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Book Review Chemie-Lexikon (Encyclopedia of Chemistry). By H. Rfmpp edited by E

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extensive experience of a large analytical laboratory, R . Kaiser gives an excellent survey of the quantitative determination
of all important functional groups; both the above categories
are considered in terms of their present development.
Following a survey of conventional systems, Kaiser proposes
a new uniform system built up o n “functional numbers”.
A functional number is defined as the numerical value of the
concentration by weight of the key atom that is being determined in the form of the functional group. These data are
explicit and facilitate establishment of the compositions of
mixtures. Control methods and error determination are
treated in detail, and equal care is devoted to the optimization of analytical procedures. Sampling errors are assigned
their critical role: “90 %, of all analytical errors are sampling
errors”. The combination of group determination with
chromatographic methods of separation concludes the first
part; the author’s great experierica in this field becomes
obvious in this section.
In the second part the most frequently encountered functional
groups are dealt with individually . In every case the qualitative detection (mostly in the UV, IR, and N M R spectrum)
and the analytical behavior are given first and at least one
proved standard method is described$in detail together with
an indication of its range of application and the most frequently encountered interference The third part gives a
survey of additional methods, mainly in the form of tables
and references.
The presentation is clear and easy to understand. A lively
style matches the book’s good external appearance. The
work should soon become an indispensable aid, both for the
research chemist and for his colleagues in the control laboG. Hesse
[NB 632 IE]
ratory.
Handbuch der physiologisch- uiid pathologisch-chemischen
Analyse, fur Arzte, Biologen und Chemiker (Handbook of
Physiological and Pathological Chemical Anaiysis for
Physicians, Biologists, and Chemists). By Hoppe-Seyler,’
Thierfelder, edited by K. Lung and E. Lehnartz with the
assistance of 0 . Hoffmann-Ostenhof and G . Siebert. Vol. 6:
Enzymes, Part B. SDrinner-Verlan. Berlin-HeidelbergNew York 1966. 10th Edit., xvi, 1282 pages, bound
DM 424.- (subscription D M 339.20).
Appearing eighteen months after the publication of Part 6
A [*I, the present Part 6 B contains the conclusion of the article on oxidoreductases, the contribution headed transferases
and the beginning of the contribution o n hydrolases. The
assignment of the enzymes to these groups is somewhat confusing, since all the coenzyme A dependent enzymes are
included under oxidoreductases, though only about 20% of
the 50 or so enzymes discussed belong to this group; the
others are hydrolases, transferases, lyases, isomerases, or
ligases. A similar situation is found for the folic acid dependent enzymes and for the “phosphate-transferring enzymes”,
which is the description used for the pyrophosphorylases.
As in the first Part, some of the topics receive a treatment
such as might be expected in a monograph: coenzyme A
enzymes ( 0 . Weland), transaminases (Trautschold and Wevle), ribonucleases (Sieberf), glyeosidases ( Wallenfels and
Diekmann) and the “phosphate-transferring enzymes”
(Rohdewald). I n addition t o analytical procedures, these
chapters contain considerable additional imbrmation that
cannot be found elsewhere in such a compact form. Other
enzymes are dealt with more briefly with the main emphasis
on the methods.
It Is regrettable that in some cases the literature is covered
only up to 1961 or 1962. It is to be hoped that the final Part,
with the index for all three volumes will be published soon,
so that greater use may be made of this work than is possible
at present. The print and presentation are excellent.
H. Simd
[NB 599 IE]
[*I Cf. Angew. Chem. 78, 275 (1966); Angew. Chem. internat.
Edit. 5 , 262 (1967).
Angew. Chem. internat. Edit. 1 Vol. 6 (1967)
No. I0
Chemisch-physikalische Vitamin-Bestirnrnungsmethoden (Physicochemical methods for the determination of vitamins).
By G. Gstirner. Ferdinand Enke Verlag, Stuttgart 1965.
5th revised Edit., xii, 426 pages, 26 figures, 20 tables, plastic D M 58.-; paper D M 53.50.
The present 5th edition of this well known work [*I has been
thoroughly revised. It now includes methods for the elimination of interfering accessory compounds in order to increase
the specificity and sensitivity of the processes. New entries
include methods for the determination of vitamin B12 (cyanocobalamin), panthenol, and (valuable, though disputed from
the strictly vitamin point of view) choline and rutin. New
methods are also described for pyridoxine, p-aminobenzoic
acid, and folic acid. The polarographic determination of
some vitamins is also discussed for the first time.
Theoretical discussions are deliberately kept brief, without
detriment to the book. This leaves room for detailed descriptions of the processes, generally in the w r d s of the original
publication. The selection seems rather narlow in places, but
this is counterbalanced by the range of possible applications
described. They relate to the testing and determination not
only of pure vitamins, but also of natural products of all
kinds, foods, fodder and pharmaceutical preparations
(tablets, jukes, solutions for injeetion mulitivitamin preparations). PhysloIogical-chemical methods for animal organs,
tissues, urine, and blood, as well as clinical-chemical methods,
are also included. The grouping of the procedures is simple
and clear, and the critical evaluation of the various determination methods is particularly welcome.
The print, composition, and presentation leave nothing to he
desired. The present edition, to an even greater extent than
the earlier editions, will be a useful source of advice to those
interested in the field and also to the food chemist.
J . Schormiiller
[NB 61 3 I El
[ * ] Cf. Angew. Chem. 63, 541 (1951).
Chemie-Lexikon (Encyclopedia of Chemistry). By H . Rompp,
edited by E. Uhlein (4 Volumes). Franckh’sche Verlags-,
handlung, Kosmos-Verlag, Stuttgart 1966. Sixth Edit.,
7408 columns of text, 452columns of tables, and an Enqlishlanguage index. D M 3 9 0 . ~ .
When Hermann Rompp died in 1964 many asked whether,
and how, “Rompp” would live on. The new sixth edition of
this chemical encyclopedia answers the question. Much of the
manuscript of this edition is Hermann Rdmpp’s, completed
by the new editor, Dr. Erhard Uhlein.
For the first time the encyclopedia comprises 4 volumes, with
about 3900 pages containing 37,500 entries (over 25 7; more
than the fifth edition which was published in 1962). Entries
such as “Antimatter,” “Catenane”, “Electrophoretic Coating”, “Ionic Propellants”, “Laser Crystals”, “Desalination of
Sea-water”, “Rocket Fuels” and “Tranquilizers” are i n cluded, to name only a few that demonstrate the topicality of
the work. The 37,500 entries hide nearly 49,000 literature
references, 29,500 source references, 13,500 tradenames, and
1150 biographical sketches. It is difficult to think of a problem
that is not answered in “Rompp”.
A 182-page English index of rhe entries’is a novelty. It is
placed at the end of the fourth volume and not only facilitates the use of the encyclopedia by Enghsh-speaking readers,
but extends the Cope of the work to that of an EnglishGerman chemical dictionary To help the German-speaking
reader to find the English equivalent of a n entry this is given
at the end of each description. There is no doubt that this
extension was an excellent idea.
It is unnecessary to recommend “Rompp”. Without exaggeration it may be stated that the work never leaves its
user in the lurch. Its information is reliable, well balanced,
and despite its brevity sufficiently detailed to provide more
than just preliminary data. Further details are easily ob-
893
tained with the aid of the cited literature. “Rompp” does
not just have a place in every library - it is a miniature
library in its own right.
H . Grunewold
[NB 646 IE]
Technisches Taschenvcorterbuch (Pocket Technical Dictionary), English-German, German-English. By H . G. Freeman.
Max Hueber Verlag, Munich 1965. 2851297 pp., soft cover,
DM 9.80 each volume.
When one reads in the foreword to a dictionary that “Nearly
every engineer needs - rightly and properly - to consult a
technical dictionary from time to time. Such dictionaries ....
should not confront the user with a crossword puzzle in every
7 out of 8 renderings”, then one is dealing either with a very
good dictionary, or else with a very self-confident author.
After looking through these two volumes, the reviewer has
gained the impression that the latter alternative is the more
likely. Or is it not, perhaps, a “crossword puzzle” to find without any distinction being drawn - “waste, refuse; decrease, drop” for “Abfall”, or “outlet, discharge; outflow; expiration” for “Ablauf”? The engineer seeking to satisfy his
“right and proper” needs will be disappointed, for a list of
such puzzles would run right through the alphabet.
A good solution has been found to the problem of composite
words: to avoid long lists of similarly formed words, the
author in each case quotes only the first part of such words,
illustrating its use with a few examples. This enables both
volumes to remain compact at no cost to the information
contained.
by dehydrating agents). This gives a very clear presentation
of the extensive material covered. The consistent application
should be encouraged whenever possible in subsequent volumes. This bolume with numerous references, which also
include early publications as well as reviews (mostly up to
1963), is a valuable source of information which no organic
chemistry laboratory should lack. Print and presentation
are excellent.
K . Hafner
[NB 609 IE]
.
[*] Cf. Angew. Chem. 78, 397, 398 (1966); Angew. Chem. inter-
nat. Edit.
5,
433, 434 (1966).
The Acridines. Their Preparation, Physical, Chemical, and
Biological Properties, and Uses. By A . Albert. Edward
Arnold (Publishers) Ltd., London 1966. 2nd Edit., xii, 604
pages, numerous figures and tables, 168 s.
Because of the inclusion of many new results in the acridine
field, the 2nd edition of this book is almost twice as large as
the first edition (1951). The grouping of the material is the
same as in the previous edition, the preparation, the physical,
chemical, and biological properties, and the many uses of the
acridines being discussed in five sections. It should be mentioned that the C atoms and the N atoms of the acridine ring
are numbered in accordance with the IUPAC recommendations, with the result that earlier confusion with regard to the
positions of substituents has now been eliminated.
[NB 582 IE]
The first eight chapters deal from the practical angle with the
methods of synthesis known u p to September 1965. The most
successful of these methods are naturally discussed at greatest
length, and an added note gives advice about the most suitable methods for individual cases, fine purification, and the
manipulation of the acridines. The next few chapters are
devoted to special properties, such as surface activity, dipole
moments, association and ionization, redox potentials, and
absorption, fluorescence, and phosphorescence spectra. The
relationship between the electron distribution and the physical and chemical properties of the compounds are discussed,
and reference is made to the possibility of prediction of the
properties of as yet unknown acridines.
Rodd’s Chemistry of Carbon Compounds. Edited by S.
Coffey. Vol. 1. Part D : Dihydric Alcohols, Their Oxidation Products and Derivatives. Elsevier Publishing Company, Amsterdam-London-New York 1965. 2nd Edit.,
xvi, 418 pages, 32 tables, bound Dfl. 65.-, subscription
DB. 55.-.
The largest section deals with the chemical properties of
acridine as well as of fused-ring and substituted acridines.
Special attention is given to the amino-substituted acridines,
with are used as medications and dyes A new feature of this
section is a short chapter o n the photochemistry of the acridines, which has recently been intensively studied. The photoproducts lead over to the acridanes, which are also discussed,
together with the hydroacridines, acridones, thioacridones,
and selenoacridones.
It is difficult to discern precisely for whom the dictionary is
intended. The vocabulary extends to practically all branches
of industrial technology (the list of subjects covered by the
dictionarly-contains over 90 entries). Translations of some
13000 terms are given, so that there is some justification for
the claim made in the foreword, that the user will seldom
be at a loss. However, even the author should not believe
that the user will never be at a loss, although he ofers this
a s a modest alternative to “seldom”.
H. Griinewald
The fourth part of the seven-part first volume of the 2nd
edition of Rodd (the 1st Edition[*] had only two parts) has
now been published, shortly after the appearance of the
earlier parts. Six well-arranged chapters deal with the preparation, properties, and reactions of acyclic compounds containing two functional groups (on different carbon atoms).
Six authors discuss the following classes of compounds:
glycols and glycol ethers, their sulfur analogues, nitro- and
amino-alcohols, diamines ( E . S. Waight); hydroxyaldehydes
and -ketones and dicarbonyl compounds (E. S. Waight);
monohydroxymonocarboxylic acids and their derivatives
( D . St. C. Black, G . M. Blackburn, 0.A . R, Johnston); amino
acids and their derivatives, peptides, hydrazo and azo acids
(1. E. Davies); keto acids ( D . St. C Black, G . M . Blackburn,
G . A . R . Johnston); dicarboxylid acids and their derivatives
(J. Oldham).
The chapters on keto acids, dicarboxylid acids, and amino
acids are much Iarger than in the first edition owing to the
rapid expansion of these fields. The arrangement of individual sections is on a mechanistic basis, e.g. the description of
diazo esters as nucleophilic and electrophilic reagents and as
carbene generators, or according to preparation, e.g. in the
preparation of peptides (by amino or carboxyl activation or
894
Like the first edition, the present edition contains an up-todate comparison of physical, chemical, and biological properties. In addition to the use of the acridines in clinical medicine. the-topics discussed include the interaction of these substances with nucleic acids and the relationship between their
physical and chemical properties and their bactericidal,
carcinogenic, and anticarcinogenic effects.
The final part of the book deals with the use of acridines as
pigments and dyes, corrosion inhibitors, biochemical reagents, fuel cells, and microscopic and photographic reagents. Numerous figures and tables make the book very
readable, and a great deal of information is presented in this
way.
The fact that the present-day production of acridine-based
medications amounts to more than 500 tons per year testifies
to the considerable extension of the chemistry of acridine and
its derivatives. This is particularly clear from the new edition
of the book, which has not only organic chemists, but also
physical chemists as well as physicians and biologists as
potential readers. The book is strongly recommended to
anyone who wishes a survey of the present situation in this
field.
V. Zanker
[NB 612 IE]
Angew. Chem. internat. Edit. 1 V d . 6 (1967)
1 No. 10
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