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Book Review Industrial Inorganic Chemistry. By W. Bfchner R. Schliebs G. Winter and K. H. Bchel. Translated by D. R

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the two constitute a valuable supplement to the CAS databases.
In this connection it would be useful if the CAS Registry
Numbers were available in the text as well as in the indexes
so that one could move more easily from one reference work
to the other.
The overall impression of the volumes reviewed is excellent, and how could it be otherwise for this standard work on
organic chemistry with its new, up-to-date format? Both the
publisher and the Institute have done everything possible to
make “Beilstein” attractive to the synthetic chemist. He
should make the most of what is offered.
Heinrich Heydt, Manfred Regitz [NB 1033 IE]
Fachbereich Chemie
der Universitat Kaiserslautern (FRG)
Non-Metal Rings, Cages and Clusters. By J. D. Woollins, Wiley, Chichester 1988. ix, 124 pp., hardcover, E 25.95. ISBN 0-471 -91 592-0
The rapid progress made during the last 25 years in the
chemistry of cyclic nonmetal compounds is still not reflected
in the contents of most textbooks. This very area, however,
is particularly well suited to making students clearly aware,
at an early stage, that the chemistry of all nonmetal elements
(including carbon) forms a unified whole. Therefore, this
introductory book, which originated as the text of a lecture,
unquestionably fulfills a real need by serving as an appetizer
to this area of chemistry.
After a short presentation of the most important fundamental concepts and synthetic strategies, the following three
chapters discuss a series of exemplary nonmetal ring systems,
from electron-deficient compounds and classical (“electronprecise”) compounds to electron-rich compounds. Understandably, the limited coverage of the book necessitates a
somewhat arbitrary selection ofcompounds or, as the author
puts it, the selection “should be regarded as my choice from
a very large box of chocolates”. However, the limited number of compounds makes it possible to indicate numerous
relationships and structural similarities between different
classes of compounds. This feature is especially valuable for
students, who, all too often, organize their chemical knowledge in separate boxes according to element symbols. In this
respect, however, it would have been useful to have included
at least some examples of cyclic hydrocarbons.
The chapter on electron-deficient compounds contains a
good overview on structures, bonding, syntheses, and properties of boron-hydrogen compounds and metallaboranes.
The importance of ‘H and “ B NMR spectroscopy for structural elucidation is made clear through several representative
spectra. However, the section on polyhedral boron subchlorides is much too short, while the fragmentary treatment of
transition-metal clusters could have been omitted in view of
the book’s title.
The chapter on normal (“electron-precise”) compounds
covers the most important homo- and heterocyclic ring systems of sulfur, phosphorus, and silicon. The cyclic silicates
and metaphosphates are not mentioned, since this would
have exceeded the intended coverage of the book. Lacking in
the discussion of homocyclic silicon compounds is mention
of the three-membered ring as well as of the existence of
fused ring systems; this also holds true for the large number
of corresponding silazanes. Similarly, the discussion of phosphorus omits mention of the interesting cyclic acid anions
with P-P bonds.
The last chapter on electron-rich compounds presents a
concise discussion, illustrated by numerous formula
schemes, of what is currently known about borazenes, phosphazanes, phosphazenes, sulfur-nitrogen rings and cages,
and polychalcogen cations.
The book is directed at undergraduates with the goal of
awakening their interest in this area of molecular chemistry.
Helpful in this respect is the list of references, in particular
key review articles, at the end of each chapter. Furthermore,
the two-volume work of Haiduc-Sowerby is recommended as
a source of additional information.
Not surprisingly, the treatment of such a huge amount of
information and the attempt to systematize it leads to some
errors. Apart from obvious typographical errors (like the
name Gillespie on page 5), these can sometimes lead to confusion, especially for students. For example, on page 7, the
formation of P,H, from P,H, is not a polymerization. On
page 15 (sixth line from the bottom), electron pairs would be
correct; on page 49, dichlorodisulphane; on page 54, P,H,
and P,H,; on page 55 in Fig. 3.1 1, Li,P,,; and on page 67 in
Fig. 3.18, P,0,30. The “equation” for the synthesis of P,H,
(page 54) is incomprehensible and the formation of P,Me,
(page 55) is not a redox reaction with evolution of elemental
chlorine. In addition, several references to the literature contain errors.
Despite these privisos, this highly readable book offers an
initial, informative overview of the heterogeneous area of
cyclic nonmetal compounds and is also suitable as an introduction to those wanting to study nonmetal rings and cages.
Moreover, chemists interested in preparative and structural
chemistry will find the book highly interesting. The book is
excellent in appearance, although somewhat overpriced.
Marianne Baudler [NB 1039 IE]
Institut fur Anorganische Chemie
der Universitat Koln (FRG)
Industrial Inorganic Chemistry. By W Biichner, R. Schliebs,
C . Winter and K. H . Biichel. Translated by D. R. Terrell.
VCH Verlagsgesellschaft, Weinheim/VCH Publishers,
New York 1989. 614pp., hardcover, DM 145.00. ISBN 3-527-26629-1 10-89573-610-1
This English translation of a 1984 German edition has
been updated and supplemented with data from the US.
industrial inorganic chemicals market. The original authors
were all with Bayer AG in 1984, and have produced a book
which includes a broad range of “technical chemistry”. It is
organized into “primary inorganic materials” (H,, H,O,
peroxides, N-compounds, P-compounds, S-compounds,
halogen compounds, metals and their compounds), then into
product classes (mineral fertilizers, silicones, zeolites, inorganic fibers, construction materials, ceramics, wear-resistant
materials, pigments) as well as nuclear fuel principles and
production. The organization by element makes it ideal for
lecturers wishing to illustrate an inorganic chemistry course
with applications (e.g., video cassettes, optical fibers, microelectronic devices).
The advertising claims that economic aspects, process energy balance and ecological consequences are treated, and
that the intended use is not only the classroom (abundant
marginal notes repeat central points of the text), but also in
business and law. Indeed, there is an abundance of tables of
workable terrestrial reserves, of production, and of consumption (e.g., annual asbestos production, by country, to
six significant digits!). Ecological matters are treated only
superficially, however, (e.g., one sentence about asbestos
“toxicity”). Since any single topic is treated very briefly,
references are crucial for effective non-classroom utilization
of such a book. While the book is liberally referenced, these
are frequently limited to standard reference encyclopedias of
chemical technology and to statistical yearbooks. There are
too few references to more current and specialized review
articles, especially those describing scientific (or ecological)
rather than technological points. Likewise, certain topics are
referenced with only older literature (e.g., silicones); a topic
as modern as magnetic coatings is only thinly referenced.
It goes without saying that I learned a great deal from this
book: the molecular mechanism of chrome tanning of
leather, that Norway exceeds the U.S. in production of ferrosilicon, that South Africa possesses the predominant world
reserve of chromite ores, “. . . and the world’s dependence
thereon can therefore not be overlooked”. The book even
encourages self-development: I was forced to consult my
dictionary to learn the meaning of nacreous.
In addition to all of the above applications, this book will
also be useful to the inorganic researcher seeking a bridge
into new research areas with problems worthy of his/her
Kenneth G. Caulton [NB 997 IE]
Department of Chemistry, Indiana University
Bloomington, IN (USA)
Bromine Compounds. Chemistry and Applications. Edited by
D. Price, B. Zddon and B. J. Wakefield. Elsevier, Amsterdam 1988. xii, 422 pp., hardcover, HFI 285.00. - ISBN
This volume contains the edited contributions to the First
International Conference on the Chemistry and Applications of Bromine and its Compounds, held in September
1986 at the University of Salford, Great Britain. The contents are arranged in 14 chapters. Of the 39 authors 17 are
from Great Britain, 17 from Israel, four from the USA and
one from Switzerland. Since the majority of them work in
industrial laboratories (The Associated Octel Co. Ltd.,
Bromine Compounds Ltd., Great Lakes Chemical Corporation. and Dow Chemical Europe), the papers deal mainly
with problems related to industrial applications.
World production of bromine, which is usually obtained
by oxidation of bromides by chlorine, is currently in the
region of 4 x 10’ t/year. However, the relative shares of the
different bromine compounds of technological importance
have altered greatly; since 1975, 1,2-dibromoethane, which
for the previous 50 years was by far the most important
product (being used mainly as a fuel additive in combination
with lead tetraethyl, to scavenge the lead that is released by
forming the more volatile lead bromide) has come increasingly into disrepute. An alternative market for organobromine compounds which has come into prominence is in
fire retardants for polymers (e.g. brominated diphenyl
ethers. polypentabromobenzylacrylate, or tetrabromobisphenol-A). In the area of inorganic bromine compounds a
market which has become increasingly important is in transporting oil and natural gas, where solutions of bromine salts
(calcium and zinc bromides) are used as components of
“packer fluid”. The book reviewed here provides up-to-date
surveys and reports on research relevant to these new applications. Moreover, the chapter on the up and down history
of the bromine industry (“Bromine Chemical IndustryRetrospect and Prospect”, by W R. Merriman and H. E.
Arkens, 24 pp., 21 refs.) is an interesting and stimulating
account of an important part of the industrial history of the
twentieth century.
Now that the standard monograph on bromine chemistry
(“Bromine and its Compounds”, edited by Z . E. Jolles,
1966) is getting on in years, new review articles on bromine
compounds are especially welcome. The “Introductory Review” of the present book (120 pp., 459 refs.), written by
eight authors from Associated Octel, provides a very good
review of recent developments, including the applications of
bromine compounds. Other reviews deal with “Brominated
Marine Natural Products” ( D . J: Faulkner, 24 pp., 103 refs.),
“Polybromoalkanes-Aspects of Chemistry and Reaction
Mechanisms” (R. Boiton, 36 pp., 132 refs.), “Brominated
Aromatic and Heteroaromatic Compounds” (B. Zddon and
B. J. Wakefieid, 71 pp., 323 refs.) and “The Use of Bromine
Compounds as Flame Retardants” (C. I.: Cullis, 31 pp.,
66 refs.). The remaining eight chapters deal with special topics and report new research results.
Altogether the book offers a great deal of information.
Since it contains review articles as well as research reports
from a conference, it has, of course, not been possible to
completely avoid some imbalances in emphasis ; for example,
the numbers of literature references in the individual chapters vary between 459 and 2. Half of the articles include in
their references the titles of the original papers, which is very
useful in view of the fact that the secondary literature is
widely scattered. The inorganic side of bromine chemistry
tends to be treated here as subordinate to the organic; for
example, silver halide photography, which is still very important, is only touched on briefly, and there is no mention of
perbromates or bromine cations, which have stimulated
much scientific discussion about the higher oxidation states
of bromine. In contrast the organic chemistry and marine
biological chemistry of bromine are comprehensively treated. The particular value of this book probably lies in the
detailed and up-to-date account of the present and potential
future uses of bromine and its compounds in science and
technology. The book can be thoroughly recommended; it
will be indispensable to all bromine chemists, and useful as
a source of information for many others, including chemistry
teachers. It is a pity that it is so expensive.
Max Herherhold [NB 1002 IE]
Anorganisch-chemisches Laboratorium
der Universitat Bayreuth (FRG)
Copper Oxide Superconductors. By C. P. Poole. 7: Datta and
H . A. Farach. Wiley, Chichester 1988. xii, 289 pp.. hardcover, E 22.40. -ISBN 0-471-62342-3
To write a monograph on this subject now is a bold and
welcome initiative. It is scarcely possible to review the whole
of the flood of published work in this field (about 10000
papers have appeared in three years of research!). Nevertheless the authors have competently surveyed and evaluated
the most recent work up to the book’s manuscript deadline
of July 1988.
Basic concepts, standard techniques and the many different physical and chemical aspects of these materials are covered. Starting from what is known about conventional superconductors, the authors extend the discussion to the various
phenomena found with the new oxide type materials. A concise description of the currently accepted basic theories is
followed by an experimentally-orientated review of the
chemical methods for preparation, including essential advice
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