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Book Review Progress in Mass Spectrometry. Fortschritte der Massenspektrometrie. Edited by H. Budzikiewicz. Vol. 1. Indolalkaloide (Indole Alkaloids). Part 1 Text Part 2 Spektren (Spectra). By M

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Thestructure and propertiesof collagen and its characterization
in the solid state are considered in a review by J . C. W
Chien. Some 20-30% of the protein present in vertebrates
is in the form of collagen; its concentration is particularly
high in skin, sinews, and bones. Apart from the primary to
quaternary structure, macroscopic ultrastructures made up
of ordered aggregates also have to be considered in collagen.
Collagen i s semicrystalline. A section each is devoted to application of the two-phase model, mechanical and dielectric properties, denaturation, and biomedical applications. [SolidState Characterization of the Structure and Properties of Collagen. Rev. Macromol. Chem. 13,1-80 (1975); 252 references]
[Rd 818-IE L]
The coupling of “high-energy”phosphate bonds to energy transductions is reviewed in an article by P. D. Boyer, B. 0. Stokes,
R. G. Wolcott, and C. Degani. According to recent opinion
it would appear that the primary function of the energy in
oxidative phosphorylation lies in the liberation of ATP, which
is formed on reversal of hydrolysis. The authors suggest that
the conformational changes observed on ATP binding and
cleavage play an essential role in the function of the mitochondria and also in other ATP-dependent processes, such as
muscle contraction. [Coupling of “High-Energy” Phosphate
Bonds to Energy Transductions. Fed. Proc. 34, 1711-1717
(1975); 46 references]
[Rd 810 IE-R]
BOOK REVIEWS
Die Analyse der Luft und ihfe Verunreinigungen in der freien
Atmosphare und am Arheitsplatz (Analysis of Air and its
Impurities in the Free Atmosphere and at Places of Work).
By W Leithe. Wissenschaftliche Verlagsgesellschaft mbH,
Stuttgart 1974. 2nd revised and expanded edition, xv, 303
pp., 49 figs., bound, DM 74.--.
A second edition of Leithe’s book has now appeared, only
a few years after publication of the first. Again we have an
essentially practical book providing valuable assistance to
the ever-increasing number of users of methods of air analysis.
This should be particularly emphasized, because there is in
the German language no other presentation of the theme
in a monograph that, like the present conveniently handleable
volume, is comprehensive, accurate, and topical.
In his subdivision of the subject the author proceeds rigorously from the general to the specialized. First, in a general
section, he provides the reader with conceptual and historical
basic information, then reports briefly on the legal requirements, measures, and procedures for technological management in various countries as regards purification of the air
and labor protection. He follows this up with bibliographic
references, and then goes into the sources of atmospheric
impurities and the form in which they appear, into the technology of reducing their emission, into the distribution of foreign
materials, and into their importance in hygiene, while paying
particular attention to limiting values and their definition.
The second main section provides in concentrated form
the tools needed for air analysis in industrial practice. Here
are discussed the quantitative aspects of the analyses, the
purposes of the investigations, and the choice of measuring
procedures and the analysis level in special cases, e.g. the
determination of background impurities. The methods and
problems of sampling and of sample enrichment are discussed
in detail. The preparation and the use of reference gas mixtures
are treated with remarkable topicality in accord with the
importance of calibration and of investigation of their effects.
There follows a special methodological section in which,
along with test-tube processes, are treated above all and with
examples, the instrumental methods relying on the application
of spectrochemical, electrochemical, and chromatographic
principles, as well as the analytical use of the sense of smell.
In view of the rapidity of technical developments, it is not
surprising that some of the processes described have meanw hile
been abandoned, e.q. reversion chromatography. It will not
be considered a shortcoming that the author has rejected
discussion of remote-measurement methods whose validity
is still disputed, e. g . Lidar and correlation spectrometry.
More than half of the book is taken up by the specialized
58
part. This part provides analytical methods for air contaminated with a wide variety of inorganic or organic constituents, these methods all being of the nature of complete
analytical prescriptions by means of which the work can be
carried out without the need to allow for considerable unsuspected difficulties. These prescriptions are enhanced by a
wealth of literature references reaching to around 2972; newer
developments are thus included, such as the application of
chemiluminescence analysis to the determination of ozone
and nitrogen oxides. The book ends with tables giving conversion factors, material constants, and limiting values. Taken
as a whole, the volume is presented in a pleasant, technically
sound, and solid manner, and its few irregularities will surely
be corrected at a later date.
Heinrich Hartkamp [NB 286 IE]
Progress in Mass Spectrometry. Fortschritte der Massenspektrometrie. Edited by H . Budzikieivic. Vol. 1. Indolalkaloide
(Indole Alkaloids). Part 1 : Text, Part 2: Spektren (Spectra).
By M . Nesse. Verlag Chemie, GmbH, Weinheim 1974. 1st
Edit., Part 1 : xvii, 261 pp., 95 schemes, 42 tables; Part
2 : vii, 98 pp., 173 spectra; linen-bound, together D M 98.-.
Vol. 2: Chroman and Related Compounds. By S. E. Drewes.
Verlag Chemie, GmbH, Weinheim 1974. 1st Edit., vii, 138
pp., 33 figs., I02 schemes, linen-bound, DM 58.-.
Today it is difficult even for the expert to survey the relationships between structure and mass spectra of a certain class
of compounds, because the literature is widely scattered and
some of the important data are hidden in the experimental
parts of papers. The present series of monographs therefore
meets a true need and will provide much saving in literature
searches.
In the first volume Hesse, who is probably the leading
expert on indole alkaloids, gives an exhaustive review of this
special field. In the first part the characteristic decomposition
reactions of the individual types of compounds are arranged
in subgroups and critically discussed, while the second part
contains all the relevant spectral data. The most important
data and references can be derived from tables at the beginning
of each section. The two volumes can serve as models of
their kind and will prove invaluable to all who are active
in this field.
The second volume, which is compiled by Drewes and
concerns the mass spectra of chromans and related compounds, is in the reviewer’s opinion less successful. For
example, the formulas do not contain the numbering of the
often complex compounds, which is necessary for rapid underAnyrrr,. CAern. Inr. Ed. Enyl.
il bbl. 15 (1976) No. I
standing (in the first volume each compound is numbered
throughout), and the formulas are often found only one or
two pages before or after they have been mentioned in the
text. What is more troublesome is that the author has not
always made happy choices and, for example, formulates diradical ions that, for energetic reasons, are certainly not formed
(e.g. on pp. 74 and 75 the ion with mass 135), although
admittedly the ions postulated are useless as criteria since
they often have only a low intensity (on p. 76, 3 %). Nevertheless, the author has collected the literature concerning chromans, xanthones, and flavanoids with great diligence, so that
the critical reader has a book that will greatly assist him
in working his way into the mass spectrometry of this class
of compounds.
Gerhard Spiteller
[NB 284 IE]
Serumproteine. Bd. 1 : Methodische Fortschritte im medizinischen Laboratorium [Serum Proteins. Vol. 1. Progress
in Medical Laboratory Techniques]. Edited by A. Englhartlt
and H . Lommel. Verlag Chemie GmbH, Weinheim 1974.
1st Edit., 230 pp., 67 figs., 40 tables, bound, DM 52.-.
This books,published in 1974,providesa collection of articles
on the qualitative and quantitative analysis of serum proteins.
There is no review giving a critical evaluation of the now
available methods of clinical diagnosis. The reader must make
d o with the individual chapters, which are of very varied
quality. In some chapters (e.9. in the introductory chapter
by A. Englhartlt) the emphasis is on the experimental methods,
the main weight being laid on their interpretation. In Chapter
I1 (Special Proteins) there appears to be some lack of coordination, since the explanation and the interpretation of the same
methods are repeated in several different contributions. While
the schemes are mostly very well drawn, the reproduction
of the original diagrams is so bad that it is often barely
possible to recognize the essential features. Unfortunately,
also, the collection of methods is incomplete, in that newer
techniques such as Lourell‘s “rocket” electrophoresis and the
“automatic” techniques for quantitative analysis of plasma
proteins are not included. Instead, we have a modification
of immunoelectrophoresis by R. Sanders and H . G. Meiers
that is no longer used in general practice. The chapters dealing
with immunoelectrophoresis and its interpretation suffer particularly badly from the poor quality of the diagrams in this
chapter; however, the experimental instructions are given in
detail sufficient to enable the newcomer to use the methods
described. Overlapping occurs also in Chapter IV (Lipoproteins). and in Chapter V (Enzymes and Isoenzymes). Chapter
VI (Antibodies) contains contributions on experimental
methods that are in the main clearly written, critical, and
complete, although here too there is some overlap. The tables
in the article on “Detection of Australia SH Antigens and
Antibodies” contain mainly the older, insensitive methods
such as transport electrophoresis, the Mancini technique, and
the complement-fixation reaction which are today replaced
by more sensitive methods (mentioned only as literature references). In the chapter on the detection of the various autoantibodies the critical evaluation of the methods is incomplete.
Where immunofluorescence methods are applied there is no
precise description of the microscopic techniques. The book
closes withan excellent chapter on thedetectionand evaluation
of antibodies in the thyroid gland.
It is hoped that in future volumes of the series the publishers
will see to it that the quality of the printing is improved
and that there is thorough in-house editing.
H . Deicher
[NB 289 IE]
Verordnung iiber gefahrliche Arbeitsstoffe. (Directive on hazardous working materials.) Textausgabe mit Einfuhrung, ausfuhrlichen Erlauterungen fur die Praxis und Formularabbildungen. (Text with introduction, detailed practical notes,
and facsimiles of forms and specifications.) WEKA-Verlag
Fachverlag fur Verwaltung und Industrie, Kissing 1975.
225 pp., stitched, D M 36.-.
Polymer-Plastics Technology and Engineering, Vol. 4. Edited
by L. Nuturman. Marcel Dekker, New York 1975. xi, 249
pp., bound, $ 32.50.
Hypothalamic Hormones-Structure, Synthesis and Biological
Activity. Edited by D. Gupta and W Voelter. Verlag Chemie,
Weinheim 1975. 318 pp., bound, DM 58.---.-Proceedings
of the European Colloquium on Hypothalamic Hormones
held at Tiibingen in February 1974.
Allgemeine Chemie. Energetik, Dynamik und Struktur chemischer Systeme. By J . A. Campbell. Verlag Chemie, Weinheim
1975. ivxx, 1223 pp., bound, D M 78.--.
BAG Chemie-Lexikon. By H . P. Stuuffer and U . von Arx.
Band A: Gerate, Zubehor und Einrichtungen fur die Verfahrenstechnik. Band B: Gerate, Zubehor und Einrichtungen
fur die Laboratoriumstechnik. BAG Brunner Verlag AG,
Ziirich/Verlag Chemie, Weinheim 1975. Band A: 344 pp.
Band B: 400 pp., bound, each DM 115.-,
Umwelt und Chemie yon A-Z. A contribution to environmental problems. Issued by the Verband der Chemischen Industrie. Verlag Herder, Freiburg 1975. 148 pp., paper. Obtainable free of charge from Verband der Chemischen Industrie.
Organic Compounds of Sulphur, Selenium, and Tellurium, Vol.
3. Senior Reporter: D. H . Reid. The Chemical Society, London 1975. xxv, 805 pp.. bound, 25.00.-A volume in the
series “Specialist Periodical Reports”.
Thermodynamics of Fluids. An Introduction to Equilibrium
Theory. By K . C . Chao and R. A. Greenkorn. Vol. 4 of
the series “Chemical Processing and Engineering”. Edited
by L. F. Albright, R. N . Madrlox, and J . J . McKetta. Marcel
Dekker, New York 1975. xi, 553 pp., bound, $29.75.
Propellanes. Structure and Reactions. By D. Ginsburg. Vol.
7 of the series “Monographs in Modern Chemistry”. Edited
by H . F. Ebel. Verlag Chemie, Weinheim 1975. 272 pp.,
bound, DM 138.--.
Deutsche Einheitsverfahren zur Wasser-, Abwasser- und
Schlammuntersuchung. Physical, chemical, biological, and
bacteriological methods. Issued by the Fachgruppe Wasserchemie in der Gesellschaft Deutscher Chemiker. 7th instalment (1 975 delivery). Verlag Chemie, Weinheim. 3rd completely new and revised edition, loose-leaf instalment, DM
33.7.
Biochemie. By A . L. Lehninger. Verlag Chemie, Weinheim
1975. xv, 747 pp., bound, DM 78.-, paper, DM 68.-.
59
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