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Book Review Elsevier's Dictionary of Industrial Chemistry in Six Languages English AmericanFrenchSpanishItalianDutchGerman. Compiled and arranged by A. F. Dorian. Vol. 1 AЧO and Vol

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nally, kinetic isotope effects are discussed very critically,
mainly from the experimental standpoint.
In the second contribution the experimental methods and
theory are discussed in relation to a few types of reaction, and
then the potentialities of the method are outlined. However,
in this report little attention is paid to knowledge of reaction
mechanism that was derived by other methods and recorded
in the most recent literature. In the third section a narrower
complex of questions is treated, in this case exhaustively. In
the fourth contribution A . P. WoIf aimed at writing less a
review article than a (most successful) introduction to a field
that is highly interesting from a mechanistic point of view and
in which few “experts” have hitherto worked.
The editor has been particularly successful in obtaining as
contributors men who are leaders in their fields. They have
been equal to the demands made on them.
H. Simon [NB 4.541307 IE]
A New German/English Dictionary for Chemists. By H. H.
Nevifle, N. C. ~ohnston,and G. V. Boyd. Blackie &Son Ltd.,
London-Glasgow 1964. 1st Edit., xviii + 330 pp., 6 2.15.0
(about $ lo.-).
Elsevier’s Dictionary of Industrial Chemistry in Six Languages:
English,American/ French/Spanish/Italian/Dutch/German.
Compiled and arranged by A. F. Dorian. VoI. 1: A-0 and
Vol. 2: P-Z. Elsevier Publishing Comp., AmsterdamLondon-New York 1964. 1st Edit., 1220 pp.. D M 130.(about $ 33.-).
The first of the two works to be reviewed here is intended as
a German-English dictionary for chemists “with little knowledge of German”. It is adapted wholly to the needs of a user
to whom English is the mother tongue or almost as familiar.
Thus, for instance, the various English equivalents of the same
German word are not differentiated; since such differences are
known to an Anglo-Saxon that is justified in the authors’
view, but it will be regarded as a serious deficiency by the user
who does not come from an English-speaking country. Occasionally one gets the impression that the authors themselves have only “little knowledge of German”, as, for in
stance, when the first three of the four translations given for
“abfiillen” - “to empty, to draw off, to decar a, t o bottle” do
not correspond to the German word at all, but rather to ausgieoen, abziehen, and abgieDen, respectively; or when “Nachlag’ is ascribed the translatiohs relaxation, remission, diminution, reduction”, of which the first three mean Nachlassen.
Apart from this, the choice of the aboat 20000 German entries can be considered successful.
The last remark can unfortunately not be applied to the sixlanguage “Dictionary of Industrial Chemistry”. Manylanguage dictionaries have their own problems and are so
seldom satisfactory that it is difficult to understand why such
lexicons continue to appear. In the present case the difficulties begin with the fact that a two-volume work of 1220 pages
contains only 8426 entries. It cannot be considered that the
vocabulary of “industrial chemistry” is even approximately
exhausted thereby. Necessarily the choice has remained arbitrary. One might wish to know what an opacifier, a dialyser,
or a centrifual pump is in one of the six languages, but must
then turn to some other dictionary. The reviewer does not
find that “enjoyable” (to use a word from the Preface). Some
compensation for the small number of entries is provided by
short explanations given with each entry. In this way the two
volumes acquire the character of a reference work as well as
H. Griinewafd [NB 4491302 IE]
that of a dictionary.
Nobel Lectures, Physiology or Medicine 1922-1941. Elsevier
Publish. Comp., Amsterdam 1965. 1st Edit., xii + 548 pp.,
Dutch fl. 240.- @a. $ 66.-) (3 vol.).
This middle volumerll of the collection of Nobel lectures on
physiological or medical subjects contains much that has al[ l ] Review of 3rd volume: Angew. Chem. 77, 632 (1965); Angew. Chem. internat. Edit. 4, 617 (1965).
Angew. Chem. internat. Edit. J VoI. 5 (1966) J No. 4
ready become history or a firm ingredient of our textbooks.
Precisely that lends it a particular interest, because the laudarions and the lectures of the prize winners lead us back to
the early days, to the time when, for instance, the effect of insulin therapy on diabetes mellitus was not self-evident (the
prize for the discovery of insulin was awarded to Bunting and
MacIeod in 1923), or to a time when we did not know that
typhus was carried from the sick to the healthy by lice and so
were delivered helpless to an epidemic. It was in 1928 that
the Frenchman Charles Nicolle received the Nobel prize for
tracking down the route of typhus infection in Tunisian hospitals and prisons. In his Nobel lecture he said: “If in 1914
we had been unaware of the mode of transmissio~of typhus,
and if infected lice had been imported into Europe, the war
would not have ended by a bloody viclory but in an unparalleled catastrophe, the most terrible in human history.”
The histoPy of scienee during the first half of the twentieth
century is to be found in a nitshell among the Nobel lectures
of this period; and it were hardly possible to relive this development more directly than by reading the lectures collected
in this book. The volume is therefore most warmly recommended to all scientists (not only to physiologists or doctors),
and particularly to the younger among us.
H. Griinewald [NB 448/301 IE]
Rodd’s Chemistry of Carbon Compounds. Edited by S. Coffky.
Vol. I, Part A: General Introduction, Hydrocarbons, Halogen Derivatives. Elsevier Publishing Comp., AmsterdamLondon-New York 1964.2nd Edit., xix +569pp., numerous
figs. and tables. Volume price Dutch fl. 80.- (about E 8.0.0).
The first edition of this new version of Richter’s “Chemie der
Kohlenstoffverbindungen” established itself during the last
decade as a valuable source for rapid, preliminary literature
searches.
Now, only two years after appearance of the last volume of
that work, we have the first three parts of the second edition.
The new edition of this encyclopaedic work - itself a valiant
effort in view of the rapid development of organic chemistry
- is considerably larger than the first. Volume I, previously
in two parts, is now issued in seven single volumes. It is
questionable whether such a systematic treatment of organic
chemistry, whose compilation necessarily takes several years,
can in the future compete with the numerous up-to-date
monographs and reviews.
The arrangement of subject matter in the new edition does not
differ materially from that in the old. The present Part I, A
(19 authors) is again divided into general and special chapters. Twelve short sections, some completely rewritten, include: theoretical organic chemistry (acid-base theory, H. D.
Springall; stereochemistry, I. G. M , Campbell; reaction mechanism, D. V. Banthorpe; free radicals and homolytic reactions, D. H. Hey and W. A. Waters; wave mechanics, W.
Byers-Brown) and methods (quantitative analysis, R . Belcher;
physical properties, W.D. Springall; crystallography, A . F.
Wells; spectrosmpy, I. E. Page; labeled compounds, H. R .
V. Amstein). Although the Iiterature is covered up to 1960
(partly up to 1963) the coverage of these important fields in
barely 350 pages is unsatisfactory and gives only superficial
informations; this applies especially to photochemistry
(1 page), and ESR (1112 pages), NMR (2 pages), and mass
spectromekry (’/a page).
In the three following special chapters syntheses, properties,
and reactions of the alkanes, alkenes, alkynes, and their halogen derivatives are handled briefly and clearly. Numerous
references (up to 1962) and some short mechanistic indications make this part of the volume a welcome reference book
which, if one is not looking for the completeness of Beilstein,
will provide information rapidly on the most important new
results in organic chemistry.
It is to be hoped that the individual volumes of the second
edition will appear in rapid succession, for the “New Rodd”
will doubtless be a valuable and much used reference work in
every library.
K. Hafner [NB 470a/323 IE]
433
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