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Book Review Kunststoff-Handbuch (Plastics Handbook). Edited by R. Vieweg and E. Becker

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but some of the special materials and trade names in use
elsewhere are also mentioned. Not only the groups of active
materials of diagnostic and therapeutic use are mentioned,
but also those concerned in preservation and technical use,
such as antioxidants. It is not possible, on the basis of the
groups treated in the first Volume, to form a picture of the
division of the total material among the groups of active
materials, but one misses, for instance, analeptic drugs, antacids, and cardiac drugs - though these may well appear
under other titles. The designation anticonvulsive drugs
would have been preferable t o antiepileptic drugs. Some
preparations considered nowadays as obsolete (Filix derivatives, santonin) are treated in detail among the anthelmintics; it would perhaps be useful t o emphasize the most important preparations.
Reviewing a volume of a handbook is difficult and always
incomplete, since the reviewer is unable to spend sufficient
time on the assembled material. Handbooks are works of
reference: only those who require them for their work and
use them continuously can judge whether they meet the requirements and achieve the object set.
F. Gross
[NB 788 IEI
Catalysis Reviews, Volume 1. Edited by H . Heinemann.
Marcel Dekker, Inc., New York 1968.1st Edit., vii, 333 pp..
numerous illustrations and tabIes, bound $ 17.50.
H . Heinemann, the research director of the M. W. Kellogg
Company and expert in industrially oriented catalysis research, is the editor of the first volume of “Catalysis Reviews”. Why is this new series so welcome? Handbooks written more than 20 years ago are out of date; a wealth of empirical data lies buried in patents and scattered over innumerable journals, a discouraging chaos of scientific facts
that are of great technical importance since almost half of
our industrial products are the outcome of catalytic processes.
The “Catalysis Reviews” are intended t o cover the entire
field of homogeneous and heterogeneous catalysis: the physics and chemistry of the solid state, electrochemistry, metallurgy, corrosion, polymerization, and biochemical processes,
a truly tremendous undertaking. The object of this work is
to replace empiricism by a comprehensive understanding of
the elementary processes, which should allow the reliable
prediction of the catalytic behavior of matter.
Does the first volume in this series succeed in its purpose?
The first requirement is to scrutinize the data in the hope that
some pattern will emerge. A n excellent example of this is the
article by J. Turkevich on “Zeolites as Catalysts” (33 pages
with 44 references). Another successful article is “Reactions
Catalyzed by Pentacyanocobaltate(I1)” by J . Kwiatek (30
pages with 114 references). As might be expected from the
complexity of the subject, the chapter by E. W. Stern on
“Reactions of Unsaturated Ligands in Pd(I1) Complexes”
is very long (70 pages with 203 references). The article by
S. S . Grover on “Application of Computers to Systems of
Chemical Reactions” (10 pages with 14 references) is intended
for specialists. P . Mark’s article on “Electronic Surface States
of Ionic Lattices” (40 pages with 33 references) is particularly
important. Two chapters for the experimental worker are
“Reflection Spectroscopy as an Aid to the Study of the Sur-
faces of Finely Dispersed Solids” ( K . Klier, 22 pages with
56 references) and “Static Volumetric Methods for the Determination of Adsorbed Gases on Solid Surfaces” ( Z . Knor,
50 pages with 231 references). F. Solymosi’s chapter “Importance of the Electrical Properties of Support Materials t o the
Catalytic Properties of Adsorbed Substances” (20 pages with
39 references) is very informative. Five of the eight chapters
in the first volume are by Americans and the other three by
Europeans. H. Heinenlnnn will undoubtedly manage to keep
this gigantic work on an international basis.
L. Homer [NB 811 1El
Kunststoff-Handbuch (Plastics Handbook). Edited by R .
Yieweg and E. Becker. Volume X: Thermosets. Preparation
Properties, Processing, and Use. Carl Hanser Verlag,
Miinchen 1968. 1st Edit. xxii, 749 pp., 473 figures, 110
tables, cloth D M 210.-; by subscription for the complete
set (12 volumes) D M 168.-.
Though the production of condensation plastics is increasing
more slowly than that of polymerization plastics, thermosets
account for an important fraction (about 20%) of the total
production because of their special properties. After the
modified natural products, the production of synthetic
organic materials started with the condensation resins produced by Baekeland from phenol and formaldehyde. These
were later joined by the urea and melamine resins. Phenol,
urea, and melamine are still the mainstays of thermosetting
plastics.
Volume X of the Plastics Handbook is divided into the following main sections: resins, thermosets for the bonding and
processing of wood, compression molding compositions,
semifinished products, laminates, and the production of
compression molded objects. An introduction with an historical review and a possibly rather brief section on the economic development are followed by an excellently arranged,
comprehensive section on the phenolic, urea, and melamine
resins, which deals with preparation, analysis, technological
testing, and use both for compression molding and for adhesives and lacquers. As was said earlier in the review of the
polyamide volume (11, condensation resins for textile finishing
should be discussed in a textile volume. The section on the
use of thermosets as adhesives presents the chemical and
physical, as well as describing the. technical aspects. The
chapter on compression molding compositions is divided
into structure, processing, properties, and uses for the
various types. Apart from semifinished products (casting
resins and foams), laminates with paper, fabrics, wood,
vulcanized fiber, and mica provide a wide field of application
for thermosets. The book closes with a chapter on compression molding, transfer molding, and injection molding.
The collaboration of experts in this volume has again led to
excellent results. Processors and users (engineers, designers,
and architects), as well as chemists and development workers,
are presented with numerous suggestions, and extensive
reference is made t o the relevant literature. The volume can
be warmly recommended to all those interested.
0 . Horn [NB 812 IE]
[l] Cf. Angew. Chem. 79,1027 (1967); Angew. Chem. internat.
Edit. 6, 1008 (1967).
Registered names, trademarks, r t c . used in this journal, even without specifis indication fhereokarc not fo be considered rrnprorrcted b.v law
0 Verlag Chemie, GrnbH., Weinheirn 1969. - Printed in
Germany by Druckerei Winter, Heidelberg.
All rights reserved. N o part of this journal may be reproduced in any form whatsoever, e.g. by photoprint, microfilm, or any other means, without
written permission from the publishers.
Editorial office: Ziegelhauser Landstrasse 35, 6900 Heidelberg 1, Germany, Telephone 4 5075, Telex 46 1855 kemia d, Cable address: Chemieredaktion
Heidelberg.
Editor: H . Griinewold . Translation Editors: A. J . Rackstraw and A. Stimson
Publishers: Verlag Chetnie GmbH. (Presidents Jiirgen Kreuthage and Hans Schermer), Pappelallee 3 , 6940 WeinheidBergstr., Germany, and
Academic Press Inc. (President Walter J . Johnson), 1 1 1 Fifth Avenue, New York 3, N.Y., USA, and Berkeley Square House, Berkeley Square,
London, W. I., England.
Correspondence concerning advertisements should be addressed to Verlag Chemie, GmbH. (Advertising Manager W. Thiel), 6940 WeinheimIBergstr.,
Pappelallee 3, Germany. Telephone Weinheim (06201) 3635, Telex 4655 16 vchwh.,
468
Angew. Chem. internat. Edit. / Vol. 8 (1969) 1 No. 6
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