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Book Review Kunststoffbestimmungsmglickeiten (Characterization of Plastics). By Anneliese Krause and A. Lange

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Among the smaller articles, particular mention may be made
of that on sera and vaccines (31 pp.), compiled by six authors
of Behringwerke, Marburg, with Prof. Giintlrer of the PaulEhrlich Institute in FrankfurtIM. This also is written in depth
as well as in detail. The formation of antibodies is discussed,
as well as, for instance, the isolation of sera from horses.
Particular interest centers o n - the evaluation and control of
sera and vaccines.
Of the small articles, all rich in content, the following deserve
special mention: acid-base theories (Saure-Base-Theorien)
(2 pp.) by Prof. Seel, Saarbrucken; shoe-polish (Schuhpflegemittel) (7 pp.); writing and drawing materials (Schreib- und
Zeichenmaterialien) (15 pp.). The last two articles are also by
experts from the appropriate industries. - Further titles
include: hydrochloric acid (Salzsaure) (1 7 pp.), sapogenins
(6 pp.), oxygen (Sauerstoff) (12 pp.), abrasion and abrasives
(Schleifen und Schleifmittel) (7 pp.), welding and cutting
(SchweiBen und Schneiden) (15 pp.), and silk (Seide) (9 pp.).
It is good to see that industry is sufficiently convinced of the
value of Ullmann for leading firms to feel obliged to place
authoritative authors at the disposal of the editor and to
present the results of their research in this frame. This has
lead to a complete scientific account of industrial research
which, incidentally, includes significant theoretical contributions from industrial sources. Of the total of 83 authors in
the present volume, only 11 are from universities and only
4 (!) from technical colleges. In spite of this, the treatment
does not lean unduly towards industrial practice: fundamental research is always fully considered. Neighboring fields,
such as historical connections and legal requirements, are also
well treated, the sections on toxicology by Prof. Oettel of
BASF, which are appended to each article, being particularly
It should, however, be pointed out that, with a few exceptions, industry has been very reserved about financial and
economic data. This can be understood where it concerns a
firm’s own new processes. But there are very many processes,
e.g. most of the inorganic ones, that are traded on the world
market with contractual guarantees of installation and running costs with regard to size and local conditions. Concrete
comparison of the various processes could be drawn if the
various advantages and disadvantages had been evaluated
more actuarially.
Grundrin der Technischen Organischen Chemie (Fundamentals of Technical Organic Chemistry). By A . R i e c h ~ .
S. Hirzel Verlae. 1 e&
1965. 3rd improved edit., xviii +
S50 pp., 152 figs., 1 table, linen, DM 24.60 (ca. .S 8. ).
This new edition appears only three years after the previous
one. The text has not been greatly changed, but the author has
taken in the latest advances in chemistry and technology in
many places.
The term “organic chemistry” is widely interpreted. I t
stretches from the technology of coal - beginning with its
mining -over border areas such as manufacture of carbide,
to the processing of agricultural raw materials. The term
“technical chemistry” is also widely interpreted. Emphasis is
on the materials. Numerous technical processes are described
in detail with the aid of clear flow sheets, and summarising
sections on chemical technology are scattered throughout the
text. However, the weight placed on various fields and
stages of development of chemical technology is very varied,
and this makes it difficult for the beginner to obtain a balanced
picture of the present chemical industry.
In its 530 pages of text the book presents an astonishing
amount of material. It is remarkable how the author has remained master of such a wide field down to details. I t is,
however, questionable whether the student can work through
such a book and retain muchof its content in his memory. The
reviewer, therefore, assesses the value of this book primarily
as a n easily accessible - and very cheap reference work for
a first introduction into a given field of work, the detailed and
reliable index being of considerable help in this respect.
In preparation for his task in industry the student would,
however, be better served if the book would present concrete
examples of the problems met in industry and their solution.
It is to be hoped that a textbook will soon be written which
starts from the material and thus remains lively and yet
illustrates the fundamentals of chemical processes in a deductive manner.
H. Kindler
[NB 4311344 IE]
Biochemistry of Quinones. Edited by R . A . Morron. Academic
Press Inc., New York-London 1965. 1st Edit., xvii +
585 pp.. numerous figs., 65.17.6 (about $16.50).
Summing up, it can be said that in this volume, as in its predecessors, the purpose of Ullmann is excellently fulfilled, namely, to give a n ordered and clear reference work for the growing wealth of practical research.
H . Sachsse
[NB 429/336 IE]
Books are the only organized form in which the virtually
limitless riches of biochemical information can be presented.
In the absence of a better principle it is still customary to
use the time-hallowed divisions of organic chemistry as a
basis for assembling biochemical information.
Kunststoffbestimmungsmoglichkeiten (Characterization of
Plastics). By Anneliese Krriuse and A . Lunge. Carl Hanser
Verlag, Munich 1965. 1st edit., 199 pp., 30 tables, linen,
DM 34.- (ca. $ 8.50).
An example of this is provided by the present volume where
the chemistry and biological relations of some quinones
are treated, in manifold variations, by 19 authors in 15
articles. Yet, when it comes to making a book out of these
(sometimes excellent) articles, the greatest service has, in
the reviewer’s opinion, been provided by the printer who
numbered the pages consecutively and by the binder who
placed them between two covers.
This is the first book to provide a collection of the methods
and data needed for analysis of plastics in a way that is simple
and intelligible to the non-specialist and yet substantially
complete and easy to follow. A chapter giving general remarks
on the types of plastics is followed by a review of the methods
available for qualitative and quantitative analysis of individual plastics and their structural units; there follow chapters
on additives and on quality control. Very valuable features
are that each chapter includes the necessary characteristics,
in tabular form, as well as detailed instructions for analysis
and calculation of the results. -Listing benzene as a solvent
for polyethylene (table 21) probable must be regarded as a
typograpnical error. Unfortunately, infrared spectroscopy is
not taken into account, although beyond doubt it permits
rapid and sure identification of plastics. In spite of this shortcoming this book, which is adressed to &heplastics industry
as well as to experts and students, will be of great help in
the analysis of plastics.
G. Greber
[NB 435i342 IE]
Angew. Chem. internat. Edit.
1 VoI. 5 (1966) 1 No. 6
There is, indeed, in this book a n appreciable excess of the
overlap, repetition, and omission - in coinparisoil with
what is promised by the title and the preface - to which
one has become accustomed in modern multi-author monographs. Take, for.instance, plastoquinone: there is a careful
and completd account of it by Langernann and Isler in a
chapter “Chemistry of Isoprenoid Quinones”, and a still
more detailed ncighbouring article by Redfearrr specially
devoted to this quinone, then it occurs in a chapter on the
biosynthesis of “biologically active quinones” (i.e. isoprenoid quinones), and finally it is presented comprehensively, yet again with its history, preparation, and function,
in “Quinones in Photosynthetic Reactions” by Arnon and
Crane. The same applies to ubiquinone, vitamin K, and
vitamin E quinone. This is the result of dividing the contents
both quasi-vertically into chapters o n individual quinones,
with general chemical and biological aspects as sub-headings,
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