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Book Review Programmierte Prfung. Chemie Physik Physikalische Chemie (Programmed Learning. Chemistry Physics and Physical Chemistry). By W. Klein and H

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BOOK REVIEWS
Hydrogen Bonding. By M . D. Joesten and L. J . Schaad. Marcel
Dekker, Inc., New York 1974. 1st Edit., vi, 622 pp., $45.-.
In his foreword, M . D.Joesten writes that this monograph
should contain a high percentage of papers on hydrogen bonds
that have appeared since Pimentel and McClellan’s book
(The Hydrogen Bond. Freeman, San Franciscp 1960). In fact
the book contains almost 3000 references, and half of it is
taken up by indexes and tables. Most of the English-language
literature from 1960 to 1973 inclusive is handled, but that
in foreign languages (German, French, Japanese, Russian, etc.)
is almost ignored. Nevertheless, this is an invaluable bibliography. Particularly praiseworthy is the clear presentation
of the thermodynamic results (40pages), while the collection
“correlations” (of, e.g. spectral shifts in the IR and NMR
spectra) occupies only 60 pages.
Almost half of the actua’l text is taken u p by a chapter
on the theory of hydrogen bond formation, written by L.
J . Schaad; this includes a very useful introduction to the
quantum-chemical methods used, but unfortunately there is
no list of contents for this section of more than 100 pages.
The price, 45 dollars, seems rather high for a book that is not
printed by classical methods but produced photomechanically.
Ernst Lippert
[NB 264 IE]
Mathematik fir Chemiker (Mathematics for Chemists). By
H . G . Zachrnann. Verlag Chemie GmbH, Weinheim, Germany, 1974. 2nd Edit., XVIII, 664 pp., bound D M 64.-.
The second, expanded and improved edition of this notable
book is now available. The fact that a new edition is required
after only two years from first going to print shows that
the book has found a large circle of interested readers.
In the review of the first editionr” it was noted that in
many places the text went beyond what would be required
for their normal study by chemists interested mainly in preparative or analytical work. and that some very elementary mathematical laws were mentioned only in passing. This choice
of material is, however, by no means regrettable, since there
are sufficient mathematical texts for chemists dealing with
very much simpler problems.
While there is little point in repeating the table of contents,
it should be noted that new chapters on n-dimensional vector
space and on reciprocal space have been introduced in the
section on vector calculations. In addition, the sections on
the solution of differential equations and on group theory
have been considerably expanded, so that in its present form
the book differs considerably from the first edition. The
libraries of Institutes and Seminars are recommended to obtain
this, again excellently produced, volume.
Although the author has taken great trouble to remove
misprints there remains, as usual, an unavoidable residue
of errors that should be corrected in the next edition which
will certainly soon be required.
In this connection the following may be noted: on the
left-hand side of eq. (2) on p. 132 the square of the vector
magnitude would be better written in the form (a)’.
In Table 1 on p. 220 the range of the definition is sometimes
(cf. e. g. the first derivations of tanx, cot x, sin- x, and cos- x)
not provided with the necessary additional limitations, i. e.
the polar positions are not excluded.
O n p. 290, line 1 should read “n - 2 and m = 3”.
The last term of the Wronski determinant [eq. (109)] on
p. 475 is wrong. Correspondingly, in the text (penultimate
line of the first sentence), "yen)" should be replaced by “y‘”- ‘I”.
’
Angew. Chem. internat. Edit. 1 Vol. 14 ( 1 9 7 5 )
1 No. 9
It is to be hoped that Zachmann’s book will find a place
in research and teaching that corresponds to its real value.
Perhaps at a suitable time this book can be made accessible
to a large circle of students by means of a cheaper paperback
edition.
Theodor Ackermann [NB 266 IE]
[l] Cf. Angew. Chem. 85, 835 (1973); Angew. Chem. internat. Edit. 12,
866 (1973).
Programmierte Prufung. Chemie, Physik, Physikalische Chemie (Programmed Learning. Chemistry, Physics, and Physical Chemistry). By W Klein and H . Mayer, Verlag Chemie,
GmbH, Weinheim 1974. 1st Edit., 376 pages, paperback,
D M 16.80.
Problems with several possible answers d o not comprise
all that can be acquired from teaching, yet they are popular
because the results can be simply evaluated. In their book
Klein and Mayer set out test exercises in the fields of general
inorganic, organic, and physical chemistry, physics, and laboratory techniques that can be used in the training of chemistry
laboratory technicians. By working through this book one
can evaluate his own knowledge, since the number of points
that he has accumulated fits into a scheme set up for the
results of the test.
On looking carefully through the test exercises one is
struck by how hard it is to find useful problems and several answers. Careless formulation leads so easily to errors.
It should not be stated that atoms are the smallest particles
of an element that show all the properties of the element
(p. 15, problem 2), since where d o single atoms have the
properties of the element? Similar doubt attaches to the
statement (p. 128, problem 59): Compounds with one asymmetric C atom rotate the plane of polarized light. Mesotartaric
acid actually contains two asymmetric C atoms but is nevertheless optically inactive. The concept of a mole is nowadays
defined differently (p. 16, problem 4), and the concept of
a gram-atom is no longer used (p. 17, problem 8). Since
oxidation number is defined, oxidation and reduction reactions
should bedescribed with its use. Not all reactions with hydrogen are reductions according to the expanded definition (p.
26, problem 36), e . g . lithium is oxidized on reaction with
hydrogen.
The authors should think again about the formulations
of many of the test exercises and their answers, perhaps even
set them u p again in relation to a modern curriculum.
In spite of some limitations, multiple-choice exercises such
as the ones in this “Programmed Learning” are a great help
in teaching, and it would thus be very welcome if the authors
would further develop their test program.
H.-J. Schmidt [NB 267 IE]
Rompps Chemie-Lexikon (Rompp’s Chemistry Lexicon). By
0 . - A . Neumiiller. Franck’sche Verlagshandlung, W. Keller
& Co., Stuttgart 1974. 7th Edit., Vol. 4, M-Pk, 689 pp.
+ 14 pp. of appendices, 207 figs., bound, D M 160.-.
Volume 4 appeared at the end of 1974, beginning with
p and ending with pK value; it contains about 100 pages
more than the comparable part of the sixth edition. This
expansion is due to the inclusion of new key-words, e.g.
from the field of medicine (parkinsonism, paradontosis, gastric
651
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