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Book Review Progress in Inorganic Chemistry Vol. 5. Edited by F. A. Cotton

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ods and give critical appraisals of the data. An especially
valuable feature of the book is the inclusion of numerous
equations for empirical representation of the thermodynamic
functions of a given metal as a function of temperature.
The major portion of the book is devoted to binary alloys.
Here the results for 168 systems are dealt with, and phase
diagrams are included. The reader finds data o n the integral
and partial molar free energies, entropies, enthalpies, and
activities or activity coefficients for individual temperatures;
it is then easy to evaluate other thermodynamic quantities
from these. Here the introductory comments frequently
include data on the crystal structures of special alloy phases.
In using this section, the experienced thermodynamist - who
will normally skip the general introduction - must note that
for liquid alloys, the standard states are generally the l i q u i d
elements and not the elements in the equilibrium state valid
for the temperature in question; corresponding standards
apply for solid alloys.
The literature index is long and rather complete; it covers
publications up to about 1961. This and thecritical evaluation
of the data make the book an unusually helpful advisor for
all scientists doing research in the field of thermodynamics at
extreme temperatures.
K. Schufer
“€3
304/163 IE]
Reagents and Reactions for Qualitative Inorganic Analysis.
Fifth Report. Published by the International Union of Pure
and Applied Chemistry, Analytical Chemistry Division,
Commission on Analytical Reactions. Butterworths & Co.
Publishers Ltd., London 1964. 1st edit., X + 88 pp., linen
21.12.6 (about $4.25).
This booklet contains a collection of qualitative reactions for
the detection of 51 elements and radicals. These are
mostly reliable color reactions, but sometimes also precipitation and crystal reactions. The performance of the tests requires only the most primitive facilities (they are mostly spot
tests o n filter paper and occasionally test-tube experiments).
The limits of detection and interfering factors for each test
are also given.
The value of the book lies principally in the fact that the reactions are described concisely, clearly, and uniformly, and
that they have been checked in three different laboratories.
However, some of the reactions included, e.g. a test for
rhenium in which molybdenum interferes, or a test for
vanadium which is also given by iron, will probably be of
little use in practice. Nonetheless, since other reactions are
also given in such cases, this is not a serious lapse, and the
book can be thoroughly recommended.
R. Bock
[ N B 2881145 IE]
.Progress in Inorganic Chemistry, Vol. 5. Edited by F. A .
Cotton. Interscience Publishers, a Division of John Wiley &
Sons, Inc., New York-London 1963. 1st edit., VIII
564
pp., numerous illustrs. and tables, linen C. 5.5.0 (about
B 14.50).
Progress in inorganic chemistry - characterized both by
development of new individual disciplines from solid state
physics to organometallic chemistry, and by increasing
numbers of research publications - has led to the innovation of the monograph series “Progress in Inorganic Cheniistry” and “Advances in Inorganic Chemistry and Radiochemistry” alongside the classical abstract journals. In view
of the current thirst for information, the general usefulness
of both series is beyond question, but the present volume
leaves some desires unfulfilled.
Its four articles deal with fields which lie very far apart: in
his article “Dinitogen Trioxide”, I. R . Beattie restricts his
discussion mainly to the physical properties of this one
compound; its interesting connections with other oxides of
nitrogen is given only little consideration. L. Mnper has
written a valuable review with 527 (!) references o n the
“Preparation of Primary, Secondary, and Tertiary Phosphines”; the readily surveyable systematic classification extends right up to the alphabetically arranged list of references.
+
Atigew. Chem. internut. Edit.
Vol. 4 (1965)
1 No. 5
In his treatise on the “Polarographic Behavior of Coordination Compounds”, A . A . WFek gives a well-planned introduction to the methods and scope of this section of electrochemistry. The book closes with a treatise by A . D. Liehr,
“The Coupling of Vibrational and Electronic Motions
in Degenerate and Nondegenerate Electronic States of Inorganic and Organic Molecules, Part 111 : Nondegenerate
Electronic States”; Parts I and I1 are to be found in Volumes
3 and 4 of the series.
The last point mentioned induces the reviewer to direct a
request at the editor: In consideration of the reasonable
price of the volumes and above all of the excellent quality
of most of the individual contributions, attempts should
be made to avoid too great variances in the nature o f the
articles published together in one volume. Better coordination of the subject matter discussed can only be of
benefit to the value of each individual volume.
H . Bock
[ N B 303/162 IE]
The Cyanine Dyes and Related Compounds. By Frmces M .
Hamer. Vol. 18 on The Chemistry of Heterocyclic Compounds, a Series of Monographs edited by A . Weissberger.
Interscience Publishers, a Division of John Wiley & Sons,
790 pp., a
New York-London 1964. 1st edit., XXXVI
few illustrs., numerous tables, linen €17.0.0 (about $47.00).
+
I t is a long and laborious undertaking to describe over one
hundred years of cyanine dyestuff chemistry, and hence the
author of this volume deserves high recognition for working through the publications and patents on cyanine dyes
since 1856 (the discovery of cyanine by G. Williams) until
1959 with such great care and for assorting the innumerable
dyestuffs of this class as far as possible into an orderly system.
The essential discoveries of the first 50 years of cyanine chemistry, during which the dyes were still produced mainly by
empirical methods since their structures were unknown, have
been lucidly reconstructed. The recapitulation of later developments has benefitted greatly from the fact that the author
has herself participated in the research and applications of
these dyes since the early nineteen-twenties. Thus she has succeeded in writing a book which is the only work of reference
of this type available that the expert in this field can consult
to find the numerous chemical syntheses and physical properties of even the most complicated dyestuffs.
Apart from describing the classical basic cyanines prepared
from common and less usual heterocyclics, the book also i n cludes other classes of polymethine dyes, e . g . hemicyanines,
styryl dyestuffs, and the azacyanines, a class of dyes which
has acquired new importance for coloring synthetics fibers.
Long, detailed chapters are also devoted to dequaternized
cyanines, the merocyanines, and hemioxonoles (neutrocyanines), and to acidic poIymethines (oxonoles) and polynuclear cyanines. The book is also a treasure trove for dyestuff theorists, for example, thanks to its chapters on constitution and color and on spectral sensitization of silver halide
emulsions. The fluently readable style of the text and the high
quality of the print deserve a special mention. The only improvement to be desired in this volume is the inclusion of a
patent index, and it is to be hoped that the author will be
able to compile a sequel which is just as comprehensive and
carefully edited to cover the developments in this subject
0. Riester [ N B 295/153 IE]
since 1959.
Liquid Extraction. By R . E. Treybol. McGraw-Hill Series in
Chemical Engineering, edited by M . S. Peters. McGrawHill Book Co. Inc., New York-San Francisco-TorontoLondon 1963. 2nd Edit., 621 pp., numerous illustrs., linen,
S 6.8.0 (about $ 18.00).
The title of this book suffices to show the nomenclature
difficulties encountered i n the field of separations by distribution. The term “liquid extraction” here implies the technique normally called “liquid-liquid extraction” in America,
“solvent extraction” in Britain, or “distribution between two
453
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