вход по аккаунту


Book Review Coordination Chemistry. By F. Basolo and R. C

код для вставкиСкачать
the standard handbook of every protein chemist. Now, ten
years later, the first volumes of the second edition have been
published. Owing to the illness and untimely death of the
co-editor of the first edition, K . Bailey, the second edition is
edited by Neurath alone.
The second edition, like the first, is to comprise four volumes.
However, it is not a new edition in the true sense, but a
completely new version oriented along different lines. This
is evident from the subtitle: “Composition, Structure, and
Function”, and from the fact that only three of the contributors to the first edition have also contributed to the
second. The principal theme of the work is no longer the
question of the chemical structure of the proteins, but the
problem of the relationship between the structure of a protein
and its specific biological function. Comparison of the new
edition with the old will make clear the progress that has
been made in this field of biochemistry.
The first chapter of Volume I1 deals with the conformation
of the polypeptide chains of proteins in solution (J. A . Schellman and C . Schellman), while the last chapter is concerned
with the X-ray structure analysis of proteins (Dickerson);
these two chapters are closely related, and even overlap in
part. The general theoretical principles and the experimental
methods used in the determination of the structures of
proteins are described in detail, and the facts noted are
discussed. Dickerson gives a list of the proteins that are
under investigation by X-ray analysis.
The chapters by Steinhardt and Beychok, “Interaction of
Proteins with Hydrogen Ions and Other Small Ions and
Molecules,” and by Nichol, Bethune, Kegeles, and Hess,
“Interacting Protein Systems,” are devoted to the interactions of proteins with proteins or components of low
molecular weight. The first of these two chapters is mainly
concerned with the acid-base equilibria of proteins, and so
provides a basis for the discussion of the pH-dependence of
various protein functions. The chapter on protein-protein
interactions has a pronounced physico-chemical bias. This
chapter is very informative o n the subject of the quaternary
structure of many proteins and on the problem of the antigenantibody reaction. A particularly impressive chapter is
“Polyamino Acids as Protein Models” by Katchalski, Seln,
Silman, and Berger, which describes the synthesis and the
chemical, physico-chemical, and biological properties of
polypeptides, and deals with all the results published in this
field. It becomes clear from this chapter how much the
elucidation of the structure of proteins, of the genetic code,
and of immunological problems owes to studies on synthetic
The first and last chapters of Volume 111 are of a general
nature, while the other four chapters deal with the structures
and functions of various proteins. Sober, Hartley, Carroll,
and Peterson give a very instructive treatment of the “Fractionation of Proteins” (solubility, chromatography, electrophoresis, sedimentation, dialysis, ultrafiltration, and immunological methods), and also describe the methods used for
the characterization of proteins and the determination of
their purity. Weber and Teale (“Interaction of Proteins with
Radiation”) discuss the infrared and ultraviolet spectroscopy,
fluorescence, light scattering, and optical rotatory dispersion of
proteins Fraenkel-Conrat gives a brief outline of the structures and functions of virus proteins, and Putnam (“Structure and Function of the Plasma Proteins”) and Singer (“Structure and Function of Antigen and Antibody Proteins”)
presents a lucid, impressive survey of the plasma proteins
and the antigen-antibody proteins. Finally, Davie and Ratnoflgive a clear description of the various factors that effect
the coagulation of blood.
The various chapters are well written by competent authors,
and special emphasis is laid throughout on the description
of the experimental methods. The literature covered includes
very recent publications, so that we are shown the latest
situation in each field. These reports are indispensable to
anyone who is concerned with proteins. There is only one
objection to this work: one gains the impression that the
arrangement of the chapters is arbitrary ( e . g . chapters 7, 11
and 17 would be expected to appear together in that order).
This gives the volumes a certain “Advances” character.
Regrettable omissions include a somewhat more detailed
treatment of denaturation and a chapter on the size and
shape of protein molecules such as that contributed by Edsall in the 1st Edition (which will consequently still have to
be consulted as before). Only a few misprints were found,
and the print and layout, with the exception of the cover, are
H . Sund
[NB 441,’276 IE]
Coincidence Tables for Atomic Spectroscopy. By J. Kuba,
L. KuCera, F. Plzcik, M. Dvofak, and J. Mrdz. Elsevier
Publishing Comp., Amsterdam-London-New York 1965.
1st Edit., XXXI + 1136 pp., about $ 18.00
Anyone who is concerned with trace analysis by emission
spectroscopy must constantly ask himself what foreign
elements could interfere with a detection or even make it
doubtful. Kuba and his co-workers have now used all the
published data to produce a comprehensive book of tables
(about 1150 pages) that supplies the answer to this question
The emission lines of 90 elements (only At, Bk, Cf, Es, Fm,
Fr, Md, No, Pm, Po, and Tc are excluded) between 2000 and
10000 8, are presented in 17 tables. Table IV and V give
lines that can be used for the analysis of the rare earths,
Table VI for a number of actinides, and Tables VII and VIII
for gases. Table IX gives the spark spectrum of air, and
calibration lines for the secondary standard Fe are given to
at least three decimal places in Tables X and XI. Tables XI1
and XI11 contain the emission lines of inorganic molecules
and fragments (e.g. A10, BeO, Cz, CN, and CaF). Finally,
Table XIV gives the ionization energies of the elements and
of their ions.
The principal tables - Table XVI for 73 elements, with a
total of 683 analytically important lines ( e . g . resonance
lines), and Table XVII for the rare earths - cover 1050 pages,
the elements being arranged alphabetically and in order of
increasing wavelength of the most important lines. All
interfering emission lines there are always a few dozen!)
due to foreign elements are also listed on the following basis:
the entire coincidence region is assumed to be so wide that
the resolution of two lines on a photographic plate must be
possible; the coincident lines are then noted according to
their relative intensities for three ranges 5 Ah. To save
unnecessary searching on the part of analysts with highresolution equipment, the coincident lines are given in three
types of print bold, normal, and italic (corresponding to
linear dispersions of 0.5 to 5 , 2 to 30, and > 30 8,/mm).
A very disturbing fault is the fact that the tables contain
practically no legends or explanations for the symbols used,
so that the explanations must be sought in the text in the
very early part of the book. Thus in Table I (p. XVII)
reference should be made to Table XVI (p. 95), and the
explanation of the table “Dislocation of Main Lines” (pp.
63-91) is given o n p. XVIII. The values given in Tables X
and XI for the standard Fe d o not agreeexactly; no indication
of the source of Table X is given. According to the text on
p. XVI, Table XI should contain calibration lines for the
standards Cd, Kr, and Fe, whereas according to p. 52 these
lines refer only to Fe.
On the whole, this is an excellent and important bqok in a
very good and hard-wearing form - a book for the practical
[NB 442/277 IE1
W . Jung
Coordination Chemistry. By F. Bas010 and R. C . Johnson.
W. A. Benjamin, Inc., New York-Amsterdam 1964. 1st
Edit., XI1 + 180 pp., numerous illustrs. and several tables,
linen, $ 4.35.
This book is intended as an introduction to coordination
chemistry for American chemistry students. A very skilful
treatment of molecular orbital methods and ligand field
Angew. Chem. internat. Edit.
VoI. 5 (1966) 1 No. 3
theory are given in the explanation of the coordinate bond.
In view of the purpose of the book and the class of reader
for whom it is intended, the mathematical details are kept
to a minimum. Nevertheless, the reviewer knows of no
German book on coordination chemistry that would provide
such a good theoretical background.
A short chapter on stereochemistry is followed by a section
on the preparation and reactions of coordination compounds.
Owing to the number of reactions and syntheses to be dealt
with in a limited space, the material in this chapter is greatly
simplified, and appears in fact to be too simple in many cases.
Although original in itself, an exhaustive presentation of this
kind can offer the beginner too little real information, while
at the same time understating the preparative problems. The
next chapter deals with the stability of complexes, and is
again very well executed The last section, which is concerned with kinetics and mechanisms, deals mainly with
substitution6 and redox reactions
The book does excellently what it sets out to do, i . e . to
provide an introduction to the chemistry of coordination
compounds, and also in Germany it could serve as a basis
for a one-semester lecture course on coordination chemistry.
However, it will also be useful to more experienced chemists
who wish a rapid grounding in coordination chemistry as an
approach to more advanced literature. The illustrations are
very clear, and misprints are rare. One unfortunate error in
the Index is the mis-spelling “Zeigler” for “Ziegler”, particularly noticeable because it is the last entry.
Ernst Bayer
[ N B 4381273 IE]
The Chemistry of Alkenes. Edited by S . Patui. The Chemistry
of Functional Groups. A series of advanced treatises.
Interscience Publishers, a Division of J. Wiley & Sons,
London-New York-Sydney 1964. 1st Edit., IX
1315 pp.,
numerous illustrations and tables, G 15.15.0.
The olefinic double bond occupies a central position in
organic chemistry by virtue of the unsurpassed variety of
reactions in which it takes part. It is therefore gratifying to
find that in this first volume of a series dealing with the
chemistry of functional groups, the alkenes are accorded a
treatment, by authorities, in keeping with their importance.
The first of the fourteen chapters in the book presents a
wave-mechanical discussion of the olefinic double bond
(C. A . Cuulson and E. P . Steward, 147 pp.). Three chapters
are then devoted to the formation of olefins by eliminations
in solution ( W . H . Sounders, jr., 53 pp.), in the gas phase
( A . MrrccuN, 38 pp.), and by condensation ( T . I. Crornwell,
30 pp.). In the chapter on methods for detection and analysis
of olefins ( E . J . Kuchor, 63 pp.), in which physical methods
are discussed in detail, mention might have been made of
the papers published in 1962 on the quantitative analysis of
simple olefins by far ultraviolet spectroscopy. The chapter
on complexes with transition metals ( M . Cuis, 49 pp.) is
followed by a section on rearrangements of olefins ( K .
Mmkenzie, 81 pp ), which, together with the chapter on ally1
compounds (P. H DeWolfe and W. G . Young, 58 pp.),
provides a very comprehensive picture. The next three, rather
extensive chapters describe the behavior of olefins towards
nucleophiles ( S . Patai and Z . Rappoport, 116 pp.) and free
radicals and carbenes ( J . I . G. Cadogaiz and M . J. Perkins,
96 pp.), as well as in cycloadditions ( R . Huisgen, R . Grashey,
and J . Souer, 215 pp.). The peculiarities of olefins in combination with other double bonds are discussed in the articles
on conjugated dienes ( M . Cuis, 71 pp.), cumulenes ( H . Fischer, 135 pp.), and ketenes ( R . N . Lacey, 67 pp.), the chapter
on cumulenes giving a particularly comprehensive description of this class, which generally receives far too little
attention. The book ends with a complete author index, the
keying of which might advantageously be imitated in other
books, and a subject index.
Angew. Chern. intermit. Edit.
Vol. 5 (1966)
No. 3
The up-to-date conception of the subject-matter of the individual chapters and the completeness and clarity of the
whole make this book a model work, on which the editor and
the authors are to be congratulated. An indication of the
quantity of material presented in the book may be obtained
from the fact that it contains more than 3500 references
extending up to 1962,’1963.As is pointed out in the preface,
two chapters that were to be included, dealing with the
important electrophilic reactions of olefins and the biochemical aspects of the carbon-carbon double bond, have
been omitted because of late delivery by the authors; this is a
regrettable loss in a book that is so much based on teamwork.
Other topics that could have been included in the book are
the chemistry of vinylmetal compounds and eliminations
from olefins, reference to which is restricted to a few scattered
examples. It must be admitted, however, that any additions
to the text would have made it impossible to keep the book
in the form of a single volume.
The book is well presented and, apart from a few printing
errors, carefully produced. It is an important reference book
that should have a place in every chemical library. Its
broad distribution will besubject to the limits imposed by the
price, which is unusually high even for a scientific book.
G . Kobrich
[ N B 425 295 IE]
The Isoquinoline Alkaloids. A Course in Organic Chemistry.
By K . W . Bentley. Pergamon Press, Oxford-London- Edinburgh-New York-ParkFrankfurt 1965. 1st Edit. VII +
264 pp., G 1.5.0.
The isoquinoline alkaloids form a chemically and pharmacologically important group of natural products, with more
than 400 members, including morphine and the tubocurare
poisons. A monograph o n this subject written by a leading
expert in the field is therefore very welcome.
The book begins with a description of the methods of
chemical degradation used in the determination of the structures of isoquinoline alkaloids. In the next twelve chapters,
the various alkaloids are dealt with in turn, mainly from the
point of view of the substances themselves, and a final
chapter is devoted to their biosynthesis. This somewhat onesided presentation may provide useful information for the
initiated. Unfortunately, however, the author fails in his aim
of producing a well-rounded monograph suitable for chemistry students. Thus the introduction to this book states that
“in these days the structures of complex natural products
may be elucidated with scarcely a reaction done at the bench,
by the application of the modern tools of ultraviolet, infrared,
nuclear magnetic resonance and mass spectrometry, and Xray crystallography.. .”, but no further Information about
these methods is given, despite the fact that they have been
particularly useful in the study of the isoquinoline alkaloids.
The complete absence of references gives a false impression
of the recent literature, and the reader will sometimes mistake
the author’s opinions for published findings ( e . g . p. 65). On
page 81, morphinan structures are given for crotonosine and
its derivatives, and this is used as a basis for biogenetic
conclusions; on page 154, o n the other hand, we find that
crotondsine is not a morphinan alkaloid. It is assumed that
the numbering often used in the text of the sometimes complicated ring systems is known, and no explanation is given
o n any of the formulae. The amaryllidacea alkaloids with
isoquinoline structures are not mentioned. Misprints which
could easily cause confusion occur on pages 15, 18, 97, 243,
and 247.
Nevertheless, as a valuable source of information, this book
is worth a place in the specialist’s reference library, and it
might be possible to recommend a revised and enlarged
second edition to a wider audience.
B . Frnnck
[ N B 439/274 IE]
Без категории
Размер файла
293 Кб
chemistry, book, basolo, coordination, review
Пожаловаться на содержимое документа