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Book Review Kirk-Othmer Encyclopedia of Chemical Technology. Vol. 1. A to Alkanolamines. Edited by H. F. Mark D. F. Othmer C. G. Overberger and G. T

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and the resulations for the investigation in the TRgA could
have been even clearer if more references to the occupational
hygiene literature, e. g. on analytical methods in the biological
matrix, could have been quoted.
Part I is organized in a very clear fashion and helps the
measures necessary in practice to be clearly recognized and
realized. Part I1 offers an excellent presentation of the problems
of characterization, with instructive tables. An impressive statistical proof of the necessity for characterization when dealing
with dangerous materials is given. In Part 111 the working
instructions (in accordance with $13, Section 6 of Arb. Stoff.
V) are explained with many examples; this section is divided
into “Information-actual operating instructions-protection
instructions--first aid-unusual
incidents-problems
of
waste”.
The book belongs not only in the bookcase of the employer
and the chief safety officer; the manager, the “local” safety
officer, the works doctor and the responsible persons at universities and research institutes need it as well.
Hans Zorn [NB 458 IE]
Gas Chromatography with Glass Capillary Columns. By I
T
Jennings. Academic Press, New York 1978. 1st Edit., vii,
184 pp., bound, S 16.50.
The book is intended as an introduction to the topic given
in the title, and turns out to be a successful one. The reader
senses that a practical chemist has committed his experience
to paper. All that the beginner and more advanced user alike
need to know about gas chromatography with glass capillary
columns will be found in this book, starting from production
of columns, drawing and coating, insertion of the column
into the instrument, via a discussion of inlet system and retention time measurements, to sample preparation. Jennings has
admirably presented the central problems of glass capillary
gas chromatography; he considers possible errors and dangers,
and how they can be overcome.
The last part presents selected solutions of problems. This
section is somewhat short and the choice of material somewhat
arbitrary. Nevertheless, purchase of this clearly written book
can be wholeheartedly recommended.
Gerhard Spirrller [NB 443 IE]
Kirk-Othmer: Encyclopedia of Chemical Technology. Vol. 1 .
A to Alkanolamines. Edited by H . F. Mark, D. F. Othmer,
C. G . Overherger, and G. 7: Seaborg. John Wiley & Sons,
London 1978. 3rd Edit. xxix, 967 pp., bound, E 50.00.
This is the first volume of the third, completely revised
edition of Kirk-Othmer.
This first taste of the new edition creates a very good
impression in several respects. The editors have remained
faithful to their principle of producing a tersely written and
well arranged reference work serving as an excellent source
of information for all manufacturers and users of chemical
products. In the individual sections of the new edition,
numerous aspects have been included which have attracted
increasing interest during the past decade, such as energy
considerations and data pertaining to safety engineering and
toxicology. Moreover, SI units are now given side by side
with British engineering units which will certainly facilitate
use of the encyclopedia in many countries.
In the first volume both the sections with an engineering slant
(e.g. Absorption, Adsorption, Air pollution) and those concerned with substances (e.g. Acetaldehyde, Acetic acid, Acetone, Acetylene, Acrylamide, Acrylic acid, Acrylic esters, Acrylic fibers, Acetonitrile, Alcohols) accurately reflect the present
Angrw. C‘hmi.
Iill.
Ed Eny/. 18 ( 1 9 7 9 ) N C I 3.
state of the art, and could hardly be improved in their clarity
and presentation.
Thus the third edition of Kirk-Othmer will doubtless live
up to its reputation of being the leading English-language
reference work in chemical technology. Let us hope that the
subsequent 24 volumes will be published in rapid succession.
R. Steiner [NB 444 IE]
Infrared and Raman Spectroscopy. Part A-C. Edited by E.
G. Brame and J . Grasselli. Marcel Dekker, New York-Bade
1976, 1977. 1st edit., 1039 pp. in all, numerous tables and
figures, the whole work SFr. 355.00.
The three parts of this work contain the following chapters:
Introduction to Molecular Vibrations (B. Crawford, D. Swanson);Inorganic Materials ( R .L. Carter);Organometallic Compounds (W F . Edgell); Ionic Organometallic Solutions (W
F. Edgell); Computer Systems (R.P. Young); Organic Materials
(R. A . Nyquist, R. 0. Kagel); Environmental Science (D. S.
Lauery);Food Industry (A.Eskamani);Petroleum ( P . B. Tooke);
Textiles (G. Celikiz);Biological Science (G. J . Thomas, Y. Kyogoku); Polymers (S. C. Brown, A . B. Harvey); Surfaces (C.
D. Craver). A very broad picture is given of the vibrational
spectroscopy of biological (156 pages), inorganic (139 pages),
and organic (1 24 pages) systems. Fibers and textiles (16 pages),
petroleum (34 pages), and even polymers (60 pages) come
off badly.
I have seldom seen a handbook in which the individual
chapters were so variable in quality as in the present work.
The opening chapter often acts as a visiting card; were it
so in this case, it would bide ill for the book. It is certainly
not easy to write an original introduction to vibrational spectroscopy (they can be found in dozens of works). Cruwford
and Swanson have managed this--but how ! “The nucleons
within a nucleus, for example, do not exhibit such nice behavior”; “the practical spectroscopist in the real world”; “We
chemists owe our good fortune to the fact that the forces
between intramolecular particles .. . are of Coulomb nature,
and that the natural constants ... have the values they do”;
these are just a few examples. Messrs. Coulomb, Planck, ecc.
are not thanked in the accompanying footnote; instead, D.
Dennisorz is made responsible for this information. Colloquial
nonsense like this makes the chapter no more than a source
of amusement; fortunately, the following sections are more serious. (Regrettably, in the discussion of hydrocarbon analysis
and group frequencies, no mention is made of the achievements
of the Goubeau group.)
The chapter on the vibrational spectra of inorganic substances is competent. A large part is taken up with the section
on symmetry and group theory (overlap with the first chapter);
it is questionable whether this needs to be repeated in every
book on spectroscopy. It is regrettable to find in Table 10
(NO; vibrations) the terms “NOz symmetric and asymmetric
stretch” (or “. .. bend”) and “NO stretch”; the correct forms
would have been found on p. 28. In the bibliography the
emphasis is on Siebert (and his book); most of the other
German-speaking spectroscopists are missing.
The two chapters by Edgell are important and interesting,
and not only to specialists. In the first of these, Ni(CO)4,
Mn(CO)4Br, and (CH3)rSnC12 are discussed in detail; there
are also tables metal-hydrogen and metal-metal frequencies
and information on vibration calculations. The second chapter
gives information on the most important points on the structure of ionic organometallic solutions.
The chapter on computer systems is highly readable and
informative, considering the new generation of “computerized
grating spectrometers” and the Fourier interferometer. Perhaps the best part of this is the careful (and well explained)
737
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