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Book Review Dictionary of Organic Compounds. Vol. 1Ц5. Compiled and edited by Sir I. Heilbron Ж A. H. Cook H. M. Bunbury and D. H

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There are some - not many - small blunders in the tables,
but these can be set down to the labour of collation. It is misleading to compare, without comment, the height of Englishmen in 1926 with that of the Japanese in 1960. The colored
illustration of blood cells can be misunderstood because normal and pathological forms are jumbled together after varied
histological staining. The metabolism diagram is not very
clear because the typeset photooffset printing is not sufficiently flexible. In the chapter on reaction kinetics everything is
missing which the biochemist - or the biologist - expects to
find there, from a useful table of buffers to a set of formulae
for evaluation and calculation of metabolic results. It is true
that a table of antilogarithms is given, but without any introduction to show how to use it in calculating pH values. . .
The book is extraordinarily wide-ranging in its collection and
treatment of facts, and will certainly be useful to the biologist.
It will be less valuable to the biochemist. It is probably unjust
to review it in a journal designed for chemists.
[NB 4691322 IE]
The Chemistry of the Antibiotics Used in Medicine. By R. M .
Evans. Pergamon Press, Oxford 1965. 1st Edit., viii +
226 pp., numerous illustr., 25 s (about $ 3.50).
This pocketbook is not aimed at the specialist but is intended
to offer students and their teachers a review of the chemistry
of the antibiotics used in medicine. This object is attained and
the book thus fills a gap in the literature. The antibiotics are
arranged from a biogenetic viewpoint, which allows the
heterogeneous materials to be handled logically. A few antibiotics with antitumor activity are mentioned as well the compounds used therapeutically.
Short historical remarks and information about the production of the antibiotic are followed in each case by thorough
treatment of the chemistry. In this treatment the author succeeds in pinpointing the steps essential for determination of
structure; he also describes a few syntheses and partial syntheses. However, the sections on biogenesis are mostly unsatisfactory in that the author is content with mere listing of
theresults,whicharethen often jnterpretedinaccurately;in this
section too the literature is very incompletely covered. Relevant references are also missing from the treatment of the
stereochemistry of the sugars from macrolide antibiotics. In
a short chapter on the mode of action of antibiotics the
reader is told of some of the important results and problems
in this field.
There is a subject index and the book is well printed and
produced; the number of erroneous formulae is small. The
main emphasis in the book is on the chemistry of antibiotics;
Zahner’s excellent pocketbook on the biology of antibiotics
may be recommended as compensation.
H . Grisebach
[NB 460/313 IE]
Dictionary of Organic Compounds. Vol. 1-5. Compiled and
edited by Sir I . Heilbron t , A. H . Cook, H. M. Bunbury,
and D . H. Hey. Eyre & Spottiswoode Ltd. and E. & F. N.
Spon Ltd., London 1965. 4th enlarged Edit., 3281 pp.,
5 Vol. and 1 Supplement f, 100.
The last edition of “Heilbron-Bunbury” appeared in 1953 in
four volumes. The new edition now published consists of five
volumes and the first supplement. Further supplements are
due to appear yearly, keeping the work up to date.
In its present form the work contains more than 40000 entries,
9000 more than in the previous edition. In addition 6000 new
cross-references have been included.
A new feature is the inclusion of trade names, particularly for
antibiotics, pharmaceuticals, and plant pesticides, and it was
a good idea to give also literature references for radioactive
and deuterium-labeled compounds. For instance, the entry for
toluene includes five deuterated derivatives, one tritiated compound, and three 1“-compounds.
The entry name of each compound is followed by other possible designations, which, however unfortunately do not always appear as cross-references. Then the structural formula
is given, often with all details of the configuration. It is very
satisfactory that all the fornlulae are extremely clear, though
the use of dots in place of valence bonds is disturbing,particularly for double bonds and triple bonds. After the molecular
formula and molecular weight follow data - very short but
kept intelligible - of the physical properties of the substance
and its derivatives. For recent material NMR spectral data
are included, when other properties are not yet reported in
the literature. Next follow characteristic derivatives of the
compound described, and, finally, the entry is completed by
references to original papers.
This work contains such an unusual wealth of information in
such a very short space that one cannot help but admire the
editors’ achievement. Yet one of the greatest advantages of
the new edition of this lexicon is its up-to-dateness: the six
volumes now presented contain the results in the chemical
literature up to the end of 1964.
H . Griinewald
[NB 451/304 IE]
Registered names, trademarks, etc. used in this journal, even without specific indicafion thereoL are not to be considered unprotected b y law.
Q 1966 by Verlag Chemie, GmbH. - Printed in Germany by Druckerei Winter, Heidelberg.
All rights reserved. N o part of this journal may be reproduced in any form whatsoever, e.g. by photoprint, microfilm, or any other means, without
written permission from the publishers.
Editorial Office: Ziegelhauser Landstrasse 35, D-69 Heidelberg, Germany, Telephone 24975, Telex 461 855 kemia d, Cable address: Chemieredaktion
Chief Editor: W . Foerst * Editor: H . Griinewald.
Publishers: Verlag Chemie GmbH. (President Eduard Kreuzhage). Pappelallee 3, Weinheim/Bergstr., Germany, and Academic Press Inc. (President
Walter J. Johnson), I l l Fifth Avenue, New York 3, N.Y., U S A . , and Berkeley Square House, Berkeley Square, London, W. 1, England.
Correspondence concerning advertisements should be addressed to Verlag Chemie, GmbH. (Advertising Manager W.Thiel), Pappelallee 3, Weinheiml
Bergstr., Germany, Telephone Weinheim 3635, Telex 46 55 16 vchwh. Cable address: Chemieverlag Weinheirnbergstr.
Angew. Chem. internat. Edit. 1 Vol. 5 (1966) 1 No. 7
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