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Book Review Chemistry and Physics of Carbon Vol. 1 and 2. Edited by P. L

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Whether the following Chapter 5, i n which classification
reactions, i.e. reactions for identifying certain functional
groups, are discussed, is necessary at all needs careful consideration. Extensive overlapping and repetition of Chapter 4
are the rule. For instance, the preparation of a 2,4-dinitrophenylhydrazine solution is described both on p. 118 and on
p. 189. A combination of the table on pp. 215 and 216,
listing the principal identification reactions, with Chapter 6,
which once more lists the principal derivatives, would be
Following an introduction to the qualitative analysis of
mixtures of substances, Chapter 8 discusses spectroscopic
methods (UV, I R , NMR, and mass spectrometry). In every
case a short theoretical introduction is given, the relevant
apparatus is sketched in ready-for-use arrangement, and the
possible applications of the spectra are discussed with
examples. This chapter, which is introduced for the first time
in this edition, is a very valuable contribution to the book,
which concludes with a number of tables containing the
physical characteristics for a large number of compounds.
Chromatographic methods are not discussed here but are
described in Volume 1; however, pages 237 and 238 contain
a bibliography of the various chromatographic methods. The
volume represents a successful compilation of chemical and
physical methods of analysis. It can be recommended without
reservation, even if one would like to see a condensation of
certain sections and an extension of the spectroscopic methods. N o organic chemical laboratory should be without it.
H. J. Bestmann
[NB 636 IE]
Technique of Inorganic Chemistry. Vol. IV. Edited by H. B.
Jonussen and A . Weissberger. Interscience Publishers, a
Division of John Wiley and Sons, New York-LondonSydney 1965. 1st Edit., 400 pp., 98 illustrations, 115s.
Five contributions of varying scope, weight, and level go to
make up the fourth volume of the series which was started in
1963, and the unfortunate title of which gave rise to serious
doubts when the first volume was reviewed[*J.
In view of the scope and quality of discussions of the theory
and practise of ioti exchange which have already been published, the first article headed “Ion Exchange Techniques” (30
pp., with only 16 references, six of which refer to books and
reviews) would appear rather superfluous. In contrast, the
second contribution “The growth of oxide single crystals
from the fluxed melt” (33 pp., 67 references) is a successful
comprehensive presentation of the development of a relatively new experimental technique which has proved extraordinarily useful in special cases. The third article “Hightemperature Techniques” (70 pp.. 3 16 references) deserves
particular attention as a very welcome review of the newest
methods of investigating chemical reactions at high temperatures - a field of study which will certainly assume ever
increasing interest in the futuxa The fourth article “Magnetochemistry” (105 pp., 142 references gives a g o d idea of the
eminent importance of .magnetic measurements in gaining
information about the nature of the bondrng in a given substance, with particular reference to the recent rapid developments in the complex chemistry of transition metals. Only
33 pages are aevoted to the “technique” as such, whereas 66 pages deal with theory and a further six pages are
taken up by results of experiments conducted on the lanthanides and actinides. Who would consider looking for these 72
pages under the heading given?
The same applies to the last article “Techniques of optical
rotatory dispersion and circular dichroism” (108 pp., 448
references) in which only 18 pages are devoted to the methods
of measurement, the rest being reserved for general theory,
procedures for preparing optically active substances, and
results of measurements. The general impression given by
this contribution is no less than “very good”. However, for
this reason it is to be regretted all the more that such papers
are undeservedly camouflaged by the unsuitable title of the
series. A comforting thought is, however, that the excellently
presented volume will certainly take its place in all libraries
and for this reason its full value will be exploited, even if
only indirectly. The reviewer would hesitate to recommend
the purchase of such a heterogeneous collection of articles to
Max Schmidt
IN B 626 1 El
the individual chemist.
[*I Cf. Angew. Chern. 76, 799 (1964).
Chemistry and Physics of Carbon, Vol. 1 and 2. Edited by
P . L. Walker j r . p a r c e l Dekker, Inc., N e w L o f i 1966.
Vol. 1, xv, 382 pp.. numerous figures and tables, S 13.75.
Vol. 2, xiv, 384 pp.
Carbon is often described as one of the most long-established,
and yet newest materiais to be used in technology. This observation is made in the light of, firstly, the classical use of
diamond, activated charcoal and carbon blacks, artificial
carbon as refractory material, and artificial graphite as
electrode material; secondly, its novel use in nuclear technology and as a rocket material; finally, its use as a reinforcing agent in future composite materials, with a potential
scope that must at present remain a matter for conjecture.
As a result of its industrial importance, carbon has during
the past 20years again assumed a key position in the chemistry
and physics of solids. The number of books written on the
subject has not kept pace with this development. Apart from
a monograph about reactor graphite and a French collective
work on carbon, no modern monographs exist. A book o n
the physics and chemistry of carbon, therefore, meets an
urgent need.
The present two initial volumes of a four-volume series are
each divided into six chapters written by authors of international standing. Volume 1 contains a chapter by s. Amelinckx on “Dislocations and stacking faults in graphite”,
which, by means of excellent electron micrographs of natural
graphite introduces the reader to the results of this technique.
In Chapter 2, G . F. Hewitt discusses the “Gaseous mass
transport within graphite”. This section, containing extensive literature references and a discussion of technical
problems, is of technological significance. J . M . Thomas,
in Chapter 3 , describes the results, mainly his own, of
“Microscopic studies of graphite oxidation’ . Chaoter 4,
by S. Ergun and M. Mentser, gives an exhaustive ssuvey of
the “Reactions of carbon with carbon dioxide and steam”.
“The formation of carbon from gases“’ is discussed, fundamentally rather than exhaustively, by H . B Palmer and
C. F. Cullis in Chapter 5. This section contains a good review
of the literature. Chapter 6 consists of a rather specialized
treatise on “Oxygen chemisorption effects on graphite thermoelectric power” by the editor, .P L. Walker, and his coworkers.
The second volume continues the series of individual chapters.
Chapter 1, by the late G K . Henning, gives an excellent
account of “Electron mictoscopy of reactivity changes near
lattice defects in graphite”. The subject matter in the
chapter is related to that dealt with in Chapters 1 and 3
of Volume 1 In Chapter 2, M . M . Dubinin discusses the
problems invelved in the “Pore structure and adsorption
properties of active carbons”. Particular reference is made
to the author’s own work, and t o Soviet literature i n
general. W. N . Reynolds’ chapter o n “Radiation damage in
graphite” largely follows the recently published monograph
by Simmons. This section deals predominantly with the
problems of Radiation damage in graphite at medium
temperatures (a point of interest to British reactor development), and to a lesser extent with irradiation at high temperatures. A comprehensive bibliography is appended.
Chapter 4 by A . C. Zettlemoyer and K . S. Narayan deals with
the “Absorption from solution by graphite surfaces”, a narrow, specialized field. Chapter 5 by C. R . Klein likewise has a
specialized character. The author deals with the “Electronic
transport in pyrolytic graphite and boron alloys of pyrolytic
graphite”, mainly on the basis of his own investigations.
Finally, Chapter 6 of Volume 2 contains a description of
Angew. Chem. internat. Edit. / VoI. 6 (1967) No. 12
the “Activated diffusion of gases in molecular sieve materials” by the editor and his co-workers. This chapter covers
a very wide scope.
In attempting to formulate a n overall opinion on the two
published volumes one is immediately struck by the topical
choice of subject of most chapters, and by the international
eminence of the contributors. The modern and in parts particularly lucid presentation of the most recent research results
as well as some excellent illustrations also deserve mention.
This new series differs in the above respects from the collective work of French scientists on carbon that appeared two
years ago.
The depth of treatment varies between the individual chapters. I t ranges from a comprehensive survey and critical
comparison of all available data, e.g. Chapters 2 and 4 in
Volume 1, to excessively concise treatment of important
subjects, e.g. Chapter 5 in Volume 1 ; elsewhere incomplete
treatments under too general a title are given alongside
excellent detailed descriptions of specialized subjects (e.g.
Vol. 1, Chapter 3). Literature reference are also abstracted
with varying thoroughness. Some chapters provide a valuable
scientific basis for the study of complex technological
problems, others are restricted to simplified models which,
nevertheless, provide a stimulant for further research.
Subsequent Volumes of this series will show whether the
editor of this work succeeded in presenting a self-contained
monograph on current knowledge of the physicsand chemistry
of carbon by a skilful choice of the individual subjects. Even
now the present two volumes may be regarded as important
chronicles of progress in the field of carbon. They are very
warmly recommended to every scientist and technologist
with an interest in this subject.
E.~i~~~~ [NB 652 IE]
Registered names, trademarks, etc. used in this journal, even withour specific indication thereof, are not t o be considered unprotected by law.
0 VerIag Chemie, GmbH.,
Weinheim 1967. - Printed in Germany by Druckerei Winter, Heidelberg.
A l l rights reserved. No part of this journal may be reproduced in any form whatsoever, r.g. by photoprint, microfilm, or any other means, without
written permission from the publishers.
Editorial office: Ziegelhauser Landstrasse 35, 6900 Heidelberg 1, Germany, Telephone 24975, Telex 46 1855 kemia d, Cable address: Chemieredaktion
Editor: H . Griinewald ’ Translation Editors: A. J. Rackstraw and A . Stimson.
Publishers: Verlag Chemie GmbH. (Presidents Jiirgen Kreurhage and Hans Schermer), Pappelallee 3 , 6940 Weinheim/Bergstr., Germany, and
Academic Press Inc. (President Walter J. Johnson), 111 Fifth Avenue, New York 3, N.Y., USA, and Berkeley Square House, Berkeley Square.
London, W. l . , EngIand.
Correspondence concerning advertisements should be addressed to Verlag Chemie, GmbH. (Advertising Manager W.Thiel), Pappelallee 3 ,
6940 WeinheWBergstr., Germany, Telephone Weinheim 3635, Telex 4655 16 vchwh., Cable address Chemieverlag Weinheirnbergstr.
Angew. Chem. internat. Edit. 1 Vol. 6 (1967) No. 12
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