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Book Review Biologische Zerstrung der makromolekularen Werkstoffe (Biological Destruction of Macromolecular Materials). In the series Chemie Physik und Technologie der Kunststoffe in Einzeldarstellungen Vol. 15. By H. H. M

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is presented in very convincing manner, but it will be of little
help to the chemist in his attempts to understand the relationships between the structure and properties of molecules.
Martin Klessinger
[NB 930 IE]
X. FATIPEC-Kongessbuch (10th FATIPEC Congress Report). 1970. Edited by the Scientific Committee of the 10th
FATIPEC Congress. Verlag Chemie GmbH., Weinheimi
Bergstr.: 1970. 1st Edit.,601 pp., nunerous figures, bound,
DM 98.-.
The two-yearly congress of the Federation d’Association de
Techniciens des Industries des Peintures, Vernis, Emaux et Encres d’Imprimerie de L’Europe Continentale (FATIPEC) is the
largest and one of the most important scientific and technical
conventions in the field of paints, lacquers, printing inks, and
pigments. The 1970 FATIPEC Congress in Montreux had as
its main themes the durability and decomposition of modern
coatings as dependent on formulation, the preparation of the
base and application, and the properties of printing inks as dependent on formulation, manufacture. the material to be printed
on, and the printing process.
In addition to the ten general lectures, afi the lectures (about
60) on pigments, vehicles, solvents and wetting agents, on
the chemistry, physics, and structure of coatings, weathering,
the effects of light and heat, corrosion and substrate, electrophoresis, mathematical statistics, optimization, and printing
inks are reproduced in the book
The lectures cover themes ranging from the theoretical to the
practical end of the spectrum. It is easy to see that when the
program was drawn up importance was attached to the scientific
treatment of basic and practical themes alike.
The FATIPEC Congress report, as always, gives a comprehensive survey of the current problems and progress in this
field of technology. Its ccrnbleteness is almost unrivaled.
Werner Funke
[NB 931 IE]
The Synthesis and Characterization of Inorganic Compounds.
By W. L. Jolly. Prentice Hall International, Hearts 1970. 1st
Edit., xi, 590 pp., bound, ca. DM 74.-.
The first three chapters of this book deal with the fundamentals
of synthesis, preparative methods, and characterization of compounds, while the fourth gives procedures for the preparation
of inorganic compounds.
The first chapter describes the thermodynamic and kinetic aspects of the synthesis of compounds. The second chapter deals
with the methods commonly used in the laboratory: purification and drying of solvents, operations in inert atmospheres,
in vacuum, and under pressure, measurements of low and high
pressures, purification of compounds, high- and low-temperature techniques, efc.
The third chapter is devoted to the characterization of substances and to determination of their structures, greatest emphasis being placed on instrumental methods, such as IR, UV,
NMR, ESR and mass spectroscopy. Procedures for the preparation of a large number of interesting inorganic compounds
are given in the fourth chapter. The substances are so chosen
that materials from the earlier sections can be used in later
ones. The preparations are well chosen as representative of
the whole range of inorganic chemistry and the most important working methods involved. Glass blowing, safety precautions, and first aid are reviewed in an appendix, and tables
are given of things such as irreducible representations of important symmetry groups. Each chapter provides access to further information by means of literature references, and also a
series of exercises.
This book thus contains all the information that a good preparative inorganic chemist must have at his command, and at
the same time shows the high demands which are made on his
versatility. The general appearance and printing are very attractive; the work is clearly divided up into sections, and easy to
understand. It is particularly recommended to all those who
Angew. Chem. internat. Edit. / Vol 10 (1971) No. 3
have to organize inorganic practical work for advanced students,
and to the students themselves. Even preparative chemists who
are not working in thefield of inorganic chemistry will find a
wealth of valable information in this book.
Alois Haas [NB 941 IE]
Phase Diagrams, Materials, Science and Technology. Vol. I:
Theory, Principles and Techniques of Phase Diagrams. By
A . M. Alper. Academic Press, New York - London 1970.
1st Edit., xviii, 358 pp., numerous figures, bound $ 16.00.
This book, which is the first of three volumes, correlates in its
opening sections the thermodynamic theory of phase diagrams
with the results of recent computer investigations. In the main
these chapters aim at drawing conclusions from thermodynamic
data such as heats of fusion and heats of mixingon the structure
of melting diagrams and phase diagrams or vice versa, i.e. at
drawing conclusions on thermodynamic data of the type mentioned from diagrams obtained experimentally. The thermodynamic relationships necessary for this are set out very clearly,
with the relevant diagrams in a section written by Y. K. Rao.
The results of computer calculations on this thermodynamic
basis are given in a contribution by L. Kaufmann and H. Bernstein, who deal in great detail with a large number of metal
alloy systems.
Three larger sections follow on the experimental determination
of phase diagrams (J. Macchesney and P. Rosenberg), the interpretation of experimentally obtained diagrams (H. C. Yeh)
and their use in obtaining or preparing solid phases of a desired
constitution (W. A. Tiller). These sections deal in detail with
all modern experimental methods such as dilatometric and electrochemical investigations (EMF methods), conductivity measurements, thermogravimetric methods, X-ray analysis and the
classical methods.
Two shorter sections on the very modern field of high pressure
investigations (A. Jayaraman and L. H. Cohen) and on metastable systems and their application in the preparation of refractory systems (T. P. Seward) complete this first volume.
This book fulfils a valuable function with respect to solid state
technology, particularly the technology of metal alloys, a subject
which in recent years has become very important for many fields
of endeavor (space technology, reactor technology, etc.) and
can therefore be recommended to all who intend to work and
carry out research in the newest fields of this branch of science.
Klaus Scbafrer [NB 933 IE]
Biologische Zerstorung der makromolekularen Werkstoffe
(Biological Destruction of Macromolecular Materials). In the
series Chemie, Physik und Technologie der Kunststoffe in
Einzeldarstellungen, Vol. 15. By H. H. M. Haldenwanger.
Springer Verlag, Berlin - Heidelberg - New York. 1970. 1st
Edit., viii, 283 pages, bound, DM 58.-.
This “piece of writing”, which is how Haldenwanger described
his book, is the astonishing work of a blind author. After Haidenwanger’s death the manuscript was skilfully revised and condensed by G. H. Gottner.
The book is arranged on the basis of the most important groups
of pests. In the 16 chapters that this system of classification
gives rise to, the most important organic materials and their
resistance to biological attack are discussed. The detailed reproduction of test specifications saves the biologist the trouble
of sorting through the original literature. The comparison of
the various test results and the critical comments on these are
extremely valuable.
A chemist might also have liked to see the book arranged along
technological lines. The polyethylene specialist, for example,
has to sort out the test results that interest him from each individual chapter. The short subject index is not very helpful
either, since only general entries are included on polyolefins
or polyvinyl compounds.
The comprehensive 43-page appendix of tables, twelve of which
summarize formulas, the most important fungicides, biocides,
insecticides, harmful organisms, and softeners for plastics,
makes the book immensely clear and informative. Exhaustive
205
references are quoted for work published up to 1967. This excellent book would have been even more valuable if the chemical compounds mentioned had been cited not only by name,
which is by no means a clear system and which in the present
case has led to a few errors, but also in the form of structural
formulas.
With the above reservations, however. the book as a whole can
be recommended as a work of reference for biologists, chemists,
and practical technalsgists alike.
H. AIberts [NB 934 IE]
Orgmosilicon Heteropa ymers and Heterocompoands. By
J. N.Borisov, M. G. Voronkov, and E. Ya. Lukevits. From
the series Monographs in Inorganic Chemistry. Plenum Press,
New York, 1970. 1st Edit., xx, 632 pp., bound, $40.00.
The present work is an English translation of a Russian monograph which was published in 1966 Of the authors, M. G.
Voronkov ranks as one of the most active research workers in the field of organosilicon compounds, while Borjsov'spremature death in an accident was a sad loss to science.
Stimulated by the success of organosiloxane chemistry,
researchers have recently turned more and more toward the
chemistry of organic silicon compounds containing hetero
atoms, and Soviet research workers have been involved strongly
in this trend. A summary of the current state of knowledge by
Russian authors is thus to be welcomed, particularly in view
of the difficulties posed by the Russian literature. Admittedly
the term "current" is a relative one - the literature is covered
up to May 1. 1965 - but this, as we know only too well, is a
common failing with translations.
The book deals with kin- and high-molecular compounds containing the groupszSi-M, S i - 0 - M , 2%-N-M,and;Si-C-M. The
method of preparation, physical properties, chemical behavior,
and possible applications are described in each case. The known
data o n definite lowmolecular compounds of the classes considered are summarizcd in numerous tables.
This is the first complete compilation of the material in this
form. The amount of knowledge that has been accumulated in
such a relatively short time will astound even the initiated. This
is a reference book which will provide much needed help for
the worker in the field of organometallic chemistry.
The fact that in the future many details in the material reviewed
may require revision is surely only a reflection on the newness
of the subject. In particular, as far as the practical aspects are
concerned - de fact0 the technical significance of the organic
heterocompounds of silicon is small outside the USSR - it will
be necessary to go through many of the'literature recommendations with a critical eye and sort the whearftom the chaff.
To a western reader i t ma) seem odd. to say the least, to find
the literature references (of which there are almost 1750) separated into those by Soviet and those by non-Soviet authors, and
also to find all the authors' patents listed. As Goethe says,
'There is no such thing as natimalistic art or nationalistic science Both belong, like all eIs@that is great and good, to the
entire world".
Walter No11 [NB 935 IE]
Manual on Radiation Dosimetry. Edited by N . CV. Holm aiid
R. J. Berry. Marcel Dekker, Inc., New York, 1970. 1st Edit..
xvi, -4.50 pp., numerous figures, bound, S 24.50.
The editors' intention has been tocreate once and for all a handbook which In its shape and weight is genuinely a "hand-book'.,
a book, in fact, which can easily be carried around. This book
is intended for scientists, engineers, and technicians who are daily
confronted with practical problems of dosimetry. The book is
divided into two parts. The first part contains chapters on methods of dosimetry and on the various fields of application, such
as radiation protection. radiation therapy, "Co and acceierator
dosimetry. The second part gives 20 sets of precise instructions
for the operation of the various dose measurement processes
which can be used in experimental work. As in a larger "handbook'', the individual chapters are written by experts of inter-
206
national renown in their fields, which of course results in a certain degree of unevenness both in the presentation and in the
selection of references. The index helps one to trzck down all
the mentions of a given topic which is covered in different chapters. The book is a veritable mine of information for anyone
concerned with chemical dosimetry techniques in the widest
sense, and the extensive tables contribute toward this, but anyone working on neutron or accident dosimetry in reactors will
search in vain for his keywords. The book is undoubtedly a valuable addition to any library.
H. Kiefer I N 3 943 IE]
Organic Peroxides. Vol. I . Edited by D. Swern. John Wiley and
Sons Ltd. New York - London 1970. 1st Edit., x, 654 pp.,
numerous figures, bound. f 15.00.
The chemistry of the organic peroxides was discussed in 1961
in two extremely good but relatively short books by Davies and
Hawkins. The present book is the first section of a three-volume
work, written by a group of authors with personal experience
in the field of peroxide chemistry.
While the introductory chapter (104 pp.) does not give much
more information than the books mentioned above, the second
chapter by Benson and Shawon the thermochemistry of organic
peroxides (35 pp., with numerous tables) contains novel and
useful information. The next three chapters (12.5 pp. in all) deal
with the rearrangements of peroxy radicals, the reactions of peroxides Nith nucleophiles. and the synthesis and decomposition
of peroxy esters. The two chapters by Suern (195 pp.) on the
preparation and [he physical properties of peroxy acids are remarkable in theii- attention to minute experimental details.
Three chapters by Sosnorskj (90 pp.) describe the base-catalyzed autoxidation and the metal ion-catalyzed decomposition of symmetrical peroxides and peroxy esters. A final short
chapter IS devoted to polymerization with the aid of peroxides
and its kinetics.
In a work by a number of authors it is impossible to avoid a
certain fluctuation in quality. Notwithstanding this, it is extremely valuable to have information on peroxides collected
together into one place, in a form as up-to-date and as complete
as possible. Indeed. it is almost too complete. because in the
tables onpp. 31 and 241 we find the asyet undiscoveredozonide
of tetramethylethylene, and the ozonide of fluorenone which
was deleted from the literature some twenty years ago! However. too much emphasis should not be placed on rhese minor
shortcomings. A critical evaluation will only be possible after
the publication of the two remaining volumes, which it is to
be hoped will take place as soon as possible.
Rudolf Criegee [NB 944 IE]
The Alkaloids. Edited by R. If. F. Manske. Academic Press,
New York - London. vol. XI: 1st Edit. 1968, xvi, 549 pp.,
numerous equations. bound $ 26.00. Vol. XII: 1st Edit.
1970, xvii, 637 pp., nlimerous equations, bound, $ 29.00.
In the 20 years since the appearance of the first volume.
Manske's "The Alkaloids.'l'l has become a household word
for all chemists concerned with natural products, even if itscharacter has in part changed; from vol. XI onward "The Alkaloids" hecarne principally a summary of progress in the chemistry of alkaloids from individual plant species. For the most
part the articles refer back to others previously published in
this collection.
Nine of the twelve chapteis of vol. XI are devoted to indole
compounds. In this balanced survey practically the whole range
is considered; of the major groups, only the ergot alkaloids are
not included. Further sections deal with the alkaloids of the
Amaryllidaceae and colchicine with related compounds, and the
last chapter is concerned with pyridine alkaloids, which througho u t is an amplification of the corresponding chapters which appeared more than ten years ago in vol. VI.
The most interesting features of vol. XI1 are the t w o extensive
chapters on diterpene alkaloids, since this is the area in which
there has been considerable progress in the last few years. The
present survey is in fact the first one in which i t has been possible
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