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Book Review Principles of Peptide Synthesis. By M. Bodanszky

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Wood Chemistry, Ultrastructure, Reactions. By D. Fengel
and G. Wegener. d e Gruyter, Berlin 1984. xiii, 613 p.,
bound, DM 245.00.-ISBN 3-1 1-008481-:
This book by the Munich wood researchers fills a gap.
Since the appearance of Wenzl‘s “The Chemical Technology of Wood” in 1970 and of Sjostrom’s short “Wood
Chemistry” in 1981 no competent author has produced a
comprehensive treatment of the chemistry and ultrastructure of wood.
This work by Fengel and Wegener-without any other
coauthors-consists of a presentation of the latest state of
the subject area named in the title. This effort alone,
backed up by many references (up to 1983), commands respect. The English text is clear and understandable. The
numerous tables, diagrams and excellent electron micrographs increase the vividness.
The content and emphasis of the work can be seen from
its division into 18 chapters: I . Introduction (5 p.), 2.
Structure and ultrastructure (20 p.), 3. Chemical composition and analysis of wood (40 p.), 4. Cellulose (40 p.), 5.
Polyoses (hemicelluloses) (26 p.), 6. Lignin (50 p.), 7. Extractives (45 p.), 8. Distribution of the components within
the wood cell wall (13 p.), 9. Constituents of bark (28 p.),
10. Reactions in acidic medium (28 p.), 11. Reactions in alkaline medium (23 p.), 12. Influence of temperature (26 p.),
13. Degradation by light and ionizing rays (28 p.), 14. Microbial and enzymatic degradation (28 p.), 15. Aging and
fossilization (7 p.), 16. Pulping processes (68 p.), 17. Derivatives of cellulose (44 p.), 18. Utilization of wood and
wood components for chemicals and energy (41 p.). The
very comprehensive index (19 p.) is completed by a compilation of wood types categorized according to the properties treated in the text (26 p.) and a list of the bacteria and
fungi described (2 p.).
The size of the book is just sufficient to cover the topics
adequately according to their importance. Students of
wood science are presented with sufficient information for
graduation and the specialist is aided by an almost complete reference list of the newer literature. The clear division of the material allows a rapid familiarization with specialist areas and makes the book of utility to non-specialists who wish to inform themselves about an area of wood
chemistry. The treatment is deliberately not historical, that
is, most of the references cited come from the years after
1960. The interested reader must come indirectly to earlier
pioneering publications. The authors are very sparing in
their evaluations and occasionally leave the beginner in
some confusion, as for instance when the various models
of the organization of cell wall components (Figs. 8-5 to 87) or the gas yields on pyrolysis (Figs. 12-20 and 12-21) are
presented without commentary. In general it would have
been of advantage to differentiate the fundamental somewhat more emphatically from the preliminary and speculative.
This book contains a n astonishingly small number of
printing errors and few mistakes and deficiencies: Thus it
would have been preferable to reproduce the structural
formulas of all the compounds mentioned. The formation
of condensed tannins (p. 209/211) and the peeling-off
reaction (p. 297) remain unclear to non-chemists. The role
of BzOz in the modified sulphate process (p. 446) and the
importance of crosslinking reactions for the textile industry (Chapter 17) are worthy of a more comprehensive treatAngew. Chiwi I n [ . Ed. Enyl. 24 (lVS5) No. 6
ment. Individual mistakes (particularly confusing “preceded” instead of “succeeded” on p. 430) should be corrected in a later edition.
The above remarks apply only to a small fraction of the
book. All in all this work is greatly to be recommended
and should be included in every specialist library. It is to
be hoped that, despite its high price, it also comes into the
hands of all who are interested in wood and wood chemistry.
Klaus Garues [NB 656 IE]
Bundesforschungsanstalt fur
Forst- und Holzwirtschaft
Institut fur Holzchemie
und chemische Technologie
des Holzes
Hamburg (FRG)
Principles of Peptide Synthesis. By M. Bodanszky. Springer-Verlag, Berlin 1984. xvi, 308 pp., bound, DM
148.00. -ISBN 3-540- 12395-4
It should be said right from the start-this book is a welcome enhancement of the literature available in the highly
topical field of peptide chemistry. This enhancement can
best be substantiated by a comparison:
The chemistry student learns to estimate the reactivity of
molecules by formulating the mesomeric structures from
which the reactions can be deduced. But, at the same time,
he learns that every mesomeric structure is of itself only a
formalism-the molecular reality lies somewhere between
all these mesomeric forms.
This collection of principles from the field of peptide
synthesis represents such a mesomeric form for the presentation of the topic-important and admissible alongside
many other more topical reviews which for their part
mostly only describe the newest advances o r one single aspect, e.g. the Merrifield Synthesis. It is all these contributions taken together which yield a proper picture of the
state of the art in the field of peptide chemistry.
Judging by the method of presentation “Principle Problems of Peptide Synthesis” would have been an apt title for
the book. The author describes a wealth of beautiful organic chemistry, side reactions and the limits of peptide
synthesis, not only in the chapters intended for this but
scattered throughout most of the specialist sections. The
experienced peptide chemist finds an excellent collection
of information about the problems, plentifully supplied
with mostly older references in which a certain egocentricity and one-sidedness in the choice is unmistakable. However, a novice coming to this book will be turned away
from peptide chemistry rather than drawn to it because of
the numerous, certainly technically correct discussions of
problems. It would certainly have been more useful to
have clearly emphasized a few essential principles, perhaps furnished with short, quantitative experimental details. For the rest the text is precise and the discussions
comprehensive. The fact that the mechanistic arrows have
occasionally been omitted from the formulas even though
they are necessary for instructional purposes (e.g. p. 14)
does not d o justice to the clarity of the rest of the book. In
addition, a whole range of typographical errors, and that
not just in the text, ought to have been removed from the
Finally, it must be said that this work should be included in the libraries covering the sphere of activity which
includes peptide synthesis if only because this book emphasizes the often misunderstood, delicate and easily rearranged nature of peptides-a facet to which at the moment
only cursory attention is paid by many molecular biologists.
Christian Birr [NB 6621
ORGANOGEN, Medizinisch-Molekularbiologische
Forschungsgesellschaft mbH, Heidelberg (FRG)
Springer Series in Chemical Physics. Vol. 34: Inert Gases.
Potentials, Dynamics, and Energy Transfer in Doped
Crystals. Series Editors: V. I . Goldanskii, R . Comer. F.
P. Schajier, and J . P. Toennies. Volume Editor: M . L.
Klein. Springer-Verlag, Berlin 1984. xi, 266 pp., bound,
DM 78.00.--ISBN 3-540-13128-0
Springer Series in Solid-state Sciences. Vol. 36: Modern
Crystallography 111. Crystal Growth. Edited by M. Cardona, P. Fulde. and H. J. Queisser. Springer-Verlag, Berlin 1984. xx, 517 pp., bound, 154.00.--ISBN 3-54011516-1
The Chemistry of the Catalyzed Hydrogenation of Carbon
Monoxide. By G. Henrici-Olive and S . Olive. SpringerVerlag, Berlin 1984. x, 231 pp., bound, DM 146.00.ISBN 3-540-13292-9
Topics in Applied Physics. Vol. 55: The Physics of Hydrogenated Amorphous Silicon I. Structure, Preparation and
Devices. Edited by J . D. Joannopoulos and G. Lucovsky.
Springer-Verlag, Berlin 1984. xiii, 287 pp., bound, DM
1 18.00.--ISBN 3-540-12807-7
Mathematics for Chemists. By P. G. Francis. Chapman and
Hall, London 1984. x, 193 pp., paperback, L 7.95.ISBN 0-412-24990-1
Index of Chemistry Films. A List of Films, Videotapes,
Slides, Strips, Loops, Soundtapes, and Overhead Projector Transparencies about Chemistry and Related Topics.
Edited by J. S. Clarke. The Royal Society of Chemistry,
London 1984. xi, 463 pp., paperback, L 19.00.--ISBN 085 186-499-6
Advances in Polymer Science. Edited by H.-J. Cantow, G.
Dall'Asla, K . DuSek. J. D . Ferry, H. Fujita, M. Gordon,
G. Henrici-Olive, H.-H. Kausch, J . P. Kennedy, W. Kern,
S . Okamura, S . OlivC, C. G. Overberger, T. Saegusa. G.
V. Schulz, W. P. Slichter, and J. K . Stille. Springer-Verlag, Berlin 1984. Vol. 59: Liquid Crystal Polymers I.
Edited by M. Gordon and N . A . Plate. 1984. ix, 158 pp.,
bound, D M 98.00.-ISBN 3-540-12818-2; Vol. 60/61:
Liquid Crystal Polymers II/III. Edited by M . Gordon
and N . A . Plate. 1984. x, 266 pp., bound, D M 138.00.ISBN 3-540-12994-4
Spektroskopische Methoden in der Organischen Chemie.
2nd enlarged and improved edition. By M . Hesse, H.
Meier, and B. Zeeh. Georg Thieme Verlag, Stuttgart
1984. x, 453 pp., paperback, DM 49.80.-ISBN 3-13576 102-9
Solid State Chemistry and its Applications. By A . R. West.
John Wiley, Chichester 1984. 734 pp., bound, L 37.00.ISBN 0-471-90377-9
Photoacoustic Effect. By E . Liischer, P. Korpiun, H . J . Coufal, and R . Tilgner. Friedr. Vieweg, Wiesbaden 1984. x,
442 pp., Paperback, DM 1 12.00.-ISBN 3-528-08573-8
Molecular Aspects of Toxicology. Edited by D. E. Hathway. The Royal Society of Chemistry, London 1984. xv,
304 pp., bound, f 27.50 (price reduction for members of
the Royal Society of Chemistry).-ISBN 0-85186-068-0
Serono Symposia Publications from Raven Press. Vol. 12:
Neuroimmunology. Edited by P. 0. Behan and F. Spreafico. Raven Press, New York 1984. xvi, 484 pp., bound,
$ 105.50.-ISBN 0-89004-963-7
Specialist Periodical Reports. Organometallic Chemistry,
Vol. 12. A Review of the Literature Published during
1982. Edited by F. G. A . Stone and E. W. Abel. The
Royal Society of Chemistry, London 1984. xviii, 498 pp.,
bound, L 83.00 (price reduction for members of the
Royal Society of Chemistry).-ISBN 0-85 186-6014
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E d . Engl. 24 (1985) N o 6
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