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Book Review Biotechnology. A Multi-Volume Comprehensive Treatise. Vol. 4. Measuring Modelling and Control. 2nd edition. Edited by K

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visaged by the editors, namely students about to take their
final examinations and scientists engaged in solid state research.
An important foundation for any kind of experimental
investigation on chemical compounds is the preparative
chemistry involved. Unfortunately this important topic is
given only a small amount of space in this book. A notable
exception to this is the comprehensive and clearly written
chapter on zeolites, which gives in about 50 pages a well-balanced overview of the compositions, structures, methods of
preparation, properties, characterization, and applications
of this important group of materials. In contrast most of the
other chapters give no information on methods for synthesizing the compounds discussed. On the other hand, theoretical aspects occupy a considerable proportion of the book.
For example, nearly a half of the chapter on superconductors is devoted to theoretical considerations that are normally covered in textbooks (BCS theory, thermodynamic aspects, etc.). However, the second part of this chapter
contains details of known superconducting materials, arranged under compound classes. This clearly shows the great
variety of chemical compositions and structures with superconducting properties. This is followed by a concise discussion of the structural and atomic characteristics that seem to
be important in relation to superconductivity.
The very informative and concise chapter on metal clusters also succeeds well in explaining the structural and
chemical conditions that lead to the occurrence of metal-rich
compounds. Here too the book does not merely list compounds, but explains interrelationships and analogies. Considered as a whole this book offers the reader an interesting
insight into the latest developments and knowledge in modern solid state chemistry. Although the selection of topics
cannot be regarded as covering the whole of solid state chemistry, the particular aspects treated are of broad interest and
considerable importance. The interested reader will therefore look forward eagerly to the follow-up volume mentioned by the editors in the preface, which will contain further articles on topics such as solid electrolytes, and
materials with properties relevant to magnetic and optoelectronic applications.
Woljgang Schnick
Institut fur Anorganische Chemie
der Universitlt Bonn (FRG)
Biotechnology. A Multi-Volume Comprehensive Treatise.
Vol. 4. Measuring, Modelling and Control. 2nd edition. Edited by K. Schiigerl. VCH Verlagsgesellschaft, Weinheim/
VCH Publishers, New York, 1991. XIII, 658 pp., hardcover DM 490.00.-ISBN 3-527-28314-511-56081-154-4
This volume in the “Biotechnology” series is the first one
to appear in the second edition of the series. The book is
intended to be equally useful to university academics, scientists in research institutes, and practical users of biotechnology. It offers a valuable resource for the reader who wishes
to become familiar with particular aspects of measurement
and control in the field of biotechnology.
The volume is divided into four main areas: measuring
instruments, measurement techniques, modeling, and control/automation, which are treated in 19 chapters altogether.
Its attractive features include the clear division of the subject
matter, with a list of contents and symbols for each chapter
which makes the book especially easy to use, the uniformity
of the typography, and the quality of the figures. Despite the
Angrw. Chcm. Inr. Ed. Engl. 1992, 31, N o . 10
fact that the introduction at the beginning is rather short, the
book offers the reader far more than just a narrow view of
each specialized area. For example, Chapter 13 on models
for aerobic waste-water treatment processes begins with a
brief discussion of the purpose and usefulness of models,
which goes far beyond merely generating and manipulating
large amounts of numerical data. Chapter 14, on anaerobic
water treatment, is complementary to the previous chapter,
and contains a good introduction to the thermodynamics
and kinetics of the relevant processes. Altogether one is given
a good coherent overview of the field. Exceptions such as the
very brief and rather isolated Chapter 8, on sampling techniques, merely serve to emphasize the consistency of the rest.
The book’s coverage i s not limited to describing the current state of the art in the various topics: some of the chapters treat topics which, although not at present familiar to
everyone, are certain to become more important in the future, such as assessing the conditions in bioreactors (Chapter 7). On the other hand, whether the use of expert systems
(Chapter 19) will become established in practice remains to
be seen.
Despite the fact that some chapters are of an advanced
theoretical nature, examples of practical applications are also often mentioned; thus, an entire chapter (Chapter 12) is
devoted to a case study on the optimization of yeast production. Chapter 2 links the theory and practice of gas analysis
in fermentation processes in a highly instructive way. I agree
with the comment, made by the volume editor in the preface,
that the discussion of the control of downstream processing
remains too brief in the present edition, due to the lack of
information on this topic.
Although individuals may be somewhat deterred by the
price of DM 490.00 for this single volume, no specialist library should be without the book, and everyone interested in
the field is strongly recommended to make use of it.
Karlheinz Drauz
Forschung und Entwicklung
Organische und Biologische Chemie
Degussa AG, Hanau (FRG)
Reaction Mechanisms of Inorganic and Organometallic Systems. By R. B. Jordan. Oxford University Press, Oxford,
1991. 292 pp., hardcover f 30.00.---ISBN 0-19-506945-5
This book is the result of a one-semester course given to
senior undergraduate and graduate students by the author
over the past 20years. It is a well-balanced presentation,
which not only goes into the basic principles involved, but
also gives a detailed account of mechanistic studies, dealing
with inorganic, organometallic, and bioinorgdnic systems.
The first two chapters are devoted to the tools of the trade,
rate law and mechanism, in which an appropriate account of
the experimental and theoretical background for the study of
reaction mechanisms is given. Chapter 3 is devoted to ligand
substitution reactions in which typical tests for particular
mechanisms are treated in much detail. The account includes
a well-balanced presentation of the present understanding of
such processes. Stereochemical changes in inorganic and
organometallic compounds are treated in Chapter 4. Ligand
substitution, insertion, and oxidative addition reactions of
organometallic systems are treated in Chapter 5, along with
a discussion on catalytic hydrogenation of alkanes and homogeneous catalysis by organometallic compounds. Chapter 6 is devoted to a treatment of oxidation-reduction reactions, in which inner-sphere and outer-sphere electron
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