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Book Review Handbook of Analysis of Organic Solvents. By V. dedivec and J. Flek

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have been discovered; six of these, e.g. showdomycin ( 3 ) ,
are antibiotics. [The Chemistry and Biochemistry of C-Nucleosides. Progr. Med. Chem. 13, 303-349 (1976); 265 references]
[Rd 918 IE-F]
Disguised chemical selectivities are the subject of a review
article by P. Rys. That several chemical reactions can compete
with one another is a well known phenomenon. Kinetic chemical selectivity is defined as the ratio of the rate constants
of two competing reactions, and thermodynamic chemical
selectivity as the ratio of their equilibrium constants. If diflusion or adsorption effects alter the rate of at least one of
the reactions, the selectivity is disguised. In specific cases
it can be shown that the product pattern depends e.g. on
the precursor complexes of the reaction partners, the spatial
orientation of the reaction partners in these complexes, or
on the diffusion conditions. [Disguised Chemical Selectivities.
Acc. Chem. Res. 9, 345-351 (1976); 58 references]
[Rd 913 IE-L]
The influence of prostaglandins on the behavior of blood vessels
is reported on by J . C. McGfl, K . U . Malik, and N . A .
Terrugno. Prostaglandins are tissue hormones which manifest
their effect in the immediate neighborhood of the site of formation. Endogenous prostaglandins, e. y. PGE2, counteract vasoconstriction and the anti-sodium diuretic activity of circulating, hypertensive hormones, and control the release of noradrenalin. This is demonstrated by the increased sensitivity of
vessels havinglow or inhibited rates of prostaglandin synthesis
to stimulation by hypertensive hormones and inhibition of
the activity of these hormones by exogenous prostaglandin.
[Prostaglandins as Determinants of Vascular Reactivity. Fed.
Proc. 35, 2382-2387 (1976); 53 references]
[Rd 924 IE-R]
Grundlagen der analytischen Chemie. Unter besonderer Beriicksichtigungder Chemie in wiiI3rigen Systemen. (Principles
of Analytical Chemistry. With Special Reference to Chemistry in Aqueous Systems). By F. Seel. Verlag Chemie, Weinheim-New York 1976. 6th improved edit., 387 pp., 49
figs., 53 tables, bound, DM 42.--.
If we consider modern analytical chemistry to be a science
whose aim is to provide correct information about chemical
systems--a view generally accepted today in professional
circles--then we must agree that it is impossible to write
a textbook of 387 pages covering the “Principles of Analytical
Chemistry” (chemical, physical, and biochemical analysis) with
Prof. Seel’s specific extreme precision. Accordingly, the phrase
“With Special Reference to Chemistry in Aqueous Systems”
is an important part of the title of the “new Seel”.
This was certainly the author’s reasoning. In his own words,
“The present book presents a collection of the most important
principles of general chemistry insofar as these are relevant
to the analytical work that the student carries out in his
basic inorganic practicals”. This presumably means “qualitative” and “quantitative” analysis in the classical sense. Opinion
as to whether processes such as colorimetry, polarography,
potentiometry with ion-selective electrodes, chromatography,
statistical evaluation of the methods, and assessment of analytical methods and results should nowadays be included in these
basic courses will not be discussed here.
What is certain is that the author intentionally rejected
treatment of specialized processes on this occasion in order
to be able, within the given limits, to describe the physicochemical principles of classical analytical chemistry in his usual
demanding manner.
It should be emphasized that the book succeeds in the
attempt to “derive the variety of analytically important (chemical) reactions from a very small number of fundamental
reactions types (dissolution and precipitation processes, complexation. acid-base reactions, and redox reactions). It is repeatedly stated, and proved by the application of the law of
mass action, that the course of many analytical reactions
can be explained only by a combination of such fundamental
model reaction types. Indication of the formal relationship
between acid-base and redox reactions is also important for
A11qiw. Cliewz. l n f . E d . Enyl. (1Y77) No. 2
the student. The didactic value of the book is enhanced
by the use of logarithmic diagrams for the description of
dissociation equilibria in the basic chapters and by their application to practical problems in hydrogen sulfide separation
Partly as an understatement and partly self-critically, the
author claims that his work “... is no textbook of analytical
chemistry”. A better description would be “. .. an excellent
textbook on special chapters in analytical chemistry”. The
author does not simplify but explains in detail and requires
the reader’s intelligent participation.
Robert Kellner [NB 358 IE]
Handbook of Analysis of Organic Solvents. By I/: Sediuec and
J . Flek. Ellis Horwood Ltd., Chichester 1976. 1st edit.,
455 pp., various figs., numerous tables, bound, L 18.00.
In this monograph the authors limit themselves mostly
to “classical” analysis of solvents, whilst often admitting a
very wide interpretation ofwhat a solvent may be. Gas chromatography receives very brief mention and spectroscopic
methods none at all. The first part gives general principlessampling, determination of physical constants, separation, and
quantitative analysis of two- and three-component systems;
in the second part individual groups of compounds are discussed. However, alkyl aryl and diary1 ethers are not included
among the ethers, nor are alkyl aryl ketones among the ketones.
Among other shortcomings we may note: Peroxides and water
can often be excellently removed by Al2O3 (pp. 16 and 20).
There is no mention of the determination of water by Kurl
Fischer’s method (p. 18). Is not a sample for tasting superfluous
(p. 32)? In the distillation of CS2 there is no “Caution” notice
(p. 41). Cumene and p-cymene form hydroperoxides very readily (p. 124). The expression “nascent hydrogen” should be
finally allowed to die (pp. 286/287). As a whole, the book
can be recommended, especially because of its numerous tables
which make it superfluous to refer to the handbooks that
often provide the information less readily. The book is suitable
for the practising chemist but can also be used for teaching.
The production is good.
Heinz Kropf [NB 360 IE]
Principles of Pyrometallurgy.By C. B. Alcock. Academic Press,
New York 1976. xiii, 348 pp., bound, $ 19.25.-lSBN 0-12048950-3
Irreducible Tensor Methods. An Introduction for Chemists.
By B. L. Silzler. Vol. 36 of the series “Physical Chemistry”.
Edited by E. M . Loebl. Academic Press, New York 1976.
xvii, 226 pp., bound, $ 26.50.--ISBN 0-12-643650-9
Anionic Surfactants, Part 11. Edited by W M . Linfield. Vol.
7 of the series “Surfactant Science Series”. Edited by M .
J. Schick and F. M . Fowkes. Marcel Dekker, New York
0-8247-61 59-6
1976. xi, 674 pp., bound, SFrs. 1 30.-.-ISBN
Electrochemical Stripping Analysis. By F . Vydva, K . Stulik,
and E. Julcikotvi. From the series “Ellis Horwood Series
in Analytical Chemistry”. Edited by R. A. Chalmers. Ellis
Horwood Ltd., Chichester/John Wiley & Sons, New York
0-470-151 31 -5
1976. 283 pp., bound, $ 33.25.-ISBN
(Halsted Press); 85312-017-X (Ellis Horwood)
Thermodynamicsof Seawater as a Multicomponent Electrolyte
Solution. Part 1 : Entropy, Volume, Expansibility, Compressibility. By J . T.: Leyentiekkers. Vol. 3/1 of the series “Marine
Science”. Edited by D. W Hood. Marcel Dekker, New York
1976. xi, 496 pp., bound, SFrs. 81.-.-ISBN
Drug Design, Vol. VII. Edited by E. J . Ariens. Vol. 11/VII
of the series “Medicinal Chemistry”. Edited by G. deSreuens.
Academic Press, New York 1976. xv, 295 pp., bound,
$30.00.-ISBN 0-12-060307-1
Chemie der Pflanzenschutz- und Schadlingsbekampfungsmittel.
Band 3: Geschichte, Okologie, Forschung, Tropenkrankheiten, Textilschutz, Insektizid-Resistenz, Materialschutz.
Edited by R . Wegler. Springer-Verlag, Berlin 1976. xiii, 322
pp., bound, D M 136.-.--ISBN
Silicate Science, Vol. VIII: Industrial Glass: Glazes and Enamels. By W Eitel. Academic Press, New York 1976. xvi,
396 pp., bound, $ 39.00-ISBN 0-12-236308-6
Thermal Uses and Properties of Carbohydrates and Lignins.
Edited by F . Shafizadeh, K . I.: Suvkanen, and D. A. Tillman.
Academic Press, New York 1976. ix, 320 pp., bound, $
15.00-ISBN 0-1 2-637750-2
RKW-Handbuch Forschung, Entwicklung, Konstrnktion
(F+ E). Erganzbares Handbuch fur Wissenschaft, Technik,
Wirtschaft und Verwaltung. Edited by H. Moll and H .
J . Warnecke. Erich Schmidt Verlag, Berlin 1976. Revisable
edition including 2nd instalment, 430pp., 1 foldout chart,
DM 41 .-, additional special file D M 9.80.
Molecular Connectivity in Chemistry and Drug Research. By
L. €3. Kier. Vol. 14 of the series “Medicinal Chemistry”.
Edited by G. deSrerens. Academic Press, New York 1976.
xiii, 257 pp., bound, $ 27.00.-ISBN 0-12-406560-0
Atmospheric Chemistry. By J . Heicklen. Academic Press, New
York 1976.xiv,406 pp., bound, $ 38.00.-ISBN 0-12-3367409
Selected Papers on Chemical Engineering Science. By D. W
ran Krezden. Elsevier Scientific Publishing Company,
Amsterdam 1976. xiv, 386 pp., bound, Dfl. 110.00.-ISBN
Isoelectric Focusing. Edited by N. Catsimpoolas. Academic
Press, New York 1976. xi, 265 pp., bound, $ 23.50.-lSBN
Peptides 1976. Edited by A . Loffer. Editions de YUniversitt
de Bruxelles 1976. xxiii, 660 pp., bound.-Proceedings of
the Fourteenth European Peptide Symposium, Wtpion/
Belgium, April 11-17, 1976.-ISBN 2-8004-0639-9
Gmelin Handbuch der Anorganischen Chemie. 8th edition.
Springer-Verlag, Berlin 1976.
Main work, System No. 39: Seltenerdelemente, Part C:
Die Verbindungen. 3rd instalment: Sc, Y, La und Lanthanide. Fluoride, Oxidfluoride und zugehorige Alkalidoppelverbindungen. xxxiv, 439 pp., bound, DM 794.-.-ISBN
3-540-9332 1-2
Main work, System No. 56: Mangan. Part C: Die Verbindungen. 6th instalment. Verbindungen mit Schwefel, Selen
und Tellur. xxxviii, 360 pp., bound, D M 765.-.-ISBN
Supplementary work, Vol. 38: Transurane. Part B 2: Binare
Legierungssysteme 1. xxiv, 241 pp., bound, DM 549.-.ISBN 3-540-93327-1
Reglsrered nnmes, rrademnrks, etc. used in rhisjournal, even wirhour specific indicolion thereof, are nor
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considered unprotected by low
0 Verlag Chemie, GmbH. D-6940 Weinheim, 1977. - Printed in West Germany by Zechnersche Buchdruckerei. Speyer,’Rhein.
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A r i p w . Chem. Itit. Ed. Enyl. 16 (1977) No. 2
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