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Book Review Elementary Statistical Thermodynamics. A Problems Approach. By N. O. Smith

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such a book been available in the infancy of DNMR spectroscopy then a large proportion of the false enthalpies
and entropies of activation that have given DNMR spectroscopy its reputation for inaccuracy would never have
been published.
Martin Feigel [NB 618 IE]
Institut fur Organische Chemie
der Universitat Erlangen-Nurnberg (FRG)
Membranbiochemie. By H. Sandermann. Springer-Verlag,
Berlin 1983. v, 131 pp., bound, DM 44.00.
Membrane biochemistry sounds attractive.-The author
promises an introduction at the molecular level to biological processes in and at membranes, with emphasis on the
properties of the proteins, the lipids, and the polysaccharides bound to them. The book is intended as a university
text for students who have completed a basic course in biochemistry and wish to know more about the molecular aspects of membranes, a topic that usually receives only a
short treatment in biochemistry textbooks. The requirement is there; one is full of wonderment as to how the
topic will be treated in 125 pages.
Many key words of membrane investigation are
sketched out in ten chapters: types of membranes, membrane isolation, structure and properties of lipids and biological membranes, methodological approaches to the
study of membranes, detergents, membrane proteins including their biosynthesis and isolation, lipid protein interactions, transport through membranes, regulation of the
activity of membrane-bound enzymes, chemiosmosis and
ATP production, the importance of the polysaccharides on
the cell surface including the biosynthesis of glycoproteins
and as far as the metabolism of environmental chemicals.
In view of the size of this little book the abundant and
highly interesting range of topics damps expectations from
the start: it can only consist of a synopsis, which provides
the student with key words and hints for further readingwhich is no bad thing in itself.
Here, however, one of the failings of the book becomes
evident: there is a dearth of references. Methodological
approaches to membrane and protein isolation are
sketched using several examples. The labeling of a method
with a name or a classification as a pioneering piece of
work is of little use to the reader. Experimental data, thermodynamic quantities and their interpretation originating
from a topical and continually changing area of investigation must be made capable of being placed chronologically
and subjected to verification by quoting their sources. This
is of particular importance when, as on p. 64, models and
analysis are contradictory or various models are compared.
Alone the sources of figures are quoted in the figure legends. The general reference to two review journals at the
end of the book is valueless without further specification.
Standard biochemistry textbooks cannot be recommended
forfurther reading, since this little book is intended to supplement them.
The book is derived from a course of lectures and is in
its first edition. Because of this there are mistakes; however, they pass the bounds of the acceptable: printing errors,
forgotten or wrong units, unacceptable abbreviations and
units, errors in chemical formulas and incorrect labeling of
axes characterize the book and bewilder the student.
In addition to this there are, particularly in the physicochemical observations, imprecisions of language and conAnaew. Chem. Int. Ed. E n d . 23 (1984) No. I 1
fusing argumentations. Unexplained and uncheckable values, as for example on p. 109 concerning the statistics of
hexose combinations, should be avoided. Displaced and
irregular print in almost all the mathematical formulas
make reading more difficult.
What a pity-a good idea, a good beginning, very well
chosen material. The strength of this book lies in the descriptive biochemical-biological aspects. The molecular
principles, reproduced through physical-biochemical considerations, leave much to be desired, and there is a lack of
clear presentation. Perhaps this little book is a beginning;
it is certainly not a matured textbook and at a price of 44
DM cannot be recommended to university students, at
least in its present form.
H.-J. GUNU [NB 639 IE]
Institut fur Organische Chemie
und Biochemie der Technischen
Hochschule Darmstadt (FRG)
Elementary Statistical Thermodynamics. A Problems Approach. By N . 0. Smith. Plenum Press, New York 1982.
xiv, 216 pp., bound, $ 25.00.
Much of the evidence concerning the properties of molecules and their behavior depends on the application of
statistical thermodynamics. It should therefore occupy a
relevant place in the education of chemists. One of the reasons why this is not universally true may well be that access to this field is not particularly easy: Firstly it is not immediately obvious to the student how the chances of a
gambler in a numbers game are related to the specific heat
of an alcohol or the lifetime of an activated complex. It is
not surprising that American authors in particular attempt
to provide students with as smooth an entry as possible
into statistical thermodynamics. This little book is an example of a compromised attempt: Some knowledge of
chemical thermodynamics, simple functions, differentiation and integration, the treatment of series and some combinatorial analysis is assumed. Even the reminder that
O! = 1 has not been forgotten. The author employs IUPAC
nomenclature and SI units.
The individual chapters of the book cover the usual topics: The statistical mechanics of distinguishable particles ;
the statistical basis of entropy; thermodynamic functions
for systems of localized and distinguishable particles (with
the Einstein and the Debye crystal models); systems of
non-localized and indistinguishable particles; the thermodynamic functions of ideal gases: Here there is a careful
explanation of translational, rotational, vibrational and
electronic partition functions, the contribution of the
atomic nucleus, ortho- and parahydrogen, and of the influence of internal rotation. This is followed by the statistical thermodynamic calculation of chemical equilibria.
Each chapter is accompanied by cleverly chosen exercises, which not only improve understanding of the basic
material but also communicate a feeling for the magnitudes of the relevant thermodynamic probabilities, partition functions, entropies, etc. Some of the exercises are
worked through in the text, the solutions to the others are
included in an appendix.
The book seems to incorporate a great deal of teaching
experience. It can be recommended as an introduction to
students of chemistry and other sciences who have sufficient knowledge of English-it is also suitable as a “teach
917
yourself’ book. The price may well ensure a certain exclusivity.
Heinz Georg Wagner [NB 625 IE]
Institut fur Physikalische Chemie
der Universitat Gottingen (FRG)
Springer-Verlag, Heidelberg 1984. viii, 259 pp., bound,
DM 85.00.-ISBN 3-540-13131-0
Advances in Polymer Science. Vol. 58: Polymerization Reactions. Edited by H.-J. Cantow, G. DaN’Astra, K . Dus’ek,
J . D. Ferry, H. Fujita, M . Gordon, G. Henrici-Olive, J. P.
Kennedy, W. Kern, S . Okamura, S . Olive, C. G. Overberger, T. Saegusa, G . V. Schulz, W . P. Slichter, and J .
K . Stille. Springer-Verlag, Heidelberg 1984. ix, 131 pp.,
bound, DM 82.00.-1SBN 3-540-12793-3
Reactivity and Structure. Vol. 18: Intramolecular DielsAlder and Alder Ene Reactions. By D. F. Tuber. SpringerVerlag, Heidelberg 1984. viii, 97 pp., bound, DM
52.00.-ISBN 3-540-12602-3
Metal Ions in Biological Systems. Vol. 17: Calcium and its
Role in Biology. Edited by H. Sigel. Marcel Dekker, Basel 1984. 560 pp., bound, SFr. 242.00.-ISBN 0-82477172-9
Rheinisch-Westfalische Akademie der Wissenschaften. Vortrage Reihe N, Vol. 325: H. G. von Schnering: Clusteranionen-Struktur und Eigenschaften, A. Simon: Neuere
Entwicklungen in der Chemie metallreicher Verbindungen.
Westdeutscher Verlag, Wiesbaden 1984. 50 pp., Paperback, DM 20.00.-ISBN 3-531-08325-2
Wissenschaftliche Reihe. Vol. 23: Neue Aspekte der Komplexchemie des Molybdans. By W . Eltzner. B. Kleine Verlag, Bielefeld 1984. 214 pp., Paperback, DM 30.00.ISBN 3-88302-067-2
Oxidation of Organic Compounds. Medium Effects in Radical Reactions. By N . M . Emanuel, G. E. Zaikov, and Z .
K . Maizus. Pergamon Press, Oxford 1984. xv, 611 pp.,
bound, X 27.00.-ISBN 0-08-022067-3
Springer Series in Synergetics. Vol. 21: Stochastic Phenomena and Chaotic Behaviour in Complex Systems. Proceedings of the Fourth Meeting of the UNESCO Working
Group on Systems Analysis0 Flattnitz, Karnten, Austria,
June 6-10, 1983. Edited by P. Schuster. Springer-Verlag,
Heidelberg 1984. viii, 271 pp., bound, DM 85.00.-ISBN
3-540-13194-9; Vol. 22: Synergetics-From Microscopic
to Macroscopic Order. Proceedings of the International
Symposium onsynergetics at Berlin, July 4-8, 1983. Series editor: H. Haken, Volume editor: E. Frehland.
Structure and Bonding. Vol. 56: New Developments. Edited
by M . J. Clarke, J . B. Goodenough, J. A . Ibers, C . K .
Jorgensen, J. B. Neilands, D. Reinen, R. Weiss, R . J. P.
Williams. Springer-Verlag, Heidelberg 1984. v, 155 pp.,
bound, DM 82.00.-ISBN 3-540-13106-X
Topics in Current Chemistry. Series editor: F. L. Boschke.
Vol. 1161117: Contemporary Problems in Carbonium Ion
Chemistry 1/11. Springer-Verlag, Heidelberg 1984.
Edited by C . Rees. vii, 345 pp., bound, DM 118,OO.ISBN 3-540-12555-8; Vol. 121: Host-Guest Complex
Chemistry 111. Edited by F. Vogtle and E. Weber. xiv,
224 pp., bound, DM 98.00.-ISBN 3-540-12821-2
Mechanisms of Inorganic and Organometallic Reactions.
Vol. 2. Edited by M . V. Twigg. Plenum Publishing Corporation, New York 1984. xvii, 441 pp., bound,
$ 59.50.-ISBN 0-306-41404-X
Structure of Crystalline Polymers. Edited by I . H. Hall. Elsevier Science Publishers, Barking, England 1984. x, 313
pp., bound, X 35.00.-1SBN 0-85334-236-9
Mammalian Semiochemistry. The Investigation of Chemical
Signals between Mammals. By E. S . Albone. John Wiley,
Chichester 1984. xii, 360 pp., bound, E 29.50.-ISBN 047 1-10253-9
Olefin Metathesis. By K . J . Ivin. Academic Press, New
York 1984. x, 399 pp., bound, $ 66.00.-ISBN 0-12377050-5
‘3C-NMR-Spektroskopie. By H . - 0 . Kalinowski, S . Berger,
and S . Braun. Georg Thieme Verlag, Stuttgart 1984. xii,
688 pp., Paperback, DM 98.00.-ISBN 3-13-632801-9
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Angew. Chem. lnt. Ed. Engl. 23 (1984) No. 11
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