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Book Review Nomenclature of Inorganic Chemistry Recommendations 1990. International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry. Edited by G. J. Leigh

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definite articles and prepositions are often missing or incorrectly used. Nevertheless, this book should be in the library
of every scientist working in heterogeneous catalysis or related fields.
Wilhelm E: Maier [NB 1105 IE]
Fachbereich Chemie
der Universitat-Gesamthochschule Essen (FRG)
Analytical NMR. Edited by L . D . Field and S . Sternhell.
Wiley, Chichester 1989. viii, 250 pp., hardcover,
E 32.95.-ISBN 0-471-91714-1
Following the rapid developments that have occurred in
NMR spectroscopy there is now a flood of monographs of
widely different kinds. Just as one thinks that every corner of
the potential readership must already have been covered, yet
another publisher strikes out in a supposedly new direction.
This book, containing a selection of review articles, is aimed
at the (industrial) analytical chemist who is looking for upto-date information on special applications. It seems to me
that there is a real need here, as the NMR user frequently has
problems in choosing between the many different experimental approaches.
Unfortunately in this case the disadvantages of a heterogeneous selection of articles are all too apparent. An illustration of this is the recommendation on page44 that one
should use 90” pulses for quantitative measurements, followed by the next author’s recommendation (on page 73) to
use pulses of 40” or less. Also there are annoying instances of
repetition, for example in the discussion of quantitative
NMR spectroscopy of solids on pages 52-56 and again on
pages 95-98, and in the concept of cross-polarization which
is explained by three different authors in a total of seven
pages (fortunately they all agree).
The first article is an introduction entitled “Fundamental
Aspects of NMR Spectroscopy”. Such attempts to cover the
fundamentals of NMR in just a few pages are apt to bring a
tolerant smile. This article by L . D . Field (34 pp.) is, as expected, no better than previous attempts, and is unnecessary
for an understanding of the articles that follow.
The second article by .J R. Mooney (22 pp.) is concerned
with quantitative 13C NMR spectroscopy. The emphasis is
on experimental aspects; however, for the reader who starts
off enthusiastically, it would have been useful and sobering
to give some data on molar concentrations. The discussion
of the mathematical treatment of the data, e.g. integration
and corrections of baseline and of phase, is very superficial.
Some important methods such as integration with interpolation, or the use of algorithms for the quantitative treatment
of partially overlapping signals, are not mentioned.
However, tucked into the middle of the book are three
articles which might lead one to consider buying it. The
article “Analysis of Fossil Fuels” by C . E. Snape (48 pp.)
gives an authoritative and comprehensive survey of the
methods that should be used by the self-critical NMR spectroscopist, with the emphasis on analysis of solids and highboiling fractions. This is followed by an article on “NMR of
Zeolites, Silicates and Solid Catalysts” by A . D.H. Clague
and N. C. M . Alma (41 pp.). Although the last of these topics
is treated rather too briefly, the article offers the reader an
excellent overview of the 29Si and 27A1NMR spectroscopy
of zeolites and silicates, together with a wealth of references
to original papers (240 citations) as a basis for studying these
topics in more depth. The sixth chapter on “Biological Applications of NMR” by P . W Kuchel(62 pp.) describes techAngew. Chem. In/. Ed. Engl. 30 (1991) No. 6
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niques for in vitro measurements on cell suspensions, organs
and body fluids. This rapidly growing field of research could
have a great future in view of the increasing restrictions on
animal experiments. The emphasis in this review is on the
experimental possibilities rather than on the biological interpretation of the results. This limitation is to be welcomed, as
it enables the author to give an expert and complete review
of the aspects related to analysis; some minor inaccuracies
can
(e.g. on p. 160, where the correct expression is 360~lv,,~)
be excused.
The book ends with an article by M . Spraul and R.-D.
Reinhard (25 pp.) on automation in the NMR laboratory.
Unfortunately this is unlikely to help an experimentalist in
his work. There are hardly any literature references for further reading (actually six altogether), although there is a
section dealing with computerized interpretation of spectra.
In view of the various data banks that are commercially
available and the methods based on them (not a single mention here of the work of W Bremser!), and the numerous
algorithms for computerized analysis of two-dimensional
NMR spectra that have come from groups such as those of
Ernst. Bodenhausen, Kalbitzer and Levy, it is regrettable that
so many opportunities have been missed here.
In summary: for practical work in the NMR laboratory
some introductions that are more useful than this one already exist, and for obtaining a basic understanding of the
experiments there are better books. The specialist already
has access to comparable reviews in the usual journals. One
can only hope that the needs of analysts will be met by other
books that can be unreservedly recommended.
Herbert Kogler [NB 1095 IE]
Hoechst AG
Frankfurt/Main, FRG
Nomenclature of Inorganic Chemistry: Recommendations
1990. International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry.
Edited by G . .
I
Leigh. Blackwell Scientific Publications,
Oxford 1990. xxiv, 289 pp., paperback, $27.50.-ISBN
0-632-02494-1. Hardcover version is no longer available.
Nomenclature has been an integral part of modern chemistry since its inception. The publication of Guyton de Morveau, Lavoisier, Berthollet, and de Fourcroy’s Mkthode de
nomenclature chimique (1 787) preceded by two years the publication of Lavoisier’s Trait6 6lkmentaire de chimie (1789),
which is universally regarded as marking the birth of modern
chemistry. In 1913 the Council of the International Association of Chemical Societies appointed a commission on inorganic and organic nomenclature, and in 1921 its successor
organization, the International Union of Pure and Applied
Chemistry (IUPAC), appointed commissions on inorganic,
organic, and biological chemistry.
The first report of the IUPAC’s Commission on the
Nomenclature of Inorganic Chemistry (CNIC) (“1940
Rules”) was published in the leading journals of different
countries. These rules, revised and rewritten, were published
as a small book, Nomenclature of Inorganic Chemistry 1957,
Butterworths, London 1959, ix, 93 pp., known as the “1957
Rules” or the “Red Book” from the color of its cover. A
second revision, Nomenclature of Inorganic Chemistry: Definitive Rules 1970, Pergamon, Oxford 1971, xi, 110 pp., was
supplemented by a 36-page IUPAC booklet, How to Name
an Inorganic Substance, and by articles in various publications.
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Since the appearance of the 1970 Rules, many new compounds have been prepared, some of which are difficult to
name because they contain new types of bonding or structures. Trivial and local systems sprouted, especially for coordination and boron compounds, emphasizing the need for a
systematic, widely comprehensible nomenclature. Consequently, in 1978 the IUPAC CNIC decided to replace the
1970 Red Book. The result is “not a revision.. . but a completely new version presented in a new way which it is hoped
will be much more useful to the general reader.” Because
many of the new fields of chemistry are highly specialized
and need complex names, the new edition will appear in
several parts.
Part I, under review here, required 15 years to produce and
is almost three times as long as its predecessor. It is concerned with the basic principles of nomenclature for the
fundamental areas of inorganic chemistry. The principal
authors, thirteen eminent chemists from the United States,
the United Kingdom, France, the Netherlands and Hungary, hope that “its general principles will not be undermined, and that it should retain its currency for many years.”
Part I1 will deal with more specialized areas such as quasisingle strand inorganic polymers, organometallic and labeled compounds, and polyoxoanions; some of its contents
have already been published in Pure and Applied Chemistry.
Scheduled for publication in the near future, it will probably
require more frequent revision because of its more specialized nature. Subsequent volumes are also planned.
The user-friendly 1990 edition contains more than 250
illustrations and is presented in an instructional format with
numerous examples, rather than as a series of numbered
rules as in previous editions. After two entirely new, concise
chapters on the history and usages of inorganic nomenclature, the remaining nine chapters of Part I deal with elements, atoms, groups of atoms, formulas, names based on
stoichiometry, solids, neutral molecular compounds, ions,
substituent groups, radicals, salts, oxoacids and derived
anions, coordination compounds, and boron hydrides (the
“very thorough and useful” last two named sections are the
longest in the book). Each chapter was written by nominated
individuals, assisted by working parties, and was repeatedly
reviewed and edited by about 15 CNIC members. British
spelling is used consistently.
Because of the conflicting use of A and B notation for
groups of elements in the periodic table, the unpopular 1-18
designation is presented as the preferred one, but the related
controversy and other systems are discussed in an appendix,
which concludes that “any ultimate recommendation. . .
must be responsive to the broadest possible constituency.”
Another recommendation likely to be disputed or ignored by
chemists is the use of “lanthanoid” and “actinoid,” although
“owing to wide current use, ‘lanthanide’ and ‘actinide’ are
still allowed” even though “the ending -ide normally indicates a negative ion.” Similarly, the system recommended for
naming elements of atomic numbers greater than 103 not yet
discovered or named by their discoverers, resulting in such
awkward names as ununquadrium (element 114), will probably not find favor with most chemists, who are likely to
continue referring to these species by atomic numbers. Other
recommended changes include the avoidance of the term
“radical” in anything other than the context of free radicals,
the replacement of the terms “Stock number” and “EwensBassett number” by the more readily comprehensible terms
“oxidation number” and “charge number”, the use of oxide
names for anhydrides of fully dehydrated inorganic acids,
and the use of configuration indexes for fac and mer isomers
“for precise nomenclature purposes.”
As expected for such a thoroughly reviewed and edited
volume, the errors are few and minor, e.g., Gebieten for
Gebiete, Jorisson for Jorissen, Damens for Damiens, and
entitled for titled. A useful companion volume dealing with
further types of species and providing additional examples
has recently been published (Block, B. P.; Powell, W. H.;
Fernelius, W. C. Inorganic Chemical Nomenclature: Principles and Practice, American Chemical Society, Washington,
DC, 1990). CNIC Chairmen Joseph Chatt, Yves Jeannin and
Daryle H. Busch and their dedicated band of collaborators,
including editor G. J. Leigh, deserve our profound thanks for
melding “established and traditional practices and systems
of nomenclature” into a reference book that should be definitive for many years to come. I am pleased to recommend it
highly not only to specialists concerned with problems of
nomenclature but to all members of the international chemical community, who should find it invaluable in choosing
correct and consistent names for inorganic and metalloorganic compounds dealt with in their research publications.
George B. Kauffman [NB 1151 IE]
California State University
Fresno, CA 93740 (USA)
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Angew. Chem. tnt. Ed. Engl. 30 (1991) No. 6
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