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Book Review Dispersions of Powders in Liquids with Special Reference to Pigments. By G. D

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triene (4 h, 127-128 “C) a mixture of the homo-lH-azepines
( l ) and (2)iwas formed (total yield 35 %)-which was separated by preparative gas chromatography. Presumably the
compounds are formed by valence isomerization of initially formed methoxycarbonylaziridines. The N M R spectra
of ( I ) and (2) are not temperature dependent, i.e. valence
isomerization does not now take place. ( I ) and (2) do
not enter into cycloadditions. Irradiation of ( I ) gives a mixture of (3) and (4)while (2) is virtually unaffected. J. org.
Chemistry 35, 132 (1970) /-Kr.
[Rd 176 IE]
’
BOOK REVIEWS
Knvwse Polarographie und Voltammetrie Inverse Polarography and Voltammetry). By R. Neeb. Verlag Chemie GmbH,
WSeihej-mJBergstr. 1969. 1st Edit., xii + 256pp., 139
figures, 33 tables, plastic, D M 48.-.
The high detection sensitivity of electrochemical analytical
methods has contributed to the widespread use of polarography. The sensitivity of any analytical method can be substantially increased by integrating processes. Inverse polarography constitutes such a process, in which substances
present in a n electrolyte solution are collected by deposition
on a stationary mercury drop or mercury pool or on other
electrodes made of suitable materials with simultaneous
selection by the applied potential. The process is therefore
particularly suitable for trace analysis.
The present work gives the first really comprehensive and
up-to-date treatment of this process. The first section contains a concise and very lucid review of the principles of the
enrichment process. The second section deals with the electrochemical methods used for the quantitative determination
of the collected substances. A detailed experimental section
follows, in which emphasis is given to the description of the
electrodes and the apparatus employed. This section also
contains a discussion of the sources of error. The second part
of the work deals with the methods used to determine
particuIar elements and includes the relevant literature data.
The highly informative book can be recommended without
reservation to everyone interested in this field.
Heinz Gerischer [NB 855 IE]
fPiminologie Chimique Franco- Anglaise. French-English Chemical Terminology. An Introduction to Chemistry in French
and English. By H . Fromherz and A . King. Translated by
J . Jousset. Verlag Chemie GmbH, Weinheim/Bergstr.
...
and
Gauthier-Villors. Paris 1968, 1st Edit., xix + 561 pp.,
linen, D M 66.-.
As far as the average chemist is concerned, technical dictionaries are often unsatisfactory. Despite the fact that he is perfectly capable of understanding “Keton”, “ketone”, or
“cetone” without their help, they nevertheless burden the
luckless reader with pages of translations for terms that are
obvious to anyone expert in the subject. Certain dictionaries in the chemical field omit these terms; such dictionaries
simplify the problem for the chemist who is trying to read a
paper in his own subject[ll. If, however, a paper is to be
translated into the foreign language, there still remains the
problem of the correct usage of words, the problem, in short,
of terminology.
The present book is not a dictionary but a series of parallel
texts, the French and the English versions being printed on
facing pages. In this way, in the guise of a very simple but
comprehensive introduction to chemistry, it actually provides
a comparison of the terminology used. A wide range of
[ I ] R . Cornubert: Dictionnaire Chimique Allemand-FranCais.
Chemisches Worterbuch Deutsch-Franzosisch, Dunod, Paris
1967, 3rd Edit..
318
Tetrakis(acetatomercurio)methane, C(HgOCOCH3)4, a crystalline, stable, water soluble substance has been prepared in
good yields by D . S. Mntteson, R . B. Cmtle, and G . L. Larson
by heating a mixture of C[B(OCH3)2]4 and Hg(OCOCH&
under reflux. Pure C(HgOCOCH3)4, m.p. 265-285 “C (dec),
gives a white precipitate with NaOH and with SnC12. An
iodine compound C(Hgl)4, m.p. > 300 “C, can also be formed. The stability of the C-Hg bond may be explained by the
shielding of the carbon atom by the four Hg atoms. / J. Amer.
chem. SOC.92,231 (1970) /-Kr.
[Rd 178 IE]
topics in physical, inorganic, organic and analytical chemistry is covered. It must be admitted that in places the material is rather outdated. (In 1934, when the original GermanEnglish version of the book was published 121, it may well have
been true to say that “Sugden’s parachor method is much
used in Britain!”) As an introduction to chemistry, however,
the book is surprisingly clear and free from errors. The presentation is in general limited to facts and to theories that
have stood the test of time. With a few exceptions, the French
translation faithfully reproduces current usage, and should
provide a quick way for the English-speaking reader to get
to grips with this terminology; in the same way, Frenchspeaking readers will be able to acquaint themselves with
contemporary English usage. I a m convinced that both
groups will learn to value this book, and in many cases will
make use of it as a chemically-orientated dictionary and
language textbook.
In a book like this errors are particularly dangerous though
possibly, in view of the breadth of coverage, unavoidable.
Thus “Cardiac glycosides” are not “les glycosides du coeur”;
“ribose” is “le” and not “la”; DNA has a “structure en
double hClice”, not “a double filet”; adrenalin is “une
hydroxy-amine”, not “une hydroxylamine”; ESR is “RPE”,
never “RPM”; chemical displacements are “diplacements
chimiques”, not “transferts chimiques”. Fortunately mistranslations such as these occur in only a few chapters, and
these are generally more up-to-date than the rest of the book
and thus offer the reader fewer difficulties in other respects.
Guy Ourisson [NB 857 IEI
Mspersions of Powders in Liquids, with Special Reference to
Pigments. By G . D . Purfift. Elsevier Publishing Company,
Amsterdam-London-New York 1969. 1st Edit., xiii +
j34pp., numerous figures and tables, bound, Dfl. 52.-.
Nine contributions from eleven eminent authors, including
the editor, have been effectively combined into one homogeneous work. The subject is approached from various
points of view. The book has been written for scientists in
whose work highly dispersed solids play a role. Particular
attention is given to problems of interest to manufacturers
and users of pigments wishing to keep up with the latest developments. One should not be dismayed by the fact that the
dispersion process is influenced by numerous factors that are
difficult or impossible to define in practice. The editor lays
stress on the fact that the sensible use of certain guidelines
can lead to better dispersions and a better understanding of
the dispersion process. This alone is a good enough reason
for “students” of all ages to peruse this book.
The first two chapters (I: M . J. Jaycock; 11: A . L. Smith) deal
with the scientific principles concerned in solid-liquid interfaces. Starting with the forces between atoms, ions, and molecules, the authors go on to discuss boundary surface energy,
wetting, adsorption, and, finally, electric double layers and
zeta potentials, covering innumerable surface properties and
[21 Cf. Angew. Chem. 75, 696 (1963).
Angew. Chem. internat. Edit.
Vol. 9 (1970)
/ No. 4
concepts. The principles of thedispersion process, dispersibility, and stability or flocculation of dispersion form the subject of the next chapter (G. D. Parfitt). Obviously, in the
given context consideration must be given to agglomerates
and aggregates. After all, these structural formations of powdered substances are the reason why dispersion is necessary.
These processes are mentioned in the fourth chapter ( A . G .
Walron), which gives a general survey of the formation and
growth of nuclei in precipitation reactions. The few facts o n
the problem of agglomeration in precipitation for which
space could be found suggest that further research is needed.
The fifth chapter ( S . H . Bell and V . T.Crow/) is devoted to
industrial applications,of dispersions and the relevant methods of measurement. It is followed by a chapter ( W . Black)
on the effects of surface-active agents. The industrial aspects
of dispersion classified according to dispersion machines and
products are summarized in the seventh chapter ( R . Sheppard). The book ends with chapters on inorganic ( H . D. Jefferies) and organic ( H . D. Brearley and F. M . Smith) pigments giving information on pigment-specific dispersion and
other application problems.
The references are given at the end of each chapter, and the
book contains about 500 in all. A short but adequate index
is provided. The presentation of the material is good, the
photographic reproductions being of satisfactory quality and
the schematic drawings clear and distinct. The book deserves
every success.
B . Honigmann [NB 865 IE]
Introduction to Quantum Chemistry. By J. M. Anderson.
W. A. Benjamin, Inc., .New Yock 1969. 1st. Edit., xiv,
445 pp., numerous Figs. and Tables, bound $ 14.95.
Since quantum mechanics or quantum chemistry became one
of standard courses in chemistry departments about fifteen
years ago, numerous and varied textbooks on this subject
have been published. Although many excellent quantum
mechanics textbooks are available today (Messiah: Quantum
Mechanics; Dike and Wittke: Introduction to Quantum
Mechanics; Saxon: Elementary Quantum Mechanics; Merzbacher: Quantum Mechanics, GotterJied: Quantum Mechanics, etc.), it is still quite difficult to find a suitable text for a
one-semester introductory quantum mechanics or quantum
chemistry course for chemists. The reason for this is that most
excellent quantum mechanics textbooks are primarily
written for physicists and some good quantum chemistry
books (Paufing and Wilson: Quantum Mechanics; Eyring,
Walter, and Kirnbafl: Quantum Chemistry: Kannzman: Quantum Chemistry, etc.), are out of date. In the reviewer’s opinion this book can fill in the gap and can serve very well as a
textbook for a one-semester introductory quantum chemistry course. This book has four striking features: (1) The
Heisenberg and Schrodinger viewpoints are developed and
used simultaneously throughout and the emphasis is o n the
formulation of quantum mechanics. In doing so, students can
get a more general and more rigorous view of quantum
mechanics. (2) The notation used is in line with that found in
the current literature. This enables students t o follow the
papers on quantum chemistry which appear in modern chemical and physical journals. (3) Some problems in the book are
solved by computer. This makes students able to appreciate
the importance of the computer in modern quantum chemistry. (4) Topics chosen in the book are important and useful
to chemists. However, the book also has some shortcomings,
namely: (1) Some presentations are too sloppy or unclear.
(2) There are quite a few typographical errors.
The author begins his presentation with the discussions
o n some intuitions and some experiments in quantum
mechanics; then follows apostulational introduction to quantum mechanics. Both matrix mechanics viewpoint and wave
mechanics viewpoint are introduced and developed simultaneously by a very fresh approach - one which differs from most
competing texts of quantum chemistry. Constant potential
problems such as the free particle, the particle in a box, the
Angew. Chem. internat. Edit.
/ Vol. 9 (1970) No. 4
motion of a particle in region of several constant potentials
etc. are discussed. The quantum mechanical concepts of these
problems are emphasized. After briefly describing the manybody, many-coordinate systems, angular momentum is introduced. Following this the harmonic oscillator and the hydrogen atom are treated in quite an elegant manner.
The second part of the book considers the approximation
methods in quantum chemistry. Variational method and
perturbation theory are explained in detail. The applications
of variational method and perturbation theory to atomic and
molecular systems are illustrated very well. The molecular
orbital theory, valence bond theory, Hartree-Fock SCF and
LCAO are discussed. Time-dependent theory and spectroscopic theory are also presented. The author concludes the
book with a descriptive treatment of scattering theory.
Overall, the presentations are good and the approaches are
fresh. However, in some places, I think that there would be a
more effective way to convince readers, but the author just
throws up his hands by asking readers to believe him (e.g.
p. 27 lines 6 and 7). For a textbook of this level (intended for
seniors and first year graduate students), in some places the
presentations should be more detailed. For example, on p. 37,
the derivation of Eq. (1-41) is presented poorly. On p. 347,
without discussing properties of Dirac Delta function or
mentioning it, the author just states: “now Jymei(k’-k) ==
0 ; . . .” (Readers have to believe it!) Despite these minor
shortcomings, I still highly recommend this book to be used
as a textbook for the one-semester introductory quantum
Yuh Kang Pun [NB 869 IE]
chemistry course.
Amino Acids Determination - Methods and Techniques. By
S . Blackburn. Marcel Dekker, Inc., New- YTrk,I;?SlndoD
1968, 1st Edit., xi + 271 pp., numerous figures, bound,
approx. D M 52.-.
This book is intended for the man a t the bench in amino acid
analytical laboratories, research institutes, and in industry.
The title theme is the unifying thread that holds the whole
volume together. The concise and practical nature of the
work is lost sight of only in the opening chapter o n the
history and importance of amino acids analysis, and the
chapter might well have been shortened to make room for
more operating instructions and recommendations. This
would have been to the advantage of the more important
first half of the book, which deals with ion-exchange chromatography and the associated technology and use of modern automatic analyzers, highlighting the author’s knowledge and experience of the subject. The very latest developments in theory and practice have been covered, as far as this
is possible in a widely ramified field characterized by continuous improvements in equipment. The plentiful literature
references in each section are treated only briefly and in
review fashion in the text; occasionally a definite evaluation
would perhaps be preferable.
The second half of the book deals, with acceptable brevity,
with such vital methods and techniques as paper and gas
chromatography, infrared and mass spectrometry, and the
proven high-voltage electrophoresis. All things considered,
the treatment of the analysis of physiological fluids is definitely too short. Despite this, the book is highly recommended
to anyone who uses or runs an amino-acid analyzer.
Christian Birr [NB 870 IE]
lk?ineralole und verwandte Produkte. (Mineral Oils and
Related Products). A handbook for laboratory and industrial use, in two volumes. Edited by C. Zerbe. SpringerVerlag, BerIin;Heidelberg-New York 1969, 2nd Edit.,
1834 pp., 582 figures, bound D M 348.-.
This work contains more than would be expected from the
title. Written by 42 well-known specialists, it is first and foremost a laboratory handbook for the testing and evaluation
319
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