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Book Review Phase Diagrams Materials Science and Technology. Vol. I Theory Principles and Techniques of Phase Diagrams. By A. M

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is presented in very convincing manner, but it will be of little
help to the chemist in his attempts to understand the relationships between the structure and properties of molecules.
Martin Klessinger
[NB 930 IE]
X. FATIPEC-Kongessbuch (10th FATIPEC Congress Report). 1970. Edited by the Scientific Committee of the 10th
FATIPEC Congress. Verlag Chemie GmbH., Weinheimi
Bergstr.: 1970. 1st Edit.,601 pp., nunerous figures, bound,
DM 98.-.
The two-yearly congress of the Federation d’Association de
Techniciens des Industries des Peintures, Vernis, Emaux et Encres d’Imprimerie de L’Europe Continentale (FATIPEC) is the
largest and one of the most important scientific and technical
conventions in the field of paints, lacquers, printing inks, and
pigments. The 1970 FATIPEC Congress in Montreux had as
its main themes the durability and decomposition of modern
coatings as dependent on formulation, the preparation of the
base and application, and the properties of printing inks as dependent on formulation, manufacture. the material to be printed
on, and the printing process.
In addition to the ten general lectures, afi the lectures (about
60) on pigments, vehicles, solvents and wetting agents, on
the chemistry, physics, and structure of coatings, weathering,
the effects of light and heat, corrosion and substrate, electrophoresis, mathematical statistics, optimization, and printing
inks are reproduced in the book
The lectures cover themes ranging from the theoretical to the
practical end of the spectrum. It is easy to see that when the
program was drawn up importance was attached to the scientific
treatment of basic and practical themes alike.
The FATIPEC Congress report, as always, gives a comprehensive survey of the current problems and progress in this
field of technology. Its ccrnbleteness is almost unrivaled.
Werner Funke
[NB 931 IE]
The Synthesis and Characterization of Inorganic Compounds.
By W. L. Jolly. Prentice Hall International, Hearts 1970. 1st
Edit., xi, 590 pp., bound, ca. DM 74.-.
The first three chapters of this book deal with the fundamentals
of synthesis, preparative methods, and characterization of compounds, while the fourth gives procedures for the preparation
of inorganic compounds.
The first chapter describes the thermodynamic and kinetic aspects of the synthesis of compounds. The second chapter deals
with the methods commonly used in the laboratory: purification and drying of solvents, operations in inert atmospheres,
in vacuum, and under pressure, measurements of low and high
pressures, purification of compounds, high- and low-temperature techniques, efc.
The third chapter is devoted to the characterization of substances and to determination of their structures, greatest emphasis being placed on instrumental methods, such as IR, UV,
NMR, ESR and mass spectroscopy. Procedures for the preparation of a large number of interesting inorganic compounds
are given in the fourth chapter. The substances are so chosen
that materials from the earlier sections can be used in later
ones. The preparations are well chosen as representative of
the whole range of inorganic chemistry and the most important working methods involved. Glass blowing, safety precautions, and first aid are reviewed in an appendix, and tables
are given of things such as irreducible representations of important symmetry groups. Each chapter provides access to further information by means of literature references, and also a
series of exercises.
This book thus contains all the information that a good preparative inorganic chemist must have at his command, and at
the same time shows the high demands which are made on his
versatility. The general appearance and printing are very attractive; the work is clearly divided up into sections, and easy to
understand. It is particularly recommended to all those who
Angew. Chem. internat. Edit. / Vol 10 (1971) No. 3
have to organize inorganic practical work for advanced students,
and to the students themselves. Even preparative chemists who
are not working in thefield of inorganic chemistry will find a
wealth of valable information in this book.
Alois Haas [NB 941 IE]
Phase Diagrams, Materials, Science and Technology. Vol. I:
Theory, Principles and Techniques of Phase Diagrams. By
A . M. Alper. Academic Press, New York - London 1970.
1st Edit., xviii, 358 pp., numerous figures, bound $ 16.00.
This book, which is the first of three volumes, correlates in its
opening sections the thermodynamic theory of phase diagrams
with the results of recent computer investigations. In the main
these chapters aim at drawing conclusions from thermodynamic
data such as heats of fusion and heats of mixingon the structure
of melting diagrams and phase diagrams or vice versa, i.e. at
drawing conclusions on thermodynamic data of the type mentioned from diagrams obtained experimentally. The thermodynamic relationships necessary for this are set out very clearly,
with the relevant diagrams in a section written by Y. K. Rao.
The results of computer calculations on this thermodynamic
basis are given in a contribution by L. Kaufmann and H. Bernstein, who deal in great detail with a large number of metal
alloy systems.
Three larger sections follow on the experimental determination
of phase diagrams (J. Macchesney and P. Rosenberg), the interpretation of experimentally obtained diagrams (H. C. Yeh)
and their use in obtaining or preparing solid phases of a desired
constitution (W. A. Tiller). These sections deal in detail with
all modern experimental methods such as dilatometric and electrochemical investigations (EMF methods), conductivity measurements, thermogravimetric methods, X-ray analysis and the
classical methods.
Two shorter sections on the very modern field of high pressure
investigations (A. Jayaraman and L. H. Cohen) and on metastable systems and their application in the preparation of refractory systems (T. P. Seward) complete this first volume.
This book fulfils a valuable function with respect to solid state
technology, particularly the technology of metal alloys, a subject
which in recent years has become very important for many fields
of endeavor (space technology, reactor technology, etc.) and
can therefore be recommended to all who intend to work and
carry out research in the newest fields of this branch of science.
Klaus Scbafrer [NB 933 IE]
Biologische Zerstorung der makromolekularen Werkstoffe
(Biological Destruction of Macromolecular Materials). In the
series Chemie, Physik und Technologie der Kunststoffe in
Einzeldarstellungen, Vol. 15. By H. H. M. Haldenwanger.
Springer Verlag, Berlin - Heidelberg - New York. 1970. 1st
Edit., viii, 283 pages, bound, DM 58.-.
This “piece of writing”, which is how Haldenwanger described
his book, is the astonishing work of a blind author. After Haidenwanger’s death the manuscript was skilfully revised and condensed by G. H. Gottner.
The book is arranged on the basis of the most important groups
of pests. In the 16 chapters that this system of classification
gives rise to, the most important organic materials and their
resistance to biological attack are discussed. The detailed reproduction of test specifications saves the biologist the trouble
of sorting through the original literature. The comparison of
the various test results and the critical comments on these are
extremely valuable.
A chemist might also have liked to see the book arranged along
technological lines. The polyethylene specialist, for example,
has to sort out the test results that interest him from each individual chapter. The short subject index is not very helpful
either, since only general entries are included on polyolefins
or polyvinyl compounds.
The comprehensive 43-page appendix of tables, twelve of which
summarize formulas, the most important fungicides, biocides,
insecticides, harmful organisms, and softeners for plastics,
makes the book immensely clear and informative. Exhaustive
205
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