separation of cationic
groups is described in detail. In addition, this part of the
book contains prescriptions for the preparation of nonmetals,
their compounds, and complexes and further theoretical
chapters (chemical bonding, paper chromatography, ion
exchangers, adsorption, acid-base theory, spectroscopic analysis, and chemistry of complexes).
The third part covers the most important analytical reactions with organic reagents. Procedures differing from the classical methods for the separation of cations on semimicroscale
are then proposed, in which reactions and crystallization are
studied in drops under a microscope. In addition, a paper-chromatographic separation of the classical cationic groups is
described. The anions are detected in mixtures by special
reactions.
The Qrqnsted acid-base definition is used for reactions in
aqueous systems and the Lewis acid-base system for reactions
in molten salts. The many well-chosen experiments are described in detail and their theory is thoroughly explained;
some of them are explained with the aid of illustrations, so
that the student can carry out the work on his own. The
general chapters with carefully selected experiments give a
good review of the theoretical principles and the most
important procedures. The well subdivided, clearly written
book therefore can be recommended as an introductory
practical chemistry text suitable for chemists and students of
natural sciences.
CIaus Hadenfeldt [NB 371 IE]
Applications of Miissbauer Spectroscopy. Vol. I. Edited by
R. L. Cohen. Academic Press, Inc., New York 1976. 1st
Edit., xi, 349 pp., illustrated, bound $2450.
Although it is only just over 15 years ago that Rudolf
Mijssbauer discovered the recoilless emission and absorption
of gamma quanta by atomic nuclei, Mossbauer spectroscopy
has become an important tool for investigations in a wide
range of fields. The present first volume in a series devoted
to its applications deals primarily with the results in metallurgy, solid-state chemistry, and the chemistry and biochemistry of colloids and surface boundaries. Following a brief introduction by the editor to the underlying physical principles,
L . H. Schwartz looks critically at the extensive literature on
Mossbauer-spectroscopic investigation of the phase changes
in iron alloys. The method’s application to the study of corrosion phenomena is dealt with by G. W Simmons and H . Leidheiser, Jr. The special experimental technique required for
biochemical research is given an illuminating description by
G. Lung in a section leading into the chapter on biological
studies. Two further sections provide information about experiments on the biological transport of iron, on structural questions concerning iron-containing storage compounds ( W 7:
Oosterhuis and K . Spartalian), and on measurements in enzyme
systems ( P . G. Debrunner). The final chapter is divided into
four sections dealing with reactions in the solid state ( P .
K . Gallagher), analysis of archaeological artefacts ( A . Kostikas,
A . Simopoulos, and N . H . Gangas), examination of works
of art (B. Keisch), and some applications in the field of
polymer science (I! I. Goldanskii and L. A . Korytko). All
the contributions are characterized by their critical treatment
of the material. Admittedly much of the material has already
been covered in earlier review articles, but with the everincreasing difficulty in following the wealth of literature this
Angew. Chem. I n t . Ed. Engl 16 ( 1 9 7 7 ) No. 6
volume will prove a valuable aid to all who wish to become
familiar with Mossbauer spectroscopy.
Ekkehard Fluck [NB 375 IE]
Workshop Computer Applications in Fermentation Technology
1976. Volume 3 of the GBF Monograph Series (Gesellschaft
fur Biotechnologische Forschung mbH, BraunschweigStockheim). Edited by R. P. Jefferis I l l . Verlag Chemie,
Weinheim 1977. 152 pp., paper, DM 65.OO-ISBN 3-52725719-5
Homo investigans. Der soziale Wissenschaftler. By W A . P.
Luck. Volume 8 of “steinkopff taschenbucher”. Dr. Dietrich
Steinkopff Verlag, Darmstadt 1976. xiv, 317 pp., paper,
DM 24.80.-ISBN 3-7985-0458-X
Statistical Mechanics. By J . E. Mayer and M . Goeppert Mayer
(deceased). John Wiley & Sons, New York 1977. xiv,
491 pp., bound, $29.00.-ISBN 0-471-57985-8
Iminium Salts in Organic Chemistry. Edited by H. Bijhrne
and H . G. Viehe. Vol. 9, Part 1 of the series “Advances
in Organic Chemistry”. Edited by E. C. Taylor. John Wiley
& Sons, New York 1977. xi, 631 pp., bound, $54.00.-ISBN
0-471-90692-1
Organic Chemistry of Drug Synthesis. By D. Lednicer and
L . A. Mitscher. John Wiley & Sons, New York 1977. xvii,
471 pp., bound, $ 27.75.-ISBN 0-471-52141-8
Gmelin Handbuch der Anorganischen Chemie. Main work,
System-Nr. 31 : Radium. Springer-Verlag, Berlin 1977. 8th
edition, xiv, 131 pp., bound, DM 298.00.-ISBN 3.54093333-6
Chronologie Chemie 1800-1970. By S. Neufeldt. Verlag Chemie, Weinheim 1977.vii, 359 pp., bound, DM 78.-.-ISBN
3-527-25676-8
Hydrogenation and Hydrogenolysis in Synthetic Organic
Chemistry. By A. P. G. Kieboom and F. van Rantwijk. Delft
University Press 1977. xi, 157 pp., paper, Dfl. 45.OO-ISBN
90-298-0101-8
Molecular Symmetry and Group Theory. By A. Vincent. John
Wiley & Sons, London 1977. ix, 156 pp., bound, E 5.90.ISBN 0-471-01867-8
Lehrprogramm Biochemie 11.: Dynamische Biochemie. By H.
Schmidkunz and A . Neufahrt. Verlag Chemie, Weinheim
1977. 3rd revised edition 1977. xi, 356 pp., paper, DM
26.--.-ISBN
3-527-25705-5
Radiochemistry, Vol. 3. Senior Reporter: G. W! A. Newton.
The Chemical Society, London 1977. viii, 141 pp., bound,
E llSO.-ISBN 0-85186-274-8-A volume in the series
‘Specialist Periodical Reports”.
42 1
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