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Book Review Extrusion Reactions. By B. P. Stark and A. J. Duke

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of computers, learning machines, and biological and sociological models) and from applied Cybernetics (application
of cybernetic concepts, methods, and knowledge to e.g.
Physics, Chemistry, Biology, Physiology, Medicine, and
Sociology). The reader is greatly aided by the inclusion of
many references and a subject index.
Theory-of-science considerations complete the description of
Cybernetics as a fundamental and as an “auxiliary science,
which resembles mathematics in the role it plays in natural
H. Weber
[NB 800 IE]
pendix. This book can be recommended without reservation
as excellently suited for the introduction of students to the
quantitative relations of chemistry. The teacher will also find
it a useful source of problems for practice and for tutorials.
The book is therefore warmly recommended to both students
and teachers.
A . Haas
INB 796 IE]
Transition Metal Intermediates in Organic Synthesis. By
C . W. Bird. Logos Press - Academic Press, London-New
York, 1967, 1st Edit., vii + 280 pp., many illustrations and
tables, $ 13.00.
In view of the rapidly growing volume of facts in organic
chemistry, any attempt to systematize organic reactions
seems very sensible and worthwhile. “Extrusion Reactions”
is therefore very welcome from this point of view.
Extrusion reactions are processes in which part of the ring
of an organic compound is removed as a small, usually
inorganic. fragment (CO, COz, SOZ, oxygen, sulfur, nitrogen,
etc.). with formation of a cyclic end product, the ring system
of which is smaller or less condensed than that of the starting
A classification of extrusion reactions is followed by the
discussion of the experimental results in sections arranged
as far as possible according to the fragment removed.
Numerous literature data are included; however, evaluation
of the aldol-like addition of diazocarbonyl compounds to diand triketones would have been welcomed in Chapter 10,
which deals with the problem of the formation of 1,2,3oxadiazolines (from diazo compounds and ketones) and the
removal of NZ therefrom.
Otherwise this stimulating book can be wholeheartedly
recommended to those involved in research in this direction.
The author, who is a lecturer in Chemistry at Queen Elizabeth
College, University of London, has written this book mainly
for Organic Chemists, informing them of the many preparations made possible by transition metal intermediates. A
variety of topics, such as the oligomerization of acetylenes
and olefins, hydroformylation, and hydrogenation, is treated
in such a way that the result is a comprehensive literature
survey combined with connective passages. The fact that both
Russian literature and the patent literature are also covered
deserves praise. This book is valuable to all chemists using
transition metal compounds in organic syntheses. On the
other hand, the superabundance of the material may frighten
many uninitiated Organic Chemists from reading and utilizing this book.
The main advantages of organic syntheses with the aid of
transition metal compounds are not specified clearly, and they
are often submerged in a multitude of apparently anarchic
reactions. Despite the price and the fact the literature is
covered only up t o 1966, this book can be recommended to
those who are specialists in this field. Organic Chemists
wanting to learn about this new branch of preparative organic
chemistry, however, may find the book too expensive for
what they can derive from it.
p. Heimbach [NB 815 IEI
Problems for Introductory University Chemistry (With
Complete Solutions). By J. N. Butler, B. A . Dunell, and
L. G . Harrison. Addison-Wesley Publ. Comp., London
1967. 1st Edit., vii, 213 pp.. 22 s.
The present book contains problems in stoichiometry and
important fields of physical chemistry, as well as exercises
from analytical and inorganic chemistry. It is intended
mainly for beginners, and contains, inter alia, problems on
fundamental laws of thermodynamics and electrochemistry,
e.g. on the applications of the Clausius-Clapeyron, van’t Hoff,
and Nernst equations. The problems set can be solved on the
basis of an elementary knowledge of algebra. Solutions to all
the problems are given at the end of the book, which is
therefore particularly suitable for private study. A total of
241 problems are given in 1 3 chapters. A guide to the solution
of the problems set in each section is provided in the Ap-
ExtrusionReactions. By B. P. Stork and A . J . Duke. Pergamon
Press, Oxford 1967,lst Edit., x, 190 pp.. numerous figures,
63 s.
M. Rcgitz
[NB 798 IE]
Marine Chemistry. Vol. 1: Analytical Methods. By D. F.
Martin, Marcel Dekker Inc., New York 1968, 1st Edit.,
viii + 280 pp. with many illustrations and tables, $ 5.75.
This book deserves attention, because it gives very clear and
logical schemes for analysis. The author has thought of
everything, including many tips for avoiding difficulties.
However, it is not only a very good “cookbook”, but also
contains many chapters on general subjects, such as the
analysis of polluted water. In addition, the instructions are
preceded by a general discussion of analytical possibilities
and of interference encountered in analysis. This book requires no specialized knowledge, and seems particularly
suitable for training nonchemists in the analysis of water.
The main stress is on the analysis of the most important
substances featuring in the routine analysis of water, carried
out mainly by the latest variants of the conventional methods.
Many points can be applied to the analysis of freshwater as
well. There is also a brief discussion of the more complicated
methods such as atomic absorption spectroscopy and the
measurement of bioproduction with 14C.
W. Kolle
[NB 801 IE]
Registered names, trademarks. e f c .used in this journal, even without specific indication thereof, are no1 to be considered unprotected b y law.
Verlag Chemie, GmbH., Weinheim 1969. - Printed in Germany by Druckerei Winter, Heidelberg.
All rights reserved. N o part of this journal may be reproduced in any form whatsoever, e.g. by photoprint, microfilm, or any other means, without
written permission from the publishers.
Editorial office: Ziegelhhser Landstrasse 35, 6900 Heidelberg 1. Germany, Telephone 4 5075, Telex 46 1855 kemia d, Cable address: Chemieredaktion
Editor: H . Griinewald Translation Editors: A. J. Racksrraw and A . Sfimson.
Publishers: Verlag Chemie GmbH. (Presidents Jiirgen Kreuzhage and Hans Schermer), Pappelallee 3, 6940 Weinheim/Bergstr., Germany, and
Academic Press Inc. (President Walter J. Johnson), 1 1 1 Fifth Avenue, New York 3, N.Y.. USA, and Berkeley Square House, Berkeley Square,
London, W. 1.. England.
Correspondence concerning advertisements should be addressed to Verlag Chemie. GmbH. tAdvertising Manager W.Thiel), 6940 WeinheidBergstr.,
Pappelallee 3, Germany. Telephone Weinheim (06201) 3635, Telex 4655 16 vchwh.
Angew. Chem. internat. Edit.
1 VoI. 8
(1969) / NO. 7
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duke, book, reaction, star, review, extrusion
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