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Book Review Das Spiel Ч Naturgesetze steuern den Zufall (The GameЧNatural Laws Govern Chance). By M. Eigen and R. Winkler

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graph reviewing the achievements. As editors, L. M . Jackman
and F. A. Cotton have made such an attempt, in which contributions on the technique and application of NMR spectroscopy to time-dependent phenomena are collected under the
concept of “dynamic NMR spectroscopy”. After an introduction by H . S. Gutowsky (22 pp.), W G. Klemperer treats the
relationships between reaction mechanisms and NMR
exchange processes (22 pp.), and G. Binsch describes line shape
analysis (38 pp.). There follow two chapters on pulse spectroscopy with applications to exchange processes by L. W Reeves
(48 pp.) and measurement of relaxation times by R . Freeman
and H . D. W Hill (32 pp.). The remainder of the volume is
devoted to phenomena that have been brought to light by means
of dynamic NMR spectroscopy; rotations around single bonds
( S . Sternhell, 40 pp.), rotation around partial double bonds
(L. M . Jackman, 50 pp.), dynamic processes in inorganic and
organometallic compounds ( J . P. Jesson and E. L. Muetterties,
64pp.), in metal chelates (R.H . Holm, 60 pp.), in organometallic
compounds ( F . A. Cotton, 64 pp.), in ally1 compounds ( K .
Vrieze, 48 pp.), in carbonyl-metal compounds (R. D. Adams
and F. A . Cotton, 34 pp.), in carbenium ions ( A . L. Telkowski
and M . Saunders, 20 pp.), in cyclic compounds ( F . A. L.
Anet and R . Anet, 78 pp.), and in proton-transfer processes
(E. Grunwald and E. I<. Ralph, 28 pp.). This list shows that
similar material is not offered in any other place, even if
individual subjects have been treated in more detail in specialist
monographs. It is only regrettable that there is no chapter
on valence tautomerism. It is less painful that there is no
contribution on pyramidal inversion, because excellent reviews
of this are available. The references are fairly comprehensive
up to 1972, and in individual cases also for 1973/74. The
experimental results thus remain wholly within the scope of
proton-NMR spectroscopy. All in all, this is a book that
because of its broad survey of possible applications may interest a wide circle of readers.
Harald Giinther [NB 322 IE]
Ullmanns Encyklopadie der technischen Chemie (Ullmann’s
Encyclopedia of Industrial Chemistry). Edited by E. Burtholom6, E. Biekert, H . Hellmann, H . Leq’ (deceased), .and
W M. Weigert. Vol. 9: Butadien bis Cytostatica (Butadiene
to Cytostatics). Verlag Chemie, GmbH, Weinheim 1975.
4th edit., xvi, 714 pp., 248 figs., 294 tables, subscription
price DM 345.--; individual price ca. D M 385.-.
This volume of the 4th edition of “Ullmann” is the third
in the alphabetical series[*]. Of its 714 pages, 269 are taken
up by chlorine and keywords beginning with “Chlor” (chloroacetaldehyde, chloroformic esters, chloramines, chloroacetic
acids, chlorohydrocarbons, etc.). Other keywords are taken
-,.-l:”*
,L
.A - * & - I l l l L L L L 1 5 CLLUIIIIUIII,
frmLimGg2nic CbPmiCtry, kp‘uulL.E,
cesium, calcium, cerium, and chromium with their compounds
of industrial interest, also carbides and cyanogen compounds.
Mention may also be made of the organic raw materials
and chemicals: butene, butadiene, butanols, butyraldehyde,
citric acid, caprolactam, aliphatic and aromatic carboxylic
acids. When, as in the last-mentioned case, the keyword covers
a group of compounds, then the more important representatives of such a group are treated as sub-entries in alphabetic
order-for aliphatic carboxylic acids, for example, acetic, formic, and propionic acid are treated in this way. Similarly,
pulp and paper are not treated under cellulose (70 pages
including the keywords cellulose ethers, esters, and fibers)
but are listed individually at other places. Of the pharmaceuticals, chemotherapeutics (43 pages, not including the antibiotics
which appeared in vol. 7) and cytostatics (10 pages) can be
II1b
r]Cf. Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. Engl. 1 4 , S78 (1975)
448
found. Special keywords include carcinogens (8 pages) and
dry cleaning (6 pages).
As in the earlier volumes, subdivision under the individual
keywords is effected, whenever possible, in a similar way,
which helps the user to find his way in the book. After the
introduction the physical and chemical properties are first
treated, then production methods and applications. Demands
on quality and analysis as well as other practical problems
(handling, storage, shipment, environmental questions) are
often added. The conclusion is provided by economic aspects
and toxicology as well as a list of references.
In the case of keywords that because of their importance
are treated in greater detail, e. g. chlorine (56 pages), the presentation has the character of a monograph. Thus, among the
physical properties of chlorine one finds tables and diagrams,
in which (as elsewhere in the new Ullmann) SI units are
generally used. For the production of chlorine by electrolysis
of sodium chloride-still the most important method-variants of the mercury and thediaphragm process are explained;
here the tabular comparisons of the various cell constructions
and of the production costs are particularly valuable.
The up-to-date nature of the presentation emerges impressively when in the section on toxicology under the keyword
Aliphatic Chlorohydrocarbons one reads what is reported
about vinyl chloride; here 10 references are given from 1974
and two from 1975. In this connection it may be noted that
for all the keywords the section on toxicology has been provided by H . Oettel (Ludwigshafen, Germany).
The new Ullmann no longer needs a special recommendation, and it is to be hoped that the publishers will bring
out further volumes in rapid succession.
Uljert Onken [NB 321 IE]
Das Spiel - Naturgesetze steuern den Zufall (The GameNatural Laws Govern Chance). By M. Eigen and R. Winkler.
R. Piper & Co. Verlag, Munich-Zurich
1975. 1st edit.,
404 pp., 67 colored figs., bound, DM 38.-.
A game book? The game book, namely the book of “Ludus
universalis” to “Ludus vitalis” of 1973. What is the nature
(physis) of the world? This age-old question, to which the
early Greek thinkers of the 6th century B. C. first sought
an answer in rational principles (archai), has not lost its topicality during the two and a half millenia that have passed
since then. “The Game”, within the definition of the Gottingen
Nobel prize winner and his associate, gives the (provisionally)
final answer: “We see the game as a natural phenomenon
that by its dichotomy of chance and necessity lies at the
root of all events” (p. 11). “Once begun by elementary particles,
atoms and molecules, it is now continued by our brain cells”
(p. is). Thus the --game” principle, with its interrelation
between chance and law, is valid equally for nature and mind.
It is therefore far more than a game of marbles. On the
other hand, the expressed emphasis on the complementarity
of chance and law in the factual evolutionary game of matter
must be firmly borne in mind before accepting one-sided
over-evaluation of any individual aspect. Not only waves and
corpuscles, natural chance and natural law, and “creation”
and “revelation” are complementary, but also the game of
nature and the game of the mind, the starting point and
the extension. The discussion in this book deals with the
validity ofthe symbolism of the game concept itself and evaluation of its validity beyond the biophysical-chemical framework.
All dogmatism is avoided as is all that is blatantly noncommittal: the former is taken care of by the variety of vantage
points, the latter by the specific nature of the details. The
Eigen-Winkler game principle, even the outline of which can
hardly be indicated here, is a fascinating design of ancient
Angerv. Chem. I n t . Ed. Enyl.
/ Wil 15 (1976) No. 7
simplicity and complex extensibility whose usefulness for universal interpreations has not yet beeneven explored. Let us
hope that the spoil-sports do not get busy!
Friedemann Rex [NB 323 IE]
Oxides and Oxide Films, Vol. 4. Edited by J . W Diggle and
A. K . Vijh. From the series “The Anodic Behavior of Metals
and Semiconductors”. Marcel Dekker, New York 1976.
xiii, 277 pp., bound, SFR. 110.00.
Mathematik fir Naturwissenschaftler (Mathematics for Scientists). By H.-D. Fiirsterling. Friedrich Vieweg & Sohn, Verlagsgesellschaft, Braunschweig 1975. 1 st edit., 289 pp.,
numerous figs. and tables, paperback, DM 38.-.
While this book is intended for beginner science students,
it will also provide anyone who works seriously through it
with the theoretical background suited to many scientific problems.
About a third of its length is taken up by problem sets
and their solution. The approach to the problems is developed
from the text and, whenever possible, supported by graphical
presentation. The examples are chosen simply and from all
areas of chemistry and physics. Emphasis is always placed
on calculation with real quantities i.e. with data containing
errors or dimensions, which is helpful for the application
of the methods explained to practical problems. (However,
the way dimensions are applied in the graphical presentations
is somewhat unfortunate.) The readily understandable introduction of concepts and definitions is in line with the book’s
purpose. The author’s up-to-date attitude to the aids becoming
increasingly available to the scientist is particularly pleasing:
computer programs, xy-recorder printouts, etc. are freely used.
The value of analytical solutions of mathematical problems
is emphasized, permitting the user to test his ideas rapidly
with pocket or desk calculators. Simple numerical methods
are also given.
It is difficult to criticize this book which is of a very high
standard factually, didactically, and as far as the printing
is concerned. Rather, one would like to see an equally intelligible presentation of vector calculus, calculation of errors, and
mathematical statistics, since this text is restricted to the properties of functions of one or more variables. It is hoped
that wide circulation of this book will not be hindered by
its price.
G. Bozler [NB 324 IE]
Wissenschaftliche Forschung und elektronische Rechentechnik.
By W. Schulze. No. 2 of the series “Beitrage zur Forschungstechnologie”. Akademie-Verlag, Berlin 1975. xii, 139 pp.,
paper, ca. DM 15.--.
Methods in Carbohydrate Chemistry. Edited by R. L. Whistler
and J . N . BeMiller. Vol. VII: General Methods, Glycosamineglycans, and Glycoproteins. Academic Press, New York
1976. xxi, 293 pp., bound, $ 29.50.
Worterbuch der Reprographie. Begriffe und Definitionen. Deutsch-Englisch-Franzosisch/Englisch-FranzosischDeutsch/Franzosisch-Deutsch-Englisch.
Verlag Dokumentation, Miinchen 1976. 2nd unrevised reprint of the 3rd
completely revised edition. 273 pp., paper, DM 54.-.
Proceedings of the International Conference on Colloid and
Surface Science (15 to 20.9. 1975, Budapest). Vol. 2: Discussions and Free Communications. Edited by E. Wo[farn
and 7: Szekrknyesy. Akademiai Kiad6, Budapest 1976. vii,
219 pp., bound, DM 26.00.
Arzneiformenlehre. Ein Lehrbuch fur Pharmazeuten. By P.
H. List. Wissenschaftliche Verlagsgesellschaft mbH, Stuttgart 1976. xxvi, 514 pp., bound, DM 62.00.
Biosynthesis, Vol. 4. Senior Reporter: J . D. Bu’Lock. The Chemical Society, London 1976. ix, 274 pp., bound, E 16.00.-A
volume in the series “Specialist Periodical Reports”.
BAG Farben Lexikon. By H . Hadert. BAG Brunner Verlag
AG, Ziirich/Verlag Chemie, Weinheim 1976.356 pp., bound,
DM 95.00.
Topics in Current Chemistry-Fortschritte der chemischen
Forschung. Band 61 : Physical and Chemical Applications
of Dyestuffs. Springer-Verlag, Berlin 1976.iv, 187 pp., bound,
DM 68.00.
Art in Biosynthesis. The Synthetic Chemist’s Challenge. Vol.
I. By D. Ranganathan and S. Ranganathan. Academic Press,
New York 1976. xi, 249 pp., bound, % 11.-.
Reduced Density Matrices in Quantum Chemistry. By E. R .
Dauidson. From the series “Theoretical Chemistry”. Edited
by D. P . Craig and R . McWeeny. Academic Press, New
York 1976. viii, 135 pp., bound, $ 17.0.
Reviews in Macromolecular Chemistry, Vol. 14A. Edited by
G. B. Butler, K . F. O’Driscoll, and M . Shen. Marcel Dekker,
New York 1976. xiii, 344 pp., bound, $ 32.50.
Catalysis Reviews. Science and Engineering, Vol. 12. Edited
by H . Heinemann and J . J . Carberry. Marcel Dekker, New
York 1976. xvi, 321 pp., bound, $ 32.50.
Inorganic Chemistry of the Main-groupElements, Vol. 3. Senior
Reporter: C. C. Addison. The Chemical Society, London
1976. xi, 536 pp., bound, E 29.00.-A volume in the series
“Specialist Periodical Reports”.
Catalysis in Organic Syntheses 1976. Edited by P. N. Rylander
and H . Greenfield. Academic Press, New York 1976. x,
363 pp., bound, $ 16.50.
Photographic Gelatin 11. Published for The Scientific and
Technical Group of the Royal Photographic Society. Edited
by R . J . Xox. Academic Press, New York 1976. xiv, 390
pp., paper, $ 29.75.
Inorganic Reaction Mechanisms, Vol. 4. Senior Reporter: A.
McAuley. The Chemical Society, London 1976. xviii, 398
pp., bound, f 23.00.-A volume in the series “Specialist
Periodical Reports”.
Coatings. Recent Developments. By M . W Ranney. Chemical
Technology Review No. 64. Noyes Data Corporation, Park
Ridge 1976. xii, 313 pp., bound, $ 39.00.
ZweisprachigesWorterbuch fur Chemie und Physik mit Anwendungsgebieten. Band 33: Deutsch-Englisch/Englisch-German. Freba-Service, Widnau 1976.155pp., paper, DM 24.-.
Angrw. Clwin. Int. Ed. Engl. I Vo/. I S ( 1 9 7 6 ) ~ Y O 7.
449
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