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Book Review Optical Rotatory Dispersion and Circular Dichroism in Organic Chemistry. By P. Crabb

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Rodd’s Chemistry of Carbon Compounds, Edited by S.C o f e y
Vol. I, Part B: Monohydric Alcohols, their Ethers and
Esters, Sulphur Analogues, Nitrogen Derivatives, Organometallic Compounds. xvi 313 pp., numerous figs. and
tables. D M 56.- (about $ 11.-); Part C: Monocarbonyl
Derivatives of Aliphatic Hydrocarbons, Analogues and
432 pp., numerous figs. and tables,
Derivatives. xvi
D M 83.50 (about S 20.50). Elsevier Publishing Comp.,,
Amsterdam 1965, 2nd Edit.
The two most recent Parts B and C of Volume I concern
simple functional derivatives of aliphatic hydrocarbons. Almost all the chapters contrast with those in the first edition in
the fullness of information provided.
Part I, B comprises monohydric alcohols, their ethers and
their esters with mineral acids, aliphatic sulfur and nitrogen
compounds, and aliphatic organometallic compounds including transition-metal complexes of alkenes and alkynes.
There are four sections giving clear accounts of their respective classes, but confined to synthesis, reactions and properties; the authors are I. G . Buchanon, N. A . Hughes, G . A .
Swan, H . Goldwhite, C . B. Milue, and A . N. Wright.
Special attention should be paid to the much enlarged description (110 pp.; 40 pp. in the first edition) of organometallic compounds, whose importance has increased so greatly
in recent decades. It is preceded by a short introduction into
the theory of the metal-carbon bond. However, the detailed
description of individual compounds often contains no reference to their preparative values (iertiary phosphines, ylides,
Wittig reaction; olefin-nickel complexes, cyclooligomerization of dienes; etc.).
Part I, C concerns aliphatic monocarbonyl compounds (aldehydes and ketones) and their derivatives and oxidation products (carboxylic acids). The chapters on monocarboxylic
acids and carbonic acid (174pp. in the first edition) have
been subdivided by the new authors ( M . F. Ansell, R . H .
Gigg, and R . Howe) into three large sections (300 pp.) : monocarboxylic acids and their derivatives ; carbon monoxide
(metal carbonyls) isocyanides, and fulminic acid; carbonic
acid derivatives. Although as in other chapters of these Parts
there has been no attempt a theoretical explanation of the
reactions, the clear presentation of the individual classes of
compound will be of value to all those studying this field,
even if, occasionally, important recent results (particularly
those in the German literature) are not mentioned (e.g. reactions of isocyanides; acid amide acetals).
Both these Parts contain carefully compiled subject indexes and
numerous references to original papers, reviews, and collected
works (e.g. Houben-Weyl), the literature being partly covered
up to 1963; they will be a n essential reference book for every
organic-chemical laboratory. K . Hafner [NB 470b/324 IE]
Rubidium and Caesium. By F. M . Perelman. Vol. 2 of the
International Series of Monographs on Nuclear Energy,
Division VIII, Materials. Pergamon Press 1965. 1st Engl.
Edit.,l44pp., 17illustr.,41 tables,linen,G3.-.-(ca.$7.40).
Since the appearance of the first (Russian) edition (1941) of
Perelman’s monograph, caesium (besides other applications)
has achieved greater technical importance in connection with
the direct conversion of energy (heat/electricity). Further
uses appear possible also in connection with propulsion in
space by ion-beam engines. The 2nd edition, presented in
English, has been reworked throughout; the additions needed
have doubled the size.
Five sections treat the discovery and occurrence of rubidium
and caesium (7 pp.), the properties of the two metals and their
compounds (49 pp.), aqueous and non-aqueous systems
(IS pp.), their analytical chemistry (27 pp.), the production of
concentrates of the two elements from their ores (15 pp.), and
finally their preparation in metallie form (15 pp.). Collections
of data in tables and graphic presentations assist a survey of
the material although, particularly in the section on “Properties’’, many numerical data remain scattered through the
text and are thus not easily recoverable.
The book will-provide welcarne help to those who want a
rapid introduction to rubidium and caesium or need to find
the original papers concerning detail that specially interests
them. 346 References are given to the literature up to 1949.
105 Further references for the period 1960-1964 are arranged
according to subjects. The book contains few misprints, and
the transIation has introduced some incertainties.
F. Endter
[NB 458/311 IE]
Optical Rotatory Dispersion and Circular Dichroism in
Organic Chemistry. By P. Crabbe‘. Holden-Day, San
Francisco-London-Amsterdam 1965. 1st Edit., xv +
378 pp.. numerous figs. and tables, $ 12.95.
Although they were known already in the previous century, it
is only recently that the two complementary methods of optical rotatory dispersion (ORD) and circular dichroism (CD)
have found their way into the laboratories of organic chemists and biochemists. Whereas Djerassi’s classical book (1960)
was based mainly on measurements by a single school, some
1000 publications have appeared in the meantime, and from
many laboratories. A general review and introduction into
this field was thus an urgent necessity, and Crabbe‘ has provided this in a didactically excellent manner. Although the
author has not attempted comprehensive coverage of the
literature, all the important work published up to the end of
1964 is cited; and more than that, for many papers are included that were available only as manuscripts when the
book went to the press. This monograph then like all the
volumes in the Holden-Day series “Physical Techniques in
Chemistry”, is completely up to date.
A short introduction into theory and nomenclature, and a
brief explanation of the principles involved in the measurements, are followed by a general review of the range of application of O R D and C D and their relative advantages and
disadvantages. Naxt the chromophnric systems in compounds
of low molecular weight are discussed, ketones naturally requiring most space here. A shon -review of the applications
to polypeptides, proteins, and nucleic acids closes the descriptive section. A n appendix contains a computer program for
calculation of rotational strengths and thermodynamic data
from low-temperature measurements of CD, and there is a
bibliography which includes also papers that could not be
discussed in detail in the special sections.
The text is made more readily intelligible by many carefully
prepared diagrams, and the formulae are supplemented by
stereoprojections where necessary. Misprints are very rare.
The wealth of material presented and, above all, the skill with
which it is presented, make “Crabbe” equally valuable for
beginners and experts. This monograph is indispensible for
all concerned with the use of O R D or C D in organic chemistry, and the author and publisher are to be congratulated
on this outstanding aschievement.
G . Snatzke
[NB 452/30S IE]
Registered names, trademarks, etc. used in this journal, even without specific indication thereof, are not to be considered unprotected by law.
0 1966 by Verlag Chemie,
- Printed in Germany by Druckerei
Winter, Heidelberg.
All rights reserved. No part of this journal may be reproduced in any form whatsoever,
written permission from the publishers.
by photoprint. microfilm, or any other means, without
Editorial office: Ziegelhauser Landstrasse 35, Heidelberg, Germany, Telephone24975 Telex 461855 kemia d, Cable address: Chemieredaktion Heidelberg.
Chief Editor: W.Foerst Editor: H . Griinewald.
Publishers: Verlag Chemie GmbH. (President Eduard Kreuzhage), Pappelallee 3, Weinheim/Bergstr., Germany, and Academic Press Inc. (President
Waiter J. Johnson). 1 1 1 Fifth Avenue, New York 3, N.Y., USA, and Berkeley Square House, Berkeley Square, London, W. 1, England.
Correspondence concerning advertisements should be addressed to Verlag Chemie, GmbH. (Advertising Manager W . Thiel), Pappelallee 3, Weinheimj
Bergstr., Germany, Telephone Weinheim 3635, Telex 46 55 16 vchwh, Cable address: Chemieverlag Weinheimbergsu.
Angew. Chem. internat. Edit.
/ Vol. 5 (1966) 1 No. 4
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chemistry, circular, dichroism, book, optical, crab, organiz, rotator, dispersion, review
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