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Book Review MTP International Review of Science. Physical Chemistry Series One. Edited by A. Maccoll

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of an acidic compound, ’.g. benzoic acid, is added to the
reaction mixture. [DOS 2355859: Stamicarbon B. V., Geleen
(Netherlands)]
[PR 229 IE-D]
The phosphonic acids (2) can be obtained from acylureas
( I ) by warming with a mixture of phosphorous acid and phosphorus trichloride. [DOS 2254095; Joh. A. Benckiser GmbH,
Ludwigshafen]
[PR 227 IE-D]
Sulfonylaminosulfonylisocyanates ( 2 ) can be made by the reaction of sulfonamides( I ) with chlorosulfonyl isocyanate, preferK2-S02-NH-R‘
(1)
+
Cl-SOZ-NCO
-----, R2-S02-N-S02-NC0
A’
+
HC
(2)
R’ = ( c v c 1 o ) a l k y l
6-Ketocarboxylic acid esters are obtained in good yield from
3,P-unsaturated carboxylic esters, such as an alkyl acrylate,
and-ketonescontaining at least one hydrogen in the CY position
e.g. acetone or cyclohexanone. The addition is catalyzed
by a primary amine or a Schiff base and a small amount
H 2 = (siibst.) a l k y l o r aryl
ably in the temperature range 100-160°C.
Farbwerke Hoechst AG, Frankfurt/M.]
[DOS 2257240;
[PR 228 IE-D]
BOOK REVIEWS
MTP International Review of Science. Physical Chemistry :
Series One. Edited by A . Maccoll. Vol. 5: Mass Spectrometry,
Butterworths, London, and University Park Press, Baltimore, 1972. 1st edit., iii, 300 pp., 19 figures, bound, f 10.00.
The title “Mass Spectrometry”, even in combination with
the series name “Physical Chemistry”, appears to be too broad
and misleading. The book consists of a collection-unquestionably well selected-of eight separate and unconnected
review-type chapters on different types of ionization and ionmolecule reactions within mass spectrometry, which are not
even linked by a common keyword index. Nor d o the individual chapters attempt to be comprehensive as a rule: “This
review aims to be selective rather than exhaustive” (Robertson,
p. 107). “This review attempts to cover only a fraction of
the subject implied by its title”(Wahrhuftig, p. I). The common
element consists in the authors’ devoting their primary interest
to the examination of reaction kinetics; unlike many others,
they d o not dwell on descriptions of the instrumentation
or methods of measurement, as is evident from the small
number of illustrations. A more precise title, such as “Selected
Chapters on Ionization and Reaction Kinetics in Mass Spectrometry” would therefore have been preferable.
The numerous references, which go up to I97 I , will be particularly valuable for the reader who purchases the volume as
a result of coincidental interest in several of the chapters.
In some cases they are of vital importance; thus, the “Theory
of Mass Spectra” (Chapter 1, A . L. Wahrhaftig, 114 references)
on 24 pages can be no more than sketchy, and for more
detailed work the reader must be directed to “existing review
articles”. The author excuses his favored treatment of quasiequilibrium theory: “The reviewer admits his bias, but does
hope it has not unduly affected his judgment”.
The three chapters on the formation of ions, on the other
hand, are considerably more meaningful and detailed : “lonization and Appearance Potentials” (Chapter 2, J . D. Morrison,
30 pp., 21 2 references), which deals with ionization by electron
impact, “Field Ionization” (Chapter 4. A . J . B. Robertson,
31 pp., 142 references), and “Chemical Ionization Mass Spectrometry” (Chapter 5, F. H . Field, 49 pp., 56 references).
Chapter 3, “Recent Advances in Electron Spectroscopy”,
748
appears otit of place in the series but gives a clear description,
accompanied by many references, of photoelectron spectroscopy and spectroscopy with electrons which originate from
electron impact, Auger, autoionization, and Penning processes
(C.E. Brion,48 pp., 448 references). This is followed by chapters
on two separate techniques for the investigation of ion-molecule reactions, “Ion Cyclotron Resonance Mass Spectrometry’’
(Chapter 6, C. J . D r e w r y , G. C. Gooile, K . R. Jmninys, 35
pp., 98 references) and “Time-of-flight Mass-Spectrometry”
(Chapter 7, R. S. Lrkrlrand J . E. Parkrr, 40 pp., 337 references),
and finally on “Metastable Ions in Mass Spectrometry”
(Chapter 8, J. L. Holrnrs and F . M . Benoif, 42 pp., 173 references).
In general, most of the chapters appear to give a useful survey
of the topic under discussion, but the book will only truly
benefit the reader prepared to go single-mindedly through
the original literature.
Jochri7 Frunzcv7 [NB 2 19 IE]
Chromatography of Environmental Hazards. Vol. I . Carcinogens, Mutagens, and Teratogens. By L. Fishhein. Elsevier Publishing Company, Amsterdam-London-New
York 1972, 1st edit., vii, 490 pp., 210 tables, bound $ 42.25.
This volume, the first of a planned three-volume series on
the analytical detection of toxic substances in the human
environment, concentrates on those chemicals which cause
cancer, mutations, and malformations. They include alkylating
agents (nitrosamines,aziridines, epoxides, aldehydes, lactones,
phosphoric esters, and pyrrolizidine alkaloids), pesticides (not
DDT !), pharmaceuticals, food impurities and additives, and
several other toxins such as hydrazines, naphthylamines, urethanes, and peroxides. The analytical methods of detection are
limited to paper, thin-layer, and gas chromatography for separation, and corresponding methods of identification. The material is presented very clearly and with the requisite degree
of detail, with the result that in most cases supplementary
reading of the original literature (partially included up to
197 I ) does not appear necessary. (Unfortunately, references
are given only in the text, and not in the many tables.)
Anycw.
C h m . intrmar. Edit. 1 Vol. 13 l l Y 7 4 ) / N o 1 1
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