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Book Review Enrichment Techniques for Inorganic Trace Analysis. By A. Mizuike

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are literature references as well as spectroscopic and other
data for each substance. The melting point and optical rotation are given in as far as they are available. The source
plant from which the substance was isolated is also always
reported. It would perhaps have been of value to have included the family as supplementary information.
The arrangement of the work is problematical. The decision was taken to list the compounds alphabetically without regard to their belonging to particular compound
classes. This leads, on the one hand, to problems with the
many terpenes that do not possess a trivial name and, on
the other hand, makes it very difficult to search for a particular substance whose trivial name is unknown, in spite of
the presence of a formula index. Since one often wishes to
establish whether a certain compound is already known or
not, classification according to substance type would have
been very helpful.
It is only natural that a work of this magnitude should
contain errors, as can be illustrated by a couple of accidentally found examples. Thujopsine and thujopsadiene lack
ring three and yomogiartemine and 6-yohimbine both lack
a carbon atom.
All in all this present work is a useful supplement to the
somewhat out-of-date compilation of Devon and Scott.
The very generous, but not very compact printing, unfortunately means that the price is relatively high, so that this
“encyclopaedia” is only mainly intended for libraries.
Ferdinand Bohlmann [NB 614 IE]
Institut fur Organische Chemie
der Technischen Universitat Berlin
Enrichment Techniques for Inorganic Trace Analysis. By A.
Mizuike. Springer-Verlag, Berlin 1983. viii, 144 pp.,
bound, DM 72.00.
Enrichment techniques in combination with powerful
detection methods are extraordinarily important for the
proper and sure analysis of trace elements. It is, therefore,
praiseworthy that a book devoted to this theme has been
included in the informative series “Introduction to chemical laboratory practice”. Starting from the increasing importance of trace elements in science and technology and
the, thereby, increasing demands on trace analysis, the author, who is professor of analytical chemistry at the University of Nagoya, provides a review of the principles and
methods of chemical and physical enrichment techniques
for trace components in materials in various states of aggregation.
The foundation-laying introductory chapters treat the
general concepts such as yield, enrichment factors and, in
particular, the most important sources of systematic errors,
that is, contamination and loss of material. Sensible and
practical suggestions are made for minimizing these errors,
which are particularly important in ultra trace analysis.
The main portion of the book consists of the presentation of the fundamentals and application possibilities
(studded with many important practical hints) of the most
important “unit operations” for the enrichment of trace elements: Evaporation (from solutions, solids and molten
salts), liquid-liquid extraction (in its many varieties), selective dissolution, precipitation reactions, electrochemical
separation and dissolution, sorption, ion exchange and liAngew. Chem. lnt. Ed. Engl. 23 (7984) No. 6
quid chromatography, flotation, freezing-out and zone
melting, filtration, centrifugation, particle removal from
gases, gas separation.
Each basic operation is described in detail and its potentialities and limitations illustrated with examples. Apart
from this, the author attempts to assist the reader with the
solution of his own problems by including a large number
of references (a total of 785 citations), many case descriptions, and individual exercises. Although this book is not a
laboratory manual, I have no doubt of its usefulness for all
workers confronted with practical problems in the enrichment of trace elements.
In summary, this book makes an excellent impression.
It contains a wealth of information, is clearly written, comprehensive and interesting. I t can be recommended without reservation not only to students and teachers but also
to practical workers in the field of trace analysis.
Manfred Grasserbauer [NB 608 IE]
Institut fur Analytische Chemie
der Technischen Universitat Wien
Chemistry and Biology of P-Lactam Antibiotics. Edited by
R . B. Morin and M . Gorman. Academic Press, New
York 1982. Vol. 1: Penicillins and Cephalosporins. XI,
453 pp., bound, $73.00; Vol. 2: Nontraditional P-Lactam
Antibiotics. xii, 408 pp., bound, $ 64.00; Vol. 3: Biochemistry. xiv, 424 pp., bound, $ 64.00.
In 1982, ten years after the monograph “Cephalosporins
and Penicillins” edited by E . H . Flynn and published in
1972, a new three volume work was published, which summarizes in about 1300 pages the enormous advances that
have been made in the intervening period in the field of Plactam antibiotics.
The work, which is dedicated to the memory of R . B.
Woodward, begins with the personal reminiscences of
Abraham on the developments in penicillins and in his
main field of cephalosporins.
In the first volume Cooper and Koppel treat penicillin
sulfoxides comprehensively, while Kukolja and Chauuette
discuss modifications at the 3-position of cephalosporins,
and Gordon and Sykes deal with the cephamycin antibiotics. Webber and Wheeler survey the antimicrobial and
pharmacokinetic properties of the newer penicillins and
cephalosporins, particularly those of the third generation.
The first volume concludes with an interesting chapter by
Boyd covering theoretical and physicochemical studies of
0-lactam antibiotics.
In the second volume Nagata, Narisada and Yoshida
discuss the partial synthesis of cephalosporin analogues
with modified nuclei, particularly the synthesis of the
highly biologically active 1-oxocephems. Holden describes
progress in the total synthesis of penicillins, cephalosporins and their analogues with nuclear modifications. Kamiya, Aoki and Mine discuss the new monocyclic nocardicins which are active against gram-negative bacteria; their
synthesis is also covered. Ratclijjfe and Albers-Schonberg
discuss the chemistry of the new thienamycins and other
carbapenem antibiotics, while the penems, which were first
studied intensively at the Woodward Institute in Basle, are
discussed by Ernest. The second volume concludes with a
review by Cherry and Newall of the chemistry and chemical modification of clavulanic acid, a highly active inhibi463
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