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Book Review Dictionary of Trivial NamesTrivial-namen-Handbuch. Vols. 1Ц3

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BOOKS
tory chapter is that on impedance spectroscopy, which suffers from the author’s
self-imposed restriction to simple mathematics; the spectra given here cannot be
understood without the relevant derivations. The book ends by discussing some
examples of practical applications : batteries and fuel cells, corrosion, and electrodeposition. The review articles listed in
the bibliography are mostly from the period 1970 to 1983, with only a few exceptions. That is also an indication of the
state of knowledge covered by the book,
which is not inappropriate for an introductory work such as this.
The book has evidently been produced
in copy-ready form, and the author has
made good use of modern desk-top publishing methods. The only aspects that I
disliked were the inadequately small type
size in the index and inaccurate positioning of the subscripts in some of the diagrams.
As can be seen from the list of contents,
the subject matter is limited to classical
electrochemistry. and therefore to the information obtainable from currentvoltage curves. This restriction is appropriate for an introductory text, so the
author should not be blamed for having
omitted modern spectroscopic methods.
Nevertheless, I would have liked to see the
electrochemistry of semiconductors included. as it is undoubtedly within the
classical domain. To summarize, however,
this introduction to electrochemical kinetics i s lucid and well written from a teaching standpoint. and the few shortcomings
and omissions can willingly be forgiven.
Wolfgang Sclimickler
Abteilung Elektrochemie
der UniversitLt Ulm (FRG)
Dictionary of Trivial Names/Trivialnamen-Handbuch. Vols. 1-3. Edited
by Fachinformationszentrum Chemie
(FIZ Chemie), Berlin. VCH Verlagsgesellschaft, Weinheim, 1993. XIV,
2464 pp., hardcover DM 2100.00.ISBN 3-527-29030-6
Having regard to the size of this reference work and what it claims to provide,
it i s at first glance very impressive and,
despite the small print, easy to use. It lists
21 812 compounds under eight data fields,
which comes to a total of 174496 data
field entries - a considerable amount of
information which should be of interest to
a large number of potential users. However. because of its price the number of
actual purchasers will probably be much
smaller than that. In any case, the high
price makes it necessary to d o a careful
cost-benefit analysis, and that is what
this review aims to provide.
The 14pages of preliminaries in Volume 1 contain information about the contents, an introduction, and a more detailed explanation of the individual data
fields and the indexes. This is followed by
1008 pages of text covering trivial names
from A to H. Volume 2 (1296 pp.) covers
trivial names from I to Z. Volume 3 contains an index of synonyms (60 pp.) and a
reference index (200 pp.). Altogether
21 812 compounds are listed, each page
presenting ten compounds in miniature
VDU-screen displays (5 cm x 9 cm). Each
of these has fields containing the English
and German trivial names, a sequential
data-bank number, the structural formula
with full stereochemistry, the molecular
formula, the CAS Registry number, stereochemical information, and bibliographic information (a literature reference selected for maximum information about
synthesis, structure, and activity). The
print size of the text within the fields is
uniform. about 1.5 mm, whereas the characters in the structural formulas are rarely
more than 1.0 mm. Volumes 1 and 2 are
each provided with a Fresnel lens that can
be used as a bookmark and magnifier.
The work lists about 28000 entries
(twice as many as in the German-language
first edition published in the form of index
cards), comprising trivial name of simple
organic compound. names of natural products of known constitution, common abbreviations and acronyms for important
compounds, and selected trade names of
dyes, pharmaceuticals. and other industrial chemical products, together with an
index of synonyms (in English), and a
German-English index of names.
This reference work is intended as a resource that one can turn to for help when,
for example, a compound is referred to in
the literature by a trivial name with which
one is unfamiliar, when one needs the correct structural formula of a compound for
a publication or lecture and the trivial
name is open to misunderstanding, or
when one wishes to use an on-line data
bank and needs search criteria such as synonyms or CAS Registry numbers. The Dictionary of Triviul Numes is intended for use
by everyone working in the areas of organic chemistry, biochemistry, or pharmaceutical chemistry, both in industry
and in academic research.
After a thorough examination of this
handbook (it would perhaps have been
better to use the word “Handbook” instead of “Dictionary” in the English title,
as on the back cover), a number of specific
points occur to me:
1) Since the field containing the structural formula i s of a constant size and
each formula is always adjusted to fill the
field so far as possible, the result i s that
small molecules are shown on a large scale
and large molecules on a reduced scale.
Consequently there is often a gross mismatch between the size of the characters
and the length of the bond lines (an extreme example is acetaldehyde, where the
CH, and CHO groups are linked by a
bond 7.5 cm long!).
2) The editors have not followed the usual practice of distinguishing stereochemical descriptors from atomic symbols by
means of italic type and/or brackets; also
they are sometimes too far distant from
the chiral center or too close to it, which
can cause confusion (example: abienol).
3) The bibliographic information (which
is not always in the form recommended in
the Chemicul Abstructs System Source I n &X) often seems very outdated (e.g.. hystazarin: 1955), and sometimes cites exotic
sources that are not easily accessible (e.g.,
hypotaurine: Atti Accud. Nuz.Liizcei CI.
Sci. Fis. Mat. Nut. Rend.). Occasionally
publications in less common languages
are cited (e.g., homostephanoline: Yukuguku Zusshi), or only a patent number is
given (e.g., hetacillin: US 4321 196). In
such cases it would have been very useful
to also include a reference to Chcwicul
Abstructs.
4) In a few cases the CAS Registry number is not given, even though it is already
known (e.g., inusoniolide: 129927-20-4).
5 ) In most cases the Cliernicul Ahstructs
Index name is also known, and could usefully have been included. Alongside the
trivial name one would then have a name
in accordance with nomenclature rules that
would give the structure unambiguously
and could be used for on-line searching.
6) Despite the size of the work there are,
of course, some gaps here and there. Random checks showed, for example, that
pseudilin and temaroten were both missing (the CAS Registry numbers of these
compounds prove that they have been
known for a long time). Surprisingly,
some common acronyms such as AIBN,
BBN, COT, and DABCO were also missing (showing that the claims made in the
introduction regarding “Acronyms of Important Compounds” need to be qualified
somewhat).
How serious these individual shortcomings are to be regarded is a question that
potential purchasers or users must decide
for themselves.
However, one must also ask at this
point whether or not some works of comparable usefulness already exist. In principle the answer has to be yes--for ex0570-OH33i94: 1212-1305 5 10.00 + .2S, 0
1305
BOOKS
ample, there are the Chemical Abstracts
publications Registry Handbook- -Common Numes and the Index Guide. The first
of these contains, in its names section.
over 1 300000 names with their CAS Registry numbers and molecular formulas, and
in its numbers section over 840000 Registry numbers with more than 1800000
names (including the CA Index names
that are so useful for on-line searching).
This work is available at a cost of
$ 1070.00 (1 994 price) in microfiche or microfilm form. If one is unwilling to derive
the structural formula from the CA Index
name, it can easily be obtained by on-line
retrieval or from the usual Chemical Abstracts printed volumes (as also can the
bibliographic information). The Index
Guide contains 2248 pages listing about
250000 entries (mainly trivial names and
acronyms with their CA Index names and
CAS Registry numbers, and also structural formulas for “stereoparent” compounds), as well as numerous appendices
that are also useful in dealing with questions of nomenclature; in printed form it
costs $70.00 for a single issue, o r $ 190.00
for three updated issues over a five-year
period (1994 prices). The facilities for
structural formulas and bibliographic information mentioned above for the Registry Handbook-Conzmon Names are the
same in this case.
A simple calculation gives “unit costs”
of about D M 0.08 per name o r D M 0.10
per compound in the case of the Dictionar.v
of Trivial Names. Similar calculations for
the Registry Handbook-Common Names
and for the Index Guide give “unit costs”
of less than D M 0.01 per name or per
compound. Here again the potential purchaser or user must decide whether to pay
more for fewer names and compounds
nirh structural formulas and a literature
reference (the latter subject to the reservations mentioned earlier), or to pay less for
a greater number of names and com-
1306
‘(‘1
pounds, usually without structural formulas and without literature references.
The decision in favor of one or the other
publication will certainly depend on the
detailed needs of the user. The reviewer
hopes that the comments offered here will
help in making the decision.
Udo Eberhardt
Cheniische Berichte Editorial Office
Weinheim (FRG)
Scanning Electron Microscopy and
X-Ray Analysis. By R.E. Lee. Ellis
Horwood/PRT Prentice Hall,
Englewood Cliffs, 1993. 464 pp.,
hardcover $60.00.--ISBN
0-13813759-5
Scanning electron microscopy (SEM)
has now become well established in many
areas of chemistry, materials science,
physics, biology, and medicine, in situations that demand high resolution imaging of materials and specimens or chemical analysis of microscopic regions. There
is already plenty of literature, including
some that is very recent, treating the
methods of electron microscopy at a level
suitable for specialists. However, this
book has been written with a different objective, namely to explain, with a minimum of mathematics but with many wellchosen drawings, figures, and diagrams,
the elementary physical and technical aspects of the scanning electron microscope.
The author, who has many years of practical experience in this field, has certainly
succeeded in this aim.
The first five of the twelve chapters are
concerned with the construction of the
scanning electron microscope, the generation of the electron beam, and the principles, functioning, and aberrations of
magnetic lenses. The author describes
applications-related aspects with detailed
VCH Verlugsgrs~~ll.sc.liufI
mhH. 0-69451 Wrinheim. 1994
illustrations, for example, images of the
surface of a cathode after overheating,
and also discusses recent instrumental developments such as the use of field emission sources. The following chapters deal
with the interaction of electrons with matter, different types of detectors, and in
considerable detail with image formation
and image processing. Scattering processes, contrast mechanisms, and many other
aspects of importance to the user are explained in careful detail by text and figures. The chapters on vacuum pumping
and pressure measurement and on specimen preparation are equally clear and detailed. The final chapter contains a thorough and detailed description of SEM
X-ray microanalysis, explaining the principles of energy-dispersive and wavelengthdispersive spectroscopy, and the artefacts
that can arise in qualitative and quantitative elemental analysis. The book ends with
a useful appendix which includes data on
the characteristic X-ray emissions of the
elements, and also a short glossary of technical terms which is especially helpful.
I can thoroughly recommend this book
for newcomers to SEM methods, as it covers all the important aspects and explains
them in a simple, clear, and understandable way, but without being too superficial. Technical and scientific staff working
in electron microscopy laboratories will
also find the book very useful, and will
obtain new insights from it. Scanning
Electron Microscopy and X-Ray Analysis
is certainly a very useful addition to the
literature of the SEM laboratory, and I
feel sure that it will come to be regarded as
essential basic reading there. Lastly I recommend the book to the interested reader
who simply wants to know something
about how an electron microscope works
and how it is used.
Werner Mader
Institut fur Anorganische Chemie
der Universitat Bonn (FRG)
0570-0R33!94!1212-1306 X 10.00+ 2 5 i O
Anyru
. Clirm. Inl. Ed. EngI. 1994, 33, N o . 12
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