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Book Review Inorganic Ion Exchangers. By C. B. Amphlett. Topics in Inorganic and General Chemistry. Edited by P. L. Robinson. Monograph 2

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book is not entirely satisfactory, it will nevertheless be a great
help to the specialist in the vitamin field provided he exercises
caution in its use.
H . Grisebnch
[NB 405/263 IE]
Silicate Science. By W . Eitel. Vol. 1: Silicate Structures.
Academic Press, New York-London 1964. 1st edit., XI1
666 pp., numerous figs., several tables, price of single
volume in linen $ 24.00.
+
For decades, “Die physikalische Chemie der Silicate” (The
Physical Chemistry of Silicates) by W. Eitel was the standard
textbook in the field of silicate chemistry. It appeared in
several German editions and finally in a n English edition in
1954. In the meantime, the results of experimental studies of
silicates have assumed unprecedented dimensions : over 20000
publications have appeared within the past 15 years alone!
In his new work, “Silicate Science”, the author attempts
to catch up o n this lag in reviews of original publications. The
present volume is the first of a planned series of five.
Chapters 1-3 correspond to the content of his older monograph and contain a general description of the Si-0 bond
together with a survey of the crystal structures of silicates,
with particular emphasis on isomorphic and isotypical
relationships t o non-silicate systems. Epitaxic phenomena
are also dealt with. The systematic classification is built up
on the Bragg system and its supplementation by Zoltai;
however, the work of Below and his school is also given due
attention. The second section is devoted to clay minerals,
particularly their structures. In the last section, which makes
up over half the book, the problems of colloid chemistry and
the surface properties involved in silicate chemistry are
discussed. In this connection, aluminum oxide/silicon dioxide
gels and cracking catalysts are described.
methods. However, some methods which might have been
preferred by experienced analysts have been omitted. For
some elements, several practical procedures are described in
detail, but for others, little more than short headings and
literature references are given. For the sections o n the
separation of the elements, this abbreviated style has been
used throughout. Occasionally only a literature reference is
given for the examination of some natural and synthetic
products.
The vast number of literature references given, which are
mostly linked with a condensed description of the content of
the papers concerned, is the best feature of this book. Some
parts could have been improved by more careful editing.
Although the book has little hope of ousting the established
works on photometric analysis, it is valuable, particularly
because of its second section, for rapid reference to the
solution to certain problems. H . B ~ & [NB 358p16 IE]
Spectroscopy and Photochemistry of Uranyl Compoudds. By
E. Rnbinowitch and R . L. Belford. International Series of
Monographs o n Nuclear Energy, edited by J. V. Dunworth, Division XII: Chemistry, Vol. I. Pergamon Press,
Oxford -London - Edinburgh - NewYork- Paris - Frankfurt
1964. 1st edit., X 370 pp., numerous illustrs. and tables,
linen E4.0.0 (about $ 11.-).
+
Colorimetric Determination of Elements. Principles and
Methods. By G. Chnrlot. Elsevier Publishing Co., Amsterdam-London-New York 1964. 1st edit., I X
449 pp.,
72 figs., 12 tables, linen D M 56.- (about $ 14.-).
This monograph reviews the current status of knowledge of
the spectroscopy and photochemistry of hexavalent uranium.
Chapter 1 deals with the spectroscopy of solid uranyl salts.
Following a n introductory section o n the structure of
crystalline uranyl compounds, discussions are given on their
fluorescence, absorption, and infrared spectra. Chapter 2
deals with the spectroscopy of uranyl compounds in solution.
Chapter 3 describes the intensity and decay of uranyl Auorescence and Chapter 4 the photochemistry of uranyl compounds, while Chapter 5 gives a short presentation of the
theory of the electronic structure of the uranyl ion.
The material is presented mainly in chronological order
within each section. The main contributions are naturally
derived from publications which appeared after 1940. A
practically complete list of references is given for the literature
from 1833 (!) to 1961; work that appeared after completion
of the manuscripts is listed in a n appendix covering publications up to the end of 1963.
Naturally, monographs of this type appeal to only a very
limited readership. However, they usually are indispensible
aids for the experts in their specific fields, and this is particularly true of the present volume. All associated with the
chemistry and especially with the spectroscopy of uranium
or of actinides in general will be grateful to the authors for
their efforts in compiling this book.
G. Koch
[NB 3641222 IE]
This book is in the main a translation of the second French
editionof 1961, afewsections having been revised bytheauthor.
In the general section (154 pp.) - somewhat inaptly entitled
“Theoretical Background” - Beer’s law and the fundamentals
of the techniques and equipment used in photometry,
fluorimetry, turbidimetry, and nephelometry are discussed.
The general physical principles aredealt with only summarily;
details concerning apparatus are not given. O n the other
hand, the author goes further into the sources of error and
accuracy of photometric estimations, but again practical
aspects are dealt with less thoroughly than the formal
mathematical concepts. This section also includes chapters
on extraction, ion exchange, chromatography, separations
via the gas phase (11/2 pages and 2 tables), and electrolytic
processes. Although it must be admitted that separations are
often intimately connected with photometric estimations, a
general reference to paper chromatography and ion-exchange
chromatography on about 1 page each are useful only to
readers who are totally unfamiliar with these processes. The
section on the separation of traces (2 pp.) is also poor. In the
second section (280 pp.), procedures for determining 65
elements are described; these are all reliable, well tested
Inorganic Ion Exchangers. By C. B . Amphlett. Topics in
Inorganic and General Chemistry. Edited by P . L. Robinson. Monograph 2. Elsevier Publishing Co., ArnsterdamLondon-New York 1964. 1st. edit., XI + 141 pp., 36 figs.,
32 tables, linen about DM 23.- (about S 5.50).
This book has appeared as the second volume of a large series
of individual monographs on inorganic and general chemistry. The use of inorganic ion exchangers has acquired
increasing importance in recent years on account of their high
thermal stability and resistance to radiation.
After a short historical introduction and a general survey, ion
exchange on clay minerals, zeolites, and salts of heteropolyacids are dealt with. The major portion of the book is devoted
to the exchange properties of zirconium phosphates and
related compounds, on which the author has done a considerable amount of research. The exchange equilibria, ion separations and selectivities, suitability for water purification, and the
preparation of ion-exchange membranes are discussed for
zirconium phosphates. Despite the condensed nature of the
text, the author has succeeded in illuminating the problems
The author has managed to review the vast literature in this
field in magnificent fashion. It should be emphasized that in
all chapters, whenever the views of different research groups
d o not concur, the different experimental methods and interpretations are presented together. The reader thus has the
opportunity of appraising the arguments for himself. For
this reason, the book offers a summary of information that
is valuable not only for those who wish to acquaint themselves with special topics of this subject but also for experts
in this field. It deserves a place in every chemical library.
However, it does not provide a modern textbook of silicate
chemistry, which is still lacking.
Armin Wriss
[NB 384/242 IE]
+
Angew. Chem. internnt. Edit. / Vo1. 4 (1965) 1 No. I 1
1001
concerned and in pointing out the principles. The book can
therefore be recommended to anyone who wants to familiarize himself with this field or to have a ready source of information on it. However, the attention of the reader is called in
the foreword to the fact that the book is not a comprehensive
survey; nonetheless, the chapter on zirconium phosphates
covers more than 100 literature references.
Armin Weiss
[NB 3961254 IE]
Progress in Boron Chemistry. Edited by H. Steinberg and
A . L. McCloskey. Vol. 1 . Pergamon Press, Oxford-London-Edinburgh-New York-Paris-Frankfurt 1964. 1st edit.,
VII + 487 pp., numerous figs. and tables, linen €7.0.0
(about $ 19.50).
This volume initiates a new series of progress reports dedicated to research o n the element boron and its compounds.
In the first of the ten chapters in this first volume, R. J.
Brotherton gives a detailed report on “The Chemistry of Compoundswith Boron-Boron Bonds”.T. D.CoyIe and F.G.A.Stone
then give a critical assay of “Some Aspects of the Coordination
Chemistry ofBoron”, G. W.CumpbelZdescribes“The Structures
of Boron Hydrides”, and H. A . Soloway the applications
of “Boron Compounds in Cancer Therapy”. The following
contribution by M. J. S. Dewar on “Heteroaromatic Boron
Compounds” is very short. The evolution of the chemistry of
“Organoperoxyboranes” is described by A. G. Davies. The
interesting and variegated research in the chemistry of “Organoboron Heterocycles” is reviewed authoritatively by R.
Koster. In their chapter on the“Reactions of Diazoalkanes with
Boron Compounds”, C. E. Bawn and A. Ledwith report o n the
catalyticactivity ofLewisacidic boroncompounds.The“Chemistry of Boronic and Borinic Acids” is dealt with cursorily by
K. Torsell, and in conclusion, R. Schaeffer gives a convincing
demonstration of the value of “Nuclear Magnetic Resonance
Spectroscopy of Boron Compounds” in clarifying structural
questions.
The quality of the contributions is variable, and it is to be
hoped that the editors will be less lenient in the selection of
topics and in the coordination of the essays in future volumes.
The reports in this first volume will undoubtedly be attractive
to all boron chemists, but the book will probably not appeal
to a broader readership, e.g. advanced students, as suggested
o n the dustcover. This circumstance is aggravated by the
high cost of the volume, which is of de luxe quality. In effect,
most of the chapters offer too little information for specialists
but too much for others, and thus the question arises whether
it is sensible to publish progress reports on individual elements
in the form of a series.
H. NGth
[NB 3591217 IE1
The Solvent Extraction of Metal Chelates. By Jir‘i Star.$.
English edition edited by H. Irving. Pergamon Press, Oxford-London-Edinburgh-New York-ParkFrankfurt 1964.
1st edit. XIV + 240 pp., 46 figs., 31 tables, linen €3.0.0
(about $8.30).
The author of this book works in the Department of Nuclear
Chemistry of the University of Prague (Czechoslovakia). His
book, which is introduced by a foreword by H. Irving, Leeds
(England), differs in many aspects from other monographs on
the analytical applications of extraction of chelates and even
supplements them; it is therefore most useful.
The work opens from a very general standpoint, the first few
chapters dealing with the theory of metal chelates and their
partition between water and a n organic solvent (50 pp.); the
properties and possible applications of numerous chelating
agents are then described (128 pp.), and in conclusion, methods for the selective extraction of about 50 metals are given in
highly condensed form (16 pp.).
A long list of publications (25 pp.) contains numerous
references which are not easily accessible in the western
world. Despite its length, the list is not exhaustive; for instance, no mention is made of the dialkyl phosphates, although the corresponding dithio compounds are discussed.
The theoretical section is difficult to read and is not well
1002
written from a didactic point of view, for often important
premises for deiivations, tables, and figures are not menttioned. Apart from these flaws, the worker in this field will
find a great many incentives in this book.
Werner Fischer
[NB 401/262 IE]
New Biochemical Separations. Edited by A.T. James and
L. J. Morris. van Nostrand, London-Toronto-New YorkPrinceton, N. J., 1964. 1st edit., IX + 424 pp., numerous
illustrs. and tables, linen E4.4.0 (about $ 11.75).
The two editors, who are members of the Unilever research
team at Sharnbrook (England), here wish to give a survey of
the methods of separating some natural products that have
been newly developed or decisively improved in the past
decade. The authors generally have participated actively in
these advances. The result is a vivid, up-to-date presentation
by competent authorities. Obviously the topics dealt with
have been stringently limited, and hence a readily surveyable,
well organized presentation of the material has resulted.
The work begins with a review of the methods that can be
used to detect radioactively labelled substances emerging
from gas chromatographic separations. Each of the remaining
16 chapters - of varying length - deals mainly with the
application of a method of separation to a single class of
substances. The main emphasis is placed on applications of
gas chromatography (A), thin-layer chromatography (B),
and gel filtration (C) to the separation of steroids (methods
A and B), alkaloids (A and B), carbohydrates (A and C),
fatty acids (A), gall acids (A and B), amino acids (A, B, and
C), proteins and peptides (B and C ) , triterpenes (B), and
lipids (B). New separatory methods have led to great advances in the chemistry of fats and allied compounds, and
hence a separate chapter on paper and partition chromatography is devoted to each of these classes of substances. In
keeping with the interests of the editors, fats and allied
materials receive the closest attention of all the compounds
in the book.
The book has 148 figures, including numerous reproductions
of original thin-layer chromatograms, and 76 tables and is
therefore of exquisite appearance. It contains a wealth of
information on the behavior of biologically interesting substances during the separatory operations mentioned above,
well expressed in numerical or graphic form. Perhaps only
the title of the book is somewhat inaccurate; perhaps it
ought to have been called “A Selection of Modern Methods
for Separating Natural Products”.
H. Determann
[NB 3711229 IEJ
An Introduction to the Chemistry of Carbohydrates. By R. D.
Cuthrie and J. Honeyman. Claredon Press, Oxford 1964.
144 pp., linen E1.l.O (about $ 3.-).
2nd edit., VI
This little textbook maintains the aim of its first edition,
which appeared 16 years ago, namely to give a n introduction
to the chemistry of carbohydrates in a highly compact form.
The original organization of the material has been preserved,
but every chapter has been brought fully up to date.
New sections are included on the conformations of monosaccharides and the application of physical methods.
The didactically skillful development of the subject matter
and the clear and concise style have resulted in a presentation which is easy to read, despite the vast amount of
factual information it contains, particularly because the
graphic representation of the formulae given are in accordance with the latest developments in this field. An
especially valuable feature of the book is that it deals with
the principles of conformation, not as usual in a separate
chapter, but by introducing them in the ordinary text whenever they become of importance for the stereochemical interpretation of the course of a reaction.
The book can be recommended not only to students as an
introductory text, but also to those who wish to inform themselves rapidly on the latest developments in carbohydrate
chemistry.
[NB 3761234 IE]
F. W. Lichtenthakr
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Angew. Chem. internut. Edit.
/
Vol. 4 (i965) I No. I 1
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