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Book Review Metal-Ligand Multiple Bonds. By W. A. Nugent and J. M. Mayer

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industrial applications and to biological aspects of these elements, which are very useful. Although these important
facets are also touched on in the chapter on copper, they are
absent or less clearly stated in the rest of the chapters. The
account by K . Brodersen and H . U. Hztmrnel of the coordination chemistry of mercury (1 24 pp., 600 references) follows
very conventional lines in the choice of material, indicating
an outlook which has now almost disappeared from the German literature. Even the introduction strikes one as awkward and constrained.
To conclude these comments, the articles on the coordination chemistry of palladium by C. E J. Barnard and M . J. H .
Russell, and by A . 7: Hutton and C. P. Morley, both much
too brief, with altogether only 660 literature references (only
a few of which are more recent than 1980), give a rather
inadequate account of the current state of knowledge in this
field. Applications, such as those to catalysis, are not discussed at all. These chapters are definite weaknesses of the
volume, and the reader would be well advised to refer also to
the complementary volume of “Comprehensive Organometallic Chemistry” (see footnote on p. 787) for additional
information.
Carl Kriiger
Max-Planck-Institut fur Kohlenforschung
Mulheim a. d. Ruhr (FRG)
chemistry and in reducing toxic smoke emission from burning of PVC.
Despite the fact that the literature coverage is not always
ideal, this is on the whole a well-written and very clearly
presented volume, and reading through it or merely browsing will reveal plenty of new ideas, and perhaps surprises,
whether the reader’s interests lie in basic research or in applications. This useful volume should find a place in every
library, as an aid both to those starting in a new field and to
others wishing to round off their knowledge.
Heinz P. Fritz
Anorganisch-chemisches Institut
der Technischen Universitat Munchen, Garching (FRG)
Volume 7: Indexes
The formula and subject indexes for Volumes 1 to 6 are
collected together in this volume. It also includes a list of
review articles relevant to this subject area.
[NB 920 IE]
Metal-Ligand Multiple Bonds. By W. A . Nugent and J. M .
Mayer. Wiley, Chichester/New York 1988. xi, 334 pp.,
hardcover, E 35.151s 55.00. -ISBN 0-471-85440-9
Volume 6: Applications
In the 16 chapters of this volume, experts from universities
and industry describe the applications and importance of
coordination chemistry in a wide variety of currently topical
fields. It is no surprise to find that the publications cited
show a bias towards those in the English language. On the
other hand it is regrettable in a work published in 1987 that,
whereas the important and lengthy chapter by M . N . Hughes
cites papers as recent as 1986, in others, such as those on
“Dyes and Pigments” (Chapter 58) and on “Applications in
Photography” (Chapter 59), the most recent citations are to
1983 papers (and even these are only patents or patent applications). As a result the usefulness of these parts of Volume 6
as reports on the “current” situation in applied research is
considerably reduced. This turns out to be the case for all the
areas that are undergoing rapid development, e.g. in “Electrochemical Applications” (Chapter 57), and in “Compounds with Novel Electrical Properties” (Chapter 60), although it is true that there are as yet few actual applications
in the form of fully developed systems.
Chapter 61 consists of five sections: “Stoichiometric Reactions of Coordinated Ligands”, “Catalytic Activation of
Small Molecules” (which in particular describes hydrogenations, hydroformylations and carbonylations, classified according to the metals involved), “Metal Complexes in Oxidation Reactions”, “Lewis Acid Catalysis in Reactions of
Coordinated Ligands”, and “Decomposition of Water into
its Elements”.
The treatment of biological and medical aspects in Chapter 62.1 (the longest) is detailed and pleasingly up-to-date, as
are those on the applications of coordination compounds in
chemotherapy (Chapter 62.2) and in radiopharmacology
(Chapter 65).
Geochemical aspects and prebiotic systems are discussed
in Chapter 64. The articles on “Metal Extraction” (hydrometallurgy) (Chapter 63) and on “Nuclear Fuel Cycles”
(Chapter 65) describe well-established technological applications. Finally Chapter 66 summarizes miscellaneous applications, ranging from hydrogen storage to uses in agricultural
790
6
VCH Verlugsgesellschajt mhH. 0-6940 Weinheim, i989
This superb book by W. A . Nugent and J. A . Mayer on
metal -1igand multiple bonds provides a thorough review on
the chemistry of transition-metal complexes with M -0,
M-N, and M-C multiple bonds. This is the first time that
these related types of complexes have been treated together
comprehensively and compared with one another.
The seven chapters describe the electronic and geometric
structures, the synthesis and spectroscopic properties, and
the reactivity and catalytic activity of these complexes. The
first chapter introduces the different types of complexes: 0x0
complexes, nitrido, imido, and hydrazido complexes, and
different compounds with M - C multiple bonds, including
Fischer- and Schrock-type carbene complexes as well as carbyne complexes. Unfortunately, complexes in which the metal exhibits multiple bonds to main-group elements other
than 0, N, and C are not discussed, although these complexes are equally interesting and a focus of current attention.
Inclusion of these complexes would have allowed more extensive comparisons. Presumably, however, this would also
have led to an unwieldy text. In the second chapter, the
bonding and electronic structure of these complexes are discussed. The following two chapters provide a detailed description of the currently available routes to compounds
with metal-ligand multiple bonds and a summary of their
vibrational and NMR spectra. The 0, N, and C NMR resonances are discussed extensively. Chapter five offers a comprehensive review of the crystal structures and, in particular,
the M - 0 , M-N, and M-C bond lengths. Chapters six and
seven thoroughly treat the reactivity of metal -1igand multiple bonds and their role in catalysis.
This book is a gold mine for all chemists interested in the
area of metal -1igand multiple bonds or requiring specific
information on such complexes. Especially valuable is the
exhaustive literature survey, including publications appearing in 1987, which may be rapidly scanned and helps the
reader in finding answers to specific questions. The book is
excellent as a basic text for advanced study in courses and
seminars. Despite the cutbacks in library budgets, which
have placed severe limitations on the purchase of new mono-
0570-08331RSj0606-0790 S 02 SO10
Angew. Ckem. Int. Ed. Engl. 28 (1989) N o . 6
graphs. this book is an essential acquisition for every chemistry library. Only in this way will it be readily available to
students. The numerous, clearly drawn figures, tables, and
formulas are didactically well placed in the text, which has
been carefully proofread and is practically free of errors. An
exception, however, is found in Table 4.7, where the columns
for v, and v,, of the M = N = M bridge vibrations are interchanged. Moreover, it would have been better to refer to
antisymmetric vibrations instead of asymmetric vibrations.
All in all, this book is a must for every chemistry library
and for every scientist interested in this area, as well as for
advanced students. I recommend it without reservation.
Joachim Struhle [NB 978 IE]
Institut fur Anorganische Chemie
der Universitiit Tubingen (FRG)
Biomedical Magnetic Resonance Imaging. Principles,
Methodology and Applications. Edited by F K Wehrli, D.
Shaw, and J. B. Kneeland. VCH Verlagsgesellschaft, Weinheim/VCH Publishers, New York 1988. xviii, 601 pp.,
hardcover, DM 195.00.--ISBN 3-527-26701-8/0-89573349-8
This book of 600 pages describes the physical basis, clinical applications, and recent developments (up to 1986) in the
field of NMR imaging and in vivo NMR spectroscopy. It
consists of 13 chapters written by a total of 18 physicists and
medical scientists with relevant experience.
The method-oriented part of the book gives an account of
the fundamentals of NMR spectroscopy and of the techniques used to produce spatially resolved NMR signals.
These chapters are particularly successful, since they are not
merely a repetition of conventional introductions to NMR
spectroscopy, but constantly keep in mind the special conditions of in vivo experiments. Some of the topics treated are
the spatial resolution, image contrast, relaxation phenomena, the use of paramagnetic agents for enhancing contrast,
(rapid) imaging techniques and gradient switching, techniques for suppressing water signals, effects of the chemical
shift, detection of flow processes, problems caused by mo-.
tion, and the use of surface coils. Other sections are con-.
cerned with special topics such as NMR imaging using nuclei
other than hydrogen (fluorine, phosphorus, sodium), problems of spatial localization in in vivo NMR spectroscopy,
and spectroscopic imaging. One chapter is devoted to safety
aspects.
Since this area of research, especially in vivo NMR spectroscopy, is developing very rapidly, some of the evaluations
and predictions given here are already out of date as a consequence of the date of completion of the manuscript. For
example, the limitation of spectroscopic applications to studies of energy metabolism by 31PNMR measurements is n.3
longer valid. Major advances in image-controlled localized
‘HNMR spectroscopy, with scientific and medical applications in studies of the metabolism of amino acids and neurcttransmitters in the human brain, were reported only during
last year.
Clinical applications discussed are those relating to the
central nervous system, the cardiovascular system, the abdominal and pelvic regions, and the skeletal muscular system. Unfortunately, some of the examples are based on old
image material. Not enough space is given to the important
brain and spine studies, and for cardiac applications the
greatly increased capabilities offered by ECG-synchronized
cine NMR imaging studies are not mentioned. Nevertheless,
the clinical chapters provide non-medical readers with valuAngew. Chrm. In!. Ed. Engl. 28 (1989) N o . 6
(0 VCH
able insights into the importance of the techniques in medicine; for those who are only interested in using the methods
for clinical applications, other more extensive collections of
imaging data are available.
Taken as a whole the book commendably follows the main
stream of developments and applications. This is undoubtedly due to the editors’ and authors’ close connections with
industry and clinical practice. In this continually changing
area of research realistic developments in in vivo NMR are
always characterized by their human applicability. This feature seems to be a prerequisite for a successful adaptation of
“classical” NMR techniques to the field. The individual articles are detailed for an introduction, but not long-winded,
and they are competently written. The book is very clearly
structured, and the method-oriented sections especially are
very well prepared from a learning point of view. An extensive bibliography at the end of each chapter provides easy
access to the original literature. In contrast to some other
“rapidly produced” works on NMR imaging, this book is a
valuable addition to the literature. It is suitable for chemists,
physicists, biologists and medical scientists who wish to begin work in this field, or would like to gain a deeper understanding of it, or who simply need a work of reference to
direct them to further reading in their daily work.
Jens Frahm [NB 942 IE]
Max-Planck-Institut fur Biophysikalische Chemie
Gottingen (FRG)
Introduction to Synchrotron Radiation. By G. Margaritondo.
Oxford University Press, Oxford 1988, xi, 280 pp., hard
cover, E 32.00. -ISBN 0-19-504524-6
Amongst the growing number of publications on synchrotron radiation this book by G. Margaritondo occupies a special position: here the wealth of applications of synchrotron
radiation in chemistry, physics, biology, medicine and engineering is treated as a consistent whole by a single author.
The numerous cross-references link together topics that appear widely disparate: to give an example, the concept of
phase space runs like a scarlet thread through subjects ranging from the production of synchrotron radiation in electron
storage rings, and the design of synchrotron radiation
guides, mirrors and monochromators, to the interaction of
the radiation with the samples being studied.
One third of the book is concerned with the description of
sources of synchrotron radiation and with instruments for
using such radiation. Optical components and detectors are
discussed, as well as wigglers and undulators that are incorporated into the latest storage rings for the production of
synchrotron radiation tailored for specific applications. Also
not neglected, of course, is the outlook for third generation
Storage rings, of which the chief representative is the European ESRF synchrotron radiation facility in Grenoble.
The information given about working conditions in the
vicinity of synchrotron radiation sources is also very useful.
The following third of the book deals with the applications
of synchrotron radiation in optical spectroscopy, X-ray absorption spectroscopy and photoemission spectroscopy, also
including spin-polarized photoemission. The importance of
these techniques in surface studies is discussed in detail.
Of the various elastic X-ray scattering techniques, one
which has profited at a relatively early stage from the laserlike collimation of synchrotron radiation is low angle X-ray
scattering. This is also the case in X-ray topography. By
taking advantage of anomalous dispersion one can introduce
some features of spectroscopy into X-ray structural analysis.
Techniques for determining the phase of the scattered X-rad-
Verlagsgesellschaft mhH, D-6940 Weinheim. 1989
0570-0833~89~0606-079i$02.50/0
79 1
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