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Book Review Encyclopedia of Plant Physiology edited by W. Ruhland. Vol. IX The Metabolism of Compounds Containing Sulfur and Phosphorus. Subeditor P

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more desirable to learn here and there about the efficacy of
the methods discussed. The contributions in this chapter are
very detailed and occasionally somewhat too theoretical for
the plastics chemist. The contributions on methods of examination, 0.g. infrared spectroscopy, X-ray diffraction, electron diffraction, electron microscopy, and nuclear magnetic
resonance, are admirable and give the reader an excellent
survey. The rheology of high polymers as well as the thermal
properties could be given somewhat more attention in a new
edition.
The section on the physical behavior of combined polymer
systems is of interest for both the pure scientist and the practitioner, since the data communicated here are of the utmost
importance for the correct application of plastics. The book
closes with a chapter on the modification of properties brought
about by changes in structure, phenomena which are of great
interest to the plastics processer and user. This in particular
would make a later enlargement of this section of the book
very desirable. The index could also be enlarged by reference
to the materials themselves such as polystyrene, polyvinyl
acetate, etc.; this would help to make the book a popular,
practicable work of reference.
Volume II. The practical testing methods are collected in this
volume into a good, complete and unified presentation which
at present cannot be bettered. The six chapters: Testing
Laboratory, Test Samples, Determination of Plastics’ Properties, Works and Acceptance Tests of Plastic Products,
Evaluation of Results, and Standardization and Quality Control enable those interested in testing and evaluation of plastics to inform themselves rapidly on the best methods, particularly since adequate literature references are attached to
each chapter.
It should be emphasized that the editors were able to secure
the collaboration of outstanding scientists for their book. For
this reason it is bound to find a wide circle of readers among
those interested in the physics of plastics, to whom it will be
of great value for further study. The appearance of this book
is to be welcomed, the editors are to be thanked for their
exacting labor and the publishers for the excellent production.
0. Horn [NB 25/53 IE]
Lehrbuch der organischen Chemie (Textbook of Organic
Chemistry) by A. F. Hollernun and F. Richter. Walter De
Gruyter & Co., Berlin 1961. 37th-4lst Edit. XII, 664 pp.,
114 illustrations, bound. DM 28.--- (about $7.--).
The 41st edition of a textbook which has been appearing
since 1898 needs no introduction. It has undoubtedly
proved its value, but in view of the drastic changes
which organic chemistry has undergone one will tend to read
the book with a little scepticism. If one is in favor of the
strict adherence to the system used of introducing the
subject matter according to the various classes of compounds,
then the overall impression is very satisfactory. One finds
nearly everywhere examples of substances and reactions that
are sensibly chosen for the teacher. Completely new results
are also incorporated, e.g. the formulation of Grignard compounds, ozonisation products, the diazonium-diazotate
equilibrium, and biological syntheses of fatty acids, isoprenes,
etc., and most of the original literature is referred to.
Already in the foreword to the first edition, A. Hollernun
wrote: “Physico-chemical theories are introduced in suitable
places, for example, on the laws of esterification, ionisation,
etc.” F. Richter has consistently developed this theoretical
approach in the new editions. Thus, chemical bonding at
saturated and unsaturated carbon atoms and in benzene is
fully discussed. The R and S nomenclature and conformation
in stereochemistry are dealt with. The derivation of the laws
of dissociation of polybasic acids and of amino acids at the
isoelectric point is described, and even the Hammet equation
and Kuhn’s theory of color are mentioned. The significance
of absorption spectra is explained with several examples; an
infrared spectrum is also shown. Comments on these aspects
are naturally found dispersed throughout the book, as their
chief significance concerns the characterization of substances
and reactions, but there are also intelligently incorporated
characteristic reaction schemes (e.g. of the Wagner-Meerwein
rearrangement, aromatic substitution, etc.). The constant
revision of the book has obviously necessitated the frequent
use of passages in small type, in which the somewhat condensed text is more difficult to read. Sometimes, also, precise
structural formulae would be desirable (terpenes!), although
with few exceptions (quaternary salts of quinoline and cyanine, p. 543), obsolete formulae have been eradicated. The
8-page supplement on current research (placed a t the end
for lack of space) proves to be of little value, as continuity
with the main text is not established. The concluding chapter
on nomenclature and on the most important chemical
literature is very welcome.
On the whole, the late author F. Richter has certainly succeeded well in uniformly modernizing Holleman’s work
while maintaining its original conception.
S. Hiinis i[NB 15/47 IE]
Encyclopedia of Plant Physiology, edited by W. Ruhlund.
Vol. IX: The Metabolism of Compounds Containing Sulfur
and Phosphorus. Subeditor: P. Schwurze. SpringerVerlag, Berlin-Gottingen-Heidelberg1958. 1st edit., X,
306 pp., 30 Figs., clothbound, D M 88.- (about $ 22.-).
The present volume of the well-known, large encyclopedia has as its object a comprehensive treatment of the metabolism of compounds containing sulfur and phosphorus,
although - in accordance with relationships to the overall
metabolism -- numerous individual findings concerning substances of these classes are also referred to i n other volumes
of the encyclopedia. To avoid too extensive repetitions, fields
which are already discussed in detail in other volumes were
dealt with quite summarily i n this volume; nucleic acids as
well as amino acids containing sulfur and proteins containing
these are not even discussed at all here, because these classes
of substances have already received detailed treatment in
Vol. V111, which is devoted to the metabolism of nitrogen
compounds.
The individual contributions, cleven of which are in English,
five in German, and two in French, have all well-known experts in the appropriate fields 21s authors. They provide a good
survey of the state of knowledge at the time of completion of
the article, i.e. around 1957. It is understandable that since
then substantial new knowledge in all of the fields dealt with
has accrued. Nevertheless, there is no doubt that even today
all biochemists and plant physiologists occupied with the
problems discussed in the present volume will be able to make
profitable use of the ample material presented here. The detailed subject index is also of special value.
The research worker will, of course, only get the full use from
a volume such as that reviewed here, if he has the complete
work at his disposal.
[NB 69/58 1El
0.HqBllrrm,i-Osfcnhof~/~i~t/~~i-O.s~e~t~~~
Registered names, frademarks, etc. used in this journal, even without specific indication thcreoL arc not to be considtwd irnproracfed b y law.
0 1963 by Verlag Chemie, GmbH. - Printed in Germany by Druckerei Winter, Heidelberg.
All rights reserved. N o part of this journal may be reproduced in any form whatsoever, e.g. by photoprint, microfilm, or any other means, without
written permission from the publishers.
Editorial Office: Ziegelhiiuser Landstrnsse 35, Heidelberg, Germany, Telephone 24975, Telex 04-6 I 8 5 5 , Cable address: Chemieredaktion Heidelberg.
Chief Editor: W.Foevst Editors: F. Boschke and H . Gruncwald.
Publishen: Verlag Chemie GmbH. (President Eduard Kreurhage), Pappelallee 3 , Weinheim/Bergstr., Germany, and Academic Press Inc. (President
WaNer J . Johnson), I I 1 Fifth Avenue, New York 3, N.Y., U.S.A., and Berkeley Square House, Berkeley Square, I.ondon, W. 1, England.
Correspondence concerning advertisements should by addressed to Verlag Chemie, Gmbll. (Advertising Manager W.Thie/), Pappelallee 3, WeinheimBergstr., Germany, ‘Telephone Weinheim 3635, Telex 04-65 5 16.Cable address: Chemieverlag Weinheimbergstr.
.
696
Angew. Chem. intarntrt. Edit.
I
VoL 2 (1963)
No. I I
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