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Book Review Organic Peroxides. Vol. 1. Edited by D. Swern

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references are quoted for work published up to 1967. This excellent book would have been even more valuable if the chemical compounds mentioned had been cited not only by name,
which is by no means a clear system and which in the present
case has led to a few errors, but also in the form of structural
formulas.
With the above reservations, however. the book as a whole can
be recommended as a work of reference for biologists, chemists,
and practical technalsgists alike.
H. AIberts [NB 934 IE]
Orgmosilicon Heteropa ymers and Heterocompoands. By
J. N.Borisov, M. G. Voronkov, and E. Ya. Lukevits. From
the series Monographs in Inorganic Chemistry. Plenum Press,
New York, 1970. 1st Edit., xx, 632 pp., bound, $40.00.
The present work is an English translation of a Russian monograph which was published in 1966 Of the authors, M. G.
Voronkov ranks as one of the most active research workers in the field of organosilicon compounds, while Borjsov'spremature death in an accident was a sad loss to science.
Stimulated by the success of organosiloxane chemistry,
researchers have recently turned more and more toward the
chemistry of organic silicon compounds containing hetero
atoms, and Soviet research workers have been involved strongly
in this trend. A summary of the current state of knowledge by
Russian authors is thus to be welcomed, particularly in view
of the difficulties posed by the Russian literature. Admittedly
the term "current" is a relative one - the literature is covered
up to May 1. 1965 - but this, as we know only too well, is a
common failing with translations.
The book deals with kin- and high-molecular compounds containing the groupszSi-M, S i - 0 - M , 2%-N-M,and;Si-C-M. The
method of preparation, physical properties, chemical behavior,
and possible applications are described in each case. The known
data o n definite lowmolecular compounds of the classes considered are summarizcd in numerous tables.
This is the first complete compilation of the material in this
form. The amount of knowledge that has been accumulated in
such a relatively short time will astound even the initiated. This
is a reference book which will provide much needed help for
the worker in the field of organometallic chemistry.
The fact that in the future many details in the material reviewed
may require revision is surely only a reflection on the newness
of the subject. In particular, as far as the practical aspects are
concerned - de fact0 the technical significance of the organic
heterocompounds of silicon is small outside the USSR - it will
be necessary to go through many of the'literature recommendations with a critical eye and sort the whearftom the chaff.
To a western reader i t ma) seem odd. to say the least, to find
the literature references (of which there are almost 1750) separated into those by Soviet and those by non-Soviet authors, and
also to find all the authors' patents listed. As Goethe says,
'There is no such thing as natimalistic art or nationalistic science Both belong, like all eIs@that is great and good, to the
entire world".
Walter No11 [NB 935 IE]
Manual on Radiation Dosimetry. Edited by N . CV. Holm aiid
R. J. Berry. Marcel Dekker, Inc., New York, 1970. 1st Edit..
xvi, -4.50 pp., numerous figures, bound, S 24.50.
The editors' intention has been tocreate once and for all a handbook which In its shape and weight is genuinely a "hand-book'.,
a book, in fact, which can easily be carried around. This book
is intended for scientists, engineers, and technicians who are daily
confronted with practical problems of dosimetry. The book is
divided into two parts. The first part contains chapters on methods of dosimetry and on the various fields of application, such
as radiation protection. radiation therapy, "Co and acceierator
dosimetry. The second part gives 20 sets of precise instructions
for the operation of the various dose measurement processes
which can be used in experimental work. As in a larger "handbook'', the individual chapters are written by experts of inter-
206
national renown in their fields, which of course results in a certain degree of unevenness both in the presentation and in the
selection of references. The index helps one to trzck down all
the mentions of a given topic which is covered in different chapters. The book is a veritable mine of information for anyone
concerned with chemical dosimetry techniques in the widest
sense, and the extensive tables contribute toward this, but anyone working on neutron or accident dosimetry in reactors will
search in vain for his keywords. The book is undoubtedly a valuable addition to any library.
H. Kiefer I N 3 943 IE]
Organic Peroxides. Vol. I . Edited by D. Swern. John Wiley and
Sons Ltd. New York - London 1970. 1st Edit., x, 654 pp.,
numerous figures, bound. f 15.00.
The chemistry of the organic peroxides was discussed in 1961
in two extremely good but relatively short books by Davies and
Hawkins. The present book is the first section of a three-volume
work, written by a group of authors with personal experience
in the field of peroxide chemistry.
While the introductory chapter (104 pp.) does not give much
more information than the books mentioned above, the second
chapter by Benson and Shawon the thermochemistry of organic
peroxides (35 pp., with numerous tables) contains novel and
useful information. The next three chapters (12.5 pp. in all) deal
with the rearrangements of peroxy radicals, the reactions of peroxides Nith nucleophiles. and the synthesis and decomposition
of peroxy esters. The two chapters by Suern (195 pp.) on the
preparation and [he physical properties of peroxy acids are remarkable in theii- attention to minute experimental details.
Three chapters by Sosnorskj (90 pp.) describe the base-catalyzed autoxidation and the metal ion-catalyzed decomposition of symmetrical peroxides and peroxy esters. A final short
chapter IS devoted to polymerization with the aid of peroxides
and its kinetics.
In a work by a number of authors it is impossible to avoid a
certain fluctuation in quality. Notwithstanding this, it is extremely valuable to have information on peroxides collected
together into one place, in a form as up-to-date and as complete
as possible. Indeed. it is almost too complete. because in the
tables onpp. 31 and 241 we find the asyet undiscoveredozonide
of tetramethylethylene, and the ozonide of fluorenone which
was deleted from the literature some twenty years ago! However. too much emphasis should not be placed on rhese minor
shortcomings. A critical evaluation will only be possible after
the publication of the two remaining volumes, which it is to
be hoped will take place as soon as possible.
Rudolf Criegee [NB 944 IE]
The Alkaloids. Edited by R. If. F. Manske. Academic Press,
New York - London. vol. XI: 1st Edit. 1968, xvi, 549 pp.,
numerous equations. bound $ 26.00. Vol. XII: 1st Edit.
1970, xvii, 637 pp., nlimerous equations, bound, $ 29.00.
In the 20 years since the appearance of the first volume.
Manske's "The Alkaloids.'l'l has become a household word
for all chemists concerned with natural products, even if itscharacter has in part changed; from vol. XI onward "The Alkaloids" hecarne principally a summary of progress in the chemistry of alkaloids from individual plant species. For the most
part the articles refer back to others previously published in
this collection.
Nine of the twelve chapteis of vol. XI are devoted to indole
compounds. In this balanced survey practically the whole range
is considered; of the major groups, only the ergot alkaloids are
not included. Further sections deal with the alkaloids of the
Amaryllidaceae and colchicine with related compounds, and the
last chapter is concerned with pyridine alkaloids, which througho u t is an amplification of the corresponding chapters which appeared more than ten years ago in vol. VI.
The most interesting features of vol. XI1 are the t w o extensive
chapters on diterpene alkaloids, since this is the area in which
there has been considerable progress in the last few years. The
present survey is in fact the first one in which i t has been possible
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