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Book Review Die Oxydation organischer Verbindungen mit Sauerstoff (The Oxidation of Organic Compounds with Oxygen). By R. Schllner

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The layout of the book is very clean, and the formulae are
particularly clear. The few misprints and biochemical incongruities in the text are of no importance. The book closes
with a glossary in German, English, and Russian. The
literature survey is unfortunately confined to fairly recent
reviews. Onthe whole, however, this is an excellent little book,
and contains everything that the student is likely to absorb
from very good special lectures. L , Joerlic,ce [ N B 440!275 [El
Die Oxydation organischer Verbindungen mit Sauerstoff (The
Oxidation of Organic Compounds with Oxygen). By R .
Sc/zullner. Wissenschaftliche Taschenbucher, Vol. 23.
1st Edit., Akademie-Verlag, Berlin 1964, 195 pp., 8 tables,
6 illustrations, cardboard DM 12.50 (about $ 3.10).
If one is not disturbed by sentences such as “The rapid development of the chemical industry in the Soviet Union and
in the entire socialist camp will greatly favor the application
of efficient processes for the oxidation of organic raw materials to form high-quality base chemicals”, or by a number
of inaccuracies and misprints, this book will provide a good
picture of the many reactions of the oxygen molecule with
organic substances. In addition to preparat,ive aspects, on
which the greatest stress is placed the kinetics of autoxidation
also are discussed.
The question arises, however. of the type of reader for
whom this book is intended. It contains too many specialized
data for the student whereas the number of references to
original publications is too small for the research worker (the
22 references given are mainly reviews); the book must
therefore be intended primarily for industrial chemists. For
this type of reader, in fact, the book may provide many
suggestions in the course of a few hours’ easy reading.
R . Criegee
[NB 428/298 IE]
Silicate Science. Vol. 11. Glasses, Enamels, Slags. By W . Eitel.
Academic Press, New York-London 1965. 1st Edit., XI1 +
707 pp., numerous figures, $ 26.-.
This volume, the second of the planned series of five, deals
with glasses, enamels, and slags. The chemical and physicochemical properties, such as the viscosities of glass melts,
surface tension, electrical conductivity, and changes in density, are discussed in detail. Considerable space is devoted
to the structures of glasses and to theories o n the subject.
Non-silicate glasses are also mentioned. A special chapter is
given to the surface structure and surface reactions of glass.
The second section deals more fully with industrial glasses,
their homogeneity, color correction, reaction residues, gas
inclusions, and the relationships between physico-chemical
properties and chemical composition than with enamels.
The chapter on slags reports recent findings relating to the
constitution of slags, and includes sections on the viscosity
and corrosiveness of molten slags and on equilibria between
molten slags and molten metals.
The literature covered is mainly that published between 1952
and 1962. The section on glass contains 703 references from
this period, while that on enamels and industrial glasses
contains 458. The chapter on slags contains 186 references.
The division into short, numbered chapters makes the book
tidy and-useful as a reference work. It is regrettable that, in
keeping with the publishers’ wishes, the contents of the book
“Physical Chemistry of Silicates” (1954) are assumed to b e
known, and that the publications discussed in this earlier
work are dismissed with a mere reference in the present
volume. Apart from this, the author has been extremely
successful in his use of the extensive literature. Misprints
(e.g. page 511, where a phenylene complex is given instead
of a catechol complex) are few.
As a reference book and handbook, this work is practically
indispensable for all laboratories and institutes concerned
Armin Weiss
[NB 4431278 IE]
with this field.
Angew. Chem. intermit. Edit.
Vol. 5 (1966) 1 No. 3
Methods in Carbohydrate Chemistry. Edited by R. L. Whistler
in collaboration with J. N . BeMiller and M. L. Wolfrom.
Vol. V: General Polysaccharides. Academic Press, New
York-London 1965. 1st Edit., XXIl 463 pp., 26 figures,
11 tables. 6 16.50.
The present volume completes the provisional object of this
series“]. Like the previous volume, it contains a collection
of reliable procedures. Volume V is devoted to methods in
polysaccharide chemistry (cellulose and starch are excluded).
86 procedures are presented by 75 well-known specialists.
The text is divided into seven main parts: methods of isolation (18 contributions), preparation of polysaccharides
(25 contributions), chemical (4 contributions) and physical
(5 contributions) analysis, molecular weight determinations
(4 contributions), structural analysis (13 contributions), and
the preparation of polysaccharide derivatives (7 contributions).
The first part describes the modern methods of extraction
and purification of polysaccharides by chromatography, gel
filtration, precipitation, dialysis, ultrafiltration, and zone
electrophoresis. Dehydration and freeze-drying of preparations are explained. The second part contains particulars o n
the isolation of selected polysaccharides from plants, animals,
and microorganisms, including mucopolysaccharides and
lipopolysaccharides, glycogen, heparin, hyaluronic acid,
cellulose, hernicelluloses, inulin, chitin, pectin, dextran, and
plant gums. Part 111 contains only methods for the determination of lignin, acetyl and ester groups in pectin, and
primary hydroxyl groups in polysaccharides T h e physical
methods (Part IV) cover only the electrophoretic homogeneity, the optical rotation, the thixotropy and pseudoplasticity, the film properties, and the irnmui?ology of the
polysaccharides. Part V then deals with molecular weight
determinations by end-group analysis with 14CN and
periodate, or by osmometry and isothermal distillation.
Methods of hydrolytic and oxidative degradation of polysaccharides and thelr methylated derivatives for the purpose
of structural analysis account for the major part of Part VI.
An exhaustive table (44 pp.) of methyl ethers of sugars
should be very useful to the practical chemist. The oxidation
and reduction of uronic acids, esterification and deacetylation
desulfurization (of heparin), and etherification are some of
the points dealt with in connection with the preparation of
polysaccharide derivatives.
Since the book does not deal exhaustively with the subject
“General Polysaccharides,” references are made to methods
published in earlier volumes of this or other series. The
author index is large (18 pp.), since each contribution is
followed by a n average of 10 to 15 references. On the other
hand, the subject index (a 20-page collective index for volumes
111 to V) is rather meagre, and contains only about 2000
Volume V satisfactorily fulfils the purpose for which it is
intended, i.e. to serve as a handbook for research and
practical laboratory work. Both the experienced carbohydrate chemist and the newcomer to the field will quickly
realize that “Methods of Carbohydrate Chemistry” is as
valuable and as reliable as is “Organic Syntheses” in organic
chemistry or “Biochemical Preparations” in biochemistry.
J . M . Harkin
[NB 4441279 IE]
The Proteins: Composition, Structure, and Function. Edited
by H . Neuratlt. Academic Press, New York-London. 2nd
Edit., Vol. 11, 1964, XIV + 840 pp., numerous illustrs. and
tables, $ 26.00 (by subscription $ 24.00); Vol. 111, 1965,
XIV + 585 pp., numerous illustrs. and tables, $ 21 .OO (by
subscription $ 18.50).
Soon after its publication, the first edition of “The Proteins” (Chemistry, Biological Activity, and Methods), together
with the standard monograph by Cohn and Edsnll, became
[l] Review of Vol. IV: Angew. Chem. 77, 226 (1965).
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