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Book Review Photoacoustics and Photoactoustic Spectroscopy. By A. Rosencwaig

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two introductory chapters. The theory of elementary processes, Chapter 3, then provides the microscopic formulation of collision cross section/rate constants, the dynamics
of adiabatic and diabatic transitions, several representative
examples of energy hypersurfaces, and a summary of the
transition state theory. A central theme of theoretical reaction kinetics-energy transfer in collisions-is treated
thoroughly in 30 pages in Chapter 4. For translation (T),
rotation (R), and vibration (V), the TR, RT, VT, and VRT
processes are discussed, as well as the intermolecular and
intramolecular W processes and the energy transfer in
electronically excited particles. A description of unimolecular reactions in theory and experiment follows in Chapter 5, with the keywords stronglweak collisions, high-pressure/low-pressure region, and activation energy. The treatment of recombination reactions follows logically in Chapter 6, where both the radiation and collision stabilization
are considered. Chapter 7 gives a summary of bimolecular
exchange reactions and the energy relationships observed
in them. The fundamentals of photochemical reactions (excitation, fluorescence, sensitized photolysis) are discussed
in Chapter 8 and reactions in electrical discharges with examples of the formation of CZH2,NH3, and O3 in Chapter
9. Chapter 10, written by V. L. Talroze, is a n authoritative
introduction to the field of radiation chemistry, with emphasis on negative ions, ion-molecule and ion-ion recombination reactions, and radiolysis of hydrocarbons,
N 2 + 0 2 , and NH3. Chain reactions are presented in the
splendid style of the Russian school (Semenou) in Chapter
1 I, with aspects on homogeneous/heterogeneous chain initiation, chain branching, induction period, influence of radiation and the examples of hydrocarbon 02,H2 02,
and H2 halogens. The book ends with Chapter 12, a discussion of combustion processes (self-ignition, flames and
flame-propagation velocity, detonation).
This presentation of the extensive subject of gas-phase
reactions is limited to 225 pages of text, so that derivations,
where given, could only be outlined; otherwise the formulas given are interpreted. Not an exceptional teaching
book for students, it is nevertheless a compact, well-readable, and impressive presentation of a large subject with
particular regard to elementary processes and could therefore win a good place for itself in competition with the
many books on gas kinetics. Altogether it is a fine book,
excellently made-up for a high price.
K . Hoyermann [NB 536 IE]
Photoacoustics and Photoacoustic Spectroscopy. By A . Rosencwaig. Wiley and Sons, Chichester 1980; xii, 309
pages, 139 figs., bound, L 19.00.
The photoacoustic effect (Bell 1880), which until 1973
had been little considered, constitutes the basis of a new
spectroscopic method, photoacoustic spectroscopy (PAS),
a combination of optical spectroscopy and ultramicrocalorimetry. Its principle is that photons penetrating matter release thermal energy when absorbed and this energy produces pressure fluctuations in the atmosphere surrounding
the sample, which can be picked u p with a sensitive microphone. Photons that are not absorbed o r scattered are photoacoustically inactive. With optically dense samples (e.g.
powders, amorphous solids, gels, and colloids)-in contrast to conventional optical absorption spectrometryspecific signals from material components are obtained,
and also an indication of the thermal and elastic properties
of gaseous, liquid, or solid organic and inorganic subAngew. Chem. Inr. Ed. Engl. Zi (1982) No. 3
stances. Among other things, photoacoustics can also be
used to measure the thickness of thin layers and films.
The author of this first monograph on the relatively new
field of photoacoustics and PAS participated in its pioneering development at Bell Laboratories, Murray Hill,
New Jersey, and so this introduction into the theory and
practice of the new method could hardly come from a
more qualified source.
After a short historical presentation of the photoacoustic
effect and PAS (8 pages), the PAS of gases, solids, and liquids is discussed in eleven chapters, in each case from
theoretical and experimental aspects (12 1 pages). Sections
then follow on the spectroscopic investigations of solids
and liquids (28 pages) and of other matrices (26 pages), on
the applications of PAS to the study of catalytic and chemical reactions (7 pages) and to the investigation of surfaces
(9 pages), and on its uses in biology ( 1 1 pages) and medicine (32 pages). Some specific techniques and uses are
dealt with in the last five chapters.
All things considered, the book presents the state of PAS
and its various applications up to 1979 in a comprehensive
and well arranged form and in easily understandable
As is so often observed with pioneers of a new method,
the author is very euphoric about PAS. He says very little
about the limitations already emerging clearly in practice,
such as above all the poor signal resolution, the interference due to self-saturation, and the considerable difficulties with quantification. The reviewer should, therefore,
like to warn against an overestimation of the present usefulness of PAS for the solution of problems in applied
analysis when the substances to be investigated are more
complex than the simple model samples, which are still
used exclusively to illustrate the efficiency of the method.
As the reviewer sees it, at the present stage of development
very little can be said regarding the future of PAS. These
critical observations, however, should by no means detract
from the value of this introduction into a definitely promising field, which will certainly be gratefully received by
people whose interests extend beyond analytical chemistry.
Giinther Tolg [NB 537 IE]
Handbook of High Resolution Multinuclear NMR. By C.
Brevard and P. Granger. John Wiley & Sons, Chichester
1981. xvii, 229 pp., bound, S 18.15.--ISBN 0-471-063231
Carbon-13 NMR Spectral Problems. By R . B. Bates and W.
A . Beavers. The Humana Press, Clifton, New Jersey
1981. xxi, 259 pp., bound, L 11.50.--ISBN 0-89063-0105
Arzneimittelwirkungen. Ein Lehrbuch der Pharmakologie
fur Pharmazeuten, Chemiker und Biologen. By E.
Mutschler. Wissenschaftliche Verlagsgesellschaft, Stuttgart 1981. 4th completely revised edition. xvii, 771 pp.,
bound, DM 68.00.-ISBN 3-8047-0608-8
Kinetics and Mechanism. A Study of Homogeneous Chemical Reactions. By J . W . Moore and R . G. Pearson. John
Wiley & Sons, Chichester 1981. xv, 455 pp., bound,
L 23.70.-ISBN 0-471-03558-0
bound, DM 92.00.--ISBN 3-540-10805-X. Vol. 18: vii,
197 pp., bound, DM 76.00.-lSBN 3-540-10793-2
Bioprozesstechnik. Berechnungsgrundlagen der Reaktionstechnik biokatalytischer Prozesse. By A . Moser. Springer-Verlag, Berlin 1981. xv, 198 pp., bound, D M 69.00.ISBN 3-21 1-81628-3
Stability and Reactivity of Crown-Ether Complexes. By F.
de Jong and D. N. Reihoudl. Academic Press, London
1981. 163 pp., bound, SE 12.80.--ISBN 0-12-208780-1
Modern Fluorescence Spectroscopy. Edited by E. L. Wehry.
Plenum Press, New York 1981. Vol. 3: xx, 354 pp.,
bound, $ 39.50.-ISBN 0-306-40690-X. Vol. 4: xvi, 282
pp., bound, $ 35.00.-1SBN 0-306-40691-8
Chemical Criminalistics. By A . M a e b b and L. Stromberg.
Springer-Verlag, Berlin 1981. vii, 322 pp., bound, DM
162.00.-ISBN 3-540- 10723-I
Membrantrennverfahren. Ultrafiltration und Umkehrosmose. By R . Rautenbach and R . Albrecht. Verlag Salle/
Sauerlander, Frankfurt am Main 1981. 230 pp., bound,
DM 140.00.-ISBN 3-7935-5507-0
Numerical Methods in the Study of Critical Phenomena.
Edited by J. Della Dora, J. Demongeot, and B. Lacolle.
Springer-Verlag, Berlin 1981. ix, 269 pp., bound, DM
60.00.-1SBN 3-540-1 1009-7
Rompps Chemie-Lexikon. Band 2, Cm-G. By 0. A . Neumiiller. New improved and supplemented eighth edition. Franckh’sche Verlagshandlung, Stuttgart 1981. 749
pp., bound, DM 195.00.-ISBN 3-440-04512-9
The Environmental Impact of Man’s Use of Water. Part 2.
Edited by S. H. Jenkins. Pergamon Press, New York
1981. p. 265-p. 536, bound, $ 30.00.--ISBN 0-08028412-4
Lexikon Biochemie. Edited by H. D. Jakubke and H . Jeschkeit. 2nd improved edition. Verlag Chemie, Weinheim
1981. 609 pp., bound, DM 40.00.-ISBN 3-527-25904-X
Advances in Electrochemistry & Electrochemical Engineering. Vol. 12. Edited by H. Gerischer and C . W. Tobias.
John Wiley & Sons, Chichester 1981. x, 361 pp., bound,
SE 29.2.5-1SBN 0-471-87528-7
Lecture Notes in Chemistry. Vol. 25: Intermolecular Forces
and Their Evaluation by Perturbation Theory. By P. Arrighini. Springer-Verlag, Berlin 1981. ix, 243 pp., bound,
DM 39.80.-ISBN 3-540-10866-1. Vol. 26: Lattice Dynamics of Molecular Crystals. By S. Calfano, V. Schettino, and N. Neto. Springer-Verlag, Berlin 1881. vi, 309
pp., bound, DM 52.50.-ISBN 3-540-10868-8
Modern Hot-Atom Chemistry and Its Applications. By T.
Tominaga and E. Tachikawa. Springer-Verlag, Berlin
1981. viii, 154 pp., bound, DM 98.00.-ISBN 3-54010715-0
Water Vapour Line Parameters From Microwave to Medium
Infrared. By J.-M. Flaud. C . Camy-Peyret. and R. A .
Toth. Pergamon Press, New York 1981. 269 pp., bound,
$ 75.00.-ISBN 0-08-026181-7
Progress in Polymer Science. Vol. 7 : Plastics Engineering.
By R . J . Crawford. Pergamon Press, New York 1981. 334
pp., bound, $ 75.00.-1SBN 0-08-026262-7
Structure and Bonding 46. Edited by M. J. Clarke, J . B.
Goodenough, P. Hemmerich, J . A . Ibers, C . K . J~irgensen.
J . B. Neilands. D. Reinen, R. Weiss, and R. J. P. Williams. Springer-Verlag, Berlin 1981. v, 176 pp., bound,
DM 88.00.-ISBN 3-540-10655-3
Topics in Current Chemistry. Edited by F. L. Boschke.
Springer-Verlag, Berlin 1981. Vol. 17: vii, 165 pp.,
The following correction should be made to the review article entitled “The Norbornyl Cation: Prototype of a 1,3Bridged Carbocation” by Cyril A. Grob, Angew. Chem.
Int. Ed. Engl. 21 (1982) 87:
On p. 87, the last sentence of the summary should read:
“Bridging is reduced by electron-attracting substituents
and by bridging strain. ”
Registered names. iradeiiiorhs. etc used 01 this j o t r n d w e n wirhosr specrfic rrtdicarioii ihereoJ. are ,101 io be coasrdered rittprotecred h? law.
Chemie GmbH. D-6940 Weinheim. 1982 - Printed in the Federal Republic of Germany by Zechnersche Buchdruckerei. SpeyerIRhein.
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Angew. Chem. In!. Ed. Engl. 21 (1982) No. 3
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