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Book Review Biology Data Book. Edited by P. L. Altman and D. S. Dittmer

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have been more critical. In addition to the analytical methods,
this book contains much non-analytical information about
the chemistry of ruthenium. The subject index is too short
and makes reference to a n individual item difficult. Those
interested in platinum and nuclear chemistry will welcome
H.-L. Grirhe [NB 476aj329 IE]
this monograph.
Analytical Chemistry of Molybdenum. By A . I. Busev. Series:
“Analytical Chemistry of Elements”. Academy of Sciences
of the U.S.S.R., Moscow 1962. English translation: Tsrael
Proqram for Scientific Translations, Jerusalem 1964. 1st
Edit., vi + 247 pp., numerous ngs., J 15.25.
This book forms part of a series of about SO volumes being
published under the title “Analytical Chemistry of Elements”
by the Institute of Geochemistry and Analytical Chemistry
of the Academy of Sciences, Moscow. The volumes all
follow the same design in respect of content and presentation.
The present monograph begins with a discussion of the
properties of molybdenum and its compounds, and continues with a description of the chemical reactions that are
of importance for analysis of the metal. Physical, physicochemical, and chemical methods of analysis, and their use
for determination of molybdenum in ores, semi-finished
materials, and end products (metal, oxides, salts, and compounds), are treated in detail.
The presentation is particularly valuable because the practical
importance of individual methods is indicated, which
prevents the book from being a n uncritical collection. The
analyst will be able to obtain much useful information.
H. Braun [NB 476bj330 IE]
High Resolution Spectra of Inorganic and Related Compounds.
Inorganic Spectra with Indexes and Binders. Published
by Sadtler Research Lab., Inc., PhiladelphiaiPa. 1965.
1st Edit., $160.00.
A card index of vibration spectra of “inorganic” compounds
fills a gap in present documentation and can be expected to
arouse the critical interest of chemists working in this field.
The first part of the collection, for which yearly supplements
are foreseen as for the older “organic” series, is now available
either as single sheets (format 2 1 . 5 ~ 2 8cmz), printed on one
side and contained in two strong ring binders, or as 16 mm
microfilm. An edition o n punched cards, which would have
many advantages, is, however, not announced.
The 600 infrared spectra illustrated include coordination
compounds such as K3[Fe(CN)6], (NH&[PtC14], and
[Ni(NH&]CIz, as well as classical inorganic compounds
such as LiF, NH4N03, AlC13, SiOz, P4S1o. CdC03, and
PbCr04. Their choice and arrangement is apparently according to receipt and origin of the material. This has the
consequence that many classes of compounds such as halogens, boron hydrides, and simple metal(0) complexes are
not considered here at all, whereas on the other hand spectra
are given for borates (MB03) of indium, scandium, yttrium,
and lanthanum and for 20 complexes of 2,4-pentanedione.
The purity of the substances is described summarily as
> 98 %.
The compounds characterized by vibration spectra in these
two volumes are recorded together in three indexes, placed
at the beginning: a n alphabetical index ,‘a molecular formula
index, and - unnecessarily in view of the lack of order in the
arrangement - according to the spectrum number. Issue of
an index arranged according to functional groups is planned.
The vibration spectra were measured using capillary films,
discs, and/or NujoljHostaflon suspensions between 4000
and 200 cm-1 (2.5 to SO I*) with a grating spectrograph and
are reproduced linear in wave number. Thus a high degree
of accuracy is obtained for the short-wave region which,
however, is in many cases free from lines for inorganic
Angew. Chem. internat. Edit.
Yol. 5 (1966) 1 No. 7
compounds that contain no water of crystallization. Wave
numbers of maxima and assignments of significant bands
are not indicated.
The sheets contain the vibration spectrum (format 8x 25 cmz),
the firm’s imprint (format 2x13 cm*), and the spectrum
number, then the name, composition, formula weight, and
sometimes a schematic structural formula of the substance,
the origin cf the sample, and the method of measurement.
Physical data such as melting point, boiling point, refractive
index, and density are given incompletely or not at all;
criteria of purity and literature references are totally lacking.
As to detail, a very heterogeneous picture is presented by
different sizes and kind of type, even sometimes handwriting,
in different positions on the individual sheets. Like other
alums (e.g. Y 51 S and Y 73 S), sodium aluminum sulfate
dodecahydrate (Y 173 S ) has the simple formula weight, as
given correctly in the molecular formula index. On the
other hand, the molecular formula index does not include
the water of crystallization of ammonium cobalt hexahydrate
that is given o n the spectral sheet Y 208 S. It is proved that
in nickel bis(biacety1 dioxime) (Y 266 S) coordination is to
the nitrogen atoms and not to oxygen. In the reviewer’s copy
spectrum Y 370 S is missing.
In conclusion it must be stated that the present collection
does close the documentation gap mentioned above but that
many improvements could be effected. Its utility would in
particular be raised by classification of the spectra, by a
wider choice of substances, and, in view of the blank reverse
pages, by the additions mentioned above.
H. Bock
[NB 481/335 IE]
Biology Data Book. Edited by P . L. Altman and D . S. Dittmer.
Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology,
Washington, D.C., 1964.2nd Edit., 633 pp., numerous figs.,
$ lo.--.
In this book are collected data of particular concern to biologists. He who is interested in the pulse frequency of the bat,
the expectation of life of the crocodile, or the number of eggs
in herring roe, or who is looking for an authoritative comparison of the most poisonous snakes, the highest trees, or the
fastest spread of organisms, can occupy himself contentedly
with this book for many hours and find in the process a host
of the most interesting facts fr?m toxicology, ecology, and the
inexhaustible reservoir of the biological collector’s treasure.
Here are presented to the biochemist most valuable data about
the foods essential for every species and genus, about hormones, antibiotics, and antimetabolites, about enzymes and
their properties. All in all, however, this industrious book is
biological. Even the chapter headings will show, that
unless he has wide-ranging biological interests, the chemist
will find more satisfaction for his lexical curiosity than directly useful information.
The 155 tables concern the following physiological areas:
genetics, cytology, reproduction, development, and morphogenesis; food, nutrition, and metabolism; breathing, life cyle,
and blood; biological control, habitat, and adaptation. They
are all compiled from the original papers by experts in the
field, and contain very exhaustive references. However, as
these references disclose, there has been little culling from the
most modern literature, for the book is described as an abbreviated and improved version of the “Handbook of Biological Data” of 1956. It is questionable whether the citation
of sources, obviously wanted by many readers, need have
been quite so extensive. The scholastic was given a scientific
alibi by quotation of older authorities. In such quotations the
compilers are, however, too easily satisfied by a complicated
chemical word - they d o not explain it. For instance, among
the physical properties of compounds there are none of the
more modern characteristics, for the hexoses and pentoses no
strucural formulae, for acids and bases no p K values (there
are a few of these, but in reference to buffers).
There are some - not many - small blunders in the tables,
but these can be set down to the labour of collation. It is misleading to compare, without comment, the height of Englishmen in 1926 with that of the Japanese in 1960. The colored
illustration of blood cells can be misunderstood because normal and pathological forms are jumbled together after varied
histological staining. The metabolism diagram is not very
clear because the typeset photooffset printing is not sufficiently flexible. In the chapter on reaction kinetics everything is
missing which the biochemist - or the biologist - expects to
find there, from a useful table of buffers to a set of formulae
for evaluation and calculation of metabolic results. It is true
that a table of antilogarithms is given, but without any introduction to show how to use it in calculating pH values. . .
The book is extraordinarily wide-ranging in its collection and
treatment of facts, and will certainly be useful to the biologist.
It will be less valuable to the biochemist. It is probably unjust
to review it in a journal designed for chemists.
[NB 4691322 IE]
The Chemistry of the Antibiotics Used in Medicine. By R. M .
Evans. Pergamon Press, Oxford 1965. 1st Edit., viii +
226 pp., numerous illustr., 25 s (about $ 3.50).
This pocketbook is not aimed at the specialist but is intended
to offer students and their teachers a review of the chemistry
of the antibiotics used in medicine. This object is attained and
the book thus fills a gap in the literature. The antibiotics are
arranged from a biogenetic viewpoint, which allows the
heterogeneous materials to be handled logically. A few antibiotics with antitumor activity are mentioned as well the compounds used therapeutically.
Short historical remarks and information about the production of the antibiotic are followed in each case by thorough
treatment of the chemistry. In this treatment the author succeeds in pinpointing the steps essential for determination of
structure; he also describes a few syntheses and partial syntheses. However, the sections on biogenesis are mostly unsatisfactory in that the author is content with mere listing of
theresults,whicharethen often jnterpretedinaccurately;in this
section too the literature is very incompletely covered. Relevant references are also missing from the treatment of the
stereochemistry of the sugars from macrolide antibiotics. In
a short chapter on the mode of action of antibiotics the
reader is told of some of the important results and problems
in this field.
There is a subject index and the book is well printed and
produced; the number of erroneous formulae is small. The
main emphasis in the book is on the chemistry of antibiotics;
Zahner’s excellent pocketbook on the biology of antibiotics
may be recommended as compensation.
H . Grisebach
[NB 460/313 IE]
Dictionary of Organic Compounds. Vol. 1-5. Compiled and
edited by Sir I . Heilbron t , A. H . Cook, H. M. Bunbury,
and D . H. Hey. Eyre & Spottiswoode Ltd. and E. & F. N.
Spon Ltd., London 1965. 4th enlarged Edit., 3281 pp.,
5 Vol. and 1 Supplement f, 100.
The last edition of “Heilbron-Bunbury” appeared in 1953 in
four volumes. The new edition now published consists of five
volumes and the first supplement. Further supplements are
due to appear yearly, keeping the work up to date.
In its present form the work contains more than 40000 entries,
9000 more than in the previous edition. In addition 6000 new
cross-references have been included.
A new feature is the inclusion of trade names, particularly for
antibiotics, pharmaceuticals, and plant pesticides, and it was
a good idea to give also literature references for radioactive
and deuterium-labeled compounds. For instance, the entry for
toluene includes five deuterated derivatives, one tritiated compound, and three 1“-compounds.
The entry name of each compound is followed by other possible designations, which, however unfortunately do not always appear as cross-references. Then the structural formula
is given, often with all details of the configuration. It is very
satisfactory that all the fornlulae are extremely clear, though
the use of dots in place of valence bonds is disturbing,particularly for double bonds and triple bonds. After the molecular
formula and molecular weight follow data - very short but
kept intelligible - of the physical properties of the substance
and its derivatives. For recent material NMR spectral data
are included, when other properties are not yet reported in
the literature. Next follow characteristic derivatives of the
compound described, and, finally, the entry is completed by
references to original papers.
This work contains such an unusual wealth of information in
such a very short space that one cannot help but admire the
editors’ achievement. Yet one of the greatest advantages of
the new edition of this lexicon is its up-to-dateness: the six
volumes now presented contain the results in the chemical
literature up to the end of 1964.
H . Griinewald
[NB 451/304 IE]
Registered names, trademarks, etc. used in this journal, even without specific indicafion thereoL are not to be considered unprotected b y law.
Q 1966 by Verlag Chemie, GmbH. - Printed in Germany by Druckerei Winter, Heidelberg.
All rights reserved. N o part of this journal may be reproduced in any form whatsoever, e.g. by photoprint, microfilm, or any other means, without
written permission from the publishers.
Editorial Office: Ziegelhauser Landstrasse 35, D-69 Heidelberg, Germany, Telephone 24975, Telex 461 855 kemia d, Cable address: Chemieredaktion
Chief Editor: W . Foerst * Editor: H . Griinewald.
Publishers: Verlag Chemie GmbH. (President Eduard Kreuzhage). Pappelallee 3, Weinheim/Bergstr., Germany, and Academic Press Inc. (President
Walter J. Johnson), I l l Fifth Avenue, New York 3, N.Y., U S A . , and Berkeley Square House, Berkeley Square, London, W. 1, England.
Correspondence concerning advertisements should be addressed to Verlag Chemie, GmbH. (Advertising Manager W.Thiel), Pappelallee 3, Weinheiml
Bergstr., Germany, Telephone Weinheim 3635, Telex 46 55 16 vchwh. Cable address: Chemieverlag Weinheirnbergstr.
Angew. Chem. internat. Edit. 1 Vol. 5 (1966) 1 No. 7
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