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Book Review Dictionary of Science and Technology English-German. By A. F

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centrates, and fruit-syrups ( K . Herrmann, 63 pp.), fruit juice
drinks, and other nonalcoholic drinks (S. Benk, 20 pp.). Finally there is a contribution on the microscopic examination
of fruit and fruit products (A. Th. Czanja, 52 pp.).
The section “Vegetables” is similarly arranged. The chapter
on fresh vegetables (51 pp.) is written by P . Nehring. Information on durable vegetable goods is given in the chapters:
Deep-frozen vegetables (J. Gutschmidt, 33 pp.), canned and
bottled vegetables ( P . Nehring, 38 pp.). pickled vegetables
(F. Martens, 18 pp.), and dried vegetables ( K . Herrmann.
6 pp.), tomato juices and other tomato products, as well as
other vegetable juices ( K . Herrmann, 16 pp.). One chapter
is devoted to potatoes and potato products ( H . Mohler and
H . Sulser, 34pp.), and one to mushrooms and mushroom
preserves ( W. Bctticher, 31 pp.). A contribution on the microscopic examination of vegetables, salads, seasoning herbs,
and edible mushrooms ( A . Th. Czaja, 25 pp.) completes this
field. The volume concludes with a chapter on the microbiological production of foodstuffs (E. R e i f , 14 pp.) in which
yeast above all plays an important role.
The great amount of information to be found in this volume
J. WoZf [NB759IE]
will ensure a wide readership.
Standardmethoden der praktischen Chemie (Standard Methods
of Practical Chemistry). Edited by E. Poulsen-Nautrup.
Main group: Preparation Methods of Organic Chemistry.
Friedr. Vieweg & Sohn, Braunschweig. Issue l a : General
Working Procedure. 1st Edit., 1963. viii, 54 pp.. 46 illustrations, 19 table?; Issue l b : General Working Procedure 11.
1st Edit., 1966. viii, 54 pp., 49 illustrations, 18 tables; Issue’
l c : General Working Procedure 111, 1st Edit., 1966. viii,
50 pp.. 28 illustrations, 19 tables; Issue 2: Basic Compounds I. 1st Edit., 1963. viii, 50 pp.. 13 illustrations.,
11 tables; Issue 3: Derivatives I, 1st Edit., 1964. viii, 50 pp.;
Issue 4: Basic Compounds 11. 1st Edit., 1964. viii, 60 pp..
15 illustration; Issue 11: Azo dyes. 1st Edit., 1964. viii,
44 pp.. 13 illustrations 3 color tables. Each issue (in folder)
D M 5.90.
“Preparative Methods”, compiled by E. Poulsen-Nautrupp,is
part of “Standard Methods of Practical Chemistry”. Each
issue contains sets of detailed working instructions, printed
on individual sheets of paper, that are suitable for use in
schools. Issues la-lc relate to general techniques, including
reaction vessels, gases, and work at elevated pressures. A
thorough introduction is given to fundamental operations
such as filtration, distillation, recrystallization, etc. Issues
2-4 each contain working instructions for ten preparations.
Each sheet begins with a n equation for the reaction in question, and continues with precise directions and with a discussion of the range of applications of the reaction. Hints are
frequently given on testing the product purity or o n preventing accidents during the preparation. Issue 3 is devoted to
the preparation of derivatives. e.g. sodium alkoxides, and
chlorides, and esters. Issue 11 covers azo dyes, describing the
dyeing of wool and cotton as well as the preparation and
chromatographic examination of the dyes.
The collection is highly recommended for all schools and
technical colleges teaching chemistry. This series should also
prove invaluable to those reading chemistry as a subsidiary
H . J. Bestmann [NB 763 IEI
subject at universities.
Dictionary of Science and Technology, English-German. By
A. F. Dorian. Elsevier Publishing Company, AmsterdamLondon-New York, 1967. 1st Edit., 1238 pp.. bound,
Dfl. 80.00.
Good technical dictionaries, even in such common languages
as English and German, are such a rarity that it is no great
exaggeration to say that they d o not exist. It is thus scarely
surprising that so many attempts are made to fill the void.
The latest, published by Elsevier, contains more than 1200
pages, with some 50000 terms covering about 130 disciplines,
predominantly in science and technology. Only two authors
A. F. Dorian and Liarre Herzbruch, appear to be responsible
for this gigantic undertaking. The reviewer confesses that he
was surprised by this, as also by the rather curious English
foreward and its badly translated German counterpart.
It is of course unfair to judge such a vast work - its scope
extends from Baking to Ecclesiastical History and from Biochemistry to Political Economics - on the basis of its treatment of Chemistry. At the same time it is not unreasonable
to assume that the authors devoted the same degree of care
to all the fields covered.
The selection of words is sensible and modern, though here
and there somewhat haphazard. In many cases a brief English
definition of the entry is given in addition to the translation,
a very useful feature in view of the variety of subjects involved. Less pleasing is the (in the reviewer’s opinion excessive) number of instances in which inaccurate or even totally
incorrect renderings are given. These range from obsolete
spelling (Karbonat, Oxyd) and nomenclature (Oxynaphthalin, Athylmerkuriacetat), obvious printing errors (Magnesiumarseniat, Lutetium(!). arsine = Arsen), to downright
nonsense (radius = Umkreis, ethylene = schweres Kohlenwasserstoffgas, shift = Austausch, chemical intermediate =
Zwischenmittel, ethylbenzyl chloride = Benzochlorsaureathylester !!, etc.).
An insert informs the user that the publishers intend to
produce a German-English edition at the end of 1968, to be
followed by supplementary volumes at intervals of 4 or 5
years, with an improved and revised edition of the main
dictionary to appear every 8 years. The project is thus
clearly a n ambitious one; it seems most desirable, however,
that the whole responsibility should not rest on the shoulders
of just two authors, but that the help of other subject and
language specialists be enlisted as a matter of urgency.
H. Griinewald [NB 769 I€]
Nobel Lectures, Physiology or Medicine 1901-1921. Sponsored by the Nobel Foundation, Elsevier Publishing Company, Amsterdam-London-New York, 1967. 1st Edit., xii,
562, bound, Dfl. 80.00.
The present volume in the “Nobel Lecture” series published
by Elsevier comprises addresses given by the Medicine Prize
Winners between 1901 and 1921. As usual, each lecture is
preceded by the presentation speech at the prize-giving, and
biographical details complete the picture.
The book is fascinating to read even if one is not a physician.
Fundamental investigations are reported that belong so much
to the undeniable, reliable fund of knowledge of our time
that it is impossible to return to those years during which it
was all discovered and formulated, often with endless toil,
without inner participation. The volume begins with a lecture
given by Emil von Behring on the serum therapy of diphtheria,
which enabled this disease to be mastered. Sir Ronald Ross
received the prize for his discovery of the etiology of malaria;
this is followed by Pavlov’s extremely readable report about
his famous experiments on the physiology of digestion.
Robert Koch’s Nobel Lecture was entitled “The current state
of the struggle against tuberculosis” and this enumeration of
famous names and deeds could be continued. For the sake of
topicality, special mention should be made of the lecture given
by the Frenchman Alexis Carrel, who received his prize in
1912 for experiments on organ transplantation. The lecturer
distinguishes between autoplastic transplants (within the
same organism), which invariably succeed if the operation is
carried out satisfactorily, and homoplastic transplants (between different living beings of the same species), which (at
that time) always failed because even an organ transplanted
correctly from the surgical point of view was rejected after a
certain period. All this 60 years ago! It is interesting to note
that in 1935 the same Alexis Carrel developed a machine for
the sterile perfusion of isolated organs in collaboration with
the famous flyer Charles Lindbergh who tackled the mechanical problems.
Angew. Chem. internat. Edit. 1 Yol. 8 (1969) No. 2
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