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Book Review Nuclear Techniques in Analytical Chemistry. By A. J. Moses. International Series of Monographs on Analytical Chemistry. Edited by R. Belcher and L. Gordon

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BOOK REVIEWS
Methoden der organischen Chemie (Methods in Organic
Chemistry) (Houben-Weyl). Edited by Eugeiz Miiller, Vol.
XII, Part 2. Organische Phosphorverbindungen (Organic
Phosphorus Compounds). Compiled by K. Sasse. Georg
Thieme Verlag, Stuttgart 1964. 4th completely revised
Edition, LXXXVII
1 I 3 1 pp., 195 tables, one diagram,
D M 280.-.
+
The user of Part 1 of “Organische Phosphorverbindungen”
will have eagerly awaited the publication of the present Part 2.
This part deals with compounds containing no phosphoruscarbon bonds, i.e. mainly with compounds that can be
regarded as derivatives of phosphoric and phosphorous
acids. Variation of the nature and number of organic
groups, replacement of oxygen by sulfur, halogen or nitrogen,
anhydride formation, etc., permits the derivation of an
almost countless number of types of compounds.
Kosolapyff’s monograph “Organophosphorus Compounds”
(which now, fifteen years after its publication, is no longer
adequate) has until now been the only existing review of this
subject. A complete account of the field as a whole is difficult, not only because of the volume of the relevant literature,
but also because of its heterogeneity. Owing to the great
technical importance of these compounds (as insecticides,
plasticizers, erc.), a very large proportion of the literature
is represented by patents. Moreover, many important
original papers have appeared m Russian journals, which are
not always accessible. The fact that, in spite of such difficulties, a single author fras managed to compile a complete
and comprehensive reviewican be regarded as an achievement
of the highest order in the fie1 of scientific literature.
Part 2, like Part 1, is arranged according to classes of compounds. For example, the 0,0 dsesters of thiophosphoric
acid are discussed in the section of “Organic derivatives of
phosphoric acid Derivatives of thiophosphoric acids”,
under “Esters and ester halides of thiophosphoric acids”.
The thiophosphoric acids are divided into 24 sub-groups.
The preparation and transformations of the various types
of compounds are described in special sections. The preparative procedures are grouped according to starting materials, and are illustrated by representative examples. Many
tables are included to show the compounds prepared by
given methods. The short section o n “Transformations” can
be confined to little more than a brief list of properties
together with a few notes, since the “transformation” is
generally discussed in detail under “Preparation”. The
subject index contains about I0000 compounds.
T o sum up, it can be said that K . Susse has produced a new
standard work on the organic chemistry of phosphorus. In
view of the rapid progress being made in this field, however,
it is impossible to predict how long it will be valid. In any
case, by virtue of the numerous suggestions offered, the
book will undoubtedly make a considerable contribution to
further progress and hence to its own “obsolescence”.
H. Hofmnnrz
[NB 421/292 IE]
Nuclear Techniques in Analytical Chemistry. By A . J. Moses.
International Series of Monographs on Analytical Chemistry. Edited by R . Belcher and L. Gordon. Pergamon Press,
Oxford - London - Edinburgh - New York - Paris - Frankfurt
1964. 1st Edit., VII + 142 pp., numerous illustrations and
tables, 1 color plate, & 2.5.0.
There is probably no other branch of chemistry in which
radiochemical methods find such varied and valuable use
as in analysis.
The present book, which describes the principal analytical
applications of radiochemical methods (i. e. the methods of
activation analysis, isotope-dilution analysis, radiometeric
measurements, etc.), is therefore very welcome. However,
262
those who hope to satisfy completely their thirst for knowledge in this field will be disappointed in many places; thus
the book repeatedly recommends special methods of measurement or special practical procedures, but when the eager
reader then seeks for details, he finds that he has to turn to
other publications. On the other hand, where a method is
described in dctail, the description is very well presented and
is supplemented by pzactical directions.
The value to the reader would have been greater. however,
had the author commented on the directions, since these
alone frequently do not explain to the inexperienced worker
the need for a special procedure. Nevertheless, the reader
will undoubtedly be pleased by the comprehensive bibliography provided.
F. Bnrirngartner
[NB 427’291 I€]
Radionuklid-Tabellen (Radionuclide Tables). Compiled by
W. Seelmnnn-Eggebert and G. Pfennig; published by the
Bundesministerium fur wissenschaftliche Forschung. Ver:
lag Gersbach & Solin. Munchen 1964. 1st edit., 79 pp.,
cardboard D M 4.- - ($ I .OO).
The booklet lists the radionuclides in order of increasing
nuclear charge, nuclides of the same element being arranged
in order of increasing mass number. Owing to this simple
arrangement, it is easy to find any given radionuclide. The
types of decay, abundancps, half-lives, and radiation energies
are given for each nuclide. The table also gives the conversion
coefficients and daughter nuclides, so that all the essential
data are reported. Two additional tables show the estimated
yields of a number of longer-lived fission products from
tomic explosions and the cumulative yields for various
fission reactions. Two diagrams are included to show the
time-depenaence of the percentage contributions of longerlfved fission products from atomic explosions to the total
P-activity.
This book is an indispensible aid to all who work with
radionuclides. Its publication is therefore very welcome, and
its low price places it within the reach of all.
W . Strohmeier [NB 412,/284 IE]
Klinische Chemie, Theorie und Praxis (Clinical Chemistry,
Theory and Practice). By R. Richterich. Akademische Verlagsgesellschaft, FrankfurtjM., S. Karger AG.. Base1 1965.
416 pp., 76 illustrations, 89 tables, D M
1st Edit., XI1
59.50 (about S 15.-).
+
This new book by Richtericli (whose Enzyme Pathology,
which was published in 1957, is still a valuable reference
work) is unusual in several respects. On glancing through it,
one is impressed by the excellent layout. The divisions of the
individual chapters are well marked and attention is drawn
to important details by the use of “boxes”. The divisions
(in the case of experimental procedures these are: principle,
reagents, procedure, calculation, and normal values) are
marked in the margin, and this arrangement quickly familiarizes the reader with the book. It would be very gratifying if this clear, concisepstyle were to become generally used
in textbooks!
It is also unusual, at least in German-language books, to find
advertisements in an appendix. However, anyone who has
experienced the difficulty of equipping a small clinicalchemistry laboratory with apparatus and reagents will
applaud the author’s and publishers’ courage in introducing
this novel feature. It is to be hoped that the size of this
appendix will be doubled in the next edition.
The book is not a reference work and is not claimed to be
exhaustive; it can probably be best described as an introduction to clinical chemistry. It is accordingly dominated by the
chapters on units of measurement, introduction to statistics,
Angew. Chem. internat. Edit. 1 Vol. 5 (1966) / No. 2
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