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Book Review Fundamentals of Integrated GC-MS. Chromatographic Science Series Vol. 7. By B. J. Gudzinowicz M. J. Gudzinowicz and H. F

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types and applications of (photo)electron spectroscopy are
to be brought again under one roof. The editors promise
that this will result in cross-fertilization of the experimental
and theoretical approaches.
After a general introduction to photoelectron spectroscopy
by the editors, R. L. Martin and D. A. Shirley describe in
Chapter 2 some aspects of the theory of photoemission and
W L. Jolly explains the model ideas used in the field of
X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy of inorganic substances
(Chapter 3). In the following Chapters 4 to 6 W C. Price
(small molecules), E. Heilbronner and J . P. Maier (organic
molecules), and R. L. Dekock (inorganic molecules) devote
themselves to the possible applications of UV photoelectron
spectroscopy in the gas phase. Chapters 7 and 8, on high-temperature UPS investigations ( J . Berkowitz) and coincidence
experiments ( M . E. Gellender and A . D. Baker) put the reader
in touch with special techniques of current UV photoelectronspectroscopic research.
The following sections can be particularly recommended:
Chapter 1; the considerations in Chapter 2 on the influence
of relaxation and correlation on ionization cross-sections; the
discussions in Chapter 4 on the intensity of photoelectron
spectra; the presentation of theory, experimental aspects, and
band assignment in Chapter 6, the clear description of the
angular distribution of photoelectrons in Chapter 7; and the
explanation of the connections between resolution and signal
intensity in one- and two-parameter measurements in Chapter
8. In addition, the individual chapters afford an insight into
the special types of research and photoelectron-spectroscopic
viewpoints of the authors. All in all, the reviewer has had
great pleasure from this volume and can heartily recommend
it to every chemist interested in photoelectron spectroscopy.
Armin Schweig [NB 407 IE]
Gediichtnis und Lernen in psychologischer Sicht (Memory and
Learning from the Psychological Point of View). Vol. I.
Biologie des Lernens (Biology of Learning). Vol. 11. By
H.-J. Flechtner. S. Hirzel Verlag, Stuttgart 1976. Vol. I:
2nd Edit., x, 354 pp., 5 figs., paperback, DM 25.00; Vol.
11: 1st Edit., xii, 483 pp., 34 figs., paperback, DM 25.00.
The author’s original aim was to write a “Biochemistry
of Memory”, but he collected so much material that a third
volume, “memory”, still has to appear.
The material is presented from the psychological and neurological points of view. According to Mandell, the course of
development of neurophysiology shows a “shift from electricity
to juice”. About 100 pages of the first volume are devoted
to definitions and the description of problems, while the other
250 pages deal with learning. The objective school in psychology is presented in a historical treatment. There is a clear
account of how Bechterew’s and Pavlov’s reflexology gave
rise to behaviorism. Concepts like operant conditioning and
positive or negative reinforcement, which are associated with
Thorndike and Skinner, are necessary for understanding
thought processes. The chapter entitled “Psychology of Learning” describes storage, recall, forgetting, and unlearning.
The chapters in the second volume are called “Fundamentals”, “Localization of Learning”, “Assimilation and Processing”, “Engrams”, and “Learning and Having Learned”. These
deal with the morphological, chemical, and biochemical
aspects needed for understanding the way the nervous system
What is confusing is that the numbered references appearing
in the footnotes (in Vol. I alone 1-499) are not given under
the same numbers at the end of the book (294 references
in vol. I and 422 in vol. 2). Footnotes like “a. a. 0. S. 73”
make things even more difficult, and the frequently used abbreviations, like TrmS for transmitter substance and SgS for
situation stimulus, should have been listed at the beginning.
However, the reader will find a great deal of valuable information in these two volumes.
Gijtz F. Domagk [NB 401 IE]
Fundamentals of Integrated GC-MS. Chromatographic Science Series, Vol. 7. By B. J . Gudzinowicz, M . J . Gudzinowicz,
and H . F. Martin. Marcel Dekker, Inc., New YorkBasel 1976. Part I: Gas Chromatography. vii, 382 pp.,
numerous figs. Sfr. 124.-; Part 11: Mass Spectrometry.
vii, 326 pp., numerous figs., Sfr. 117.-.
The first two parts of the three-part work (the third part
on the GC-MS combination has not yet appeared) are concerned in almost epic form with mainly theoretical aspects
of gas chromatography and mass spectrometry.
Poorly selected practical examples with page-long reproduction of original tables without critical discussion or authors’
opinion appear to be arbitrarily chosen. Outdated methods,
e.g. the introduction of liquid samples into the mass spectrometer through a gallium sinter (Part 11, pp. 23-25), are described at length, while the important application of glass capillaries in investigations ofscarcely volatile substances and problems connected therewith are hardly touched upon. One gains
the impression that the authors have indeed collected much of
the older literature, but themselves have not the experience
and above all the ability to make critical evaluations. Otherwise we would not have, for example, formulas featuring
oxygen atoms with nine electrons (Part 11, p. 123), to select
only one crass example. Purchase of these two volumes cannot
be recommended.
Gerhard Spiteller [NB 416 IE]
Gas-Solid Reactions. By J . Szekely, J . W Evans, and H . I.:
Sohn. Academic Press, New York 1976. 1st Edit., xiii, 400
pages, bound, S 39.50.
The aim of this book is to give an introduction into the
technique of gas-solid reactions.
The work is divided into eight chapters; the first is an
introductory one and the second deals with mass and heat
transfer for a single core in a gas stream and with diffusion
processes in the pore system of a solid. It also surveys the
microkinetics of heterogeneous chemical reactions and discusses reaction-induced changes in the structures of solids.
The third chapter gives a detailed account of the way a
reaction proceeds on a nonporous single core in a gas stream,
and introduces the “shrinking-core’’model.
The fourth chapter is devoted to reactions of porous solids,
and the authors discuss here separately the reactions that
lead to complete vaporization of the solid and reactions that
give solid end products.
The fifth chapter deals with solid-solid reactions in which
a gaseous intermediate is formed.
The sixth chapter describes both some experimental techniques important in the investigation of gas-solid reactions and
some oftheir applications. We find here an account of methods
for measuring reaction rates, characterizing porous solids,
and determining diffusion coefficients and effective diffusion
The findings established for the single core are extended
to fixed and fluidized-bed reactors in the seventh chapter.
The eighth and final chapter deals with gas-solid reactions
of major industrial importance, such as the blast-furnace process and the gasification of coal.
Angew. Chem. I n t . Ed. Engl. 17 (1978) No. 4
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