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Book Review Introduction to the Principles of Heterogeneous Catalysis. By J. M. Thomas and W. J. Thomas

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need no explanation. There are 462 pages, containing almost
1000 examples selected from the literature between 1964 and
1966. The value as specifications for synthesis goes beyond
that of individual cases, and can thus serve as a
welcome stimulus for original work. Embraced are starting
materials, products, and methods spanning the whole of
organic chemistry. It is evident that the synthesis of
carbocyclic and heterocyclic compounds is progressively
gaining in importance. Reading the “Trends in Synthetic
Organic Chemistry” (7 pages, 86 refs.) is particularly stimulating; this contains well-defined novel syntheses. A well
arranged and very detailed subject index (112 pages) considerably assists orientation, especially if the classification
system used is not to the readers’s liking.
It is necessary once agairi to consider whether the mass of
information compiled between the covers of the 21 volumes
would not be even more accessible with the aid of a cumulative index in the form of a punched card register.
S. Hunig
[NB 722 IE]
Hyperfine Interactions. Edited by A . J. Freeman and R. B.
Frankel. Academic Press. New York-London 1967, 1st
Edit., xvi, 758 pages, $ 16.00.
The present book is part of a report of a NATO Advanced
Study Institute meeting held between the 8 and 26 August,
7966, in Aix-en-Provence, France. The reader is spared a
word-for-word rendering in that each lecture has been
rewritten in the form of a readily understandable report after
the meeting. Thus, even the layman can obtain an insight
into the complex material presented.
The book consists of 25 contributions by specialists on
aspects of hyperfine interactions such as nuclear spin resonance, paramagnetic resonance, atomic radiation resonance,
perturbed angle correlations, dynamic polarization and
relaxation, optical hyperfine structure determinations, specific heats of nuclear spin systems, and the Mossbauer effect.
Individual, more theoretical articles concern the HartreeFock theory of the hyperfine interaction in atoms and
magnetic compounds, the calculation of the magnetic hyperfine structure constants of the ground state of light atoms
and also the conductivity electron density and spin density
effects of dislocations and localized moments in metals.
The discussion concentrates on hyperfine interactions in
inorganic solids and in individual atoms. N o description is
given, however, of hyperfine interactions in organic molecules
and radicals, which are important for chemists interested in
analytical aspects. Bleaney presents a didactic introduction
to paramagnetic resonance, Narath to nuclear spin
resonance in solids, Abragam and Kirsch dynamic polarization and relaxation, Mossbauer and Clauser the Mossbauer effect, and Cohen the perturbed angle correlations
of nuclear gamma rays.
Gschwind contributes a more detailed account of the paramagnetic resonance of ions in the excited state, and of
electron spin-nuclear spin double resonance (ENDOR),
Steudel deals with optical hyperfine interaction measurements
using a double Fabry-PBrot interferometer, Budnik, Skalski,
and Shaltiel nuclear resonance in metals, Dekker, de Waard,
Housley, Gonser. and Walker the Mossbauer effect and
Matthias, Kurlsson, and Murnik perturbed angle correlations.
Lounasmaa, Stone, and Lubbers discuss the specific heat,
cooling effects, and orientation of nuclear spin systems.
This conference report provides a wide survey of the current
position and problems of hyperfine interactions in solids,
atoms, and ions and can therefore be confidently recommended to the solid state physicist, the physical chemist, and the
inorganic spectroscopist.
The analyst working with organic materials will find it of
little interest because, as mentioned above, the hyperfine
interactions of organic compounds have been omitted.
F. Kneubiihl
486
W B 707 IE]
Introduction to the Principles of Heterogeneous Catalysis. By
J . M. Thomas and W . J . Thomas. Academic Press. LondonNew York 1967. 1st Edit., x, 544 pp., numerous illustrations and tables, 120 s.
The scientifically very stimulating and technically very
important field of heterogeneous catalysis has been the
subject of several large collective works and a number of
periodical publications (Congress Reports, Advances) during
past decades. For some time, however, no modern monograph
has been published that embraces the overall field. This is all
the more surprising in that research in this sector, both i n
academic and in industrial laboratories, has assumed very
large proportions and is still growing. In addition, universally
applicable results have been obtained in many of the subsidiary fields.
In view of the accumulated literature it is not merely remarkable but also in a sense praiseworthy that the two Welsh
authors, both students of K . W . Sykes. should have undertaken to fill the gap. J. M . Thomas is responsible largely for
the scientific, and W. J. Thomas for the technical chapters.
The authors have succeeded in covering all the important
aspects while still adhering to their avowed principle that
brevity is the key to understanding: Introduction; Adsorption; Experimental Aspects; Pore Structure and Surface;
Lattice Dislocations; Geometric, Electronic and Related
Factors; Selective and Polyfunctional Catalysts; Mechanism
of Typical Reactions; Reactor Design. In all chapters extensive reference is made to the original literature, so that the
work, though intended as a textbook for undergraduates and
young researchers, can also be used as a work of reference.
Naturally, it is possible to disagree on the relative prominence
given to various subjects, e.g. the overemphasis placed o n
adsorption at the expense of mixed catalysts, or the electronic
factor; however, the book presents the most important things
consisely but understandably throughout. The stimulating
effect of such books has been proven by experience, and
Thomas-Thomas will be of incalculable value to all who
work in, or who wish to take up, this field. Printing and
presentation are commensurate with the price and up to the
publisher’s usual standard.
G , - M . Schwab
[NB 706 IE]
Infrared Spectra of Adsorbed Species. By L. H. Little, supplementary chapters by A . V. Kiselev and V. I . Lygin, Academic
Press. London-New York 1966. xii, 428 pages, numerous
illustrations, 100 s.
Infrared Spectroscopy in Surface Chemistry. By M . L. Hair,
Marcel Dekker Inc., New York 1967. xiii, 315 pages,
several illustrations, $ 15.75.
The chemistry of solid surfaces has attracted increasing
attention in recent years, owing largely to the investigation
of heterogeneous catalysis reaction mechanisms and of intermediate products. Quite apart from pure scientific interest
a knowledge of the state of the surface and its reactions is
becoming increasingly important for other investigations, e.g.
the study of pigments and the incorporation of fillers in
polymers. I R spectroscopy furnishes a great deal of information about functional groups o n surfaces, their interaction with adsorbed molecules, and about the groups
formed. The same technique can be applied to the study of
thin metal films and finely divided metals deposited o n
carriers.
Almost simultaneously, two books have appeared which aim
at describing the method, its potentialities, and its limitations,
as well as that which has already been achieved. Comparison
of the two works reveals that Little’s book contains a good
deal more text than is suggested by its extra hundred pages.
Closer line spacing and fuller pages are responsible, but the
penalty is that reading becomes much more tiring. Little
gives a more comprehensive selection of literature references
and includes many papers which contribute to the study of
surface chemistry without I R measurements. Furthermore,
his book reproduces many more spectra. By way of contrast,
Angew. Chem. internat. Edit. 1 Vol. 7 (1968) J No. 6
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