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Book Review Organosilicon Chemistry. By S. Pawlenko

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come. How quickly the state of knowledge can change in
these areas is strikingly illustrated by the topic “Superconducting Materials”, where already now, only a year and a
half after the symposium, a new era has begun. It is also
clearly evident that here, more than in most other areas of
knowledge, there is a close interaction between materials
science research, development and production, which calls
for much interdisciplinary work. Just as the papers from
this symposium deal with levels of purity which were inconceivable 20 years ago, so one might envisage that the
next 20 years will see the development of a materials scene
altered beyond recognition from that of today.
UIrich Wiese [NB 870 IE]
Wacker-Chemitronic GmbH,
Burghausen (FRG)
Organosilicon Chemistry. By S. Puwlenko. W. d e Gruyter,
Berlin 1986. xi, 186 pp., bound, DM 180.00.--ISBN 311-010329-X
According to the preface the aim of this monograph is to
give an account of the organic chemistry of silicon for industrial and academic chemists. A brief glance through the
list of contents reveals straight away that the book is not
much concerned with the uses of organosilicon compounds for organic synthesis, as one might have assumed
from its title. Instead there is a strong emphasis on systems
containing a silicon-heteroatom bond, with the remaining
silicon valences being usually occupied by alkyl o r aryl
groups, which, of course, can therefore be regarded as organic compounds. Nevertheless, the majority of the reactions described belong more to inorganic than to organic
chemistry, even though organic chemists will find them of
interest and may occasionally use them.
The first short chapter (12 pages) introduces the reader
to the bonding properties of silicon. However, the discussion of the Si-C bond does not include the simple but useful rules as formulated by Herning, which make it easier to
understand the chemistry of organosilicon compounds.
The industrial production of the basic chemicals concerned is touched upon only briefly, in Chapter 2. The
main part of the book (Chapter 3, approx. 90 pages) deals
with the preparation and properties of more specialized organosilicon compounds. A considerable amount of infor-
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mation is collected here on compounds of silicon with
nearly all the other elements of the Periodic Table. It is, of
course, very useful to have a review of the most important
results in this field, but it is questionable whether boiling
points (with pressures given both in Pa and in mm Hg),
melting points, and in some cases details of the preparative
procedure, should also be included in a comparatively slim
book such as this.
Chapter 4 is devoted to the uses of organosilicon compounds in industry, organic synthesis, and medicine. The
synthetic uses of silicon-containing precursors are dealt
with in about 15 pages, with in addition a few of the most
important reactions being described in the previous chapter. This compression of the topic made it especially important to choose representative examples carefully, so as
to illustrate the principles, but such a choice has regrettably not been achieved. The activation (and deblocking) of
organosilicon compounds by flouride ions receives practically no attention. The particular affinity of silicon towards fluorine is not mentioned, and in equation 4.29 the
essential tetrabutylammonium fluoride is omitted. Again,
the discussion of Lewis acid induced reactions fails to
point out the general principles involved. The author classifies silyl enol ethers as protected carbonyl compounds,
despite the importance of their activation for selective
reactions with electrophilic reagents, which is in fact described in some of the examples. It is astonishing that none
of Mukaiyama’s work is cited, and that other pioneers in
this field (Reetz, Fleming, Magnus, Paquette .. .) are ignored or barely mentioned. The index entry Peterson olefination does not appear at all.
The final chapter on analytical methods is again very informative, but on the whole the impression remains that it
is scarcely possible in about 150 pages to effectively cover
such a large field as organosilicon chemistry has now become. Anyone whose main need is for information on applications to organic synthesis will not get his money’s
worth from this book. For that purpose there are better
and less expensive alternatives (the price of about DM 1.per page is at a level seldom reached by other publishers).
Hans-Ulrich ReiJ3ig [NB 837 IE]
Institut fur Organische Chemie und Biochemie
der Technischen Hochschule Darmstadt (FRG)
rhis punzal. eoen uherr nor marked as such. are riot ro he corisrdered rmprorerred b! l a w
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Angew. Chem. Inr. Ed. Engl. 27 (1988) No. 3
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