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Book Review Coordination Chemistry in Non-Aqueous Solutions. By V. Gutmann

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dates. The references are accurate, but more care should have
been taken in spelling the authors’ names.
On the whole, the book will be a n excellent source of knowledge for the reader who is particularly interested in obtaining
a general picture of the field, and will provide him with a
good knowledge of the fundamental relationships and of the
author’s results. The practical worker, on the other hand,
will have difficulty in finding information on methods of
stabilizing a given plastic or o n a processing or application
problem. A short chapter showing the present position with
regard to the stabilization of certain types of plastics, with
reference to particular technical requirements, would greatly
enhance the usefulness of a book of this type.
The presentation is excellent.
Joachirn Voigt
[NB 875 IE]
Chemische und biologische Laboratorien. Planung-Bau-Einrichtung (Chemical and Biological Laboratories. PlanningBuilding-Equipment). By W. Schramm. Verlag Chemie
GmbH., Weinheim/Bergstr,-1969. 3rd Edit., 412 pp., 1200
figures, linen DM 98.-.
This standard work, which is important because of its
comprehensive details and examples of plans for the construction of chemical and biological laboratories that have
already been executed, has been out of print for several
years, and is now available in a fully revised and enlarged
3rd edition[ll.
The arrangement of the subject matter follows the same
successful pattern as earlier editions, but a great improvement results from the use of the decimal classification system.
The material in the 20 chapters is based on the latest experience and technical developments in laboratory construction. Some of these chapters are considerably longer than in
the 2nd edition, and a number of topics also appear in the
book for the first time; in particular, these are Part 2 “General
planning principles”, Part 3 , “Principles of the dimensioning
and furnishing of laboratory rooms and buildings”, and
Part 4 “Guide to space requirements and floor layout in
laboratories” Reference is made in Chapter 2 to the questions
of flexibility, prefabrication, execution by general contractors, and the formulation and programming of the problem
and of the design principles, which i s essential for planning
ahead.
With the aid of instructive drawings, the author deals with
suitable dimensions for the laboratory, widths of passages,
furnishing schemes of single and large rooms, and laboratory
boxes. A noteworthy feature is a table giving the room, and
bench dimensions of 50 laboratory buildings for predominantly chemical and biological fields of specialization;
because of the numerous examples, this makes it easier both
for the owner of the building and for the planner to visualize
the space requirements.
The guiding values given in the fourth chapter for space
requirements and outlay also provide pointers and possibilities of comparison for the assessment of designs.
In later sections, the advantages and disadvantages of the
various types of buildings (low buildings and multistorey
buildings are critically weighed). A distinction is drawn in the
construction of buildings between conventional and industrialized building methods; as is shown by the photographs and drawings, increasing use is being made of prefabricated constructions in laboratory buildings.
AS might be expected o n grounds of importance in the
laboratory, the book devotes considerable space to Chapter 7
“Technical supply equipment and installations”. In addition
to the two basic pipe arrangements, e . g . vertical and horizontal installation systems, good summaries are given for the
first time of the possible combinations for the arrangement
of the entire supply systems; the problems of drying, aeration
The chapters o n “Laboratory rooms”, “Subsidiary rooms”,
and “Animal rooms” have also been revised in the present
edition, and contain a n abundance of information, recommendations, and hints for arrangement, installation, and
fitting; the information on climatic conditions for research
animals, the space required by the animals, and cage dimensions and axis dimensions of animal rooms is extremely
useful to the designer. The “open system” and the “closed
system” described for SPF plants for animal rooms also
provide useful hints for the less common special stalls.
Another new inclusion is Chapter 19 “Greenhouses”
The example part is greatly enlarged; it shows many laboratory buildings for a wide range of specialized fields and tasks.
The new examples are all of buildings erected since 1960,
and are therefore very up-to-date. The fact that they are
confined lo Central European installations is n o disadvantage
t o the designer.
The present 3rd edition has not only been revised and
enlarged by more than 60 pages as compared with the last
edition, but has also been given a new, clear, and pleasing
make-up. In this volume the author has provided a good,
comprehensive source of advice on questions of laboratory
construction. The interested reader should use and consider
the copious factual information and the many suggestions
and examples in this book as valuable aids in his future
planning.
Oskar Gruneis
INB 872 IE]
Coordination Chemistry in Non-Aqueous Solutions. By V. Gutrnann. Springer-Verlag, Vienna-New York 1968. 1st Edit.,
viii, 174 pp., 10 figures, bound DM 48.-.
The present book is remarkable in two respects. 1. It was
written in English by an Austrian. Though some linguistic
weaknesses must be taken into account, it is pleasing to find
English gaining ground as a language for chemical communication in the German-speaking countries. 2. It classifies a
large number of non-aqueous solvents (mainly covalent
oxides, halides, oxide halides, and organic solvents containing functional groups, and less comprehensively the
“water-like”, ionizing solvents) and their chemistry purely
on the basis of coordination chemistry, instead of according
t o the usual approach.
The discussion is based on the Lewis acid (acceptor)-base
(donor) concept (Chapter I). Donor solvents (which preferentially solvate cations) and acceptor solvents (which
preferentially solvate anions) are distinguished, and each of
these types is divided into aprotic and protonic solvents
(Chapter TI). The Brensted concept is also used for the
protonic solvents; in general, however, the acid-base reaction
is regarded only as part of the coordination chemistry, which
is classified by the Lewis theory. The donor strength of an
aprotic solvent is measured by the donor number D N (Chapter II), which is defined as the negative enthalpy of formation of SbCISsDonor in dichloroethane.
The acceptor solvents discussed are the hydrogen halides,
HCN, HzS04, HNO3, H3PO4, HSO3F, HS03C1, HPOZF2,
[ l ] Cf. Angew. Chem. 74, 334 (1962).
Angew. Chem. internat. Edit. Vol. 9 (1970)
and deaeration, and air conditioning of laboratories are also
discussed in detail.
The questions of sound and vibration damping, protection
against corrosion and acids, safety appliances, fire prevention, and protection against radiation, which are usually
treated very cursorily, are discussed in great detail in Chapters 8 to 10.
The consumption figures, connected loads, and isochronism
factors, which are important for the determination of the
power requirements, are summarized in another chapter,
making more accurate cakulation o f the requirements possible.
The discussions on the wide and many-layered field of
laboratory fittings make it easier for the reader to judge and
select from the designs that are currently available.
/ No. 7
543
H2S207 (Chapter IV), SOz, CIF3, N204, BrF3, IF5, AsF3,
and covalent chlorides, bromides, and iodine (Chapter V).
This is followed by the discussion of the donor solvents (DN
in parentheses) NH3 (a more detailed treatment of the
ammines passing beyond the qualitative would have been
desirable in a book on coordination chemistry), NzH4, HzS,
HC(O)NHz, CH3C(O)NH2, HCOOH, CH3COOH, alcohols
(Chapter HI), and oxide halides (particularly POC13 (1 1.7),
which has been investigated by Gutmann, originally o n the
basis of the solvent concept and his concept of ionotropy; he
defends his results in detail against American workers)
(Chapter VI). A series of solvents with increasing D N from
ClHzCCHzCl (0.1) via e.g. CH3N02 (2.7), CH,CN (14.1),
(C4HgO)d’O (23.71, HC(O1 tN(CH3)2I (x27) to t(CH3)zN3PO
(38.8) follows (Chapter VII).
The coordination chemistry of the transition metal halides in
donor solvents, which is discussed particularly fully and
summarized in many tables (Chapters 11, VI, VII, VIII)
essentially involves three equilibrium reactions: 1. Formation
of a complex anion by addition of a n anion donor, 2. autocomplexing, and 3 . ionization. Which reaction predominates
depends o n the relative donor strengths of the halide ion and
of the donor solvent. The donor strength of the solvent
CsH5COC1 (2.3), for example, cannot compete with that of
the chloride ion, so that the formation constant for [FeCI&
from FeC13 and C1- is greater than
The donor competition of the solvent (CH30)3PO ( 2 3 , o n the other hand,
leads to autocomplexing:
2 FeC13(TMP) + [ F ~ C I Z ( T M P +
) ~ JFeC141]~
Finally, FeCl3 is completely ionized in the strong donor
solvent (CH&SO (29.8):
FeC13-t 6 DMSO
-f
[Fe(DMS0)6J3++3 C1-
It follows e . g . that a solvent with a low D N should be used
for the preparation of complex compounds, and a solvent
with a high D N to eliminate unwanted hydrates.
This is a useful book, from which not only students, but also
trained chemists can learn, and not least because of the
plentiful references to the original literature.
Jochen Jander
[NB 882 IE]
Registered names, trademarks, etc. used in this journal, even without specific indication thereof; are not to be considered unprotected b y law.
0Verlag Chemie,
GmbH, Weinheim 1970.
- Printed in
Germany by Druckerei Winter, Heidelberg.
All rights reserved. N o part of this journal may he reproduced in any form whatsoever, e.g. by photoprint, microfilm, or any other means, without
written permission from the publishers.
Editorial office: Ziegelhauser Landstrasse 35, 6900 Heidelberg 1 , Germany, Telephone 45075, Telex 46 18 55 kemia d, Cable address: Chemieredaktion
Heidelberg.
Editor: H . Grunewald
. Translation Editors: A . J . Rackstraw
and A . Stimson.
PubIishers: Verlag Chemie, GmhH. (Presidents Jiirgen Kreurhage and Hans Schermer), Pappelallee 3, 6940 Weinheim/Bergstr., Germany, and
Academic Press Inc. (President WulterJ. Johnson), 111 Fifth Avenue, New York 3, N.Y., USA, and Berkeley Square House, Berkeley Square,
London, W. l . , England.
Correspondence concerning advertisements should be addressed to Verlag Chemie, GmbH. (Advertising Manager W. Thie/),6940 Weinheim/Bergstr.,
Pappelallee 3, Germany, Telephone Weinheim (06201) 3635, Telex 4655 16 vchwh.
544
Angew. Chem. internat. Edit. 1 Vol. 9 (1970)
/ NO. 7
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