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Book Review Industrielle Organische Chemie (Industrial Organic Chemistry). By K. Weissermel and H.-J. Arpe

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Some problems of physical chemistry are only touched
upon or not treated at all, e.g. surfaces, solid state, metals,
magnetochemistry, and d-electron systems. However, this
must not be considered a limitation, since the fundamental
concept of the work necessitated concentrating on the main
points.
Each of the five Parts can be used separately. Cross-references to concepts, formulas, etc. in other Parts are rare. This
interesting work can be welcomed and recommended as a
whole, and provides a worthwhile addition to currently available textbooks.
Wolfgang Haase [NB 340 IE]
F’rinciples of Food Science. Part 1: Food Chemistry. Edited
by 0. R . Fennema. Marcel Dekker Inc., New York-Bade
1976. 1st edit., xi, 792 pp., bound, sfr. 170.-.
The interdisciplinary character of food science is illustrated
by the make-up of this work, whose three parts are devoted
to chemistry, microbiology, and technology of foodstuffs. The
purpose of the present Part 1 is to review the structure and
composition of foodstuffs, their properties, and chemical
changes. The book is intended for advanced students and
experts in neighboring fields who already have a sound basic
knowledge of organic chemistry and biochemistry. The treatment begins with the main constituents of foods, such as
water and ice, carbohydrates, lipids, and proteins, then substances occurring in lower concentrations such as enzymes,
vitamins, and inorganic compounds, dyes, and flavoring substances, as well as other desirable or undesirable constituents
or additives. Subsequent sections are directed at the structure
of foodstuffs and describe the make-up and properties of
muscle tissue and plant tissue, of dispersions, and of liquid
foods such as milk and eggs. Each chapter is supplemented
by numerous references to more recent work.
The 19 authors of the individual sections have all earnestly
striven to seek out the important structural and chemical
properties of foodstuffs and to clarify the relationships between
the chemical reactions and the behavior of the food on storage
or further processing. Other matters, such as questions of
analysis, of biosynthetic connections between constituents,
and special features of individual foodstuffs are thus often
passed over. Even though the weight is in many places unevenly
distributed, and many interesting details are omitted, the book
gives a valuable and comprehensive reflection of the whole
field and records the scientific principles of food chemistry
on the basis of the most recent state of knowledge.
Hans-Peter Thier [NB 341 IE]
The Chemistry of Cyano Complexes of the Transition Metals.
Organometallic Chemistry-A Series of Monographs. By
A . G . Sharpe. Academic Press, London-New York-San
Francisco, 1976. 1st edit., xi, 302 pp., bound, E 10.40.
Written by an expert, this book provides as it were a
supplement to the review of the chemistry of cyano complexes
of the transition elements that appeared in “Advances in Inorganic Chemistry and Radiochemistry”8,83 (1966). The selected
arrangement begins with the cyano compounds of metals
of the third subgroup, including the little that is known about
complexes of the lanthanides and actinides, and finishes with
complexes of metals of the second subgroup. This permits
the reader to orient himself rapidly in the book, particularly
because there is a vertical order within each chapter, with
increasing oxidation number for each individual element.
Sharpe does not take information uncritically from the literature, but comments from his own experience and directs attention to what is as yet unexplored. The result is thus quite
different from a mere barren text. In the introduction-kept
Angew. Chem.
Inr. Ed. Engl. J Vol. 15 ( 1 9 7 6 ) No. I 1
rather short-the general aspects are discussed, including
methods of preparation and the structural chemistry of the
cyano complexes. With normal vibrations it would have been
better not to restrict the data to tetrahedral, square-planar
and octahedral species, but to treat also the other types with
coordination numbers of 2, 3, 5, and 7. A disadvantage of
the book is the almost complete absence of illustrations and
summarizing tables. Nevertheless, the book can be recommended to every complex chemist as a very reliable source
of scientific information and stimulation.
Kurt Dehnicke [NB 343 IE]
Lehrprogramm Atombau und Periodensystem (Programmed
Learning-Atomic
Structure and the Periodic System)
(Pocketbook 47). By Christa Braig. Verlag Chemie/Physik
Verlag, Weinheim 1976. 1st edit., x, 146 pp., 40 figs., 2
foldout tables, paperback, DM 12.80.
Complaints are always voiced about the very variable chemical knowledge possessed by students beginning their study of
natural science. The above pocketbook is designed to enable
particularly those students who have been badly taught to
make themselves familiar with atomic structure and the periodic system by a brief private course of study with the aid
of two learning programs.
The learning program for atomic structure contains three
chapters: the elementary particles within the atom, the atomic
nucleus, and the electron shell. The program on the periodic
system comprises the following sections: definition of concepts,
the make-up of the periodic system, and the periodicity of
some properties of main-group elements.
The subject matter is presented with beautiful clarity, and
great care has been taken to avoid printing errors. The book
seems very suitable for its readership.
The fundamental remarks about the model concept (p. 2)
are particularly helpful to the beginner. From the reviewer’s
own experience it is by no means superfluous to give the
mass of the proton (p. 5 ) with all the zeros. Under the keyword
“Hund’s rule” (p. 61) it might have been mentioned that this is
only one of Hund’s rules.
The further titles planned with a similar purpose will be
welcome.
Hartmut Plautz [NB 346 IE]
Industrielle Organische Chemie (Industrial Organic Chemistry). By K . Weissermel and H.-J. Arpe. Verlag Chemie
GmbH, Weinheim/B. 1976. 1st edit., xii, 378 pp., 32 figs.,
20 foldout tables, linen bound, D M 68.-.
The authors of this modern book know current organic
industry and its interrelationships both as a whole and in
detail from their own experience, and their book provides
the reader with highly topical information on the essential
starting materials and intermediates. The problems and prospects of energy and raw material resources are described
(15 pages) with particular reference to the wake of the oil
crisis, followed by detailed treatment of the preparation, use,
and importance of the basic products of industrial syntheses
(35 pages), then successively olefns (20), acetylenes (lo), 1,3dienes (18), syntheses from carbon monoxide (17), oxidation
products of ethylene (41), alcohols (17), vinyl-halogen and
vinyl-oxygen compounds (18),components for polyamides (24),
reaction products from propene (33), production and conversions of aromatic compounds (20), transformation products
of benzene (38), and the oxidation products of xylene and
naphthalene (17). The volume ends with an Appendix (30
pages) giving schemes of processes and products, definitions
of specific reaction parameters, tradenames, and sources, and
finally an index (16 pages).
709
The whole work is not a textbook of organic-chemical
technology but rather an exact informative review of a large
part of present-day organic chemical industry with brief flashbacks into history and prospects for the future.
The book is addressed to a wide circle of readers. The
advanced student is shown industrial interrelations and the
young chemist just going into industry or taking his first
steps toward it is particularly borne in mind: the over-all
picture of industrial organic chemistry, which he had hitherto
had to piece together from a multiplicity of detail over a
long period, can now be grasped within a few weekends.
The book should really be presented to every chemist on
being offered his first appointment.
On another level, the work is a valuable source of information for the experimental industrial chemist on processes,
syntheses, and important production figures.
For the university lecturer it offers important industrial
interrelationships, new directions, and research problems. Last
but not least, because of its clear and uncomplicated language,
the book can lead the chemist’s colleagues in industry, be
they engineers or salesmen, toward a better understanding
of the often complex relationships.
From the didactic point of view, the division of the text
into a main column, an extract’ containing important facts
in a side margin, and at the end of the book schemes of
products and processes covering aH paits of the book is very
helpful. The reading is uninterrupted by literature references;
these d o not appear in the text at all. In their place there
is, at the end of the book, a collection of general and specialized
literature (up to 1975) arranged by the text sections.
A work of this kind, containing snapshots of individual
pieces of information about industrial organic chemistry,
cannot remain up-to-date for very long. Production figures
change quickly, manufactures are stopped or expanded, processes are improved or abandoned. The authors will thus
endeavor to keep the information in line with current practice.
The production of the book is excellent. The reviewer did
not find a single misprint in the text. However, not all the
references were correctly given or were immediately traceable.
On page 63, line 5, it could also have been mentioned
that tert-butyl methyl ether is a fuel additive harmless to
the environment. In the treatment of hydroformylation on
page 101, Section 6.1, it would have been desirable to mention
that Roelen found not only propionaldehyde but also diethyl
ketone to be formed on treatment of ethylene with CO/H2.
On page 93 there should have been a mention that BASF
had previously studied the acetone-acetylene process for the
preparation of isoprene and had produced this important
monomer also by this process (Merling synthesis).
This successful and useful book should be widely distributed
in the specialist circles and in related disciplines. Strongly
recommended.
Willi Ziegenbein [NB 347 IE]
Physiologische Chemie. Eine Einfuhrung in die medizinische
Biochemie fur Studierende der Medizin und Arzte. (Physiological Chemistry. An introduction to medicinal biochemistry
for medical students and doctors.) By H . A . Harper, G .
L o j l e r , R . E . Petrides, and L. Weiss. Springer-Verlag, Berlin-Heidelberg-New
York 1975. xii, 940 pp., 644 figs.,
189 tables, bound, D M 88.-.
Among the recent textbooks on biochemistry and physiological chemistry the excellently illustrated, stimulatingly
written, and didactically exceptional books by Lehninger and
Stryer have set new standards. The present “Physiological
Chemistry” from a team of German translators and collaborators, however, takes as standard the contents list of the “Gegen710
standskatalogs fur die arztliche Vorprufung” (Subject Catalog
for Medical Examinations) and as its basis a valued but now
conceptually outdated American work.
The textbook is in the main suited to the intended type
of reader. Alongside the classical contents (cell components
and cell metabolism), more space than usual is devoted to
consideration of the chapter that is elsewhere neglected in
“Biochemistry” (water and electrolyte balance, metabolism
of various organs and compartments, contractile systems, hormones, immune systems, and finally nutrition). This often
leads to repetitions which are not always in agreement as
to facts (ascorbic acid).
The arrangement of the extensive material makes the book
a kind of reference work for the application of biochemical
knowledge in medical practice. This is also helped by the
good style and of technique printing used. However, more
than 20 striking errors in structural formulas should be noted,
particularly those of nucleotides and heterocycles. Stereochemica1 errors are frequent. Weaknesses appear in the treatment
of thermodynamic principles and in the structure of biopolymers. Unfortunately there are no excercises as a necessary
element of checking one’s progress.
This textbook cannot be recommended for students of biochemistry as the principal or subsidiary subject. It does not
provide an impression of the broad intellectual and experimenta! achievemen% that have raised Siochemktry ts it-, present
imposing level, nor does it familiarize the reader with modern
trends of development; for example, plasmids (episomal DNA)
are mentioned only once and are not included in the subject
index. The scientist is given only an indirect glance at pathobiochemical deviations and some clinical diagnostic applications.
The “Gegenstandskatalog” has led to other, unfortunately
also factually incorrect, recent textbooks. Whether “Harper,
Loffler, Petrides, Weiss” will be adopted depends finally on
the price, which far is exceeds that what students can afford
to pay.
Dieter Palm [NB 334 IE]
Fine Particles. Aerosol Generation, Measurement, Sampling
and Analysis. Edited by B. y1 H . Liu. Academic Press, London-New York-San Francisco 1976. 1st edit., xii, 837
pp., numerous figs., bound, $ 34.50.
This book is a collection of 34 lectures delivered at the
Symposium on Fine Particles held in Minneapolis in 1975.
It begins with reviews of the research activity in several geographic areas. Methods of producing aerosols are then described.
Jet atomizers, ultrasonic atomizers, processes involving evaporation, powder sprays, periodic dispersion of a liquid stream,
and other possibilities are discussed. The chapter on aerosol
sampling contains contributions on size selective sampling
on impactors and centrifuges, which can be considered not
only as sampling apparatus but also as high-resolution sizeanalyzers. Chapter 4,on measurement and analysis of aerosols,
contains discussions of optical particle-size analysis with and
without the use of lasers, flame-ionization detectors, electrical
methods of measurement, condensation nuclei counters, piezoelectric mass detectors, as well as mass detectors that make
use of P-ray attenuation.
Some of the contributions are very detailed: for example,
0. G. Raabe’s article on aerosol production takes up 54 pages
with 212 references. This comprehensiveness almost completely closes the gaps between the individual contributions that
naturally occur in a collection of lectures. The volume thus
qualifies as one of the most complete books on modern experimental techniques for use in the aerosol field, and it can
be assumed that it will soon be seen on the desk of every
scientist concerned with aerosols.
Dieter Hochrainer [NB 345 IE]
Angrw. Chom. Inr. Ed.
EiigI.,
Val. 1 5 ( 1 9 7 6 ) No. I /
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