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Book Review Isotopeneffekte bei chemischen Reaktionen. By Alfred V. Willi

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ergy production, that is from solar cells and from natural
polysaccharides (starch and cellulose). In both cases the
decisive step is the utilization of solar energy, and U11mann contains information for each topic concerning the
present state of the art, possible developments and, above
all, concerning the cost. Naturally the scientific basis is
also outlined, i.e. the significant physical relationships in
the case of solar cells and the chemistry and process technologies of the various methods and variants for the saccharification of starches and cellulose. A further example
of the topicality of the contents is the article on thallium,
where the problem of the environmental dangers of thallium emissions from industrial plants is discussed on the
basis of recent knowledge in the section on toxicology.
The volume naturally contains much more that is worthy
of note alongside such particularly topical information.
Apart from the descriptions of manufacturing processes
and possibilities for application and a great deal of statistical information it is the clear and concise information concerning the chemical and physical properties of individual
compounds that make this volume, like its predecessors, of
interest to chemists. The production is, as ever, excellent
(readable type, clear and easily understandable graphics,
perfect printing), so that it is a joy to pick up the volume
and leaf through it.
Ulfert Onken [NB 631 IE]
Abteilung Chemietechnik der Universitat Dortmund
Technische Chemie I. Grundverfahren. By W. Brotz and A .
Schunbuchen. Verlag Chemie, Weinheim 1983. xvi, 338
pp., bound, DM 68.00.
The first volume of this two-volume work presents the
general basic principles of chemical engineering. Based on
the “Lehrprofil Technische Chemie” of the Dechema
training committee of May 1981 this clearly planned text
book is particularly designed for comprehensibility. The
authors present a survey of the three main branches of
chemical engineering that are usually covered in technical
universities by mechanical process technology, thermal
process technology and chemical reaction technology.
In advance of the presentation of the unit processes of
these three branches the first part of the book delivers the
necessary basic knowledge from physics and physical
chemistry, fluid dynamics and thermodynamics of material
and thermal transport. A large number of tabular presentations ranging from units of measurement via dimensionless
numbers, resistance values, diffusion and material transfer
coefficients, to aids for the calculation of heat transfer and
heat diffusion coefficients help give this volume the character of a reference book.
The section on mechanical unit processes includes all
those unit operations which proceed without material alteration (chemical reaction). With the aid of numerous diagrams and cross-sectional drawings of apparatus, detailed
accounts are given on storage, transport, the mixing of liquids, gases and bulk solids, the separation of disperse systems (solidAiquid, solid/gaseous) and the classification,
sorting and comminution of bulk solids. Under the major
headings of bulk solidlfluid and fluid/fluid contact,the
type and layout of apparatus are introduced that find application in thermal and reaction engineering processes.
Thus, the most important variables affecting the design of
solid beds, fluidized beds, stirrers, and rotating drums are
given, together with their main fields of application. The
same applies to fluid-fluid contacting equipment such as
Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. Engl. 23 (1984) NO.7
fluid film contactors, packed columns, spray towers, bubble columns and plate columns.
The section on thermal processes first gives a detailed
treatment of the problems of heating and cooling. The section dealing with the production of process heat and cooling and thermal transport media, is followed by a large
section on the actual equipment used in heat exchange and
its construction. The following sections covering unit operations, distillation and rectificdtion, absorption, extraction,
adsorption, drying, and crystallization are laid out in a way
that the presentation of the thermodynamic basis of the
operation is followed by details of the construction of the
plant; this makes fundamental information easily available. The presentation of drying and, in particular, the application of the Mollier diagram is particularly thorough.
The unit processes in reaction engineering are subdivided into thermal, electro-, photo-, and biochemical reactions, the largest amount of space being dedicated to thermal reactions. The concept of the thermal reaction utilized
here is justified in that the resistance to reaction is overcome by the choice of the temperature of the reacting
mass. A discription of the various types of reactors is then
followed by a discussion of the methods of calculation and
the fundamental behavior of stirred reactors (continuous
and batch) and tube reactors in terms of a simple first order reaction ; this is followed by a clear comparison of productivities. Residence time distributions and the techniques for their measurement are then discussed, as are
also complex reactions. The influence of thermal and material transport on the course of the reaction and the consequences for the choice and dimensioning of the reactor
are presented in a very easily understandable form. The
electro-, photo-, and biochemical reactions are outlined in
a very few pages.
This book is also likely to be of interest to those chemists employed in industry who require an optimal introduction to the unit processes of chemical engineering. Used as
a textbook the work can provide the new student of chemical engineering and process technology with an easily understandable survey of the major aspects of his course. The
copious references to the more advanced literature are invaluable for more detailed study.
B. Egerer [NB 620 IE]
Arbeitsbereich Verfahrenstechnik 1
der Technischen Universitat
Hamburg-Harburg (FRO)
Isotopeneffekte bei chemischen Reaktionen. By Alfred V,
Willi, Georg Thieme Veriag, Stuttgart 1983. x, 180 pp.,
bound, DM 80.00.
Because several exhaustive books are already available
covering this topic the particular aim of the author has
been to close a gap in the German-language chemical literature with a short treatment.
Thus the reader proceeds from the 1st Chapter “The theory of isotope effects in chemical reactions” (p. 5-29) to
the 2nd Chapter “Isotope effects in chemical equilibria”
(p. 32-61). The third chapter deals with the topic “Kinetic
isotope effects and mechanism” (p. 62-135), while the title of the last chapter is “Kinetic isotope effects and the
transition state” (p. 139-159). The text is completed by
443 literature references and an index (5 1/2 pages) that is
almost too short.
There is no doubt that the book fulfills its purpose: Anyone dealing with isotope effects for the first time can find
537
all the significant aspects mentioned within the compass of
not too many pages and also a rapid entry into the original
literature. Its limitation consists of the lack of an adequate
discussion of the isotopic perturbation method, a nuclear
magnetic resonance technique by M . Saunders et al. (J.
Am. Chem. Soc. 93 (1971) 2558; ibid. 105 (1983) 3571, and
references cited therein) which, above all, allows a decision as to whether rapidly equilibrating molecules (ions) or
a symmetrical delocalized molecule (ion) is being studied.
Gernot Boche [NB 629 IE]
Fachbereich Chemie der
Universitat Marburg
Korrosionskunde im Experiment. Untersuchungsverfahren- MeBtechnik- Aussagen. Erweiterte Fassung eines
Experimentalkurses der DECHEMA. By E. Heitz, R .
Henkhaus, and A . Rahmel. Verlag Chemie, Weinheim
1983. xv, 316 pp., stitched, DM 54.00.-ISBN 3-52726070-6
Chirurgie der Leber. Edited by R . Haring. Edition medizin,
Weinheim 1983. xxi, 464 pp., stitched, DM 180.00.ISBN 3-527-15095-1
Pollution: Causes, Effects and Control. Edited by R . M .
Harrison. The Royal Society of Chemistry, London
1983. 322 pp., stitched, E 12.00 (Preisnachlal3 fur Mitglieder der Roxal Society of Chemistry).-ISBN 085186-875-4
Nouvelles Recherches dans le Domaine des Composes Macromoleculaires. By E. Ceausescu. Pergamon Press, Oxford 1984. ix, 451 pp., bound, E 45.00.-ISBN 0-08030725-6
Specialist Periodical Reports: Organophosphorus Chemistry. Vol. 14. A Review of the Literature published between July 1981 and June 1982. Edited by D. W . Hutchinson and J. A . Miller. The Royal Society of Chemistry, London 1983. xiv, 347 pp., bound, E 56.00 (price reduction for members of the Royal Society of Chemistry),
total price for Vol. 1- 14 E 256.00.--ISBN 0-85186-1261
Chirurgische Onkologie. Edited by H . Denck and K . Karrer. Edition medizin, Weinheim 1983. xvi, 707 pp.,
bound, DM 278.00.-ISBN 3-527-15008-0
Neue Aspekte der Energieforschungspolitik. Ausgewahlte
Reden und Mitteilungen aus dem Bundesministerium
fur Forschung und Technologie. Issued by the Bundesminister fur Forschung und Technologie. Verlag TUV
Rheinland, Koln 1983. 160 pp., boards, DM 7.00.Max-Planck-Gesellschaft-Jahrbuch 1983. Verlag Vandenhoek und Ruprecht, Gottingen 1983. 844 pp., bound,
DM 72.00.Raffinationsverfahren in der Metallurgie. A publication of
the GDMB Gesellschaft Deutscher Metallhutten- und
Bergleute. Verlag Chemie, Weinheim 1983. viii, 302 pp.,
stitched, DM 120.00.-ISBN 3-527-26127-3
Chemie fur Okologen. By R . K . M . Hay. Revised by A .
Hiittermann. Ferdinand Enke Verlag, Stuttgart 1983. 272
pp., stitched, DM 34.00.-ISBN 3-432-93421-1
Specialist Periodical Reports: Catalysis. Vol. 6. A review of
the Recent Literature published up to mid-1982. Edited
by G. C. Bond and G . Webb. The Royal Society of
Chemistry, London 1983. xii, 234 pp., bound, E 43.00
(price reduction for members of the Royal Society of
Chemistry), total price for Vol. 1-6: E 143.50.--ISBN
0-85 186-574-7
Special Publication No. 45: Chemicals in the Oil Industry.
Proceedings of a Symposium Organized by the North
West Region of the Industrial Division of the Royal Society of Chemistry, University of Manchester, March
22-23, 1983. Edited by P. H . Ogden. The Royal Society
of Chemistry, London 1983. 217 pp., stitched, L 12.00
(reduced price for members of the Royal Society of
Chemistry).-ISBN 0-85 186-885-1
Einfiihrung in die Photochemie. 2nd newly revised edition.
Edited by H . G. 0. Becker. Georg Thieme Verlag, Stuttgart 1983. 511 pp., bound, DM 70.00.-ISBN 3-13633702-6
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538
Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. Engl. 23 (1984) No. 7
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