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Book Review Organometallic Chemistry. An Overview. By J. S. Thayer

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[4] A single crystal of 3 was mounted in a glass capillary and sealed under
argon. Monoclinic, space group P2,/n, a= 18.593(4), b = 14.558(5),
c = 15.894(3) A, b= 105.99(2)”, pcalcd=
1.505 g cm-’, Z = 4 , p(MoKn)
= 5.45 cm - I . X-ray data were collected on a Syntax P i diffractometer in
the 8 / 2 8 mode using graphite-monochromated MoKa radiation. The
data were corrected for Lorentz and polarization effects, and an empirical absorption correction was applied. Of the 8831 measured reflections
( 3 < 2 6 < 5 0 ” ) , 5343 observed reflections with F2>3.0cr(Fi) were used
for the structure analysis. The structure was solved by MULTAN 80 and
the standard Patterson heavy atom technique and refined to R=0.0448
and RG=0.0475 using the SHELX 76 program. The phenyl rings of
Ph4Pa were treated as semi-rigid bodies, while the other non-hydrogen
atoms were described anisotropically. A difference Fourier map after
the final cycle of refinements showed a maximum residual peak of 0.8
e/A3 in a phenyl ring. Further details of the crystal structure investigation can be obtained from the Fachinformationszentrum Energie, Physik, Mathematik GmbH, D-7514 Eggenstein-Leopoldshafen 2, by quoting the depository number CSD-53344, the name of the authors, and the
journal citation.
IS] a) M. G. B. Drew, I. B. Baba, D. A. Rice, D. M. Williams, Inorg. Chim.
Acfa 44 (1980) L217; b) M. G. B. Drew, D. A. Rice, D. M. Williams, J .
Chem. SOC.Dalton Trans. 1983, 2251.
161 J. Rijnsborp, F. Jellinek, J. Solid State Chem. 25 (1978) 325.
171 F. A. Cotton, S. A. Duraj, W. J. Roth, lnorg. Chem. 23 (1984) 3592.
181 W. A. Herrmann, H. Biersack, M. L. Ziegler, B. Balbach, J. Organomet.
Chem. 206 (1981) C33.
191 F. A. Cotton, M. P. Diebold, W. J. Roth, Inorg. Chem. 24 (1985) 3509.
[lo] A. J. Benton, M. G. B. Drew, R. J. Hobson, D. A. Rice, J . Chem. SOC.
Dalton Trans. 1981. 1304.
[ I I ] Yu. V. Skripkin, I. L. Eremenko, A. A. Pasynskii, Yu. T. Struchkov, V. E.
Shklover, J . Organomet. Chem. 267 (1984) 285.
1121 This type of half-bridging 1.3-propanedithiolate has been observed previously for the complexes [Ph4P][Mo202N3(SCH2CH2CH2S)3]and
[Ph4PJ2[Mn,(SCH,CH,CH,S),]: P. T. Bishop, J. R. Dilworth, 1. Hutchinson, J. A. Zubieta, J . Chem. SOC.Chem. Commun. 1982, I052 and J. L.
Seela, K. Folting, R.-J. Wang, J. C . Huffman, G. Christou, H.-R. Chang,
D. N. Hendrickson, Inorg. Chem. 24 (1985) 4454, respectively.
BOOK R E V I E W S
Organometallic Chemistry. An Overview. By J . S . Thayer.
VCH Verlagsgesellschaft, Weinheim/VCH Publishers,
New York 1988. xii, 170 pp., hard cover, DM 68.00.ISBN 3-527-26196-610-89573-121-5
This book is written for people with a reasonably good
background in chemistry who may be interested in learning something about organometallic chemistry. Since the
very definition of an “organometallic” compound is
neither uniform nor completely consistent, the author has
chosen to include in the “metal” portion of “organometallic” any element whose electronegativity is less than that of
carbon. This definition will include elements (boron, silicon, germanium, phosphorus, arsenic and tellurium) that
are often termed “metalloids”.
After a brief introduction to the concept of organometallic chemistry and its nomenclature and historical development, the classification of organometallic compounds used
in this book is explained. This is based on the type of
bonding as follows: ionic metal-carbon bond (with a metal
100
cation and a carbanion), electron-deficient (when an electron pair on a single carbon is shared with two metal
atoms), covalent, and synergistic (involving interaction of
n-electrons of an olefin-or nonbonding electrons on a divalent carbon atom-with empty orbitals on metal atoms).
Chapter 2 (1 1 pages) describes the general methods of synthesis of the metal-carbon bond, including those using elemental metals as well as metal compounds. Chapters 3 (8
pages) and 4 (8 pages) deal with ionic and electron-deficient metal-carbon bonds, respectively. Metal-carbon 0bonds are discussed in Chapters 5 to 7 (41 pages), divided
into the reactive metals (e.g. Zn, Cd, Ga, most transition
metals, many derivatives of Be, Mg and Al), the heavy rnetals (those of the last two rows of the Periodic Table, with
relatively high electronegativities, including Hg, Ir, TI, Sn,
Pb, Sb, Bi, Pt and Au), and the metalloids (B, Si, Ge, P, As,
Se, Te and higher-valent Br and I). The organization of
these chapters is clear, and provides the reader with a
rapid and concise view of the essential features. They cite
specific literature references (up to 1985), as well as general books and reviews. Synergistic metal-carbon bonds
are discussed in Chapters 8 to 10 (29 pages), including
mononuclear compounds of divalent carbon, mononuclear
complexes of unsaturated hydrocarbons, and polynuclear
compounds. These chapters are again well presented, although additional references should have been cited in
Chapter 10. To show the role of polynuclear complexes in
catalysis and surface sciences, the classical reviews by
Muetterties and Krause (Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. Engl. 1983)
or by Muetterties. Rhodin et al. (Chem. Rev. 1979) would
have been most appropriate (rather than a series of nine
articles by Maught in Science 1983). The importance of organometallic compounds in biology is very well illustrated
in Chapters 12 to 14 (32 pages), including pharmaceutical
and biochemical uses, toxicological and biocidal aspects,
and environmental occurrence and transformation. These
chapters are most welcome, and will convince the reader of
the broad scope of organometallic chemistry. Thus, for example, Vitamin B l 2 coenzyme was shown in 1961 to conAngew. Cheni. Int. Ed. Engl. 28 (1989) No. I
tain a Co-C bond, making it the first organometallic compound known to be formed as a product of biological metabolism ; o r again, the first report that methylmercuric
compounds can be generated by the action of microorganisms on inorganic mercury compounds appeared in 1968.
Chapter 14 (5 pages) serves as a postscript, in which selected topics and papers which appeared during the preparation of the preceding chapters are mentioned. This includes synthetic aspects, compounds involving metal-metal multiple bonding, and organometallic compounds in
the environment, with references u p to 1986. A subject index (6 pages), an author index (6 pages) and a compound
index (10 pages), all very useful, conclude the book.
Despite obvious omissions (the late R . S. Nyholm and J .
Lewis should have been cited for their pioneering work on
carbonyl and metal-metal bonded complexes), and some
awkwardly drawn figures (e.g. erroneous perspective in
Figs. 6.1 and 9.2, ring unsaturation not shown in Fig. 10.1,
inconsistent representation of the carbonyl ligands in Fig.
10.3), this book is very well written and presented.
The author has emphasized topics such as organometalloid chemistry, and industrial and biological applications,
which should attract the interest of a broader audience. It
therefore represents a useful addition to the many monographs already available in this area, and will certainly be
very helpful to beginners in organometallic chemistry, who
will be further encouraged by the conciseness of the book
(170 pages). More advanced students o r researchers will
find more detailed information in, for example, “Organotransition Metal Chemistry” by A . Yamamoto (Wiley, New
York 1986) o r in “Organometallchemie” by Ch. Elschenbroich and A . Salter (B. G. Teubner, Stuttgart 1986).
Finally, the publisher should be complimented for the
high quality at the reasonable price of 0.40 DM/page for a
hard-cover book.
Pierre Braunstein [NB 927 IE]
Laboratoire d e Chimie de Coordination
Universitt Louis Pasteur
Strasbourg (France)
Inorganic Mass Spectrometry. Edited by F. Adams, R . Gijbeis, and R . Van Grieken. Wiley, Chichester 1988. xi, 404
pp., bound, L 57.50.--ISBN 0-471-82364-3
The editors of this book, who together head the Center
for Microanalysis and Trace Analysis at the University of
Antwerp, deserve credit for having satisfied a long-felt
need for an up-to-date review o n inorganic mass spectrometry; it is published as Volume 95 in the series “Chemical
Analysis”. As the editors themselves state in the introduction, the book appears at a time when there is considerable
renewed interest in inorganic mass spectrometry (MS) in
research, development and applications, and the indications of a rapid growth in its importance to the analytical
chemist are unmistakable.
The first chapter ( I . Cornides, 16 pp., 87 references)
gives a chatty and amusing account of the historical background to the inorganic mass spectrometry of solids.
Chapter 2 ( G . Ramendik, J. Verlinden and R . Gijbels, 68
pp., 267 references) is a detailed and accurate report o n
spark source MS (SSMS). The principle of the method and
the instrumentation are described, with a n appropriately
detailed treatment of the physical background. In addition
to the main area of application of this method in multielement analysis of bulk samples, its capabilities for microAngew. Chem. Inr. Ed. Engl. 28 11989) No. I
analysis, local analysis and depth profile analysis are discussed.
Chapter 3 ( W. W . Harrison, 40 pp., 93 references) is concerned with glow discharge MS (GDMS), a method whose
application to analysis is still quite new. It offers a very
informative means for directly analyzing conducting and
semiconducting solids, and commercial instruments using
this method are now available. The article only covers the
literature u p to 1985, and is therefore not completely upto-date, especially with regard to applications. Also the advantages of the method are a little over-generalized in
places, and the disadvantages are rather played down. It
turns out that a more complete and up-to-date review article on GDMS, with W. W. Harrison as one of its authors,
has already been published elsewhere this year, which suggests that publication of the book has been delayed.
Secondary ion MS (SIMS), a method with a particularly
high sensitivity, has been used for many years in surface
analysis. Chapter 4 (A. Lodding, 48 pp., 103 references) describes the latest instrumental developments in the method, and the resulting application possibilities, including
imaging SIMS. An impressive and concise account of the
current state of techniques and knowledge in SIMS is presented; altogether the chapter is an excellent introduction
and overview for the non-specialist.
The following chapter on laser microprobe MS (A. H .
Verbueken, F. J. Bruynseels, R . Van Grieken and F. Adams,
124 pp,, 303 references) is much concerned with minute
details. The extent of this is apparent from such trivial
statements as that the effects of electrostatic lenses are
governed by the laws of ion optics, or that with the help of
a computer one can easily undertake even tasks that are
lengthy and laborious when carried out manually. However, when the applications are reached the information content improves, although even here the overview of the
topic tends to become lost in the wealth of detail, leaving
the impression that less quantity would have resulted in
better quality.
Chapter 6 (A. L. Gray, 44 pp., 38 references) deals with
MS using an inductively coupled radiofrequency plasma
as the ion source (ICP/MS), giving in a relatively modest
amount of space an excellent introduction and review. The
basic principles and the design and functioning of the instrument are described fully in an easily understandable
and very clearly presented way. With regard to the applications and the special sample introduction techniques
needed, the capabilities of the method are convincingly
shown using well chosen examples with detailed explanations.
Chapter 7 (R. G . Heumann, 76 pp., 232 references) gives
a clear, precise and comprehensive account of the principles and applications of the isotope dilution method. The
description of the applications is very detailed and even
includes procedural rules, and consequently this contribution offers much more than just an introductory survey.
This approach seems to be well justified, since the isotope
dilution method can in principle give sufficient accuracy in
any isotope-specific measurement problem, and it is therefore of prime interest in this context.
The eighth and last chapter ( R . Gijbels and F. Adams. 18
pp., 55 references) gives an assessment of trends for the
future development of inorganic MS.
The currently topical theme of MS on sputtered neutral
particles (SNMS), which offers better quantitative measurements together with better depth resolution than is possible with other methods for surface and depth profile analysis, has unfortunately not been covered in this mono101
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