Book Review Kunststoff-Handbuch. Band 1 Grundlagen (Plastics Hand-book. Vol. 1 Fundamentals). Edited by R. Vieweg and Dкод для вставкиСкачать
facilitates the reader’s search for individual problems. The chapters are well arranged as far as subject matter is concerned, but the WKB method that is mentioned several times in Chapter 5 really deserved a short introduction within the framework ofthe third chapter. A larger number of mathematical examples would enhance the value of the book. Taken as a whole, this first volume can be regarded as successful because of its clear, easily readable, and concise presentation of the subject. Ruiner Moormann [NB 337 IE] Kunststoff-Handbuch. Band I, Grundlagen (Plastics Handbook. Vol. 1, Fundamentals). Edited by R. Vieweg and D. Bruun. Carl Hanser Verlag, Munich-Vienna 1975. 1st Edit., xx, 1342 pp., 942 figs., 113 tables, linen, DM 595.-. The eleven-volume Plastics Handbook is completed by the volume on “Fundamentals” that has now appeared“]. Since the Handbook is intended to provide information on the possible uses of plastics not only for chemists and physicists but also for manufacturers, architects, electrical engineers, etc., this “General” volume on the scientific and industrial basics of the plastics sector has long been anxiously awaited. Even though the editors emphasize that it was never their intention to provide a textbook of macromolecular chemistry and physics and of plastics technology, it must be recognized and noted that they have succeeded excellently in setting out, in clear and readily comprehensible form, the knowledge of fundamentals essential for the volumes on individual topics. The basic principles of the chemistry and then the physics of plastics are treated in well-devised and clear sections, with much space devoted to measurements and test procedures. Particular mention may be made of a chapter in which the properties of plastics are compared with those of other materials. A further section treats the principles of plastics processing, e. g. their forming, joining, separation, and improvement, including the principles of mold construction and the various equipment for injection molding, extrusion presses, and blowers. Finally, separate chapters deal with the principles of plastics standardization from a national and an international standpoint, with the economics of plastics and relevant statistics, and with organizations and research institutes. Understanding of the specialist volumes will be found easier and deeper if the reader also consults the corresponding chapter in the “General” volume. It is a remarkable achievement to have coordinated the contributions of many authors into a compilation that can be understood even by the nonexpert. For all those interested in a deeper insight the rich reference list at the end of each chapter provides a sufficient introduction into the original literature. With this volume the Plastics Handbook receives its accolade as a complete work, for the good reviews, the instructive illustrations, and the good subject index simplify its use by all those interested in plastics. With this work, which has no equal in the world literature, the editors and the publisher have done a great service to the plastics sector. Both the “General” volume and the complete work can be recommended without any reservations as of great use to all who develop, manufacture, or use plastics. O n o Horn [NB 339 IE] Subnuclear Components. Preparation and Fractionation. Edited by G . D. Birnie. Butterworths, London 1976. 1st edit., 334 pp., numerous figs. and tables, bound, E 15.00. Following the successful introduction of “Subcellular Components” the appearance of “Subnuclear Components” pro[*] Cf. Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. Engl. 14, 579 (1975). 636 vides another highly practical book from the same editor. G . D. Birnie has succeeded, together with a renowned group of research-experienced collaborators, in selecting and testing critically a large number of published methods for the isolation and fractionation of eukaryotic cell nuclei. The individual sections provide, in clear arrangement, a wealth of experimental detail about the isolation of cell nuclei, cell membranes, nucleoli, chromatin, histones, non-histone proteins, and nuclear RNA and DNA. The advantages and disadvantages of the methods for special applications and difficulties arising therein are discussed in detail; criteria are announced that can be brought in to assess the chemical and biological quality of the preparations. Analytical procedures for the characterization of the isolated structures or molecules naturally take up a large space in each chapter. Besides the electron-optical techniques and conventional methods such as the determination of enzyme activities or the amino-acid composition of proteins, less known methods are described, such as isopyknic centrifuging in metrizamide gradients or the isoelectric focussing of non-histone proteins. It is made clear, particularly in the chapter on the isolation of chromatin, that experimental results obtained in the fractionation of the cell nucleus depend largely on the conditions used during the preparation and must be interpreted accordingly. It is thus very important that the reader obtains not only an introduction to the choice of methods for his own research but also indications on how to evaluate published data. Anton Schweiger [NB 344 IE] Vom Wasser, Vol. 46. Issued by the Fachgruppe Wasserchemie in der Gesellschaft Deutscher Chemiker. Responsible for the text: W Husmann. Verlag Chemie, Weinheim 1976. 296, A96 pp., bound, DM 88.00. Reaktionen der organischen Chemie. Ein Beitrag zur Terminologie der organischen Chemie. By H. Kruuch and W Kunz. 5th new revised and enlarged edition by W Kunz and E. Nonnenmacher. Dr. Alfred Hiithig Verlag, Heidelberg 1976. xxxi, 875 pp., bound, DM 131.OO. Lehrprogramm Statistik mit zusatzlichen Beispielen aus den Naturwissenschaften. By W Schmidt. Vol. 46 of the series “taschentext”. Verlag Chemie/Physik Verlag, Weinheim 1976. 137 pp., paper, DM 18.80. Lehrprogramm Atombau und Periodensystem. By Ch. Braig. Vol. 47 of the series “taschentext”. Verlag Chemie/Physik Verlag, Weinheim 1976. vi, 146 pp., paper, DM 12.80. Government Regulations, Pheromone Analysis, Additional Pesticides. By G. Zweig and J . Sherma. Vol. VIII of the series “Analytical Methods for Pesticides and Plant Growth Regulators”. Edited by G. Zweig. Academic Press, New York 1976. xiii, 509 pp., bound, $ 46.50.