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Book Review Heats of Vaporization of Fluids. By V. Majer V. Svoboda and J

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Heats of Vaporization of Fluids. By I.: Mujer, K Svobodu and
J. Pick. Elsevier, Amsterdam 1988. 344p., hard cover
DFI 295.00.--ISBN 0-444-98920-X
The heat of vaporization is a thermodynamic quantity
which plays an important part in the design of many chemical engineering processes. This book gives a very good survey of the methods now available for estimating or experimentally determining the heats of vaporization of pure
substances and mixtures, with the emphasis on organic liquids.
It consists of eight chapters on pure substances, a further
eight on mixtures, and four appendices, and covers all important aspects of the subject. First the fundamental thermodynamic relationships between the heat of vaporization and
the vapor pressure, the specific heats, the phase composition
and the p , V,T data are summarized briefly but in an easily
comprehensible form. The various experimental methods
based on these relationships for determining the heat of vaporization, either by direct calorimetric measurements or
indirectly, are then described, together with many different
experimental arrangements and their respective advantages
and disadvantages. The empirical methods and correlations
used for calculating heats of vaporization are discussed in
detail, their application being illustrated by examples in every case. Azeotropic mixtures, mixtures containing non-volatile components, and those with components which associate, are given special treatment and the special points to be
noted in these cases are explained. In addition there is a
critical survey of the purposes to which heats of vaporization
of pure substances can be applied. The appendices give details of methods recommended as suitable for calculating the
p , KT data that are usually needed in applying heats of vaporization in practical situations. Extensive bibliographies
are appended to all the chapters.
The book aims to be a useful resource for all scientists and
process development engineers who need data on heats of
vaporization, and it fulfills this objective very well, though it
assumes that the user already has a basic knowledge of
thermodynamics. However, the price is very high, which
could result in copies of the book being mainly confined to
Riidiger N . Lichtenthuler [NB 1021 IE]
Physikalisch-chemisches Institut
der Universitat Heidelberg (FRG)
C, Hydrocarbons and Derivatives-Resources, Production,
Marketing. By J Schulze and M . Homunn. Springer,
Berlin 1989. xi, 239 pp., hardcover, DM 228.00.-ISBN
This book by Schulze and Homunn offers a good and
detailed insight into the industrial chemistry of C, compounds and their derivatives. The first half of the book is
devoted to the chemistry and process technology of the compounds, and the second is concerned more with economic
aspects such as the competitive situation and price structure
for these chemicals. The book contains a great deal of detailed information and numerical data, since both authors
have excellent connections with the chemical and petrochemicals industries; in fact one of them works in industry.
The book is divided into seven chapters. After an introductory chapter dealing with fundamentals such as the
properties and specifications of the C, hydrocarbons, Chapter 2 describes the processes currently used for the separation
or synthesis of C, hydrocarbons and the corresponding alde1490
Ver~RgsgeselIsrhaflmbH. W-6940 Weinheim, 1990
hydes and alcohols. This chapter is very concisely written
and assumes that the reader already has some basic knowledge. For example, the several variants of the Mobil process
are described in only a few sentences, the latest developments
of the Fischer-Tropsch synthesis are covered in one short
paragraph, and the production of I-butene by the SHOP
process is only mentioned in one sentence. By contrast Chapter 3, which describes processes for separating C, hydrocarbons and the wide-ranging chemistry based on these, including the latest developments, is very detailed. In Chapter 4 the
industrial processes based on butane, butenes and butadiene
are summarized in clear reaction schemes, supported by production figures. Chapter 5 is concerned with the market situation for C, products, and Chapter 6 evaluates the market
prospects for derivatives of C, hydrocarbons, taking as examples motor fuels and C,-based polymers. Chapter 7 then
gives a further short survey of the most important cross-relationships and recent developments in industrial C, chemistry.
This book is an unqualified must for everyone who is
involved with C, products and their marketing. The clear
product charts and process flow diagrams, the extensive bibliography (over 350 references, covering publications up to
1987 in some parts), and the remarkably detailed numerical
data make this book one of the most important available
works of reference on C, chemicals. However, it is not very
suitable for use as a student textbook, since considerable
previous knowledge is assumed.
Arno Behr [NB 1087 IE]
Henkel KGaA
Diisseldorf (FRG)
Rings, Clusters and Polymers of Main Group and Transition
Elements. Edited by H. W Roesky. Elsevier, Amsterdam
1989. 560 pp., hardcover DF1350.00. - ISBN 0-44488172-7
This volume, edited by a leading authority in the field,
H. W Roesky, features 11 chapters on a variety of topics
broadly described by the title. The book is in the type offset
format, presumably to effect savings on the costs and on the
time of the production process. Unfortunately, this has not
resulted in a price that would tempt many chemists, even
those active in the field, into a purchase. Nevertheless, the
authors have maintained a standard of presentation of the
material that is uniformly high, and there are only a few
errors. A brief subject index is also provided. As might be
expected the material is very much up to date (1989) and this
is a very positive feature of the volume. In some respects, this
collection of topics brings up to date and expands the relevant material for some of the chapters in the recently published two volume review monograph edited by Huiduc and
Sowerby entitled “The Chemistry of Inorganic Homo- and
Heterocycles”.[*’The extremely rapid developments in some
of the published areas described are readily apparent in a
comparison of the two publications.
However, it would be a mistake to characterize this volume as solely an updated version of the Huiduc and Sowerby
monograph. The majority of the topics are either unique or
only have partial overlap with material previously published.
Examples are the chapters on “Boron Hydride Clusters” by
N . N . Greenwood, “Polysilanes” by E. Hengge and H . Stiiger
(which complements the corresponding chapter on “Cyclopolysilanes” in the previous monograph), “Germanium[*] Angew. Chem. f00(1988) 1017; Angew. Chem. I n [ . Ed. Engl. 27(1988) 1107
0570-0833/90jt212-1490 h? 3.50+.25/0
Angew. Chem. Inr. Ed. Engl. 29 (1990) N o . I2
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majer, book, heat, vaporization, review, svobody, fluid
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