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Book Review Methoden der organischen Chemie (Methods of Organic Chemistry) (Houben-Weyl) Vol (2).

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colleeting ;.nd sorting the factual data, which has grown so
cons!:Ierably in coIunic i n this field. Thc clear arrangement
of t l e tuhlcs ttnd the high quality of print. which render it
easy t o find rhc nunicrical v:iIiics required, also deserve
speciiql mention. l'hc ptiblication o f this kolume, which has
been .Liriicti o u t by t h e pirhlishcrs in their customary excellent
manri:r, w i l l tend t o enlarge further the circle of users of
I .and I It- 138 r nb t c i 11.
F r i ~ d r / <13ecXcr
h
[hB 904,'27 I El
Methn:dcn der organischen Cheinic iMethods
of Organic
('lu.niistrj) (Houbcn-Wcyl), Voi. X I V JI : Makromolekulare
Stoifc (M~icrotiioleciil~ir
S~ihstances),
edited by Eirgerr Miiilw. Gcorg 'lliicme Virlag. Stiittgart, 1962, 4th edition,
Ixi\,< 1300 lip., 60 I i g t i r , ~177
~ tahles. ('loth bound, price
I > M 287. (about S75 ).
I t i thi!. "'Agc of Plastics". particular importance should be
.ittach,.tl t o volunic XIV. Whi!c o n l y scant reference was
inade 1 0 iiiiicr(~niOIccti1iirsubstances in the 3rd edition, the
4.111 cdi,ion required s o \a:t ;I \olurnc that i t had t o be divided
i n t o tv. 9 parts. i t is admirable t l i < ~tlic
t ennrmously extensive
~'iateri;~l
could be incorpoi-ated into the handbook at all. T h e
sticces:, with which i t h a s been done betrays the initiative of
O t t o 13,rj.i.r i n t h e rcorg;ini/ution of the complete work.
I'olypciitiiles ,.iiid polysacc,iarides arc not discussed under the
;:rrangciiient a d o p t c d for \oIunics XIV'I and XIVi2. T h e
silicone;. too, !\ill only be dealt with i n connection with low
i n o l e c u r x wciglir org,inosilicon compounds. Emphasis is
laboratory m c t Iwds for preparing macromolecular
placed
s i i h s t a i - :cs anti on ~ i i i n i e r o ~
references
~s
to processes of technic." inii: >rt:incc. Siibscquenr technological processes such a s
tlie spiiwiing of polyaniitles o r the vulcariimtion of butadicnc
p ) I y i n c i ;ire n < ) t consiilerxI.
I Iic p r c o i t \i)lumc XIV. I begins wit!] nomenclature a n d
tcrniinol ~ g (yp p . 1 1 3 ) in the nianncr o f ii textbook. Chemist> ~ \ h od o n(1t yet knoib t h e niciining o
ii\;li"
(L y t I ~ i ~ ~ - d ~ ~ ~ oot ra \\hat
c t i c ii~ ."Pfroi7fcopolykondensat" (gr;lft co-nolycon~lensatc)might be, need only refer to
!hc X-pa.:e iiiblc ( p p , 16 vt ,set/.). 'The rcniainder of volume
XlV,'I. ~8 liicli is the result c f !hc cooperation of twenty-four
aurhors, I c a l s h i t h the preparation of macromolecular substiiiices t.y polymeriration cif \inyl a n d ciivinyl compounds:
I. ,Sener.il points concerning the polymcr-i/ution of vinyl a n d
divinyl compounds, a n d its performance i n bulk a n d in solution (pi). 24 132).
I I . Cicnci ;II po.nts concerning t h e polymeriration of vinyl
:in( diviisyl c t ~ n i p o t i n d sin hctcrogciicous phase (emulsion,
he~td.\u::>cnsion, ;ind prccipit;ilion polymerintion, pp. I i 3
(111
L O i60).
I I I . Spec, I / i ~ o l ! / t i i L . ~ i ~ ~ i t i rlrocesscs
(~i~
for thc most important
nioiionier, (pp. 561 I IN'!
T h e hiblicgraphy. aiithc!r ,in11 suhject indexes amount t o no
less t1i;in 177 pLige\. '2 g o o J impression is made by the large
ncniber 01 p;i(cnts included i n the a u t h o r index. Separating
ihc ,wheat f r o m ~ h chalt
c
is 7re:jani:lbl> more difficult here
t h a n i n o t k r hecticins of chemistry. The Pact that a thorough
a t t e n p i a t this h . i > plainly hccn niadc is probably among the
main adva itagcs o f tlic way t!ic subject has been presented.
It should tjc notcd that n i d i space is also devoted to the
prep;tratioi, o f pure m o n o m e r s and to rcaction kinetics. The
puriflcaLio*,g of ethylene, for instance, is discussed in detail
hefore the !iigh pressure, tlie Phillips, the Standard Oil and
the Zieg1c.r iivocesses for preparing polyctliylenc are described.
The ~.oIuiii.~M~kromolehulnrcStoffc" (.'Macromolecular
Subsianccs' 1 in tlic Hr)iiben-Vv'cyl-MiiIlcr series proriiiscs t o
h e a ipccial st~cccssfor t h e publishers. It will doubtlessly be
widely used i n in~.lustri;il laboratories. Its perusal may also
be reconimc ndcd t o young chcmists whose doctorate thesis
in completely different fields a n d who are
about t o ei-,icr into industry. where interest in developing
plastics is bcconiing incrcasin;:ly important.
Kichtrrcl Kulitr
[ N B 892123 IE,]
I.
Gmelins Handbuch der anorganischen Chemie (Gmelin's
Handbook of Inorganic Chemistry). 8th Edition, new and
completely revised. Published by the Gmelin-Jnstitut fiir
anorganischc Chemie und Grenzgebiete in der Max-PlanckGesellschaft zur Fiirderung d e r Wissenschaften. Begun by
R.J . M c y r and continued by Ericli Pictscli. Verlag Chemic,
G m b H . , Weinheim/Bergstr.. Germany.
T h e following discussion continues the review [I,2] of the
recently published Gmelin volumes. The six volumes for the
year 1960 are covered.
System No. 29: Strontium. Supplement Volume, 1960, X X X ,
306 pages with 39 illustrations, German-English tab!e of contents, English lieadings and subheadings o n the margins of
the text, paperbound, D M 195.- ( $ 49.--), cloth b o ~ i n d
D M 200. ($ 50.- ). Edited by M . A f f e w r , H . Btrlters, K,-C.
Biischlicck, Mtrritrlrne Drossmtrr- Wolf, H . Gokder, A . Hirsclr,
Einn H o f f i m r i i i , G. Husclikc, G. Krciuse, 1.w Ki~htrcli,H. K.
Kugler, Gertr.iid Pietscli - Wilcke, N . Poliitqff; K. Riitirpf;
Reriute Srhmied~~-Jtr/rc/ie,
F. sOlrfi'r/iFrg, K. S w u r . ~ E.
, Ulilcirr.
~
System No. 30: Barium. Supplement Volume, 1960, X1.V.
569 pages with 76 illustiationa, German-English table of
contents, English leadings a n d sub!icadings on the margins
of the text, paperbound, D M 354. ($ SS.S0), cloth bound
D M 359.-- (S 90. ). Edited by the above-mentioned collabora:ors, and in addition by H . Ge~~l.scl7old,
G. Kir.scli.steirr,
and K. Re4f~Id.
Because of the close chemical relationship between strontium
and barium, these two supplementary volumes, which continue the respective main volumes that appeared in 1931 (Sr)
and 1932 (Baj, will be treated together. Although they only
contain the literature for npproximatcly two decades (Sr :
1931bl949; Ba: 1932 -1949), they are, just as is the case for
other System Numbers, of considerably larger scope than the
corresponding main volumes (Sr: 306 pages with 39 illustrations, in contrast t o 239 pages with 26 illustrations; Ba: 569
pages with 76 i l l ~ i s t r a ~ i o against
n~,
390 pages with 31 illustrations).
Twenty-seven percent of the entire text is devoted t o the
occurrence of the two elements (Sr: 8 2 pages; Ba: 155 pages).
Here, as in many other System Numbers, one has the feeling
that in an attempt t o attain completeness, there is somewhat
too much of a good thing. For example, in the chapter on
occurrence i n the biosphere, data are found on the barium content of the ashes of Litliotlin~t~tiiu~~r,
F'ritc14.s w~iculosrrs,and
Eqclui.wtrrni lir?io.srrtiz,of 62 seed samples of Grcirriinnretre,of the
ash of orange juice, of the air-dried kernels and the shells of
Brazil nuts, o f t h e woody part o f t h e sheath membrane ofBertlrulletici ewcP/str, of thc mcmbrLincsof the ostrich eye (divided
into cornea, sclerotic coat, lens, chorioid, retina), of 14 newborn rats, of calf urine, of 56 urinary calculi, of 27 1 gallstones,
efc., etc. A poll of the purchasers o f the Gmelin Handbook
would probably show that the number of readers who a r e
interested in such special details is negligible and insufficient
t o compensate for the expenditure of time required in recording these details.
O n the other hand, the chapter o n the technology of strontium
a n d barium and their compounds is considerably shorter
(Sr: 5 pages; Ba: 34 pages). Details a r e given here o n the
processing of the raw materials celestite and strontianite, and
barite a n d witherite, respectively, as well as o n the industrial
production of the two alkaline-earth metals a n d their most
important compounds (oxides, hydroxides, peroxides, nitrates, chlorides, chlorates, sulfates, carbonates).
Following o n f r o m this is the chapter on elementary strontium and h:uium (Sr: 59 pages, Ba: 83 pages), in which the
preparation on a laboratory scale (including the isolation of
isotopes), as well as the physical, electrochemical, chemical,
physiological, and analytical properties of the two elements
are discussed in t h e usual way. T h e summarizing sections o n
common reactions of strontium and barium ions given here
[ I ] Angeu. Chem. internat. Edit. I , 277 (1962).
[2] Angeu. Chem. internat. Edit. I , 463 (1962).
609
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