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Book Review Organic Liquids Structure Dynamics and Chemical Properties. Editors A. D. Buckingham E. Lippert and S

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In his foreword, the editor writes: “The subject of luminescence spectroscopy has in recent years been divided into the
two specific areas of organic luminescence and inorganic luminescence. This monograph attempts to merge these two areas within the common ground of experimental physics.
...The aim of this monograph is to provide sufficient theoretical and experimental groundwork for experimental physicists, chemists, or biologists entering this field for the first
time to grasp the essentials of luminescence spectroscopy”.
In terms of these claims, the book must regarded as a failure.
The authors of contributions 1,2,4, and 5 have made not the
slightest attempt to present organic and inorganic luminescence as areas of the same discipline. There is no coordination between contributions 1 and 5 and between 2 and 4. In
the following, I shall restrict my comments to contributions
2, 3, and 4, which correspond to my own field of study.
The second contribution reads like an unsuccessful precis
of the book “Photophysics of Aromatic Molecules”, by J. B.
Birks. It contains numerous inaccuracies and errors. Only
one example will be mentioned: the structural formula of
azulene @. 117) contains a six-membered ring and a fivemembered ring, and in the text (p. 115) only the five-membered ring is mentioned as a special feature of azulene. I consider this contribution to be completely superfluous because
the very same topic has already been treated far better by
other authors.
The third contribution comes closest to fulfilling the aims
of the book. However, the presentation is probably insufficiently detailed for the real newcomer. This section can be
recommended to the more advanced worker on the strength
of its good survey of experimental methods and the sound
discussion of possible sources of error in luminescence studies.
The fourth contribution is a revised version of the article
“Exciton Interactions in Organic Solids” in “Organic Molecular Photophysics” (Editor: J. B. Birks). It is concerned with
the influence of an external magnetic field on pairwise interaction of triplet excitons in molecular crystals and is a good
introduction to this special field.
Bernhard Nickel [NB 488 IE]
Organic Liquids: Structure, Dynamics, and Chemical Properties. Editors: A. D. Buckingham, E. Lippert, and S. Bratos.
John Wiley & Sons, London 1978, 352 pp., bound, E
This book contains the 20 lectures presented at the Euchem conference of the same name. They are concerned with
the methodology and results of techniques for the study of liquids (scattering experiments, flash spectroscopy, other dynamic methods, computer simulations, dielectric and thermodynamic properties, etc.).
The contributions provide a good survey of research into
liquids, which is becoming increasingly topical. Up till now,
physical chemistry had rather neglected the liquid state,
which is actually the most important phase for most
chemists. Regrettably, only few research groups have set
themselves the task of providing chemists with information
of value in practice. In the present book, such aims remain in
the background (the article by Reichardt about solvent scales
is an exception). Much more effort is devoted to the study of
complicated partition functions of liquids which are of relatively little practical help to most chemists. While nobody
will deny physical chemistry the right to conduct research for
its own sake, it should not be forgotton that chemists need
approximate models of the liquid phase for their work.
W. A . P. Luck [NB 491 IE]
Chemisorption of Gases on Metals. By F. C. Tompkins. Academic Press, London 1978. xii, 370 pp.. bound, E 16.80.
A plethora of new methods has led to a vigorous development in studies on the interaction between gases and metal
surfaces during the past decade. A glance at the bibliographies given in some publications could even create the impression that the field was non-existent just a few years ago,
which is of course incorrect.
One of the past-masters of this discipline, E C. Tompkins,
has made a laudable attempt to survey the entire field, including modern developments, in a terse monograph-with
mixed success. Non-uniform presentation of theoretical principles and experimental aspects is a disturbing feature of this
work. (In this respect, Wedler’s book is certainly more suitable for newcomers.) The references hardly go beyond 1974,
i. e. the very latest developments are not included. The choice
of examples is sometimes rather unfortunate, and errors are
also to be found. On the other hand, the historical development of various concepts receives fitting treatment and a
comprehensive overview of the field is actually given. However, in view of the other monographs available in this field,
the book cannot be unreservedly recommended.
Gerhard Ertl [NB 489 IE]
Radicals. By D.C. Nonhebel, J. M. Tedder, and J. C. Walton.
Cambridge University Press, Cambridge 1979. 200 pp.,
paperback, €. 11.95.- ISBN 0-521-22004-1
Spin Labeling, Vol. 2. Theory and Applications. Edited by L.
J. Berliner. Academic Press, New York 1979. xiii, 357 pp.,
bound, $ 32.00.-ISBN 0-12-092352-1
Environmental Science Research, Vol. 12. Pentachlorophenol. Edited by K. Ranga Rao. Plenum Press, New York
1978. xiv, 402 pp., bound, $ 45.00.-ISBN 0-306-36312-7
Einfuhrung in die Aromaforschung. By M. Rothe. AkademieVerlag, Berlin 1978. vi, 115 pp., bound, ca. DM 47.00
Corrosion of Stainless Steels. By A. J. Sedriks. John Wiley
& Sons, Chichester 1979. xv, 282 pp., bound, $ 38.95.ISBN 0-471-0501 1-3
Nothing but Motion. Vol. 1 of a revised and enlarged edition
of The Structure of the Physical Universe. By D. B. Larson. North Pacific Publ., Portland 1979. xvi, 292 pp.,
bound. $9.50.-ISBN 0-913138-07-X
Angew. Chern. Int.
Ed Engl 19 (1980) No. I
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